East China

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East China
East China.svg
CountryChina
Population384.3 million

East China or Eastern China (simplified Chinese :华东; traditional Chinese :華東; pinyin :Huádōng) is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

Simplified Chinese characters Standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Contents

An abolished concept, for economical purposes the region was defined from 1961 to 1978 by the Chinese Central Government to include the provinces of (in alphabetical order) Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong and Zhejiang, as well as the municipality of Shanghai. Since the Chinese government claims Taiwan and the few outlying islands of Fujian (Kinmen and Matsu) governed by the Republic of China (Taiwanese government) as its territory, the claimed "Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China" was once classified in this region.[ citation needed ]

State Council of the Peoples Republic of China chief administrative authority of the Peoples Republic of China

The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954, is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China. It is chaired by the premier and includes the heads of each of the cabinet-level executive departments. Currently, the council has 35 members: the premier, one executive vice premier, three other vice premiers, five state councilors, and 25 additional ministers and chairs of major agencies. In the politics of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army. The State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces, and in practice maintains membership with the top levels of the Communist Party of China.

Provinces of China Peoples Republic of China province-level subdivision

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 33 such divisions, classified as 22 provinces, four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two Special Administrative Regions. All but the disputed Taiwan Province and a small fraction of Fujian Province are controlled by the People's Republic of China.

Anhui Province

Anhui is a landlocked province in Eastern China. Its provincial capital and largest city is Hefei. The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a short section in the north.

Administrative divisions

GB [2] ISO № [3] ProvinceChinese NameCapitalPopulationDensityAreaAbbreviation/Symbol
SH31 Shanghai Municipality 上海市
Shànghǎi Shì
Shanghai23,019,1483,630.206,341
JS32 Jiangsu Province 江苏省
Jiāngsū Shěng
Nanjing 78,659,903766.66102,600
ZJ33 Zhejiang Province 浙江省
Zhèjiāng Shěng
Hangzhou 54,426,891533.59102,000
Zhè
AH34 Anhui Province 安徽省
Ānhuī Shěng
Hefei 59,500,510425.91139,700
Wǎn
FJ35 Fujian Province 福建省
Fújiàn Shěng
Fuzhou 36,894,216304.15121,300
Mǐn
JX36 Jiangxi Province 江西省
Jiāngxī Shěng
Nanchang 44,567,475266.87167,000
Gàn
SD37 Shandong Province 山东省
Shāndōng Shěng
Jinan 95,793,065622.84153,800

Cities with urban area over one million in population

Provincial capitals in bold.

#CityUrban area [4] District area [4] City proper [4] Prov.Census date
1 Shanghai 20,217,74822,315,47423,019,196SH2010-11-01
2 Nanjing 5,827,8887,165,2928,003,744JS2010-11-01
3 Hangzhou 5,162,0936,241,9718,700,373ZJ2010-11-01
4 Jinan 3,527,5664,335,9896,813,984SD2010-11-01
5 Qingdao 3,519,9193,718,8358,715,087SD2010-11-01
6 Suzhou 3,302,1524,072,08110,459,890JS2010-11-01
7 Xiamen 3,119,1103,531,3473,531,347FJ2010-11-01
8 Hefei 3,098,7273,310,2685,702,466AH2010-11-01
9 Fuzhou 2,824,4142,921,7627,115,369FJ2010-11-01
10 Wuxi 2,757,7363,543,7196,374,399JS2010-11-01
11 Wenzhou 2,686,8253,039,4399,122,102ZJ2010-11-01
12 Ningbo 2,583,0733,491,5977,605,689ZJ2010-11-01
13 Zibo 2,261,7173,129,2284,530,597SD2010-11-01
14 Changzhou 2,257,3763,290,9184,592,431JS2010-11-01
15 Nanchang 2,223,6612,357,8395,042,566JX2010-11-01
16 Yantai 1,797,8612,227,7336,968,202SD2010-11-01
17 Xuzhou 1,735,1661,967,2148,577,225JS2010-11-01
18 Nantong 1,612,3852,274,1137,283,622JS2010-11-01
19 Huai'an 1,523,6552,635,4064,801,662JS2010-11-01
20 Linyi 1,522,4882,303,64810,039,440SD2010-11-01
21 Weifang 1,261,5822,044,0289,086,241SD2010-11-01
22 Huainan 1,238,4881,666,8262,333,896AH2010-11-01
23 Taizhou 1,189,2761,902,5105,968,838ZJ2010-11-01
24 Jinjiang 1,172,8271,986,447see QuanzhouFJ2010-11-01
25 Quanzhou 1,154,7311,435,1858,128,533FJ2010-11-01
26 Yancheng 1,136,8261,615,8367,262,200JS2010-11-01
27 Tai'an 1,123,5411,735,4255,494,207SD2010-11-01
28 Kunshan 1,118,6171,644,860see SuzhouJS2010-11-01
29 Wuhu 1,108,0871,307,0422,263,123AH2010-11-01
30 Putian 1,107,1991,953,8012,778,508FJ2010-11-01
31 Yangzhou 1,077,5311,392,5634,460,066JS2010-11-01
32 Cixi 1,059,9421,462,383see NingboZJ2010-11-01
33 Jiangyin 1,013,6701,595,138see WuxiJS2010-11-01

See also

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Liunan District District in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

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Guangxi Autonomous region

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References

  1. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_regions_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China
  2. GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  3. ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  4. 1 2 3 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN   978-7-5037-6659-6.

Coordinates: 31°16′43″N120°35′09″E / 31.2785°N 120.5859°E / 31.2785; 120.5859

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.