Ebrahim Hakimi

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Ebrahim Hakimi
Ebrahim Hakimi portrait.png
29th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
29 December 1947 13 June 1948
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded by Mohammad-Reza Hekmat
Succeeded by Abdolhossein Hazhir
In office
30 October 1945 28 January 1946
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded by Mohsen Sadr
Succeeded by Ahmad Qavam
In office
13 May 1945 6 June 1945
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded by Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Succeeded by Mohsen Sadr
President of Senate
In office
19 August 1951 1 March 1957
Preceded byNone
Succeeded by Hasan Taqizadeh
Personal details
Born15 August 1871
Tabriz, Iran
Died19 October 1959 (aged 88)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Revival Party (1920s) [1]
Democrat Party (1910s) [1]
Alma mater Paris University

Ebrahim Hakimi (15 August 1871 – 19 October 1959) was an Iranian statesman, who served as prime minister of Iran on three occasions.

Iran Islamic Republic in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Prime Minister of Iran former a political post in Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

Contents

Early life and education

Born in Tabriz, Ḥakimi was part of "an old and prominent family of court physicians", who traced their status as far back as the 17th century, "starting with the eponym of the family, Moḥammad-Dāvud Khan Ḥakim" who served at the courts of the Safavid kings ( shahs ) Safi (r. 1629-1642) and Abbas II (r. 1642-1666). [2] This ancestor of Ebrahim was also the founder of the Hakim Mosque located in Isfahan. [2]

Tabriz City in Iran

Tabriz is the most populated city in northwestern Iran, one of the historical capitals of Iran and the present capital of East Azerbaijan province. It is the sixth most populous city in Iran. Located in the Quru River valley, in Iran's historic Azerbaijan region, between long ridges of volcanic cones in the Sahand and Eynali mountains, Tabriz's elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 metres above sea level. The valley opens up into a plain that gently slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometres to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers, Tabriz is considered a summer resort. It was named World Carpet Weaving City by the World Crafts Council in October 2015 and Exemplary Tourist City of 2018 by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Safavid dynasty Twelver Shiʻi ruling dynasty of Iran

The Safavid dynasty was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history. The Safavid shahs ruled over one of the gunpowder empires. They ruled one of the greatest Iranian empires after the 7th-century Muslim conquest of Iran, and established the Twelver school of Shia Islam as the official religion of the empire, marking one of the most important turning points in Muslim history.

Shah Persian title

Shah is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran. It was also adopted by the kings of Shirvan namely the Shirvanshahs. It was also used by Persianate societies such as the rulers and offspring of the Ottoman Empire, Mughal emperors of the Indian Subcontinent, the Bengal Sultanate, as well as in Afghanistan. In Iran the title was continuously used; rather than King in the European sense, each Persian ruler regarded himself as the Shahanshah or Padishah of the Persian Empire.

After finishing elementary and high school in Tabriz, Hakimi attended Dar ol-Fonoon in Tehran, and finished advanced studies in Medicine in Paris.

Dar ul-Funun (Persia) university

Dar ul-Funun, established in 1851, was the first modern university and modern institution of higher learning in Iran (Persia).

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.

Career

Hakimi served as royal physician to Mozzafar-al-Din Shah. He then became a member of the Parliament, and served as cabinet minister 17 times, as prime minister for three terms, and as speaker of the Senate of Iran.

Senate of Iran

The Senate was the upper house legislative chamber in Iran from 1949 to 1979. A bicameral legislature had been established in the 1906 Persian Constitutional Revolution but the Senate was not actually formed until after the Iran Constituent Assembly, 1949, as an expression of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's desire for more political power. The Senate was filled mainly with men who were supportive of the Shah's aims, as intended by the Shah. Half of the sixty seats in the senate were directly appointed by the Shah, fifteen represented Tehran, and the rest were elected from other regions.

His second tenure as prime minister was short-lived (three months) as the Soviets, angry over his refusal to grant them an oil concession in Northern Iran, inspired Azerbaijani Communists to declare independence from Iran. Soviet troops occupying the Northern regions refused to allow Iranian troops to enter the region to put down the uprising. Hakimi submitted the issue to the UN Security Council and resigned from office as a protest of Soviet actions in January 1946. [3]

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a Marxist-Leninist sovereign state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centers were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometers (6,200 mi) east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometers (4,500 mi) north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Communism socialist political movement and ideology

In political and social sciences, communism is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

Death

Hakimi died in Tehran at the age of 88.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions . Princeton University Press. p. 123. ISBN   0-691-10134-5.
  2. 1 2 Milani 2003, pp. 575-580.
  3. "Iran Premier Resigns after 3-Month Term". Herald Journal. Tehran. UP. 21 January 1946. Retrieved 11 November 2012.

Sources

Abbas Milani Iranian academic

Abbas Malekzadeh Milani is an Iranian-American historian and author. Milani is a visiting professor of Political Science and the director of the Iranian Studies program at Stanford University. He is also a research fellow and co-director of the Iran Democracy Project at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. Milani has found evidence that Persian modernism dates back to more than 1,000 years ago.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Political offices
Preceded by
Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Prime Minister of Iran
1945
Succeeded by
Mohsen Sadr
Preceded by
Mohsen Sadr
Prime Minister of Iran
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Ahmad Qavam
Preceded by
Mohammad-Reza Hekmat
Prime Minister of Iran
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Abdolhossein Hazhir
New title President of Senate
1951–1957
Succeeded by
Hasan Taqizadeh