E3 Series Shinkansen

Last updated

E3 series
E3-1000 L54 Tsubasa 144 Kita-Yamagata 20150307.jpg
A reliveried E3-1000 series set on a Tsubasa service, March 2015
In service22 March 1997;24 years ago (1997-03-22) – Present
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Family name Mini-shinkansen
Replaced 400 series
Constructed19952009
Scrapped2013
Number built261 vehicles (41 sets)
Number in service129 vehicles (19 sets) (as of 1 October 2016)
Number scrapped132 vehicles
Successor E6 series, E8 series
Formation6 or 7 cars per trainset
Fleet numbersR1R26, L51L55, L61L72
Capacity6-car R sets: 338 (23 Green + 315 Standard)
7-car L50 sets (E3-1000): 402 (23 Green + 379 Standard)
7-car L60 sets (E3-2000): 394 (23 Green + 371 Standard)
Operator(s) JR East
Depot(s)Akita, Yamagata
Line(s) served Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Joetsu Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium
Car length20,050 to 23,070 mm (65 ft 9 in to 75 ft 8 in)
Width2,945 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Doors1 per side
Maximum speed275 km/h (171 mph) (Tohoku Shinkansen), 130 km/h (81 mph) (Akita/Yamagata Shinkansen)
Traction systemGTO or IGBT-VVVF (6-car sets: 16 x 300 kW,
7-car sets: 20 x 300 kW)
Power output6-car sets: 4.8 MW (6,440 hp),
7-car sets: 6 MW (8,050 hp)
Acceleration 1.6 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Safety system(s) ATC-2, DS-ATC, ATS-P
Multiple working 200 series, E2 series, E4 series, E5 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The E3 series (E3系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with the opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita re-gauged to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge. Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tohoku Shinkansen, providing services to and from Tokyo.

Contents

Design

The design of the original Akita Shinkansen E3 series trains was overseen by industrial designer Kenji Ekuan. [1] Like the 400 Series Shinkansen, these trains are built to a smaller loading gauge than mainline Shinkansen trains—the width and length of each car is reduced to fit on the narrower clearances of the "mini-shinkansen". Doorway steps fold out to bridge the gap between the narrow body and the platform at regular shinkansen stations.

Variants

Pre-series set

A pre-series 5-car set, numbered S8, was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries to Sendai Depot in March 1995 for extensive testing. It was modified to full-production specifications in March 1997 ahead of the start of Akita Shinkansen services. [3]

Until it was augmented to six cars in 1998, the pre-series was formed as follows, with scissors-type pantographs on cars 12, 13, and 14. [3] Set R1 was withdrawn following its final revenue run on 20 July 2013. [4]

Car No.1112131415
DesignationM1scM2TM1M2c
NumberingE311-1E326-1E329-1E325-1E322-1

E3 series "R" sets

Set R18 coupled to an E5 series set in June 2013 E3 R18-E5 Coupling in omiya 20130608.jpg
Set R18 coupled to an E5 series set in June 2013
Set R22 in May 2017 with its "Komachi" logos removed E3 series Shinkansen in Tokyo Station.jpg
Set R22 in May 2017 with its "Komachi" logos removed

The full-production trainsets built from 1996 for the Akita Shinkansen were 5-car sets, but sixth cars were added by the end of 1998. A total of 26 Akita Shinkansen sets were in service by the end of 2005. Sets R1 to R16 were leased by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) from the owning company, Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū (秋田新幹線車両保有(株)), a third-sector company jointly owned by JR East and Akita Prefecture. [5] This lease ended on 21 March 2010 with the dissolution of Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū. [6]

The E3 series sets are scheduled to be phased out following the introduction of new E6 series sets from March 2013, with 19 sets (114 vehicles) scheduled to be withdrawn during fiscal 2013. [7]

From the start of the 15 March 2014 timetable revision, E3 series trainsets were no longer used on Akita Shinkansen Komachi services. [8] Two sets remained in service, used on Yamabiko and Nasuno services. [8]

