Eddie Van Halen

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Eddie Van Halen
Eddie Van Halen at the New Haven Coliseum.jpg
Van Halen performing in the late 1970s with his Frankenstrat.
Born
Edward Lodewijk van Halen

(1955-01-26)January 26, 1955
Amsterdam, Netherlands
DiedOctober 6, 2020(2020-10-06) (aged 65)
Nationality
  • American
  • Dutch
Occupation
  • Musician
  • songwriter
Years active1972–2020
Spouse(s)
Children Wolfgang Van Halen
Relatives Alex Van Halen (brother)
Musical career
Origin Pasadena, California, U.S.
Genres
Instruments
  • Guitar
  • keyboards
Labels
Associated acts Van Halen

Edward Lodewijk Van Halen ( /vænˈhlən/ van HAY-lən, Dutch:  [ˈɛtʋɑrt ˈloːdəʋɛik fɑn ˈɦaːlə(n)] ; January 26, 1955 – October 6, 2020), was an American musician and songwriter. He was the main songwriter and guitarist of the American rock band Van Halen, which he co-founded in 1972 with his brother, drummer Alex Van Halen, bassist Mark Stone, and singer David Lee Roth. He is regarded as one of the all-time greatest guitar players in rock history [1] and was well known for popularizing the tapping guitar solo technique, allowing rapid arpeggios to be played with two hands on the fretboard.

Contents

Early life

Born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, [2] Edward Lodewijk Van Halen was a son of Jan Van Halen and Eugenia ( née van Beers). Jan was a Dutch jazz pianist, clarinetist and saxophonist, and Eugenia was an Indo (Eurasian) from Rangkasbitung on the island of Java in the Dutch East Indies. [3] [4] The family eventually settled in Nijmegen, Netherlands. [5]

The family moved to the U.S. in 1962 and settled near other family members in Pasadena, California where Eddie and his brother Alex attended elementary school. [6] The brothers learned to play the piano as children starting at the age of six. [7] [8] They commuted from Pasadena to San Pedro to study with an elderly piano teacher, Stasys Kalvaitis. [9]

Van Halen was never taught to read music; [10] instead, he would watch recitals of Bach or Mozart and improvise. From 1964 through 1967, he won first place in the annual piano competition held at Long Beach City College. [9] His parents wanted the boys to be classical pianists, but Van Halen gravitated towards rock music. [11] He was greatly influenced by British Invasion bands like The Beatles and The Dave Clark Five. Consequently, when Alex began playing the guitar, Eddie bought a drum kit for himself; however, after he heard Alex's performance of the Surfaris' drum solo in the song "Wipe Out", he gave Alex the drums and began learning how to play the electric guitar. [11] According to him, as a teen he would often practice while walking around at home with his guitar strapped on or sitting in his room for hours with the door locked. [12] [13]

Eddie and Alex formed their first band with three other boys, calling themselves The Broken Combs, performing at lunchtime at Hamilton Elementary School in Pasadena, when he was in the fourth grade. He would later cite this performance as key to his desire to become a professional musician. [14]

Van Halen described supergroup Cream's "I'm So Glad" on the album Goodbye as "mind-blowing". [15] He once claimed that he had learned almost all of Eric Clapton's solos in the band Cream "note for note... I've always said Eric Clapton was my main influence," he said, "but Jimmy Page was actually more the way I am, in a reckless-abandon kind of way." [16]

Speaking at an event at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History in 2015, Van Halen discussed his life and the American Dream saying "We came here with approximately $50 and a piano, and we didn't speak the language. Now look where we are. If that's not the American dream, what is?" [17]

Career

Van Halen

Van Halen in 2015 Eddie Van Halen.jpg
Van Halen in 2015

Eddie and his brother Alex formed a band in 1972. [18] Two years later, the band changed its name to "Van Halen" and, at the same time, became a staple of the Los Angeles music scene while playing at well-known clubs like the Whisky a Go Go. [19] [20] In 1977, Warner Records offered Van Halen a recording contract. [21]

Upon its release in 1978, the band's album Van Halen reached number 19 on the Billboard pop music charts, becoming one of rock's most commercially successful debuts. [22] It was highly regarded as both a heavy metal and hard rock album. [23] By the early 1980s, Van Halen was one of the most successful rock acts of the time. [24] The album 1984 went five-times Platinum a year after its release. [25] The lead single "Jump" became the band's first and only number-one pop hit and garnered them a Grammy nomination. [26]

The band won the 1992 Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance with Vocals for the album For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge . [27] In 2019, the band ranked 20th on the RIAA list of best-selling artists with 56 million album sales in the United States [28] [29] and more than 100 million worldwide. [30] [31] Additionally, Van Halen charted 13 number-one hits in the history of Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart; meanwhile, VH1 ranked the band seventh on a list of the top 100 hard rock artists of all time [32] and, in 2007, Van Halen was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. [33] Individually, Van Halen received acclaim for his guitar work in the band. [34] [35]

