ETH Zurich

Last updated

ETH Zurich
Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich
Other name
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, German: Polytechnikum (colloquially)
Former name
eidgenössische polytechnische Schule [1]
Type Public
Established1855;167 years ago (1855)
Budget CHF 1.896 billion (2021)
President Joël Mesot
Rector Günther Dissertori
Academic staff
6,612 (527 professors of all ranks) (full-time equivalents 2021) [2]
Administrative staff
3,106 (full-time equivalents 2021) [2]
Students24,534 (headcount 2021, 33.3% female, 42 % foreign nationals) [2]
Undergraduates 10,642 [3]
Postgraduates 8,299 [3]
8,921 [3]
Other students
1,133 [3]
Rämistrasse 101
CH-8092 Zürich

47°22′35″N8°32′53″E / 47.37639°N 8.54806°E / 47.37639; 8.54806 Coordinates: 47°22′35″N8°32′53″E / 47.37639°N 8.54806°E / 47.37639; 8.54806
LanguageGerman, English (Masters and upwards, sometimes Bachelor)
Colors Black and White
Affiliations CESAER, EUA, GlobalTech, IARU, IDEA League, UNITECH
ETH Zurich Logo black.svg

ETH Zurich (English: ETH; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich; German : Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) is a public research university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland. Founded by the Swiss Federal Government in 1854 with the stated mission to educate engineers and scientists, the school focuses primarily on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. [5] Like its sister institution EPFL, it is part of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain, part of the Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research. [6]


In the 2022 edition of QS World University Rankings , ETH Zurich was ranked 8th in the world, placing it as the fourth-best European university after the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge and Imperial College London. In the 2021 QS World University Rankings by subject, it ranked 4th in the world for engineering and technology (2nd in Europe) and 1st for earth and marine science. Also, ETH ranked 15th in the world in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2021-22.

ETH Zurich has a world-class reputation in academia and industry. As of 2021 there are 24,500 students from over 120 countries, of which 4,460 are pursuing doctoral degrees. [2]

22 Nobel laureates, 2 Fields Medalists, 3 Pritzker Prize winners, and 1 Turing Award winner have been affiliated with the Institute, including Albert Einstein and John von Neumann. [7] It is a founding member of the IDEA League and the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU), and a member of the CESAER network.

Switzerland adm location map.svg
Green pog.svg
ETH Zurich
Location: ETH Zurich, Switzerland


Main building and surrounding campus. Sta zentrum hauptgebaeude.jpg
Main building and surrounding campus.
The Hauptgebaude, constructed in 1864, is the Polytechnikum's original and main building Switzerland-00062 - ETH Zurich (19237383755).jpg
The Hauptgebäude, constructed in 1864, is the Polytechnikum's original and main building

ETH Zurich was founded on 7 February 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and began giving its first lectures on 16 October 1855 as a polytechnic institute (eidgenössische polytechnische Schule) at various sites throughout the city of Zürich. [1] It was initially composed of six faculties: architecture, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry, forestry, and an integrated department for the fields of mathematics, natural sciences, literature, and social and political sciences.

It is locally still known as Polytechnikum, or simply as Poly, derived from the original name eidgenössische polytechnische Schule, [8] which translates to "federal polytechnic school".

ETH Zurich is a federal institute (i.e., under direct administration by the Swiss government), whereas the University of Zurich is a cantonal institution. The decision for a new federal university was heavily disputed at the time; the liberals pressed for a "federal university", while the conservative forces wanted all universities to remain under cantonal control, worried that the liberals would gain more political power than they already had. [9] In the beginning, both universities were co-located in the buildings of the University of Zurich.

From 1905 to 1908, under the presidency of Jérôme Franel, the course program of ETH Zurich was restructured to that of a real university and ETH Zurich was granted the right to award doctorates. In 1909 the first doctorates were awarded. In 1911, it was given its current name, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule. In 1924, another reorganization structured the university in 12 departments. However, it now has 16 departments.

