E4 Series Shinkansen

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E4 series
Series-E4-P20.jpg
An E4 series train on a Joetsu Shinkansen Max Tanigawa service in February 2021
In service20 December 1997;23 years ago (1997-12-20) – 1 October 2021;4 days ago (2021-10-01)
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Family nameMax
Constructed19972003
Entered serviceDecember 1997
Scrapped2013
Number built208 vehicles (26 sets)
Number in serviceNone
Number preserved1 vehicle
Number scrapped119 vehicles (15 sets)
Formation8 cars per trainset
Fleet numbersP1P22, P51P52, P81P82
Capacity817 (54 Green + 763 Standard)
Operator(s) JR East
Depot(s)Niigata
Line(s) served Joetsu Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car lengthEnd cars: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in),
Intermediate cars: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Doors2 per side
Maximum speed240 km/h (150 mph)
Weight428 t
Traction systemIGBT-VVVF (Toyo Denki Co.)
Traction motors 16 x 420 kW (560 hp) AC traction motors
Power output6.72 MW (9,010 hp)
Acceleration 1.65 km/h/s
Deceleration 2.69 km/h/s (service),
4.04 km/h/s (emergency)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
UIC classification 2'2'+Bo'Bo'+Bo'Bo'+2'2'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'+Bo'Bo'+2'2'
Braking system(s) Pneumatic and Regenerative
Safety system(s) ATC-2, DS-ATC
Multiple working 400/E3-1000/E3-2000 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The E4 series (E4系) is a high-speed shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan. They were the second series of completely bi-level Shinkansen trainsets to be built in Japan (the other being the E1 series). They operate on the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen, and occasionally on the Nagano Shinkansen. E4 series trains feature double-decker cars to accommodate additional commuter traffic around Tokyo and other urban areas. [1] They were often coupled to 400 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Tokyo and Fukushima before the latter retired in April 2010. The E4 series was withdrawn on October 1 2021.

Contents

Two eight-car sets can be coupled together for extra capacity: a sixteen-car E4 series formation trainset carries a total of 1,634 seated passengers, the highest-capacity high-speed rail trainset in the world. [2]

26 units were built between 1997 and 2003. As with the earlier E1 series trains, maximum speed is 240 km/h (150 mph).

Formation

Car No.12345678
DesignationT1cM1M2TTkMpMsTpsc
NumberingE453-100E455-100E456-100E458E459-200E455E446E444
Seating capacity751331191241101229143

Cars 4 and 6 are each equipped with a PS201 pantograph. [3]

Variants

Sets P51 and P52, delivered in January and February 2001 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen for use on services to Karuizawa. [3]

Sets P81 and P82, delivered in July and November 2003 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen, and are also capable of operating under 50 Hz and 60 Hz overhead power supplies for use on services to Nagano. [3]

Interior

As with the earlier E1 series, the upper deck saloons of non-reserved cars 1 to 3 are arranged 3+3 with no individual armrests, and do not recline. The lower decks of these cars, and the reserved-seating saloons in cars 4 to 8 have regular 2+3 seating. The green car saloons on the upper decks of cars 7 to 8 have 2+2 seating. The trains have a total seating capacity of 817 passengers. [4]

History

Set P5 in original yellow-stripe livery in March 2011 E4+E3 1000 omiya.jpg
Set P5 in original yellow-stripe livery in March 2011

The first E4 series set, P1, was delivered to Sendai Depot on 8 October 1997, with the first sets entering revenue-earning service on the Tohoku Shinkansen from 20 December 1997. [3]

All cars were made no-smoking from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2007. [3]

In March 2011, it was announced that the entire E4 series fleet would be withdrawn by around 2016. [5]

In September 2012, E4 series were entirely withdrawn from Tohoku Shinkansen services, and all allocated for use on Joetsu Shinkansen services only. [6] It was retired on October 1, 2021. [7]

Livery change

The first set to be reliveried, P5, in April 2014 E4 P5 Max Toki 316 Takasaki 20140407.JPG
The first set to be reliveried, P5, in April 2014

From 2014, the fleet of 24 sets still in service began to be repainted, receiving a new livery identical to that previously carried by the E1 series trains, with a toki (crested ibis) pink stripe separating the white on the upper body and blue on the lower body. The first reliveried set, P5, was returned to service in early April 2014, [8] with the entire fleet due to be treated by the end of fiscal 2015. [9]

Withdrawals

Withdrawals started in July 2013, with sets P2 and P3. [10]

Preserved examples

Preserved car E444-1 in July 2017 Niitsu Tetudou Hakubutsukan E4kei.jpg
Preserved car E444-1 in July 2017

End car E444-1 from set P1 was displayed at the Niigata City Niitsu Railway Museum in Niitsu, Niigata between July and September 2017. [11] It was moved by road from Niigata Depot to the museum in the early hours of 20 June 2017. [12]

Fleet list

The build details are as shown below. [3] As of 1 April 2021, 11 sets are still in service. [6]

Set No.ManufacturerDeliveredReliveriedWithdrawn
P1 Kawasaki HI 8 October 199712 May 20152 April 2016 [13]
P2 Hitachi 20 October 1997-3 July 2013 [10]
P3Kawasaki HI27 October 1997-26 July 2013 [10]
P4Hitachi10 February 199910 February 201615 September 2017
P5Kawasaki HI22 February 19993 April 20145 December 2017 [14]
P6Hitachi15 March 199911 June 201413 January 2018 [14]
P7Hitachi14 April 199925 March 201529 May 2019
P8Kawasaki HI31 May 19993 July 201520 June 2019
P9Hitachi21 June 199920 August 201512 July 2019
P10Kawasaki HI12 July 19994 February 20157 May 2019
P11Hitachi26 July 20003 March 2016
P12Hitachi28 August 2000
P13Kawasaki HI11 September 2000
P14Hitachi13 October 2000
P15Kawasaki HI16 October 200017 December 2019
P16Hitachi27 November 20001 May 201424 August 2020
P17Hitachi21 March 200130 September 2014
P18Kawasaki HI4 June 200122 February 2021
P19Kawasaki HI25 June 200120 August 201518 March 2021
P20Hitachi16 July 20019 October 2015
P21Kawasaki HI9 October 20014 November 2015
P22Kawasaki HI20 November 200118 December 2015
P51Kawasaki HI31 January 20017 July 201425 November 2020
P52Kawasaki HI20 February 200127 August 2014
P81Hitachi30 July 200322 July 2015
P82Kawasaki HI20 November 200319 January 2016

See also

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References

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  4. 新幹線NAVI[Shinkansen Navi]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. July 2004. ISBN   4-87149-562-0.
  5. Saito, Masatoshi (9 March 2011). JR東:2階建て新幹線「Max」5年後全廃 老朽化進み [JR East to withdraw all "Max" double-decker trains within 5 years]. Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Archived from the original on 10 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
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  7. "JR East to Retire the Last Double-Decker Shinkansen Train – Japan Station". www.japanstation.com. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  8. E4系P編成が塗装変更を実施 [E4 series P sets repainted]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  9. "上越新幹線(E4系)のエクステリアデザインが生まれ変わります!" [Exterior design of Joetsu Shinkansen E4 series to be updated](PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company - Niigata Division. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
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  12. 深夜の住宅街、新幹線ゆっくり陸送 新潟 [Shinkansen transported slowly by road late at night through residential area in Niigata]. Asahi Shimbun Digital (in Japanese). Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company. 21 June 2017. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
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