Eau de toilette

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Bottles of eau de toilette Bottles of Eau de Toilette.jpg
Bottles of eau de toilette

Eau de toilette (French:  [o d(ə) twalɛt] ) literally translated as toilet water (but more appropriately described as "grooming water") is a lightly scented cologne used as a skin freshener. [1] [2] [3] [n 1] It is also referred to as "aromatic waters" and has a high alcohol content. [5] It is usually applied directly to the skin after bathing or shaving. [6] [7] It was originally composed of alcohol and various volatile oils. [8] Traditionally these products were named after a principal ingredient; some being geranium water, lavender water, lilac water, violet water, spirit of myrcia and 'eau de Bretfeld'. [9] Because of this, eau de toilette was sometimes referred to as "toilet water". [10]


In modern perfumery, eau de toilette has less concentrated fragrance than perfume (eau de parfum) and more than cologne (eau de Cologne). [11] [12]


Perfume formulas 1910 Perfume formulas 1910.jpg
Perfume formulas 1910

Eau de toilette is a weaker concentration of fragrance than perfume. [13] [14] The concentration of aromatic ingredients is typically as follows (ascending concentration):

Perfume oils are often diluted with a solvent, though this is not always the case, and its necessity is disputed. By far the most common solvent for perfume oil dilution is ethanol or a mixture of ethanol and water. Perfume has a mixture of about 10–20% perfume oils mixed with alcohol (acting as a diffusing agent delivering the fragrant odor) and a trace of water. Colognes have about 3–5% perfume oil mixed with 80–90% alcohol with about 5 to 15 percent water in the mix. Originally, eau de cologne was a mixture of citrus oils from such fruits as lemons, oranges, tangerines, limes, and grapefruits. These were combined with such substances as lavender and neroli (orange-flower oil). Toilet water has the least amount of perfume oil mixture among the three main liquid "perfumery" categories. It has only about 2 to 8 percent of some type of perfume oil and 60–80% alcohol dispersent with water making up the difference. [16] [17] Toilet waters are a less concentrated form of these above types of alcohol-based perfumes. [18] [19] Traditionally cologne is usually made of citrus oils and fragrances, while toilet waters are not limited to this specification. [20] [21]


Hungarian Eau de toilette, an alcohol based perfume that is the predecessor of eau de cologne, was first produced in the fourteenth century, supposedly by a Hungarian man for Queen Elisabeth of Hungary. [22] [23] This toilet water was called "eau de la reine de hongrie" or Hungary Water, and contained the herb rosemary , which allowed the scent to evaporate slowly on the skin. [24] [25] However, some early scientists, including Johann Beckmann, doubt that it was created for the Queen of Hungary.[ citation needed ]

The King of France Louis XIV (1638–1715) used a concoction of scents called "heavenly water" to perfume his shirts; It consisted of aloewood, musk, orange flower, rose water and other spices. [26]

Some Eau de toilette were once considered restorative skin toners with medical benefits. [27] [28] [29] The journal Medical Record reported in 1905 that a toilet water spray restores energies lost in business, social, and domestic situations. [30] [31] During the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries a type of toilet water called "plague waters" was supposed to drive away the bubonic plague. [32] [33]


See also


  1. In this context, "toilette"/"toilet" has its older meaning of personal grooming; the name predates the modern sense of "toilet", which was originally euphemistic. [4]

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  2. MacMillan Dictionary
  3. "Definition of "toilet water"". Collins English Dictionary . Retrieved 27 November 2015.
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52.Dior Sauvage Car air freshener