East Flanders

Last updated
East Flanders

Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen
Flag of Oost-Vlaanderen.svg
Flag
Wapen van Oost-Vlaanderen.svg
Coat of arms
Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen in Belgium.svg
Coordinates: 51°00′N03°45′E / 51.000°N 3.750°E / 51.000; 3.750 Coordinates: 51°00′N03°45′E / 51.000°N 3.750°E / 51.000; 3.750
CountryFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
RegionFlag of Flanders.svg  Flemish Region
Capital
(and largest city)
Ghent
Government
  Governor Jan Briers
Area
[1]
  Total3,007 km2 (1,161 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2019 [2] )
  Total1,515,064
  Density504/km2 (1,310/sq mi)
HDI (2017)0.916 [3]
very high · 6th
Website www.oost-vlaanderen.be

East Flanders (Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen [ˌoːst ˈflaːndərə(n)] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), [4] French : (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, German : Ostflandern) is a province of Belgium. It borders (clockwise from the North) the Dutch province of Zeeland and the Flemish province of Antwerp, Flemish Brabant, Hainaut and West Flanders. It has an area of 3,007 km2 (1,161 sq mi), divided into six administrative districts containing 60 municipalities, and a population of 1,515,064 as of January 2019. [5] The capital is Ghent, home to the Ghent University and the Port of Ghent.

Contents

History

During the short-lived Napoleonic Empire, most of the area of the modern province was part of the Department of Escaut, named after the River Scheldt. Following the defeat of Napoleon, the entity was renamed after its geographical location in the eastern part of the historic County of Flanders (now in the western portion of the current Flemish Region).

The provincial flag has a black lion with red tongue and claws, on a background of horizontal white and green stripes. This is a recent adaptation; formerly, East Flanders used the Flemish flag, a black lion on a yellow background, as in the current coat of arms. The old flag is still publicly used, e.g. for road signs.

Geography

The province has several geographic or tourist regions:

Important rivers are the Scheldt and the Leie which merge in Ghent. The Dender merges into the Scheldt in the city of Dendermonde.

Subdivisions

East Flanders is divided into 6 administrative arrondissements (districts), subdivided into a total of 60 municipalities. In addition, there are 3 judicial and 3 electoral arrondissements.

District Ghent District: Oudenaarde District: Eeklo District: Aalst District: Dendermonde District: Sint-Niklaas District:
Location ArrGentLocatie.png ArrOudenaardeLocatie.png ArrEekloLocation.png ArrAalstLocation.png ArrDendermondeLocatie.png ArrSint-NiklaasLocatie.png

HASC
NUTS
NIS
Population
Area

BE.OV.GT
BE234
44
553,961
944 km²

BE.OV.OD
BE235
45
123,330
419 km²

BE.OV.EK
BE233
43
84,113
334 km²

BE.OV.AL
BE231
41
286,741
469 km²

BE.OV.DM
BE232
42
199,553
343 km²

BE.OV.SN
BE236
46
248,489
475 km²

Municipalities

Demographics

The province has a population of almost 1.5 million. It had 734,000 inhabitants in 1830, when it was the most populated province of Belgium, and about a million in 1900. Population growth halted around the 1980s, but has increased again in the 21st century. Population figures in recent years is as follows:

YearPopulation
1 January 19901,331,608
1 January 19951,349,382
1 January 20001,361,623
1 January 20051,380,072
1 January 20101,432,326
1 January 20151,477,346
1 January 20171,496,187

The capital and biggest city is Ghent, also the second largest city in the Flemish Region. Other smaller cities are Aalst, Sint-Niklaas and Dendermonde in the east of the province. The eastern part of the province, part of the Flemish Diamond, is more densely populated than the western part.

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 56.4 billion € in 2018. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 33,000 € or 109% of the EU27 average in the same year. [6]

Government

The Gravensteen in Ghent, the provincial capital Gravensteengent22042008.JPG
The Gravensteen in Ghent, the provincial capital
The Muur van Geraardsbergen Geraardsbergen - Oudeberg top 2.jpg
The Muur van Geraardsbergen

The provincial council (provincieraad) consists of 72 members which were last elected in the 2012 elections. Previously it consisted of 84 members. The council currently consists of the following political parties:

Six people chosen by and from the council form the daily government, called the deputation (deputatie). The deputation of East Flanders is a coalition of the political parties CD&V, Open Vld and sp.a. The biggest party in the council, N-VA, is not included.

