East China

Last updated
East China
East China.svg
CountryFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China (Mainland China)
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China (Taiwan)
Population384.3 million

East China (simplified Chinese :华东; traditional Chinese :華東; pinyin :Huádōng; lit. ' Huaxia -east') is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

Contents

An abolished concept, for economical purposes the region was defined from 1961 to 1978 by the Chinese Central Government to include the provinces of (in alphabetical order) Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong and Zhejiang, as well as the municipality of Shanghai.

Since the Chinese government claims Taiwan and the few outlying islands of Fujian (Kinmen and Matsu) governed by the Republic of China (Taiwanese government) as its territory, the claimed "Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China" was once classified in this region.

Administrative divisions

GB [2] ISO № [3] ProvinceChinese NameCapitalPopulationDensityAreaAbbreviation
SH31 Shanghai Municipality 上海市
Shànghǎi Shì
Shanghai23,019,1483,630.206,341
JS32 Jiangsu Province 江苏省
Jiāngsū Shěng
Nanjing 78,659,903766.66102,600
ZJ33 Zhejiang Province 浙江省
Zhèjiāng Shěng
Hangzhou 54,426,891533.59102,000
Zhè
AH34 Anhui Province 安徽省
Ānhuī Shěng
Hefei 59,500,510425.91139,700
Wǎn
FJ35 Fujian Province 福建省
Fújiàn Shěng
Fuzhou 36,894,216304.15121,300
Mǐn
JX36 Jiangxi Province 江西省
Jiāngxī Shěng
Nanchang 44,567,475266.87167,000
Gàn
SD37 Shandong Province 山东省
Shāndōng Shěng
Jinan 95,793,065622.84153,800

Cities with urban area over one million in population

Provincial capitals in bold.

#CityUrban area [4] District area [4] City proper [4] Prov.Census date
1 Shanghai 20,217,74822,315,47423,019,196SH2010-11-01
2 Nanjing 5,827,8887,165,2928,003,744JS2010-11-01
3 Hangzhou 5,162,0936,241,9718,700,373ZJ2010-11-01
4 Jinan 3,527,5664,335,9896,813,984SD2010-11-01
5 Qingdao 3,519,9193,718,8358,715,087SD2010-11-01
6 Suzhou 3,302,1524,072,08110,459,890JS2010-11-01
7 Xiamen 3,119,1103,531,3473,531,347FJ2010-11-01
8 Hefei 3,098,7273,310,2685,702,466AH2010-11-01
9 Fuzhou 2,824,4142,921,7627,115,369FJ2010-11-01
10 Wuxi 2,757,7363,543,7196,374,399JS2010-11-01
11 Wenzhou 2,686,8253,039,4399,122,102ZJ2010-11-01
12 Ningbo 2,583,0733,491,5977,605,689ZJ2010-11-01
13 Zibo 2,261,7173,129,2284,530,597SD2010-11-01
14 Changzhou 2,257,3763,290,9184,592,431JS2010-11-01
15 Nanchang 2,223,6612,357,8395,042,566JX2010-11-01
16 Yantai 1,797,8612,227,7336,968,202SD2010-11-01
17 Xuzhou 1,735,1661,967,2148,577,225JS2010-11-01
18 Nantong 1,612,3852,274,1137,283,622JS2010-11-01
19 Huai'an 1,523,6552,635,4064,801,662JS2010-11-01
20 Linyi 1,522,4882,303,64810,039,440SD2010-11-01
21 Weifang 1,261,5822,044,0289,086,241SD2010-11-01
22 Huainan 1,238,4881,666,8262,333,896AH2010-11-01
23 Taizhou 1,189,2761,902,5105,968,838ZJ2010-11-01
24 Jinjiang 1,172,8271,986,447see QuanzhouFJ2010-11-01
25 Quanzhou 1,154,7311,435,1858,128,533FJ2010-11-01
26 Yancheng 1,136,8261,615,8367,262,200JS2010-11-01
27 Tai'an 1,123,5411,735,4255,494,207SD2010-11-01
28 Kunshan 1,118,6171,644,860see SuzhouJS2010-11-01
29 Wuhu 1,108,0871,307,0422,263,123AH2010-11-01
30 Putian 1,107,1991,953,8012,778,508FJ2010-11-01
31 Yangzhou 1,077,5311,392,5634,460,066JS2010-11-01
32 Cixi 1,059,9421,462,383see NingboZJ2010-11-01
33 Jiangyin 1,013,6701,595,138see WuxiJS2010-11-01

See also

Related Research Articles

Liaoning Province of China

Liaoning, is a coastal province in Northeast China that is the smallest, southernmost, and most populous province in the region. With its capital at Shenyang, it is located on the northern shore of the Yellow Sea, and is the northernmost coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

Shaanxi Province in Northwest China

Shaanxi is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China. Officially part of Northwest China, it borders the province-level divisions of Shanxi, Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW) and Inner Mongolia (N).