ETH Zurich, the EPFL, and four associated research institutes form the "ETH Domain" with the aim of collaborating on scientific projects. [10]

Reputation and ranking

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [11] 21 (2021)
QS World [12] 6 (2021)
THE World [13] 14 (2021)
USNWR Global [14] 26 (2020)

ETH Zurich is ranked among the top universities in the world. Typically, popular rankings place the institution as the best university in continental Europe and ETH Zurich is consistently ranked among the top 1-5 universities in Europe, and among the top 3-10 best universities of the world.

Historically, ETH Zurich has achieved its reputation particularly in the fields of chemistry, mathematics and physics. There are 32 Nobel laureates who are associated with ETH Zurich, the most recent of whom is Richard F. Heck, awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 2010. Albert Einstein is perhaps its most famous alumnus. [15]

In the 2021 edition of the QS World University Rankings , ETH Zurich again ranked 6th in the world, [16] having first achieved this position in 2019, thereby overtaking the University of Cambridge and becoming the second-best European university after the University of Oxford. [17] [18] Also, ETH was ranked 8th in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2020. [19] [20] In the 2020 QS World University Rankings by subject, it was ranked 4th in the world for engineering and technology (2nd in Europe) and 1st for earth & marine science. [21] [22]

In 2018, QS World University Rankings placed ETH Zurich at 7th overall in the world. [23] In 2015, ETH Zurich was ranked 5th in the world in engineering, science and technology, just behind the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University and Cambridge University. In 2015, ETH Zurich also ranked 6th in the world in Natural Sciences, and in 2016 ranked 1st in the world for Earth & Marine Sciences for the second consecutive year. [24]

In 2016, Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed ETH Zurich 9th overall in the world and 8th in the world in engineering & technology, just behind the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, California Institute of Technology, Princeton University, Cambridge University, Imperial College London and Oxford University. [25]

In a comparison of Swiss universities by swissUP Ranking and in rankings published by CHE comparing the universities of German-speaking countries, ETH Zurich traditionally is ranked first in natural sciences, computer science and engineering sciences.

In the survey "CHE ExcellenceRanking" on the quality of Western European graduate school programs in the fields of biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics, ETH Zurich was assessed as one of the three institutions to have excellent programs in all the considered fields, the other two being Imperial College London and the University of Cambridge, respectively. ETH Zurich had a total budget of CHF 1,897 billion [26] in the year 2019.

Admission and education

For Swiss students, ETH Zurich is not selective in its undergraduate admission procedures. Like every public university in Switzerland, ETH Zurich is obliged to grant admission to every Swiss resident who took the Matura . [27] Applicants from foreign countries are required to take either the reduced entrance exam or the comprehensive entrance exam although some applicants from several European countries are exempt from this rule. An applicant can be admitted to ETH Zurich even without any verifiable educational records by passing the comprehensive entrance exam. [28]

As at all universities in Switzerland, the academic year is divided into two semesters. Examinations are often held during examination sessions which are immediately before the beginning of the next semester (only a few select courses offer an exam immediately after the semester ends). After the first year of study, bachelor students must pass a block examination of all courses taken in the first year, called the Basisprüfung (basis examination). If the weighted average score is not sufficient, a student is required to retake the entire Basisprüfung which usually means having to re-sit the whole first year. The structure of examinations in higher academic years is similar to the Basisprüfung, but with a higher success rate. The regular time to reach graduation is six semesters for the Bachelor of Science degree and three or four further semesters for the Master of Science degree. The final semester is dedicated to writing a thesis.

Education at ETH Zurich generally focuses more on theoretical aspects than application and most degree programs contain a high amount of mathematical training. The main language of instruction in undergraduate (Bachelor) studies is German and for admission a proof of sufficient knowledge of the German language is required for Bachelor students. [29] Most Master's programs and doctoral studies are in English.


ETH Honggerberg with the new HIT building ETH-Hoenggerberg-2008.jpg
ETH Hönggerberg with the new HIT building

ETH Zurich has two campuses. The main building was constructed 1858–1864 outside and right above the eastern border of the town, but nowadays it is located right in the heart of the city. As the town and university grew, ETH Zurich spread into the surrounding vineyards and later quarters. As a result, the Zentrum campus consists of various buildings and institutions throughout Zürich and firmly integrates the ETH Zurich in the city. The main building stands directly across the street from the University Hospital of Zurich and the University of Zurich.