The daily government is led by the governor, who is appointed by the Flemish Government. André Denys (VLD) has been the governor of East Flanders from 26 November 2004 until 21 January 2013. [7] Jan Briers, who is not member of a political party but was nominated by N-VA, succeeded him on 1 February 2013.

The province has a yearly budget of approximately 300 million euro.

Governors

Timeline:

Jan BriersAndré DenysHerman BalthazarRoger de KinderAlbert MariënMaurice Van den BoogaerdeLouis FrederiqJules IngenbleekKarel WeylerAndré de Kerchove de DenterghemMaurice Lippens (governor)Raymond de Kerchove d'ExaerdeLéon Verhaeghe de NaeyerEmile de T'Serclaes De WommersomEdouard De JaegherLeander DesmaisièresLouis de SchierveCharles Vilain XIVWerner de Lamberts-CortenbachPierre De RyckereEast Flanders

Related Research Articles

Flanders Community and region of Belgium

Flanders is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium and one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. However, there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history, and sometimes involving neighbouring countries. The demonym associated with Flanders is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish. The official capital of Flanders is the City of Brussels, although the Brussels Capital Region has an independent regional government, and the government of Flanders only oversees the community aspects of Flanders life in Brussels such as (Flemish) culture and education.

Antwerp Province Province of Belgium

Antwerp Province is the northernmost province both of the Flemish Region, also called Flanders, and of Belgium. It borders on North Brabant province of the Netherlands and the Belgian provinces of Limburg, Flemish Brabant and East Flanders. Its capital is Antwerp which comprises the Port of Antwerp, which is the second largest seaport in Europe. It has an area of 2,876 km2 (1,110 sq mi) and with over 1.85 million inhabitants as of January 2019, it is the country's most populous province. The province consists of 3 arrondissements: Antwerp, Mechelen and Turnhout. The eastern part of the province comprises the main part of the Campine region.

Flemish Brabant Province of Belgium

Flemish Brabant is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. It borders on the Belgian provinces of Antwerp, Limburg, Liège, Walloon Brabant, Hainaut and East Flanders. Flemish Brabant also surrounds the Brussels-Capital Region. Its capital is Leuven. It has an area of 2,118 km2 (818 sq mi) which is divided into two administrative districts containing 65 municipalities. As of January 2019, Flemish Brabant has a population of 1,146,175.

Limburg (Belgium) Province of Belgium

Limburg is a province in Belgium. It is the easternmost of the five Dutch-speaking provinces that together form the Region of Flanders, one of the three main political and cultural sub-divisions of modern Belgium.

Luxembourg (Belgium) Province of Belgium

Luxembourg, also called Belgian Luxembourg, is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. It borders on the country of Luxembourg to the east, the French departments of Ardennes, Meuse and Meurthe-et-Moselle to the south and southwest, and the Walloon provinces of Namur and Liège to the north. Its capital and largest city is Arlon, in the south-east of the province.

Walloon Brabant Province of Belgium

Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and Belgium. It borders on the province of Flemish Brabant and the provinces of Liège, Namur and Hainaut (Wallonia). Its capital and largest city is Wavre.

Liège Province Province of Belgium

Liège is the easternmost province of Wallonia and Belgium.

Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium first-level subdivisions that make up the federated entities of Belgium

Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities and three regions that are based on four language areas. For each of these subdivision types, the subdivisions together make up the entire country; in other words, the types overlap.

Provinces of Belgium subdivision of Belgium

The country of Belgium is divided into three regions. Two of these regions, the Flemish Region or Flanders, and Walloon Region, or Wallonia, are each subdivided into five provinces. The third region, the Brussels-Capital Region, is not divided into provinces, as it was originally only a small part of a province itself.