Jilin Province of China

Jilin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. Along with the rest of Northeast China, Jilin underwent an early period of industrialization. However, Jilin's economy, characterized by heavy industry, has been facing economic difficulties with privatization. This prompted the central government to undertake a campaign called "Revitalize the Northeast". The region contains large deposits of oil shale.

Guizhou Province of China

Guizhou is a landlocked province in the southwest region of the People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Guiyang, in the center of the province. Guizhou borders the autonomous region of Guangxi to the south, Yunnan to the west, Sichuan to the northwest, the municipality of Chongqing to the north, and Hunan to the east. The population of Guizhou stands at 38.5 million, ranking 18th among the provinces in China.

Jiangxi Province of China

Jiangxi is a landlocked province in the east of the People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Nanchang. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest.

North China Place in Peoples Republic of China

North China, or Huabei is a geographical region of China, consisting of the provinces of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia. Part of the larger region of Northern China (Beifang), it lies north of the Qinling–Huaihe Line, with its heartland in the North China Plain.

Autonomous regions of China Overview of the autonomous regions of China

An autonomous region is a first-level administrative division of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights. An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

Shangluo Prefecture-level city in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Shangluo is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northeast and Hubei to the southeast. Part of the Shannan region of the province, it is located in the eastern part of the Qin Mountains.

Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Bayingolin is an autonomous prefecture for Mongol people in the southeast of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Western China. It borders Gansu to the east, Qinghai to the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south. It is the largest prefecture-level division nationally, with an area of 462,700 km2 (178,600 sq mi), which is even larger than its neighboring province of Gansu. The prefectural capital is Korla.

Northwest China Place

Northwest China is a statistical region of China which includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. It has an area of 3.107.900 km2.

Southwest China Geographical region

Southwest China is a region in the south of the People's Republic of China, traditionally known as Southwest China due to its location in relation to historical China proper. The narrowest concept of Southwest China consists of Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou, while wider definitions often include and Chongqing, Guangxi, and western portions of Hunan. The official government definition of Southwest China includes the core provinces of Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan, and Guizhou, in addition to the Tibet Autonomous Region which has not traditionally been included as part of the region.

South Central China Geographic region

South Central China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the provinces of Guangdong, Hainan, Henan, Hubei and Hunan, as well as the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region; however, the two provincial-level special administrative regions (SAR) are also often included under South Central China: Hong Kong and Macau.

Western China Geographical and cultural region in China

Western China is the west of China. In the definition of the Chinese government, Western China covers one municipality: Chongqing; six provinces: Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai; and three autonomous regions: Tibet, Ningxia, and Xinjiang.

Central China Geographic and cultural region

Central China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that includes the provinces of Henan, Hubei and Hunan. Jiangxi is sometimes also regarded to be part of this region. Central China is now officially part of South Central China governed by the People's Republic of China. In the context of the Rise of Central China Plan by the State Council of the People's Republic of China in 2004, surrounding provinces including Shanxi, Anhui, are also defined as regions of Central China development zones.

Binyang County County in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Binyang County is a county of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanning, the capital of Guangxi, with a permanent population of 782,255 and a hukou population of 1,051,373 as of the 2010 Census. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Laibin to the northeast and Guigang to the east. The main highways passing near the county seat are China National Highways 322 and 324. The local economy is based mostly on industry and services. The county seat is Binzhou Town, known as one of the oldest towns in Guangxi which has population over 200,000 people. People speak Binyanghua in Binyang, which is a branch of Cantonese.

Mashan County County in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Mashan County is a county of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanning, the capital of Guangxi. The northernmost county-level division of Nanning City, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Hechi to the north and Laibin to the northeast.

Chengzhong District, Liuzhou District in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Chengzhong District is one of four districts of Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

Rongan County County in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Rong'an County is under the administration of Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. It borders the prefecture-level city of Guilin to the east.

South China Geographical and cultural region

South China is a geographical and cultural region that covers the southernmost part of China. Its precise meaning varies with context. A notable feature of South China in comparison to the rest of China is that most of its citizens are not native speakers of Mandarin Chinese. Cantonese is the most common language in the region while the Guangxi region contains the largest concentration of China's ethnic minorities, each with their own language.

References

  1. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_regions_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China
  2. GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  3. ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  4. 1 2 3 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN   978-7-5037-6659-6.

Coordinates: 31°16′43″N120°35′09″E / 31.2785°N 120.5859°E / 31.2785; 120.5859