Eagles' Bridge, Sofia

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Eagles' Bridge

Орлов мост
Downtown Sofia Boby Dimitrov 1.jpg
Aerial view of Eagles' Bridge Square
Coordinates 42°41′26″N23°20′15″E / 42.69056°N 23.33750°E / 42.69056; 23.33750
CarriesPedestrian
Crosses Perlovska river
Locale Sofia, Bulgaria
Owner Stolichna Municipality
History
Designer Václav Prošek
Constructed by Jiri Prošek
Bogdan Prošek
Construction end1891
Construction cost80 000 leva
Location
Eagles' Bridge, Sofia

Eagles' Bridge (Bulgarian : Орлов мост, Orlov most [1] ) is a bridge over the Perlovska River in downtown Sofia, capital of Bulgaria. [2] The bridge and junction where it is located, sometimes referred to as Ploshtad Orlov Most (Orlov Most Square) are usually referred simply as Eagles' Bridge (Orlov most). [2]

Contents

The name of the bridge itself comes from the four statues of eagles on it, which are, symbolically, its protectors and patrons.

Eagles' Bridge and the junction are located in the immediate proximity of the Vasil Levski National Stadium, the Monument to the Soviet Army, the Borisova gradina park and Lake Ariana, and near Sofia University. [2] Two main boulevards cross there – Evlogi Georgiev Boulevard, which follows the Perlovska river, and Tsarigradsko Shose, and Tsar Ivan Asen II Street terminates there. For the traffic entering Sofia from the southeast by Tsarigradsko shose, Eagles' Bridge is the first junction and the point from where the city centre is accessed.

The bridge was constructed in 1891 by Czech architect Václav Prošek, his brother Jozef and his cousins Bohdan and Jiří. [2] They also designed together and built the Lions' Bridge at the northern point of entry to central Sofia in 1889. [2] [3] The cost of the entire construction of the bridge was 80,000 golden leva. [2]

One of the bridge's columns and bronze eagles are depicted on the reverse print of Bulgarian 20 levs banknote, issued in 1999 and 2007. [2] [4]

The place is often a site of protests. Orlov Most was the focus of 2012 ecological protests against construction on Vitosha mountain and on the Dyuni nature spot on the Black Sea coast. [5] The bridge was also a major focus of political protests in 2013, with scenes of violence during the winter protests, [6] contrasted with massive but peaceful gatherings during the summer protests, when it would close every evening while protesters gathered there until late into the night. [7] In the 2020–2021 Bulgarian protests, the bridge was repeatedly blocked by protesters with barricades and tents camps were established. [8]

Since 2009, Eagles' Bridge has been serviced by the Sofia University Metro Station of Sofia Metro M1 line. The M3 line Orlov most Metro Station was opened in August 2020.

See also

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Perlovska

Perlovska river is a small river in the Sofia Valley in western Bulgaria. The river is only 17.8 kilometres (11.1 mi) long. It takes its source from the foothills of Vitosha, runs through Sofia's South Park, separates the two lanes of Evlogi Georgiev Boulevard, runs through the neighbourhood Poduyane, and finally flows into the Iskar River. The well-known Orlov Most is built over this river.

Monument to the Soviet Army, Sofia

The Monument to the Soviet Army is a monument located in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. There is a large park around the statue and the surrounding areas. It is a popular place where many young people gather. The monument is located on Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard, near Orlov Most and the Sofia University. It portrays a soldier from the Soviet Army as a freedom fighter, surrounded by a Bulgarian woman, holding her baby, and a Bulgarian man. There are other, secondary sculptural composition parts of the memorial complex around the main monument, like the group of soldiers which have been used many times as a canvas by political artists. The monument was built in 1954 on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the liberation by the Soviet Army, which is the general Russian interpretation of the complex Military history of Bulgaria during World War II.

Patriarch Evtimiy Square

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Tsarigradsko shose

Tsarigradsko shose is the largest boulevard in the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia. The boulevard provides grade-separated dual carriageway in almost its entire length of 11.4 km, running from the north-west to the south-east. It begins in the city center, at Orlov Most, before which it is called Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard. In its east end, at the Sofia Ring Road, the boulevard becomes part of the Trakia motorway (A1). The maximum allowed speed on Tsarigradsko shose is 80 km/h between Orlov Most and Gorublyane neighbourhood.

Capital Fort

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2013–2014 Bulgarian protests against the Oresharski cabinet

The 2013–2014 Bulgarian protests against the Oresharski cabinet was a series of demonstrations that were held in Bulgaria, mainly in the capital Sofia, against the left-wing coalition cabinet of Oresharski. The demonstrations started on 28 May 2013, but actual large-scale protests did not emerge until 14 June.
While the trigger factor for the demonstrations was the controversial appointment of Delyan Peevski as head of DANS in June 2013, the public discontent stemmed from a variety of causes, to a large extent connected to the general nature of the BSP-MRF governing coalition and perceived legitimacy issues surrounding political processes in Bulgaria. They ended in July 2014 with the resignation of the Oresharski government.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Sofia, Bulgaria.

2020–2021 Bulgarian protests

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Orlov Most Metro Station Sоfia metro station

Orlov Most is a Sofia Metro station on M3 line. It was opened on 26 August 2020 as part of the inaugural section of the line, from Hadzhi Dimitar to Krasno Selo. The station is located between Teatralna and St. Patriarch Evtimiy. Transfer to SU St. Kliment Ohridski on M1 line is available.

Igor Orlov (politician)

Igor Anatolyevich Orlov, is a Ukrainian-born Russian statesman and politician who served as the Governor of Arkhangelsk Oblast from 2012 to 2020. He is currently the General Director of PJSC Severnaya Verf Shipyard since June 2020.

References

  1. In Bulgarian orlov can be both eagle's and eagles', so the name in English could be seen written as Eagles' Bridge, Eagle's Bridge and even Eagle Bridge (Ryan James, Hana Mastrini, Mark Baker, Karen Torme Olson, Angela Charlton, Keith Bain, Pippa de Bruyn, Frommer's Eastern Europe , John Wiley & Sons, 2009, p.6). However Eagles' is more understandable because there are four eagle statues over the bridge.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Travel Sofia: Illustrated Guide, Phrasebook and Maps, MobileReference, 2010
  3. Viennese and Czech architects created many of the symbols of Sofia (in Bulgarian), Democracy, 2001-10-04
  4. Bulgarian National Bank. Notes and Coins in Circulation: 20 levs (1999 issue) & 20 levs (2007 issue). – Retrieved on 26 March 2009.
  5. Orlov Most sends the Prime Minister wishes of "Happy Birthday" and "Mafia", e-vestnik 14 June 2012. Retrieved June 2013.
  6. Clashes between police and protesters at Orlov Most, several injured, Dnevnik , 20 Feb 2013. Retrieved Jun 2013.
  7. At the Agora of the Protest, Dnevnik , 27 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  8. "Орлов мост пак е блокиран, МВР води разговори". Dnes.dir.bg. Retrieved 2020-09-04.