Because this geographic situation substantially hindered the expansion of ETH Zurich, a new campus was built from 1964 to 1976 on the Hönggerberg on a northern hill in the outskirts of the city. The last major expansion project of this new campus was completed in 2003; since then, the Hönggerberg location houses the departments of architecture, civil engineering, biology, chemistry, materials science and physics.

Main building

The main building of ETH Zurich was built from 1858 to 1864 under Gustav Zeuner; the architect, however, was Gottfried Semper, who was a professor of architecture at ETH Zurich at the time and one of the most important architectural writers and theorists of the age. Semper worked in a neoclassical style that was unique to him; and the namesake and architect of the Semperoper in Dresden. It emphasized bold and clear massings with a detailing, such as the rusticated ground level and giant order above, that derived in part from the work of Andrea Palladio and Donato Bramante. During the construction of the University of Zurich, the south wing of the building was allocated to the University until its own new main building was constructed (1912–1914). At about the same time, Semper's ETH Zurich building was enlarged and received its impressive cupola. The university's engineering and computer science departments are located around here.

Aerial picture of the Honggerberg campus. The rest of the city of Zurich, where the main campus is, and the Alps can be seen in the background. Sta hoenggerberg luftbild 001.jpg
Aerial picture of the Hönggerberg campus. The rest of the city of Zurich, where the main campus is, and the Alps can be seen in the background.

Hönggerberg campus

In the year of ETH Zurich's 150th anniversary, an extensive project called "Science City" for the Hönggerberg Campus was started with the goal to transform the campus into an attractive district based on the principle of sustainability. The university's science departments are located around here.

An ASVZ sports center which is accessible to all students and faculty, and includes a gym, beach volleyball court, football field, and martial-art rooms. [30] [31]

Commuting between the campuses

The ETH link is a free bus for students, affiliates and faculty linking the two campuses. During the school week, the bus runs 3 times an hour, and takes around 15 minutes. In 2020 a new, fully electric, ETH eLink was introduced. [32] [33]

Bike share

Since 2018, an electric bike sharing system between the two campuses is also available, with yearly subscriptions subsidised by the university. There are rental stations on both campuses. [34]

ETH Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics

The ETH Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics (LIB) is a physics laboratory located in Science City. It specializes in accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and the use of ion beam based techniques with applications in archeology, earth sciences, life sciences, material sciences and fundamental physics. An example of such application is the tracing of isotopes and the detection of rare radionuclides with radiocarbon dating and the use of techniques such as Rutherford backscattering spectrometry or elastic recoil detection. [35] The LIB is developing the next generation of AMS machines. It is also a laboratory available for users interested in applying the techniques of ion beam analysis. [36]

Student life

Students and locals in ETH Zurich's front courtyard ETH Dome.jpg
Students and locals in ETH Zurich's front courtyard

ETH Zurich students were found to be the busiest students of all institutions of higher education in Switzerland. [37] [ failed verification ] The undergraduates' tight curriculum consists of as much as twice the number of lectures as comparable courses of other Swiss universities.[ citation needed ]

Tuition and financial assistance

Being a public university, the by Swiss federal tax heavily subsidized tuition fees are CHF 730 per semester, regardless of the student's nationality. [38] Both merit and need based scholarships are also available. The Excellence Scholarship & Opportunity Programme (ESOP) is a merit scholarship program for master students with excellent grades in their undergraduate program.

Student associations

ETH Zurich has well over 100 student associations. Most notable is the VSETH (Verband der Studierenden an der ETH) which comprises all department associations. The associations regularly organize events with varying size and popularity. Events of the neighboring University of Zurich are well-attended by ETH Zurich students and vice versa. The VSETH organizes events of greater public attention, such as the Polyball, the Polyparty (does not exist any more) and the Erstsemestrigenfest, the first two housed in the main building of ETH Zurich. Sometimes, the annual Erstsemestrigenfest takes place at extraordinary locations, for example the Zurich Airport. All freshmen enjoy special treatment at that event.

