|In service||20 December 1997 – 1 October 2021|
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries|
|Entered service||December 1997|
|Number built||208 vehicles (26 sets)|
|Number in service||None|
|Number preserved||1 vehicle|
|Number scrapped||119 vehicles (15 sets)|
|Formation||8 cars per trainset|
|Fleet numbers||P1–P22, P51–P52, P81–P82|
|Capacity||817 (54 Green + 763 Standard)|
|Line(s) served||Joetsu Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||End cars: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in),|
Intermediate cars: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
|Width||3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)|
|Doors||2 per side|
|Maximum speed||240 km/h (150 mph)|
|Traction system||IGBT-VVVF (Toyo Denki Co.)|
|Traction motors||16 x 420 kW (560 hp) AC traction motors|
|Power output||6.72 MW (9,010 hp)|
|Deceleration||2.69 km/h/s (service),|
4.04 km/h/s (emergency)
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Pneumatic and Regenerative|
|Safety system(s)||ATC-2, DS-ATC|
|Multiple working||400/E3-1000/E3-2000 series|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The E4 series (E4系) is a high-speed shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan. They were the second series of completely bi-level Shinkansen trainsets to be built in Japan (the other being the E1 series). They operate on the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen, and occasionally on the Nagano Shinkansen. E4 series trains feature double-decker cars to accommodate additional commuter traffic around Tokyo and other urban areas. They were often coupled to 400 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Tokyo and Fukushima before the latter retired in April 2010. The E4 series was withdrawn on October 1 2021.
Two eight-car sets can be coupled together for extra capacity: a sixteen-car E4 series formation trainset carries a total of 1,634 seated passengers, the highest-capacity high-speed rail trainset in the world.
26 units were built between 1997 and 2003. As with the earlier E1 series trains, maximum speed is 240 km/h (150 mph).
Cars 4 and 6 are each equipped with a PS201 pantograph.
Sets P51 and P52, delivered in January and February 2001 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen for use on services to Karuizawa.
Sets P81 and P82, delivered in July and November 2003 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen, and are also capable of operating under 50 Hz and 60 Hz overhead power supplies for use on services to Nagano.
As with the earlier E1 series, the upper deck saloons of non-reserved cars 1 to 3 are arranged 3+3 with no individual armrests, and do not recline. The lower decks of these cars, and the reserved-seating saloons in cars 4 to 8 have regular 2+3 seating. The green car saloons on the upper decks of cars 7 to 8 have 2+2 seating. The trains have a total seating capacity of 817 passengers.
The first E4 series set, P1, was delivered to Sendai Depot on 8 October 1997, with the first sets entering revenue-earning service on the Tohoku Shinkansen from 20 December 1997.
All cars were made no-smoking from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2007.
In March 2011, it was announced that the entire E4 series fleet would be withdrawn by around 2016.
In September 2012, E4 series were entirely withdrawn from Tohoku Shinkansen services, and all allocated for use on Joetsu Shinkansen services only.It was retired on October 1, 2021.
From 2014, the fleet of 24 sets still in service began to be repainted, receiving a new livery identical to that previously carried by the E1 series trains, with a toki (crested ibis) pink stripe separating the white on the upper body and blue on the lower body. The first reliveried set, P5, was returned to service in early April 2014,with the entire fleet due to be treated by the end of fiscal 2015.
Withdrawals started in July 2013, with sets P2 and P3.
End car E444-1 from set P1 was displayed at the Niigata City Niitsu Railway Museum in Niitsu, Niigata between July and September 2017.It was moved by road from Niigata Depot to the museum in the early hours of 20 June 2017.
The build details are as shown below. As of 1 April 2021 [update] , 11 sets are still in service.
|P1||Kawasaki HI||8 October 1997||12 May 2015||2 April 2016|
|P2||Hitachi||20 October 1997||-||3 July 2013|
|P3||Kawasaki HI||27 October 1997||-||26 July 2013|
|P4||Hitachi||10 February 1999||10 February 2016||15 September 2017|
|P5||Kawasaki HI||22 February 1999||3 April 2014||5 December 2017|
|P6||Hitachi||15 March 1999||11 June 2014||13 January 2018|
|P7||Hitachi||14 April 1999||25 March 2015||29 May 2019|
|P8||Kawasaki HI||31 May 1999||3 July 2015||20 June 2019|
|P9||Hitachi||21 June 1999||20 August 2015||12 July 2019|
|P10||Kawasaki HI||12 July 1999||4 February 2015||7 May 2019|
|P11||Hitachi||26 July 2000||3 March 2016|
|P12||Hitachi||28 August 2000|
|P13||Kawasaki HI||11 September 2000|
|P14||Hitachi||13 October 2000|
|P15||Kawasaki HI||16 October 2000||17 December 2019|
|P16||Hitachi||27 November 2000||1 May 2014||24 August 2020|
|P17||Hitachi||21 March 2001||30 September 2014|
|P18||Kawasaki HI||4 June 2001||22 February 2021|
|P19||Kawasaki HI||25 June 2001||20 August 2015||18 March 2021|
|P20||Hitachi||16 July 2001||9 October 2015|
|P21||Kawasaki HI||9 October 2001||4 November 2015|
|P22||Kawasaki HI||20 November 2001||18 December 2015|
|P51||Kawasaki HI||31 January 2001||7 July 2014||25 November 2020|
|P52||Kawasaki HI||20 February 2001||27 August 2014|
|P81||Hitachi||30 July 2003||22 July 2015|
|P82||Kawasaki HI||20 November 2003||19 January 2016|
The 200 series (200系) was a Shinkansen high-speed train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) for the Tohoku Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen high-speed rail lines in Japan, and operated by East Japan Railway Company until 2013. They actually predated the 100 series trains, having been built between 1980 and 1986. It was one of the two recipients of the 23rd Laurel Prize presented by the Japan Railfan Club, the first Shinkansen type to receive that award. The last remaining sets were retired from regular service in March 2013, and were completely withdrawn from service in April 2013.