Formation

Car No.111213141516
DesignationM1scM2T1T2M1M2c
NumberingE311E326E329E328E325E322
Seating capacity236760686456

Cars 12 and 15 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs. [5]

Fleet history

Set R20 being hauled through Omiya Station on delivery in March 2003 E3 R20 Omiya 20030309.JPG
Set R20 being hauled through Omiya Station on delivery in March 2003
Set R24 being delivered in March 2005 EF6557 E3 series R24 Niiza 20050320.jpg
Set R24 being delivered in March 2005
Set R25 being hauled by JNR Class EF65 through Nishi-Kokubunji Station on delivery in June 2005 EF65-502 E3 R25 Nishi-Kokubunji 20050625.JPG
Set R25 being hauled by JNR Class EF65 through Nishi-Kokubunji Station on delivery in June 2005

The build details are as shown below. [9] As of 1 October 2016, two (sets R21 and R22) of the original 26 sets are in operation. [10]

Set No.Date deliveredCar 14 build dateDate withdrawnRemarks
R128 March 199529 October 199826 August 2013Pre-series set S8 (originally 5 cars with 3 pantographs)
R29 October 19961 November 199813 December 2013 [11] Built as 5-car sets
R314 October 19964 November 199817 February 2014 [11]
R422 October 19966 November 19989 January 2014 [11]
R528 October 19969 November 199826 April 2013
R66 November 199612 November 199812 April 2013
R711 November 199622 November 199817 May 2013
R815 November 199624 November 199824 May 2013
R922 November 199626 November 19987 June 2013
R102 December 199628 November 199827 August 2013
R1112 December 199630 October 199813 September 2013
R1221 December 199617 November 199827 November 2013 [11]
R1320 January 19975 December 199819 October 2013 [11]
R1430 January 199714 November 19981 December 2013 [11]
R157 February 199716 November 199828 January 2014 [11]
R1617 February 199719 November 19988 March 2014 [11]
R1730 September 1998n/a
(6-car sets from new)
26 July 2013
R1823 October 2002Converted 2014 to E3-700 series Toreiyu [12]
R1918 November 2002Converted 2016 to E3-700 series Genbi Shinkansen [13]
R2024 March 200317 December 2015 [14]
R2116 September 2003
R2227 October 2003
R231 December 2003-Converted 2014 to become Set L55
R244 April 20054 December 2013 [Note 1] Converted 2014 to become Set L54
R2511 July 200518 December 2013 [Note 2] Converted 2014 to become Set L54
R2625 July 2005-Converted 2014 to become Set L55

Notes

  1. Cars 11 and 14-16 [11]
  2. Car 14 [11]

Interior

E3-1000 series

E3-1000 series set L51 on a Tsubasa service in April 2011 JReastE3-1000 Omiya 20110416.jpg
E3-1000 series set L51 on a Tsubasa service in April 2011
E3-1000 series set L52 on a Tsubasa service in July 2006 E3-1000 L52 Max Yamabiko Tsubasa 115 Omiya 20060705.JPG
E3-1000 series set L52 on a Tsubasa service in July 2006

Three 7-car E3-1000 sets (numbered L51 L53) were built between 1999 and 2005 for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services from 4 December 1999 to augment the 400 series fleet following with the extension of the line to Shinjo. [15] From 2014, a further two sets (L54 and L55) were introduced, reformed from withdrawn Akita Shinkansen E3-0 series "R" sets, to replace the two older sets L51 and L52. [16]

Formation

The sets are formed as shown below, with five motored ("M") cars and two non-powered trailer ("T") cars, and car 11 at the Tokyo end.