Some of the notable associations that are not affiliated with a specific department are the ETH Entrepreneur Club and ETH Model United Nations. Both enjoy high international standings, and are regularly awarded for excellence in their respective fields.[ citation needed ] ETH Juniors is another student organization. It forms a bridge between industry and ETH Zurich and offers many services for students and companies alike. [39]


The Academic Sports Association of Zurich (ASVZ) offers more than 120 sports. [40] The biggest annual sports event is the SOLA-Stafette (SOLA relay race) which consists of 14 sections over a total distance of 140 kilometers. More than 760 teams participated in the 2009 edition. [41] The 40th edition of the SOLA, held on 4 May 2013, had 900 enrolled teams, of which 893 started and 876 were classified. [42] In 2014 ASVZ celebrated their 75th anniversary. [43]


A view over Niederdorfli, ETH Zurich's main building is visible in the distance Lindenhof- View on Niederdorf.JPG
A view over Niederdörfli, ETH Zurich's main building is visible in the distance

Student Project House

In 2017, ETH Zurich board approved the creation of a "Student Project House" to encourage student projects and foster innovation. A test consisting of a "makerspace" and co-working space was established on the Hönggerberg campus, [44] [45] followed by a 6-story space near the ETH Zurich main building. Both locations function as a unified entity for the purpose of qualifications, staffing and decision making. While both makerspaces offer similar tools, the central one is significantly larger and also hosts a rentable auditorium, intended for pitching projects to faculty to gain funding, and a bar. Both makerspaces include workspaces for wood- and metalworking, electronics fabrication, as well as an array of 3D-printers for students to use at a little over material cost. Both also feature a shop for students to buy items such as resistors in lower quantities than ordinarily, while passing down the savings of bulk purchases. [46] The makerspaces are managed and staffed entirely by students, who are paid in shop credit. A new space is expected to open on the Hönggerberg campus in 2024. [47]


As of 2018, 429 ETH Zurich spin-off companies had been created. [48]

Competition Team

ETH Zurich has three prominent Competition teams that perform research in different popular fields and compete on the world stage. Most of these teams are based in the Swiss Innovation Park near Dübendorf. [49]


The Swiss Academic Spaceflight Initiative [50] (German : Akademische Raumfahrt Initiative Schweiz) is an organisation at ETH Zurich that focuses on the development of space related technologies. The most prominent area of research is in the development of a sounding rocket that is flown yearly at the Spaceport America Cup. ARIS also dedicates its resources to the academic advancement of spaceflight and hosts projects ranging from the development of Hybrid rocket Engines to Payload research.


  • In 2018, ARIS won the Jim Furfaro Award for Technical Excellence [51]
  • ARIS won 2nd place at the Spaceport America Cup 2019 in the 10'000 ft COTS Engine challenge. [52]


The Academic Motorsports Association [53] (German : Akademischer Motorfahrt Verein) is the ETH Zurich's equivalent of a Formula One team, that develops electric and driverless sports vehicles that compete at Formula Student.


  • AMZ first won class 1a in 2010 Formula Student.
  • In 2013 AMZ won the Formula Student Class 1 as well as the Dynamic Events, Endurance Event and Static Events.
  • In 2016 AMZ won the Formula Student Static Events.


Swissloop is the ETH Zurich's newest competition team that is working on the development of a Hyperloop system.


The annual Polyball is the most prestigious public event at ETH Zurich, with a long tradition since the 1880s. At the end of November, the Polyball welcomes around 10,000 dancers, music-lovers and partygoers in the extensively decorated main building of ETH Zurich. This is the biggest decorated ball in Europe.

The amicable rivalry between ETH Zurich and its neighbor, the University of Zurich, has been cultivated since 1951 (Uni-Poly). There has been an annual rowing match between teams from the two institutions on the river Limmat.

There are many regular symposia and conferences at ETH Zurich, most notably the annual Wolfgang Pauli Lectures, in honor of former ETH Zurich Professor Wolfgang Pauli. Distinct lecturers, among them 24 Nobel laureates, have held lectures of the various fields of natural sciences at this conference since 1962.

