Ebenezer Cobb Morley
|Died||20 November 1924 93) (aged|
|Resting place||Barnes, Richmond, London, England|
|Parent(s)||Ebenezer Morley and Hannah Maria|
Ebenezer Cobb Morley (16 August 1831 – 20 November 1924) was an English sportsman and is regarded as the father of the Football Association (FA) and modern football.
The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur and professional game in its territory.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.
Morley was born at 10 Garden Square, Princess Streetin Hull and lived in the city until he was 22.
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, with a population of 260,700 (mid-2017 est.). Hull lies east of Leeds, east southeast of York and northeast of Sheffield.
Morley qualified as a lawyer in 1854, and in 1858 he moved to the London suburb of Barnes to practice as a solicitor in the capital.He founded Barnes Football Club in 1862. In 1863, as captain of the Mortlake-based club, he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for the sport. This led to the first meeting of the FA at Freemasons' Tavern, on October 26th, 1863. At this meeting, Morley was elected the first secretary of the association. He created the first draft of the rules, that were considered on the FA meeting of November 10th of that year. It was Morley, along with John Alcock and Arthur Pember, who led the move to eliminate rugby-style carrying of the ball and "hacking" (kicking opponents' shins) from the draft rules before they were published in December 1863.
Barnes is a district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It takes up the extreme northeast of the borough. It is centred 5.3 miles (8.5 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a bend of the River Thames.
A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions. A person must have legally-defined qualifications, which vary from one jurisdiction to another, to be described as a solicitor and enabled to practise there as such. For example, in England and Wales a solicitor is admitted to practise under the provisions of the Solicitors Act 1974. With some exceptions, practising solicitors must possess a practising certificate. There are many more solicitors than barristers in England; they undertake the general aspects of giving legal advice and conducting legal proceedings.
Barnes Football Club was an association football club of great importance in the development of the game in the nineteenth century.
Morley continued to serve as FA secretary until 1866. He resigned as secretary that year on account of the demands of his business, but subsequently served as that body's second president, from 1867 to 1874.
As a player, he played in the first ever match under FA rules, against Richmond in 1863, and also scored for London in the London v Sheffield match held on 31 March 1866.
Richmond Football Club is a rugby union club from Richmond, London. It is a founding member of the Rugby Football Union, and is one of the oldest football clubs. It fields teams in both men's and women's rugby, with the men's first team recently promoted into the RFU Championship, and the women's first team playing in the women's premiership.
London v. Sheffield was an association football game played on 31 March 1866. According to Charles Alcock, it was the "first [match] of any importance under the auspices of the Football Association".
A solicitor by profession, Morley was a keen oarsman, founding the Barnes and Mortlake Regatta for which he was also secretary (1862–1880). He was also a keen fox hunter, keeping his own pack of beagles.He served on Surrey County Council for Barnes (1903–1919) and was a Justice of the Peace. Morley is buried in Barnes Cemetery, a now abandoned graveyard on Barnes Common, Barnes. He had no children.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times. It involves propelling a boat on water using oars. By pushing against the water with an oar, a force is generated to move the boat. The sport can be either recreational for enjoyment or fitness, or competitive, when athletes race against each other in boats. There are a number of different boat classes in which athletes compete, ranging from an individual shell to an eight-person shell with a coxswain.
A regatta is a series of boat races. The term comes from the Venetian language regata meaning "contest" and typically describes racing events of rowed or sailed water craft, although some powerboat race series are also called regattas. A regatta often includes social and promotional activities which surround the racing event, and except in the case of boat type championships, is usually named for the town or venue where the event takes place.
Fox hunting is an activity involving the tracking, chase and, if caught, the killing of a fox, traditionally a red fox, by trained foxhounds or other scent hounds, and a group of unarmed followers led by a "master of foxhounds", who follow the hounds on foot or on horseback.
The house at which Morley created the first draft of the FA's laws (No 26 The Terrace) carried a blue plaque to Morley. It subsequently collapsed "like a tower of cards" in November 2015 during building work.