Other work

Van Halen engaged in several projects outside of his eponymous band, including solo work and partnerships with his brother on film soundtracks (such as The Wild Life , Twister , and Sacred Sin) [36] [37] as well as musical collaborations with Kiss bassist Gene Simmons, singer/songwriter Nicolette Larson, [38] Queen guitarist Brian May, [39] Sammy Hagar, [40] Black Sabbath, [41] Roger Waters, [42] Toto guitarist Steve Lukather, and LL Cool J. [43] In 1982, he contributed the guitar solo to Beat It , for Michael Jackson's Thriller , which became the biggest selling album of all time. [44] In addition, Van Halen made cameo appearances in the music video for Frank Sinatra's "L.A. Is My Lady", an episode of Café Americain starring his then-wife Valerie Bertinelli, and an episode of Two and a Half Men . [45]

Van Halen was awarded three patents related to guitars: a folding prop to support a guitar in a flat position, [46] a tension-adjusting tailpiece, [47] and an ornamental design for a headstock. [48]

In February 2017, Van Halen donated 75 guitars from his personal collection to Mr. Holland's Opus Foundation, a program that provides musical instruments to students in low-income schools. [49]

Endorsements and branding

Guitars

In 1982, Van Halen made his first guitar endorsement by launching the 5150 Baretta model with Kramer. This partnership lasted a decade. In 1991, Van Halen began working with Ernie Ball / Music Man, developing the Music Man EVH model guitar - a partnership that lasted until 1995. In 1996, Van Halen teamed up with Peavey, where they developed the Peavey EVH Wolfgang; this relationship lasted until 2004 when Van Halen joined forces with Fender, initially releasing the Edward-endorsed Art Series guitars under Fender's Charvel brand and later developing the EVH brand. [50]

Strings

Van Halen's first string endorsement deal happened around 1989 when Ernie Ball launched the 5150 EVH line of guitar strings. [51] The gauge of the strings differed slightly from typical electric guitar strings at the time, which were 9, 11, 16, 24, 32 and 42 (in thousandths of an inch) - the EVH Ernie Ball strings measured 9, 11, 15, 24, 32 and 40. [52] After this endorsement deal ended, guitar strings became part of the Fender EVH line and are now sold as EVH Premium Strings. [53]

Amplifiers

In 1993, Van Halen collaborated with Peavey Electronics to develop a series of amplifiers and cabinets, collectively called the 5150 series, which ended in 2004. Van Halen then began work with Fender, developing the EVH products and brand. [54]

EVH

In 2007, the first EVH branded amplifiers were produced by Fender, followed shortly after by a limited-edition "Frankenstrat" inspired guitar.  In 2009 they continued to press forward on the guitar front by releasing the Wolfgang-inspired EVH guitar line. The brand has since expanded to include additional guitars and accessories. [55] [56]

Style and influence

Tapping

Van Halen using the tapping technique Eddie Van Halen at the New Haven Coliseum 2.jpg
Van Halen using the tapping technique

Van Halen's 1978 instrumental solo "Eruption", which was voted number 2 in Guitar World 's readers poll of the "100 Greatest Guitar Solos", [57] [58] showcased a solo technique called tapping, using both left and right hands on the guitar neck. Although he popularized tapping, he did not invent the technique. According to MusicRadar, Steve Hackett  lead guitarist with Genesis in the 1970s is "widely credited with inventing two-handed tapping" and was an influence on Van Halen. [59] When asked about this, Hackett said, "Eddie and I have never spoken about it, but yes, he has credited me with tapping... Eddie is a fine player, of course, and he's the one who named the technique." [60]

George Lynch said in an interview that he and Van Halen saw Harvey Mandel tap at the Starwood in the 1970s. [61] Van Halen named Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin as an influence, saying in one interview with Guitar World:

"I think I got the idea of tapping watching Jimmy Page do his "Heartbreaker" solo back in 1971. He was doing a pull-off to an open string, and I thought wait a minute, open string ... pull off. I can do that, but what if I use my finger as the nut and move it around? I just kind of took it and ran with it." [62]

Until it expired in 2005, Van Halen held a patent for a flip-out support device that attaches to the rear of the electric guitar. [63] This device enables the user to employ the tapping technique by playing the guitar in a manner similar to the piano with the face of the guitar oriented upward instead of forward. [64] [65] [66]

Guitars

The "Frankenstrat" EVH frankenstrat.jpg
The "Frankenstrat"