Car No.11121314151617
DesignationM1scM2T1M2T2M1M2c
NumberingE311-1000E326-1000E329-1000E326-1100E328-1000E325-1000E322-1000
Seating capacity23676068646456

Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs. [5]

Interior

Fleet history

E3-1000 series set L53 on delivery from Tokyu Car in July 2005 E3-1000 L53 Zushi 20050712.JPG
E3-1000 series set L53 on delivery from Tokyu Car in July 2005

The build details are as shown below. [11]

Set No.ManufacturerDate deliveredDate reliveriedDate withdrawnRemarks
L51 Tokyu Car 11 August 1999-5 September 2014 [17]
L52 Kawasaki Heavy Industries 11 September 1999-4 February 2015 [18]
L53Tokyu Car17 August 200524 November 2015 [10]
L54Kawasaki Heavy Industries [18] 30 July 2014 [18] 30 July 2014 [18] Rebuilt from sets R24+R25
L55 J-TREC [18] 13 January 2015 [18] 13 January 2015 [18] Rebuilt from sets R23+R26

L54/L55 conversion details

E3-1000 series set L54 in March 2015 E3-1000 L54 Tsubasa 144 Kita-Yamagata 20150307.jpg
E3-1000 series set L54 in March 2015

The former identities of the cars reformed into sets L54 and L55 are as shown below. [16]

Set No.Car No.Running No.Former set No.Former car No.Former running No.
L5411E311-1004R2511E311-25
12E326-1004R2512E326-25
13E329-1004R2513E329-25
14E326-1104R2412E326-24
15E328-1004R2413E329-24
16E325-1004R2515E325-25
17E322-1004R2516E322-25
L5511E311-1005R2611E311-25
12E326-1005R2612E326-25
13E329-1005R2613E329-26
14E326-1105R2312E326-23
15E328-1005R2313E329-23
16E325-1005R2615E325-26
17E322-1005R2616E322-26

E3-2000 series

Reliveried E3-2000 series set L67 on a Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa service in September 2015 E3-2000 L67 Akayu Tsubasa 128 20150905.jpg
Reliveried E3-2000 series set L67 on a Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa service in September 2015
E3-2000 series set L67 in original livery in May 2009 E3-2000-L67-of-Yamagata-Shinkansen.jpg
E3-2000 series set L67 in original livery in May 2009

The first of a fleet of twelve new E3-2000 series 7-car sets entered service on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services on 20 December 2008. [19] The new fleet totally replaced the older 400 series trains by summer 2009. The new trains incorporate design improvements, including active suspension, full-colour LED destination indicators, and AC power outlets in all cars. [20] Seating capacity in cars 16 and 17 has been reduced by 4 (one row of seats) compared with the E3-1000 series to provide uniform seating pitch in all cars (seat pitch was previously reduced in non-reserved cars).

Formation

Car No.11121314151617
DesignationM1scM2T1M2T2M1M2c
NumberingE311-2000E326-2000E329-2000E326-2100E328-2000E325-2000E322-2000
Seating capacity23676068646052

Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs. [5]

Fleet history

As of 1 October 2016, the E3-2000 series fleet is as follows. [10]

Set No.ManufacturerDate deliveredDate reliveried
L61 Kawasaki HI 9 October 20086 July 2016
L62Kawasaki HI9 December 2008
L63Kawasaki HI7 January 200924 November 2015
L64Kawasaki HI17 February 200925 April 2014
L65Kawasaki HI3 March 20096 June 2014
L66Kawasaki HI25 March 200922 October 2014
L67 Tokyu Car 28 March 200912 November 2014
L68Kawasaki HI14 April 20095 December 2014
L69Kawasaki HI19 May 200923 February 2015
L70Kawasaki HI30 June 20096 April 2016
L71Kawasaki HI22 July 200924 April 2016
L72Kawasaki HI25 March 201018 September 2015

Interior

Repainting

The first reliveried set, L64, May 2014 E3 L64-E2 Coupling in omiya 20140517.jpg
The first reliveried set, L64, May 2014