West Flanders Province of Belgium

West Flanders is the westernmost province of the Flemish Region, in Belgium. It is the only coastal Belgian province, facing the North Sea to the northwest. It has land borders with the Dutch province of Zeeland to the northeast, the Flemish province of East Flanders to the east, the Walloon province of Hainaut in the southeast and the French department of Nord to the west. Its capital is Bruges (Brugge). Other important cities are Kortrijk in the south and Ostend (Oostende) on the coast, Roeselare and Ypres (Ieper). The province has an area of 3,197 km2 (1,234 sq mi) which is divided into eight administrative districts (arrondissementen) containing 64 municipalities. As of January 2019, West Flanders has a population of 1,195,796.

Hainaut Province Province of Belgium

Hainaut, historically also known as Heynowes in English, is a province of Wallonia and Belgium.

Namur Province Province of Belgium

Namur is a province of Wallonia, one of the three regions of Belgium. It borders on the Walloon provinces of Hainaut, Walloon Brabant, Liège and Luxembourg in Belgium, and the French departments of Nord and Ardennes. Its capital and largest city is the city of Namur. As of January 2019, the province of Namur has population of 494,325.

Hooglede Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Hooglede is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the towns of Gits and Hooglede proper. On January 1, 2006, Hooglede had a total population of 9,831. The total area is 37.84 km² which gives a population density of 260 inhabitants per km².

Ninove Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Ninove is a city and municipality located in the Flemish province of East Flanders in Belgium. It is situated on the river Dender, and is part of the Denderstreek. The municipality comprises the city of Ninove proper and since the 1976 merger of the towns of Appelterre-Eichem, Aspelare, Denderwindeke, Lieferinge, Meerbeke, Nederhasselt, Neigem, Okegem, Outer, Pollare and Voorde. On 1 January 2018 Ninove had a total population of 38,692. The total area is 72.57 km² which gives a population density of 533 inhabitants per km².

Dendermonde Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Dendermonde is a city in the Flemish province of East Flanders in Belgium. The municipality comprises the city of Dendermonde and the towns of Appels, Baasrode, Grembergen, Mespelare, Oudegem, Schoonaarde, and Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde. Dendermonde is at the mouth of the river Dender, where it flows into the Scheldt. The town has a long-standing folkloric feud with Aalst, south along the same river, which dates from the Middle Ages.

Laarne Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Laarne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East-Flanders. The municipality comprises the towns of Kalken and Laarne proper. On January 1, 2006, Laarne had a total population of 11,736. The total area is 32.07 km² which gives a population density of 366 inhabitants per km². The current mayor of Laarne is Ignace De Baerdemaecker, from the VLD (Liberal) party.

Moerbeke Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Moerbeke is a municipality in the Belgian province of East Flanders. It is sometimes unofficially called Moerbeke-Waas to distinguish between this place and Moerbeke in Geraardsbergen. The municipality only comprises the town of Moerbeke proper. On January 1, 2006, Moerbeke had a total population of 5,844. The total area is 37.80 km² which gives a population density of 155 inhabitants per km².

Lokeren Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Lokeren is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Lokeren proper and the towns of Daknam and Eksaarde. It is located on the Durme, a tributary of the Scheldt, and is the second most important city of the Waasland after Sint-Niklaas. Mayor Filip Anthuenis ( Open-VLD) was elected for a fourth mandate during the elections on 14 October 2018. Horse sausages are officially recognized as a regional specialty of Lokeren.

Flemish Movement Political movement for emancipation and greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders

The Flemish Movement is the political movement for greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders, for protection of the Dutch language, for the overall protection of Flemish culture and history, and in some cases, for splitting from Belgium and forming an independent state.

Flemish Region Region of Belgium

The Flemish Region is one of the three regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region. Colloquially, it is usually simply referred to as Flanders. It occupies the northern part of Belgium and covers an area of 13,625 km2 (5,261 sq mi). It is one of the most densely populated regions of Europe with around 483/km2 (1,250/sq mi).

References

  1. https://bestat.statbel.fgov.be/bestat/crosstable.xhtml?view=90c1e218-dc4f-4827-824d-9b25abfefe59
  2. https://statbel.fgov.be/nl/themas/bevolking/structuur-van-de-bevolking
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. In isolation, Vlaanderen is pronounced [ˈvlaːndərə(n)] .
  5. https://statbel.fgov.be/nl/themas/bevolking/structuur-van-de-bevolking
  6. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  7. "The governor, province East Flanders". Archived from the original on 2006-11-04. Retrieved 2006-03-14.