Van Halen used custom equipment throughout his career. His original choice of guitar was a Gibson Les Paul, for which he replaced the original P90 pickup on the bridge with a humbucker in order to sound like Eric Clapton. He is most associated with the Frankenstrat, a custom guitar he built from parts. The maple neck cost $80, while the ash body was bought for $50 as the wood had a knot in it. The tremolo arm was originally taken from a 1958 Fender Stratocaster, and was later replaced with a Floyd Rose arm. The guitar had a single Gibson PAF (patent applied for) bridge pickup from a Gibson ES-335, which he enclosed with paraffin wax to prevent feedback. The Frankenstrat was originally painted black, but was recoated with Schwinn red bicycle paint in 1979. [67]

For Van Halen's 2012 tour, and early 2015 television appearances, he used a Wolfgang USA guitar with a black finish and ebony fretboard. For the 2015 tour, he used a white Wolfgang USA guitar designed by Chip Ellis, featuring a custom kill switch. [68]

Eddie Van Halen used a mini-Les Paul guitar for "Little Guitars" (Diver Down). This is the only Van Halen recording that the guitar was used for. The mini-Les Paul was made by Nashville luthier David Petschulat, and was pitched and sold to him during a tour stop in Nashville, Tennessee. He later purchased a second mini-LP guitar, built to slightly different specs; the first being a honey-sunburst with mini-humbuckers, and the second being dark wine-red with a thicker body and full-size humbuckers. [69]

Pickup selection

Van Halen used a variety of pickups including 1970s Mighty Mites, which were made by Seymour Duncan and were copies of DiMarzio Super Distortion pickups. [70] He also used Gibson PAFs, one of which was rewound by Seymour Duncan in 1978. [71]

In an interview with Guitar World in 1985, Van Halen stated that his guitar sound style which he called "brown sound" is "...basically a tone, a feeling that I'm always working at ... It comes from the person. If the person doesn't even know what that type of tone I'm talking about is, they can't really work towards it, can they?" [72] In an interview with Billboard magazine in June 2015, he stated that with the expression "brown sound" he actually tried to describe the sound of his brother Alex's snare drum, which he thought "...sounds like he’s beating on a log. It’s very organic. So it wasn’t my brown sound. It was Alex's." [72]

Keyboards

The first recorded keyboard work by Van Halen is "And the Cradle Will Rock...", written and performed on a Wurlitzer electric piano through a Marshall amp. [73] The riff for "Dancing in the Street" (Diver Down) was written and performed on Minimoog. [74] "Jump" and "I'll Wait" were written and performed on Oberheim OB-Xa, [75] [76] while "Dreams", "Why Can't This Be Love" [77] and "Love Walks In" are with Oberheim OB-8. Eddie also wrote "When It's Love" and "Right Now" [78] on keyboards.

During the 5150 and OU812 tours, Eddie Van Halen would play keyboard parts live while Hagar played the guitar. From the For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge tour, Van Halen played guitar throughout the concerts, while the keyboards were played backstage by touring keyboardist Alan Fitzgerald up through 2004, a fact kept low-key in the press. [74]

Personal life

Van Halen and Valerie Bertinelli at the 1993 Emmy Awards EddieVanHalenatEmmys.jpg
Van Halen and Valerie Bertinelli at the 1993 Emmy Awards

In 1980, Van Halen met actress Valerie Bertinelli at a Van Halen concert in Shreveport, Louisiana. [79] They married in California eight months later on April 11, 1981, and had one son, Wolfgang, in 1991. [80] [81] In 2005, Bertinelli filed for divorce in Los Angeles after four years of separation. [82] The divorce was finalized in 2007. [83]

The following year, Eddie proposed to his girlfriend, Janie Liszewski, an actress and stuntwoman who was Van Halen's publicist at the time. [84] The two married in 2009 at his Studio City estate, with his son Wolfgang and ex-wife Bertinelli in attendance. [85] His brother Alex Van Halen is an ordained minister and he officiated Eddie's 2009 wedding and his former sister-in-law Valerie Bertinelli's wedding in 2011. [86]

Health and death

Van Halen struggled with alcoholism and drug abuse. He began smoking and drinking at the age of 12, and he stated that he eventually needed alcohol to function. [87] He entered rehabilitation in 2007, [88] and later shared in an interview that he had been sober since 2008. [87]

Suffering from lingering injuries from past, high-risk, acrobatic stage performances and crashes, Van Halen underwent hip replacement surgery in 1999, after his chronic avascular necrosis, with which he was diagnosed in 1995, became unbearable. [89] He began receiving treatment for tongue cancer in 2000. The subsequent surgery removed roughly a third of his tongue. He was declared cancer-free in 2002. [90] He blamed the tongue cancer on his habit of holding guitar picks in his mouth, stating in 2015: "I used metal picks – they're brass and copper – which I always held in my mouth, in the exact place where I got the tongue cancer. ... I mean, I was smoking and doing a lot of drugs and a lot of everything. But at the same time, my lungs are totally clear. This is just my own theory, but the doctors say it's possible." [90]