From spring 2014, the entire fleet of 15 E3-1000 and E3-2000 series Tsubasa sets were scheduled to be repainted in a new colour scheme designed by industrial designer Ken Okuyama. [21] The new colour scheme uses white, evoking the snow of Mount Zaō, deep purple inspired by the Mandarin duck, the prefectural bird for Yamagata Prefecture, together with yellow and red for the safflower, the prefectural flower of Yamagata Prefecture. [22] The first repainted set is appeared in late April. [22] Three sets were repainted by June 2014, and the rest of the fleet of 15 sets was repainted by mid 2016. [21]

E3-700 series Toreiyu excursion set

E3-700 series Toreiyu set R18 in September 2015 E3-700 R18 Akayu 9490M 20150905.jpg
E3-700 series Toreiyu set R18 in September 2015

This is a six-car set rebuilt from former Akita Shinkansen trainset R18 [12] as an excursion train named Toreiyu (とれいゆ) for use on the Yamagata Shinkansen between Fukushima and Shinjo, entering service from July 2014. [23] The design work for the rebuilt train was overseen by industrial designer Ken Okuyama. [24] The six-car set has a total seating capacity of 143 passengers. [23] Car 11 is a standard-class car with reserved seating arranged 2+2 abreast, cars 12 to 14 feature Japanese-style tatami seating, car 15 is a lounge car with a bar counter, and car 16 has ashiyu foot baths. [23] The name of the train is a portmanteau of the English word "train" and the French word "soleil" (sun). [23] The train is normally used on special Toreiyu Tsubasa services running at weekends. [23]

Formation

The Toreiyu set is based at Yamagata Depot and formed as shown below, with car 11 at the Fukushima end. [12]

Car No.111213141516
DesignationM1cM2T1T2M1M2c
NumberingE321-701E326-701E329-701E328-701E325-701E322-701
Facilities2+2 seatingJapanese-style seatingJapanese-style seatingJapanese-style seatingLounge + bar counterAshiyu foot baths

E3-700 series Genbi Shinkansen excursion set

E3-700 series Genbi Shinkansen set R19 in September 2016 E3-700 R19 Genbi Shinkansen 20160910.jpg
E3-700 series Genbi Shinkansen set R19 in September 2016

The Genbi Shinkansen (現美新幹線, "contemporary art shinkansen") was a six-car set rebuilt from former Akita Shinkansen trainset R19 at Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Kobe as an excursion train for use on the Joetsu Shinkansen between Echigo-Yuzawa and Niigata. The train began operations on 29 April 2016, [25] mostly on weekends and holidays. It was withdrawn from service on 19 December 2020. [26]

The exterior livery was designed by photographer Mika Ninagawa. [13] The first car of the six car set featured the art of Nao Matsumoto; a golden yellow motif based on harvests, festivals and light was present in the car. Window shades displayed art using a special dye as the train passes through tunnels. The second car featured stainless steel mirrors on the walls, the work of Yusuke Komuta. They reflect the landscape outside the train. The third car featured a children's area and a cafe. The children's area featured blue and white representations of toy trains by Art Unit Paramodel. The cafe section of the car was designed by Kentaro Kobuke and served sweet items featuring local products. The fourth car featured an alpine photography exhibition by Naoki Ishikawa. The fifth car featured an abstract flower artpiece by Haruka Koujin that vibrated with the motion of the train. The final car featured a short film by Brian Alfred, depicting the scenery of Niigata. [27] The trainset was shown off to the media on 12 January 2016. [13]

Formation

The Genbi Shinkansen set was based at Niigata Depot and formed as shown below, with car 11 at the Tokyo end. [25]

Car No.111213141516
DesignationM1cM2T1T2M1M2c
NumberingE321-702E326-702E329-702E328-702E325-702E322-702
Former numberE311-19E326-19E329-19E328-19E325-19E322-19
Facilities2+2 seatingArt gallery spaceCafe + children's play areaArt gallery spaceArt gallery spaceArt gallery space

Cars 12 and 15 each have one single-arm pantograph. [25]

See also

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  25. 1 2 3 E3系「GENBI SHINKANSEN」[E3 series Genbi Shinkansen]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 56 no. 661. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. May 2016. pp. 72–73.
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