Notable alumni and faculty

ETH Zurich has produced and attracted many famous scientists in its short history, including Albert Einstein and John von Neumann. More than twenty Nobel laureates have either studied at ETH Zurich or were awarded the Nobel Prize for their work achieved at ETH Zurich. Other alumni include scientists who were distinguished with the highest accolades such as the Fields Medal, Pritzker Prize and Turing Award, among other distinctions in their respective fields. Academic achievements aside, ETH Zurich has been alma mater to many Olympic medalists and world champions.

Collegium Helveticum

The Collegium Helveticum is an Institute for Advanced Study. [54] It is jointly supported and operated by the ETH Zurich, the University of Zurich and the Zurich University of the Arts. It is dedicated to transdisciplinary research and acts as a think tank as well. Fellows are elected for five years to work together on a particular subject. For the period 2016–2020, the research focus is on digital societies. [55]

ETH Zurich Foundation

The ETH Zurich Foundation is a legal entity on its own (a Swiss non-profit foundation) and as such not part of the ETH Zurich. Its purpose is to raise funds to support chosen institutes, projects, faculty and students at the ETH Zurich. It receives charitable donations from companies, foundations and private individuals. It can be compared with university endowments in the USA. However, the ETH Zurich is a public university so that the funds of this foundation are much smaller than at comparable private universities. [56] Examples of funded teaching and research are: [57]

Military Academy

The Military Academy is an institution for the education, training and development of career officers of the Swiss Armed Forces. The scientific part of this organization is attached to the ETH Zurich, while other parts such as training and an assessment center are under the direct management of the defense sector of the Swiss Federal Government. [61]

Swiss National Supercomputing Center

The Swiss National Supercomputing Center is an autonomous organizational unit of the ETH Zurich. It is a national facility based in Lugano-Cornaredo, [62] offering high-performance computing services for Swiss-based scientists. [63]

See also

Related Research Articles

Chalmers University of Technology University in Gothenburg, Sweden

Chalmers University of Technology is a Swedish university located in Gothenburg that focuses on research and education in technology, natural sciences, architecture, mathematics, maritime and other management areas.

KAIST South Korean public research university

The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) is a national research university located in Daedeok Innopolis, Daejeon, South Korea. KAIST was established by the Korean government in 1971 as the nation's first public, research-oriented science and engineering institution. KAIST is considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in the nation. KAIST has been internationally accredited in business education, and hosting the Secretariat of the Association of Asia-Pacific Business Schools (AAPBS). KAIST has 10,504 full-time students and 1,342 faculty researchers and had a total budget of US$765 million in 2013, of which US$459 million was from research contracts.

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne

The École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) is a public research university located in Lausanne, Switzerland. It specializes in natural sciences and engineering. It is one of the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology, with three main missions: education, research and innovation.

Delft University of Technology Dutch university

Delft University of Technology, also known as TU Delft, is the oldest and largest Dutch public technical university, located in Delft, Netherlands. As of 2022 it is ranked by QS World University Rankings among the top 10 engineering and technology universities in the world. In the fields of architecture and civil engineering, it was ranked 2nd in the world, after MIT.

RWTH Aachen University University in Aachen, Germany

RWTH Aachen University or Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen is a German public research university located in Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With more than 47,000 students enrolled in 144 study programs, it is the largest technical university in Germany. In 2018, the university was ranked 31st in the world university rankings in the field of engineering and technology, and 36th world-wide in the category of natural sciences.

University of Zurich Largest university in Switzerland

The University of Zurich is a public research university located in the city of Zürich, Switzerland. It is the largest university in Switzerland, with its 28,000 enrolled students. It was founded in 1833 from the existing colleges of theology, law, medicine which go back to 1525, and a new faculty of philosophy.

Technical University of Munich Research university in Germany

The Technical University of Munich is a public research university in Munich, with additional campuses in Garching, Freising, Heilbronn, Straubing, and Singapore. A technical university that specializes in engineering, technology, medicine, and the applied and natural sciences, it is organized into 11 schools and departments, and supported by numerous research centers.

Hokkaido University Japanese National University in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Hokkaido University, or Hokudai (北大), is a Japanese national university in Sapporo, Hokkaido. It was the fifth Imperial University in Japan, which were established to be the nation's finest institutions of higher education or research. Hokkaido University is considered one of the top universities in Japan and was ranked 5th in THE Japan University Rankings. It was also selected as a "Top Type" university by the Japanese government's Top Global University Project. The main campus is located in downtown Sapporo, just north of Sapporo Station, and stretches approximately 2.4 kilometers northward.