The 400 series (400系) was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company between 1992 and 2010 on Tsubasa services on Japan's first mini-shinkansen line, the Yamagata Shinkansen branch from the main Tohoku Shinkansen.
The E1 series (E1系) was a high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company in Japan from July 1994 until September 2012. They were the first double-deck trains built for Japan's Shinkansen. They were generally, along with their fellow double-deck class the E4 series, known by the marketing name "Max". The fleet was withdrawn from regular service on 28 September 2012.
The E2 series is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Tohoku Shinkansen high-speed lines in Japan since 1997. They are formed in 8- and 10-car sets. The 8-car sets were used on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, and the 10-car sets are on Tohoku Shinkansen services. The 10-car sets can be coupled to E3 series Komachi sets using couplers hidden behind retracting nose doors.
The E3 series (E3系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with the opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular 1,067 mm narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita re-gauged to 1,435 mmstandard gauge. Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tohoku Shinkansen, providing services to and from Tokyo.
The Asama (あさま) is a high-speed Shinkansen train service operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Hokuriku Shinkansen in Japan. The shinkansen service was introduced in October 1997, but the name was first used for a semi-express service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1961. "Asama" is the name of an active volcano near Karuizawa, on the boundary between Gunma and Nagano Prefecture.
The Jōetsu Shinkansen (上越新幹線) is a high-speed shinkansen railway line connecting Tokyo and Niigata, Japan, via the Tōhoku Shinkansen, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. Despite its name, the line does not pass through the city of Joetsu or the historical Jōetsu region, which instead are served by the Hokuriku Shinkansen.
The Shiosai (しおさい) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company. It runs from Tokyo and Shinjuku to Chōshi on the Bōsō Peninsula in Chiba Prefecture.
The Hokuetsu (北越) was a limited express train service in Japan formerly operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by East Japan Railway Company between Kanazawa and Niigata from 1970 until March 2015.
The E5 series (E5系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on Tōhoku Shinkansen services since 5 March 2011 and on Hokkaido Shinkansen services since 26 March 2016. A total of 59 10-car sets are on order, with three sets in service in time for the start of new Hayabusa services to Shin-Aomori in March 2011.
The Toki (とき) is a high-speed Shinkansen train service operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Joetsu Shinkansen in Japan.
The Asahi (あさひ) was a limited-stop train service that operated until November 2002 in Japan on the Joetsu Shinkansen high-speed line between Tokyo and Niigata.
The E6 series (E6系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on Komachi "mini-shinkansen" services on the Tōhoku Shinkansen and Akita Shinkansen from Tokyo to Akita since 16 March 2013. A pre-series set was delivered in June 2010 for extensive testing, with 23 full-production sets delivered between November 2012 and spring 2014.
The Class 961 (961形) was a 6-car experimental Japanese Shinkansen train operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) between 1973 and 1981.
"STAR21" was the name given to the Class 952/953 (952・953形) 9-car experimental Shinkansen train developed in 1992 by the East Japan Railway Company in Japan to test technology to be incorporated in next-generation shinkansen trains operating at speeds of 350 km/h (217 mph) or higher. The name was an acronym for "Superior Train for the Advanced Railway toward the 21st Century".
The Hakutaka (はくたか) is a high-speed shinkansen train service jointly operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company between Tokyo and Kanazawa on the Hokuriku Shinkansen line in Japan. The shinkansen service was introduced on 14 March 2015, but the name was first used for a limited express service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) from 1965 until 1982, and later by JR West and Hokuetsu Express between 1997 and March 2015.
The Kubikino (くびき野) was a "Rapid" limited-stop train service in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company between Niigata and Arai on the Shinetsu Main Line in Niigata Prefecture from 2002 until March 2015.
The E7 series (E7系) and W7 series Shinkansen are Japanese high-speed train types operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), respectively. They were jointly developed.
The Kagayaki (かがやき) is a high-speed shinkansen train service jointly operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company between Tokyo and Kanazawa on the Hokuriku Shinkansen line in Japan. The shinkansen service was introduced on 14 March 2015, but the name was first used for a limited express service operated by JR West from March 1988 until March 1997.
The H5 series (H5系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type owned by Hokkaido Railway Company for use on Tohoku and Hokkaido Shinkansen services since 26 March 2016. Based on the earlier E5 series trains, a total of four 10-car sets were built by Hitachi and Kawasaki Heavy Industries at a cost of approximately 18 billion yen. The first two sets were delivered in October 2014.
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