Eb Gaines

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Eb Gaines
Consul General of the United States in Bermuda
In office
Preceded by James L. Medas
Succeeded by Robert Farmer
Personal details
BornApril 21, 1927
West Virginia
DiedMarch 15, 2012 (aged 84)
San Francisco, California
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)Sheila Kellogg (1956–1995)

Ludwell Ebersole "Eb" Gaines Jr. (April 21, 1927 – March 15, 2012) was an American businessman and diplomat. Gaines was appointed the consul general to Bermuda by U.S. President George H. W. Bush in 1989. [1] He served as the head of the American consulate in Hamilton, Bermuda, from 1989 until 1992. [2]

Bermuda British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean

Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is approximately 1,070 km (665 mi) east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina; 1,236 km (768 mi) south of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia; and 1,759 km (1,093 mi) northeast of Cuba. The capital city is Hamilton. Bermuda is self-governing, with its own constitution and government and a Parliament which makes local laws. The United Kingdom retains responsibility for defence and foreign relations. As of July 2018, its population is 71,176, the highest of the British overseas territories.

George H. W. Bush 41st president of the United States

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd vice president from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, Bush also served in the U.S. House of Representatives, as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and as Director of Central Intelligence. Until his son George W. Bush became the 43rd president in 2001, he was usually known as George Bush.



Early life

Gaines was born in Charleston, West Virginia, on April 21, 1927. [2] He graduated from the Lawrenceville School, a private boarding school in Lawrenceville, New Jersey. [3] He served on board the LST 636 in the United States Navy from 1944 to 1946 during World War II. [3] Gaines received a bachelor's degree from Princeton University in 1951. [2] He married his wife, the former Sheila Kellogg, who was from Libertyville, Illinois, in 1956. [3] The family raised their four children around the United States, including New Jersey, Connecticut, Ohio, Illinois and the city of Ketchum, Idaho. [3]

Charleston, West Virginia Capital of West Virginia

Charleston is the most populous city in, and the capital of, the U.S. state of West Virginia. Located at the confluence of the Elk and Kanawha rivers, the city had a population of 51,400 at the 2010 census and an estimated population of 47,215 in 2018. The Charleston metropolitan area as a whole had an estimated 211,037 residents in 2018. Charleston is the center of government, commerce, and industry for Kanawha County, of which it is the county seat.

Lawrenceville School United States national historic site

The Lawrenceville School is a coeducational, independent college preparatory boarding school for students in ninth through twelfth grades as well as a post-graduate year. The school is located on 700 acres (280 ha) in the historic Lawrenceville section of Lawrence, in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States.

Boarding school School where some or all pupils live-in

A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school. The word "boarding" is used in the sense of "room and board", i.e. lodging and meals. As they have existed for many centuries, and now extend across many countries, their function and ethos varies greatly. Traditionally, pupils stayed at the school for the length of the term; some schools facilitate returning home every weekend, and some welcome day pupils. Some are for either boys or girls while others are co-educational.

Business career

Gaines spent most of his career working in private sector. [1] He held executive positions in the Plax Corporation, the Continental Can Company, and the American Arbitration Association. [1] His resume included positions in American Arbitration Association from 1951 to 1953; the Chicago district manager for the Plax Corporation from 1953 to 1960; a metal sales manager for the Continental Can Company from 1960 to 1967; marketing manager for Nationwide Papers from 1967 to 1969; and the executive vice president and director for Diversa-Graphics from 1969 until 1972. [2]

The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is owned by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, rather than being owned by the State.

Continental Can Company (CCC) was an American producer of metal containers and packaging company, that was based in Stamford, Connecticut.

The American Arbitration Association (AAA) is a not-for-profit organization in the field of alternative dispute resolution, providing services to individuals and organizations who wish to resolve conflicts out of court, and one of several arbitration organizations that administers arbitration proceedings. The AAA also administers mediation through www.AAAMediation.org and other forms of alternative dispute resolution. It is headquartered in New York City, with regional offices in Atlanta, Boston, Charlotte, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, East Providence, Rhode Island, Fresno, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York City, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, Somerset, New Jersey and Washington, DC.