Anna University Public state university in Tamil Nadu, India

Anna University is a public state university located in Tamil Nadu, India. The main campus is in Chennai. It was originally established on 4 September 1978 and was named after C. N. Annadurai, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

Tokyo Institute of Technology National research university in Japan

Tokyo Institute of Technology is a national research university located in Greater Tokyo Area, Japan. Tokyo Tech is the largest institution for higher education in Japan dedicated to science and technology, one of first five Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. It is generally considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in Japan.

University of Rostock Public university in Rostock, Germany

The University of Rostock is a public university located in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Founded in 1419, it is the third-oldest university in Germany. It is the oldest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area, and 8th oldest in Central Europe. It was the 5th university established in the Holy Roman Empire.

Paul Scherrer Swiss physicist (1890–1969)

Paul Hermann Scherrer was a Swiss physicist. Born in St. Gallen, Switzerland, he studied at Göttingen, Germany, before becoming a lecturer there. Later, Scherrer became head of the Department of Physics at ETH Zurich.

University of Bern University in the Swiss capital of Bern

The University of Bern is a university in the Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834. It is regulated and financed by the Canton of Bern. It is a comprehensive university offering a broad choice of courses and programs in eight faculties and some 150 institutes. With around 18,576 students, the University of Bern is the third largest university in Switzerland.

University of Hamburg University in Hamburg, Germany

The University of Hamburg is a public research university in Hamburg, Germany. It was founded on 28 March 1919 by combining the previous General Lecture System, the Hamburg Colonial Institute, and the Academic College. The main campus is located in the central district of Rotherbaum, with affiliated institutes and research centres distributed around the city-state.

Università della Svizzera italiana

The Università della Svizzera italiana, sometimes referred to as the University of Lugano in English-speaking contexts, is a public Swiss university established in 1995, with campuses in Lugano, Mendrisio and Bellinzona. USI is the only university in Switzerland where the official language is Italian, but many of its programs are in English.

Aurel Stodola

Aurel Boleslav Stodola was a Slovak engineer, physicist, and inventor. He was a pioneer in the area of technical thermodynamics and its applications and published his book Die Dampfturbine in 1903. In addition to the thermodynamic issues involved in turbine design the book discussed aspects of fluid flow, vibration, stress analysis of plates, shells and rotating discs and stress concentrations at holes and fillets. Stodola was a professor of mechanical engineering at the Swiss Polytechnical Institute in Zurich. He maintained friendly contact with Albert Einstein. In 1892, Stodola founded the Laboratory for Energy Conversion.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology University in Karlsruhe, Germany

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is a public research university in the German state Baden-Württemberg and a national research center in the Helmholtz Association that is one of the largest educational institutions and the largest research institution by funding in Germany. KIT was created in 2009 when the University of Karlsruhe, founded in 1825 as a public research university and also known as the "Fridericiana", merged with the Karlsruhe Research Center, which had originally been established in 1956 as a national nuclear research center.

Science and technology in Switzerland Overview of science and technology in Switzerland

Science and technology in Switzerland play an important role in the Swiss economy as very few natural resources are available in the country. The Swiss National Science Foundation, mandated by the Federal government, is the most important institute promoting scientific research.

Konrad Osterwalder is a Swiss mathematician and physicist, former Undersecretary-General of the United Nations, former Rector of the United Nations University (UNU), and Rector Emeritus of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. He is known for the Osterwalder–Schrader theorem.

TUM Department of Physics

The TUM Department of Physics is a department of the Technical University of Munich, located at its Garching campus.


