The Eastern Townships (French : Cantons de l'Est) is an historical administrative region in southeastern Quebec, Canada. It lies between the St. Lawrence Lowlands and the American border, and extends from Granby in the southwest, to Drummondville in the northeast. Since 1987, most of the area is within the administrative region Estrie, and the term Eastern Townships is now used in tourist literature.
The name derives from there also being western townships in Ontario.
Before European colonization the area was inhabited by the Abenaki, as attested by many toponyms such as Lake Memphremagog and Massawippi River.
Until 1791 the region was organized under the seigneurial system of New France. In 1791 the region was resurveyed under English law. It was divided into counties, which were in turn subdivided into townships.
Settlement by Europeans happened in three waves: first from New England, including some loyalists,then from the British Isles, and finally French-Canadians from surrounding areas.
From 1967 to 1981 the Eastern Townships were an administrative region of Quebec, (région 05). In 1981 the Commission de toponymie du Québec renamed it Estrie. In 1987 during the reorganization of the regional county municipalities, the region lost some territory:
Although counties were abolished some survive as regional county municipalities, including Arthabaska, Brome, Compton, Frontenac, Missisquoi, and Shefford. Townships which survive as municipalities include: Cleveland, Hampden, Hatley, Lingwick, Marston, Melbourne, Orford, Memphrémagog, Potton, Saint-Camille, Sainte-Edwidge-de-Clifton, Stanstead, Stratford, Valcourt, and Westbury.
The Estrie is an administrative region of Quebec that replaced the Eastern Townships. Estrie, a French neologism, was coined as a derivative of est, "east". Originally settled by anglophones, today it is about 90 per cent francophone. Anglophones are concentrated in Lennoxville, home of the region's only English-speaking university, Bishop's University. The Eastern Townships School Board runs 20 elementary schools, three high schools, and a learning centre.
Shefford is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1867. Its population in 2006 was 100,000.
Shefford County is an historical county in southern Québec, Canada. It is named after Shefford, a small town in Bedfordshire county, England of the same name and is in the Eastern Townships region of Québec.
Potton is a township municipality of about 1,850 people in the Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality. It is located on the western shore of Lake Memphremagog in the Estrie region of Quebec, and is one of the municipalities in Brome County. Potton is located about 125 kilometres (78 mi) southeast of Montreal, 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the southwest of the city of Magog, and next to the United States border, north of North Troy, Vermont.
Brome County, is a historical county of Quebec. It takes its name from the name of a manor in the parish of Barham in Kent, England that was named after the broom plant. It was named by English surveyors. The earliest settlers to this region were brought from New Hampshire by the Quaker leader, Nicholas Austin in the 1790s. The county was formed in 1855 from parts of Stanstead, Shefford and Missisquoi counties. The county is located in the Eastern Townships, one of the 12 regions of Quebec. The county lies in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Its eastern half is rolling countryside while its western half is part of the Richelieu River plains.
Brome—Missisquoi is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1925. The original electoral district of Missiquoi existed from 1867 to 1925.
Compton—Stanstead is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1997.
Mégantic—L'Érable is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2004.
Richmond—Arthabaska is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1997.
The Town of Brome Lake is a town in southern Quebec, Canada. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 5,609. Tourism is a major industry in the village of Knowlton because of skiing in the winter, lake activities in summer, and autumn leaf colour.
Mansonville is a village in the Potton township of the Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada, in Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality of the Estrie region, across the Canada–United States border from North Troy, Vermont. Now Mansonville is the business centre and the seat of Municipalite du canton de Potton.
Austin is a municipality on the western shore of Lake Memphremagog, part of the Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, Canada.
East Bolton is a municipality of about 900 people, part of the Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, Canada.
Orford is a township municipality of about 3,600 people in Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, Canada.
Orford is a provincial electoral district in the Estrie region of Quebec, Canada that elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It includes the township of Orford, the township of Hatley and the municipality of Hatley, the cities of Magog and North Hatley, the township of Stanstead and the city of Stanstead, and various other municipalities.
Mégantic is a provincial electoral district in the Estrie and Chaudière-Appalaches regions of Quebec, Canada.
Shefford is a township municipality located in the province of Quebec. It is part of the Haute-Yamaska Regional County Municipality in the administrative area of Estrie. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 6,711. The township completely encircles the city of Waterloo.
Sutton is a town in southwestern Quebec. It is part of the Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality in the administrative region of the Montérégie. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 3,906. Historically, Sutton is considered to be part of the Eastern Townships.
Highwater is a village in the Potton township of the Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada, in Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality of the Estrie region, north of the Canada–United States border from North Troy, Vermont. The Portland-Montreal Pipe Line crosses the border and there is pumping station on the Highwater side. Highwater was the site of the Space Research Corporation test site. The confluence of the North Branch and the South Branch of the Missisquoi River is in Highwater; this forms the Missisquoi River which flows into Lake Champlain at Missisquoi Bay. The Newport Subdivision of the Central Maine and Quebec Railway railroad route from Newport, Vermont to Richford, Vermont traverses Highwater and follows the Mississquoi River. The single runway Mansonville Airport (CSK4) is located on chemin de l'Aeroport.
The Petite rivière Missisquoi Nord is a tributary of the Missisquoi River North, in the administrative region of Estrie, in the province of Quebec, in Canada. This watercourse crosses the territory of the municipalities of: