Ecclesfield

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Ecclesfield
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
Red pog.svg
Ecclesfield
Location within Sheffield
Population32,073 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SK 352 940
Civil parish
  • Ecclesfield
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S35
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°26′34″N1°28′11″W / 53.4429°N 1.4698°W / 53.4429; -1.4698 Coordinates: 53°26′34″N1°28′11″W / 53.4429°N 1.4698°W / 53.4429; -1.4698

Ecclesfield is a village and civil parish in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, about 4 miles (6 km) north of Sheffield City Centre. Ecclesfield civil parish had a population of 32,073 at the 2011 Census. [1] Ecclesfield wards of the City of Sheffield had a population of 35,994 in 2011 (Ecclesfield West and Ecclesfield East wards). The population of Ecclesfield village stood at 7,163 in the most recent census.

Contents

History

Evidence of early settlement in the Ecclesfield area include remnants of Romano-British settlements and field systems in Greno Wood. [2] [3] The earliest known written record of Ecclesfield is from the Domesday Book of 1086, where it is referred to as "Eclesfeld". The meaning of the name is uncertain. Traditionally it has been derived from the Celtic egles, meaning a church, specifically a Romano-British one, and the Old English feld, meaning a woodland clearing. Thus the name could mean "Open land near a Romano-British Christian church". [4] However, an alternative suggestion is that the first element eccles- derives from a Saxon personal name or an association with water. [5] [6]

The Domesday Book does not mention a church at Ecclesfield. The present Church of St Mary, one of only five Grade I listed buildings in Sheffield, largely dates from the late 15th century, but incorporates features from about 1200. [7] It was the centre of the ancient parish of Ecclesfield, which was one of the most extensive in England before it was broken up in the 19th century. [8] Its style is Perpendicular, with a central tower, and it formerly bore the title of the "Minster of the Moors." [9]

The Benedictine Ecclesfield Priory, established in the 12th century, served as a cell of St Wandrille's Abbey in Normandy until the 14th century, when it passed to the Carthusians. [9] It is a Grade II* listed building. [8]

Ecclesfield had a paper mill in the 1800s.

During the First World War the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) established a Relief landing Ground just outside the eastern boundary of the village, on land that is now largely given over to an industrial estate, near to the current M1 motorway. 'A' flight of 33 Squadron used the site during 1916 as part of a Home Defence scheme to protect against Zeppelin raids, but as the threat of raids diminished the Ecclesfield landing site, along with several others in the area were de-commissioned. No further flying has been recorded as having taken place.

Governance

Local government in Ecclesfield civil parish is in the hands of Ecclesfield Parish Council, which since the election of May 2019 consists of 10 Ecclesfield Parish Independent Councillors and 5 Liberal Democrats.

Before 1974 Ecclesfield Parish was part of Wortley Rural District in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Some southern parts of the parish were annexed to Sheffield City Council in 1968, which has sole control over them. [10] The remainder of the parish was transferred to Sheffield in 1974, as part of local government reorganisation throughout England. The part to the east of the M1 motorway (mainly part of Thorpe Hesley) was subsequently transferred to Rotherham Metropolitan District in 1994 and no longer belongs to Ecclesfield Parish.

The civil parish includes the West Ecclesfield and most of the East Ecclesfield ward of Sheffield. These belong to the Penistone and Stocksbridge parliamentary constituency, whose member since the general election in December 2019 is Miriam Cates.

Amenities and setting

Ecclesfield has an old square, a cricket club, a large park, the Gatty Memorial Hall, a secondary school—Ecclesfield comprehensive School, previously Ecclesfield Grammar School and then Ecclesfield Primary School the current head teacher is Mrs. J Eagalton, and various shops and other civic amenities.

Ecclesfield lies in the north of Sheffield, about 4 miles (7 km) north of the city centre. The suburb of Ecclesfield is in the south-east of the civil parish with the suburbs Chapeltown and High Green to the north, and Grenoside to the west. Its altitude is 60 metres (200 ft) to 120 metres (390 ft) above mean sea level. [11] At the 2001 census the civil parish—which also includes the Sheffield suburbs of Chapeltown, Grenoside, High Green, and formerly Thorpe Hesley (now a suburb of Rotherham)—had a population of 31,609. Near Ecclesfield's old village is Whitley Hall, a 16th-century mansion property now converted into a four-star hotel and restaurant. It is a Grade II* listed building.