Overseas Private Investment Corporation

President Ronald Reagan appointed Gaines as the executive vice president of Overseas Private Investment Corporation in 1981. [1]

Overseas Private Investment Corporation government agency

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) is the United States government's development finance institution. It mobilizes private capital to help solve critical development challenges and, in doing so, advances the foreign policy of the United States and national security objectives.

U.S. Consul General to Bermuda

Gaines was appointed as Consul General to Bermuda by President George H. W. Bush in 1989. During his tenure, Gaines helped to organize the two bilateral American–British summits on Bermuda in 1990 and 1991 where President Bush held talks with Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her successor, Prime Minister John Major. [2] Bermuda was an important strategic location for the United States during the 20th Century. [2] Gaines' term as Consul General coincided with the end of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. [2] The United States had a military presence on Bermuda for fifty years at the time. [2] However, when the Soviet Union weakened and removed their ballistic missiles from the Atlantic, Bermuda lost its strategic importance. The American, Bermudan, and British governments began negotiations into the future of American troops on the Bermuda under Gaines. [2] The U.S. military finally closed its bases, including the Naval Air Station Bermuda Annex, on Bermuda in 1995. [2]

United Kingdom–United States relations Diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America

United Kingdom–United States relations, also referred to as British–American relations or Anglo-American relations, is the bilateral relations between the United Kingdom and the United States. Relations encompass many complex relations ranging from two early wars to competition for world markets. Since 1940 they have been close military allies enjoying the Special Relationship built as wartime allies and NATO partners.

Margaret Thatcher former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office. A Soviet journalist dubbed her "The 'Iron Lady'", a nickname that became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented policies known as Thatcherism.

John Major former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Sir John Major is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. Previously Foreign Secretary and then Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Thatcher Government from 1989 to 1990, he was Member of Parliament (MP) for Huntingdon from 1979 until his retirement in 2001. Since the death of Margaret Thatcher in 2013, Major has been both the oldest and earliest-serving of all living former prime ministers.

Former Premier of Bermuda John Swan credited Gaines for strengthening relations between Bermuda and the U.S. federal government, "Eb Gaines and his wife, Sheila, arrived in Bermuda during my tenure as Premier and immediately sought to enhance and foster the relationship between Bermuda and the United States.... Thus began a series of visits by high-ranking members of the Cabinet, members of Congress and other dignitaries. This strengthened relationship played a major role in the facility of the tax convention between Bermuda and the United States which has served us well with our insurance and reinsurance business." [1] Gaines left office in 1992.

Bermuda–United States relations Diplomatic relations between Bermuda and the United States of America

The United Kingdom is formally responsible for Bermuda's foreign and defense policy. American policy toward the United Kingdom is the basis of US–Bermudian relations. In the early 20th century, as modern transportation and communication systems developed, Bermuda became a popular destination for wealthy American, British, and Canadian tourists. While the tariff enacted in 1930 by the US against its trading partners ended Bermuda's once-thriving agricultural export trade – primarily fresh vegetables to the US, it helped spur the overseas territory to develop its tourist industry, which is second only to international business in terms of economic importance to the island.

Eb Gaines died in San Francisco, California, on March 15, 2012, at the age of 84. [1] He was survived by his four children—Eb III, Leith, Kellogg and Audrey—and three grandchildren, Riley, Simmons and Kellogg Jr. His wife, Sheila Gaines, died in November 1995. [3]

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Johnson, Ayo (March 20, 2012). "Tributes paid to former US Consul General 'Eb' Gaines who has died at 84". The Royal Gazette . Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Former US Consul General Dies at 84". Bernews . March 20, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Ludwell Gaines obituary". San Francisco Chronicle . March 28, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2012.