  1. 1 2 "1848–1855: The polytechnical realisation of a long-held dream". ETH Zurich. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "ETH in figures". Zurich, Switzerland: ETH Zurich. March 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Annual Report 2021. ETH Zürich. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  4. "ETH identity" . Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  5. "Bericht über den Entwurf zu einem Reglemente für die Eidgenössische polytechnische Schule" (PDF). Schweizerisches Bundesblatt . Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council. 6 (39, Bd. 3): 163–182. 21 June 1854 via
  6. "ETH Board - Governance ETH Domain". ETH-Rat. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  7. How much Einstein is there in ETH Zurich? on YouTube
  8. "ETHistory 1855-2005". ETHistory. ETH Zurich. 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  9. "1848-1855: Polytechnical realization of an old dream". ETHistory. ETH Zurich. 31 March 2005. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  10. "ETH Domain". Zurich and Berne, Switzerland: ETH Board. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  11. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2021". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  12. "QS World University Rankings 2020". Top Universities. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  13. "World University Rankings 2020 - ETH Zurich". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  14. "U.S. News Education: Best Global Universities 2019 - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich" . Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  15. "ALBERT EINSTEIN (1879 – 1955)".
  16. "QS World University Rankings 2021: Top Global Universities". Top Universities. QS Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  17. "One of the world's top six universities". Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  18. "ETH Zurich overtakes Cambridge". Greater Zurich Area. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  19. "QS World University Rankings 2021". Top Universities. 28 May 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  20. "World University Rankings 2020 by subject: engineering and technology". Times Higher Education (THE). 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  21. "Engineering and Technology". Top Universities. 26 February 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  22. "Earth & Marine Sciences". Top Universities. 25 February 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  23. "QS World University Rankings". Top Universities. QS Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  24. "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2016 - Earth & Marine Sciences". Top Universities. QS Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  25. "ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  26. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. "Admission to the first semester with a Swiss matriculation certificate ("Matura")". ETH Zurich. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  28. "Admission to first semester without Swiss matriculation certificate". ETH Zurich. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  29. "Language requirements". ETH Zurich. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  30. "Deutsche BauZeitschrift". (in German). Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  31. "Vereinigung der Schweizerischen Hochschuldozierenden, Bulletin" (PDF).
  32. "Mercedes to deliver three eCitaro G to Switzerland". 29 October 2020. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  33. "Dieser Gelenkbus muss aufladen". Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  34. "Website zeigt alle verfügbaren Leihvelos und E-Trottis an". Tages-Anzeiger (in German). ISSN   1422-9994 . Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  35. "The world of Ion Beam Physics". overview. ETH Zurich. September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  36. "Laboratory for Ion Physics". ETH Zurich, Department of Physics. September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  37. "Willkommen auf" (in German)
  38. Zurich, ETH. "ETH Zurich tuition fees". ETH Zurich. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  39. "ETH Juniors" . Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  40. "Academic Sports Association Zurich" . Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  41. SOLA-Stafette 2009
  42. SOLA - Erfolgreiche Jubiläumsstafette
  43. "ASVZ". Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  44. "Home". ETH Student Project House.
  45. "Student Project House". ETH Zurich.
  46. "Our Offers". ETH Student Project House. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  47. Gasser, Bianca; Meyer, Florian (5 October 2020). "A place for students to develop their ideas". ETH Zurich.
  48. "Spin-offs press release and performance". ETH Zurich.
  49. "Competition Teams From ETH Zurich at the Switzerland Innovation Park Zurich". Switzerland Innovation. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  50. "ARIS – ARIS Space and Rocket projects in Switzerland" . Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  51. ""SA Cup 2018"".
  52. ""Sounding Rocket SA Cup 2019"".
  53. "AMZ Racing". Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  54. Collegium Helveticum. eurias Network of French Institutes for Advanced Study. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  55. Website Collegium Helveticum. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  56. René Donzé: ETH sucht Sponsoren in Deutschland. Neue Zürcher Zeitung am Sonntag, 7 April 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  57. Website ETH Foundation. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  58. ETH Zurich and University of Zurich launch Wyss Translational Center. ETH Zurich, 12 December 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  59. Rössler Prize. ETH Zurich Foundation. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  60. Ruf Lanz: Albert Einstein wirbt für Exzellenz-Stipendien., 19 november 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  61. Military Academy (MILAC). Website Military Academy, Swiss Armed Forces. Retrieved 4 August 2019
  62. "CSCS moves into new computer centre in Lugano". CSCS. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  63. Swiss National Supercomputing Center. Retrieved 4 August 2019

Further reading