On the border of Ecclesfield Parish is Greno Wood, a forested area listed as Grade B on the English Nature Invertebrate Site Register, as of special archaeological and geological significance. The wood is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Sheffield and Rotherham. [12]

Demography

The population of Ecclesfield civil parish was recorded as 31,609 in the United Kingdom 2001 Census [13] That of the suburb itself, which extends beyond the civil parish, was about 7000. [14] The ethnic mix was put at 98.3 per cent white (White British, White Irish, or White Other), 0.4 per cent Asian, 0.4 per cent Black British, 0.1 per cent Chinese, and 0.8 per cent mixed race. In 2011, Ecclesfield was described as being 96.1 per cent White British, 1.0 per cent Asian, 0.4 per cent White Irish, 0.5 per cent Other White and 0.7 per cent Black. [15]

Table of the population change of the parish in 50-year periods since 1801:

Year18011851190119512001
Population5,11410,00533,80830,26231,609
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time [16]

Gradings

The Parish Church of St Mary, Ecclesfield Ecclesfield Church.jpg
The Parish Church of St Mary, Ecclesfield

The Church of St. Mary is a Grade I listed building. [17] It was once the church for the whole of Hallamshire, incorporating the parishes of Sheffield (now Sheffield cathedral) and Bradfield. The remains of Ecclesfield Priory and the Whitley Hall Hotel are Grade II* listed. [18] [19] Greno Wood is listed as Grade B on the English Nature Invertebrate Site Register, as being of special archaeological and geological significance. [20]

Transport

Street map of Ecclesfield village Ecclesfield Open Street Map.svg
Street map of Ecclesfield village

The main road routes are the A61, running north–south, and the M1 motorway, skirting the eastern edge. [11] Bus services by First South Yorkshire, Stagecoach Sheffield, Powells Bus Co. and TM Travel link with Sheffield City Centre, Barnsley, Rotherham, Meadowhall Centre and surrounding suburbs. [21] Chapeltown railway station, in the Chapeltown suburb, connects with central Sheffield, Huddersfield and Leeds.

Sport

Ecclesfield F.C. was a prominent football team in the area from the 1880s, and Ecclesfield United also represented the area in the FA Cup. Ecclesfield Red Rose FC now represents the area in the Sheffield & Hallamshire County Senior Football League. Whitley Hall Cricket Club plays at Cinder Hill Lane in Ecclesfield.

The Ecclesfield Carols

Ecclesfield retains some local, traditional Christmas carols sung in villages, particularly pubs around Sheffield. They are older than today's generally known carols and differ from them. They can be heard at the Ecclesfield Black Bull on the six Thursdays before Christmas. The repertoire consists of around 30 carols and other songs, some unique to the village, some popular throughout the Sheffield area, some local variants, and some with familiar words to different tunes. (There is a vast number of tunes to "While Shepherds Watched".) They are often referred to collectively as the Sheffield Carols.

See also

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This is a list of listed buildings in the S35 district of Sheffield, in England. This includes the areas of Brightholmlee, Burncross, Chapeltown, Ecclesfield, Grenoside, High Green, Onesacre, Oughtibridge, Wharncliffe Side, Whitley and Worrall, plus part of Middlewood. It also includes an area of Barnsley around Green Moor, Thurgoland and Wortley.

References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Ecclesfield Parish (E04000130)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  2. Historic England. "Monument No. 314909". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 26 January 2009.
  3. Historic England. "Monument No. 314874". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 26 January 2009.
  4. Mills, A. D. (2003). "Ecclesfield". A Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. Addy, Sidney Oldall (1888). "Ecclesfield". A Glossary of Words Used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield. Including a Selection of Local Names, and Some Notices of Folk-Lore, Games, and Customs. London: Trubner & Co. for the English Dialect Society. (wikisource)
  6. Goodall, Armitage (1914). "Eccles, Ecclesall, Ecclesfield, Eccleshill, Exley". Place-Names of South-West Yorkshire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp.  127–129. OCLC   5809268.
  7. Historic England. "Church of St. Mary (1192775)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  8. 1 2 Eastwood, Jonathan (1862). History of the Parish of Ecclesfield, in the County of York. London: Bell and Daldy. OCLC   1979613.
  9. 1 2 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ecclesfield"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 847.
  10. "About Us". Ecclesfield Parish Council website. Ecclesfield Parish Council. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
  11. 1 2 "Grid reference SK 352 942". Get A Map. Ordnance Survey . Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  12. "Greno Woods | Reserves". Sheffield & Rotherham Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  13. UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Ecclesfield Parish (00CG002)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  14. Data taken from the middle layer super output area Sheffield 006, which closely corresponds to the area of the Ecclesfield suburb. "Sheffield 006 CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  15. Services, Good Stuff IT. "Data from the 2011 census in England and Wales – UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  16. "Ecclesfield AP/CP: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
  17. Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1192775)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  18. Historic England. "Nos 44 and 44A (The Old Hall) and No 46 (The Priory) (1314582)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  19. Historic England. "Whitley Hall Hotel (1192829)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  20. Agnoletti, Mauro (2006). The Conservation of Cultural Landscapes . CABI. p.  218. ISBN   978-1-84593-074-5.
  21. "Bus timetables for Ecclesfield". Travel South Yorkshire. South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive . Retrieved 28 January 2009.