Morley was the subject of a Google Doodle on 16 August 2018, the 187th anniversary of his birth.
East Sheen, also known as Sheen, is an affluent suburb of South London in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
The Laws of the Game (LOTG) are the codified rules that help define association football. They are the only rules of association football subscribed to by FIFA. The laws mention the number of players a team should have, the game length, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of fouls that referees may penalise, the frequently misinterpreted offside law, and many other laws that define the sport. During a match, it is the task of the referee to interpret and enforce the Laws of the Game.
The Sheffield Rules was a code of football devised and played in the English city of Sheffield between 1857 and 1877. They were devised by Nathaniel Creswick and William Prest for use by the newly founded Sheffield Football Club. The rules were subsequently adopted as the official rules of Sheffield Football Association upon its creation in 1867. They spread beyond the city boundaries to other clubs and associations in the north and midlands of England making them one of the most popular forms of football during the 1860s and 70s.
The following are the association football events of the year 1924 throughout the world.
The following the major events in association football during the 1860s. All events occurred in England unless specified otherwise.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, can be traced to as far back as the ancient period in China. The modern game of association football originates from cuju, an ancient Chinese football game, as recognized by FIFA. The formation of The Football Association was later implemented in London, England in 1863 based on multiple efforts to standardize the varying forms of the game. This allowed clubs to play each other without dispute and which specifically banned handling of the ball and hacking during open field play. After the fifth meeting of the association a schism emerged between association football and the rules played by the Rugby school, later to be called rugby football. At the time, football clubs had played by their own, individual codes and game-day rules usually had to be agreed upon before a match could commence. For example, the Sheffield Rules that applied to most matches played in the Sheffield area were a different code. Football has been an Olympic sport ever since the second modern Summer Olympic Games in 1900.
Football is the most popular sport, both in terms of participants and spectators, in London. London has several of England's leading football clubs, and the city is home to thirteen professional clubs, several dozen semi-professional clubs and several hundred amateur clubs regulated by the London Football Association, Middlesex County Football Association, Surrey County Football Association and the Amateur Football Alliance. Most London clubs are named after the district in which they play or used to play, and share rivalries with each other.
Football in Yorkshire refers to the sport of association football in relation to its participation and history within Yorkshire, England. The county is the largest in the United Kingdom and as thus has many football clubs professional and amateur.
Crystal Palace F.C. was a short-lived amateur football club who were formed in 1861 and became founder members of the Football Association in 1863. The club disbanded and disappeared from historical records around 1876.
Events from the year 1863 in the United Kingdom.
Francis Maule Campbell was born in Blackheath, London. The son of Dawson Campbell, a wine merchant, who died around 1860 while Campbell was in his teens. Campbell attended the Blackheath Proprietary School and left in 1859 aged 15. A year later he was playing for the School’s old boys team, the Old Blackheathens Football Club. The Old Blackheathens in 1862, unable to be a truly old boys’ side, changed their name to Blackheath FC, Campbell becoming its treasurer and secretary. He played for the Club until 1866. He was also a member of the Old Blackheathens, the society of old boys from the Proprietary School, from 1885 until at least 1892. It is believed that, at some point, he moved to Wales where he continued in the wine trade as his father had done.
Arthur Pember was a British sportsman, lawyer, journalist and author, notable for being the first president of The Football Association, from 1863 to 1867.
John Charles Thring, known during his life as "Charles Thring", was an English clergyman and teacher, notable for his contributions to the early history of association football.
Barnes Cemetery, also known as Barnes Old Cemetery, is a disused cemetery in Barnes, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is located off Rocks Lane on Barnes Common.
Morley is both a surname and a given name. Notable people with the name include:
The Terrace is a street in Barnes, London, with houses only on one side, all overlooking the River Thames. It forms part of the A3003, and runs west from its junction with Barnes High Street and Lonsdale Road to the east, where it becomes Mortlake High Street.