In 2012, Van Halen underwent emergency surgery for a severe bout of diverticulitis. [91] Recovery time required due to the surgery led to postponement of Van Halen tour dates scheduled in Japan. [92] Van Halen was later hospitalized in 2019 after battling throat cancer over the previous five years, and his ex-wife Valerie Bertinelli also mentioned a battle with lung cancer in an Instagram post shortly after his death. [93] [94] He died of a stroke at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California, on October 6, 2020, at the age of 65, surrounded by his wife, Janie; son, Wolfgang, bassist of Van Halen from 2006; ex-wife, Valerie Bertinelli; and brother, Alex, co-founder and drummer of Van Halen. His son, Wolfgang, confirmed his death on social media later that same day. [95] [96] [97] Some of Van Halen's childhood landmarks in Pasadena became memorials where fans could pay their respects. [98] [99]

On November 16, 2020, Wolfgang announced on The Howard Stern Show that Van Halen would not continue as a band, saying "You can't have Van Halen without Eddie Van Halen". [100]

Legacy

At the 2020 Billboard Music Awards, Eddie Van Halen was honored by several former musicians he worked with. Jack White from The White Stripes, G. E. Smith, Charlie Benante from Anthrax, and Dierks Bentley gave speeches as a tribute to his career. [101] Wolfgang Van Halen also shared several personal photos between him and his father. [102]

On October 10, 2020, Saturday Night Live paid tribute by playing a clip of him performing with G. E. Smith from a February 1987 show, which was hosted by Valerie Bertinelli. [103]

In 2020, the Pasadena Library, located in Pasadena, California, offered several archives and documents related to Eddie Van Halen. The collection included several albums, along with photographs by Neil Zlozower, and several CDs. The library also uploaded Van Halen's albums to Hoopla. [104]

Related Research Articles

Van Halen American hard rock/heavy metal band

Van Halen was an American rock band formed in Pasadena, California in 1972. Credited with "restoring hard rock to the forefront of the music scene", Van Halen was known for its energetic live shows and for the virtuosic talent of its lead guitarist, Eddie Van Halen. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2007.

Alex Van Halen American musician, rock drummer

Alexander Arthur Van Halen is an American musician, best known for being the drummer and co-founder of the rock band Van Halen. The band was formed in 1972 by Alex Van Halen; his younger brother, Eddie Van Halen; David Lee Roth; and Mark Stone under the name Mammoth before adding Michael Anthony in 1974 and changing their name to Van Halen. Warner Bros. signed the band in 1977, and its debut album was released a year later. Prior to their disbandment in 2020, following Eddie's death, Van Halen released eleven more albums, and the brothers were the only two constant members of the band.

Michael Anthony (musician) American musician

Michael Anthony Sobolewski is an American musician who was the bassist and backing vocalist for American hard rock band Van Halen from 1974 to 2006. He performed on Van Halen's first 11 albums and was their longest-tenured bassist. Following his 2006 departure, Anthony has collaborated with fellow former Van Halen bandmate Sammy Hagar for the supergroups Chickenfoot and Sammy Hagar and the Circle. In addition to his music career, he markets a line of hot sauces named Mad Anthony and related products. Anthony was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Van Halen in 2007.

<i>Van Halen</i> (album) 1978 studio album by Van Halen

Van Halen is the self-titled debut studio album by American rock band Van Halen. Released on February 10, 1978, the album peaked at number 19 on the Billboard 200 and sold more than 10 million copies in the United States, receiving Diamond certification.

David Lee Roth American musician best known as the lead singer of Van Halen

David Lee Roth is an American rock musician, singer, songwriter and former radio personality. Best known for his wild, energetic stage persona, he was the lead singer of the hard rock band Van Halen across three stints, from 1974 to 1985, in 1996 and again from 2006 to their disbandment in 2020. He was also known as a successful solo artist, releasing numerous RIAA-certified Gold and Platinum albums. After more than two decades apart, Roth re-joined Van Halen in 2006 for a North American tour that became the highest-grossing in the band's history and one of the highest-grossing of that year. In 2012, Roth and Van Halen released the comeback album A Different Kind of Truth. In 2007, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Van Halen.

<i>5150</i> (album) 1986 studio album by Van Halen

5150 is the seventh studio album by American rock band Van Halen. It was released on March 24, 1986 by Warner Bros. Records and was the first of four albums to be recorded with lead singer Sammy Hagar, who replaced David Lee Roth. The album was named after Eddie Van Halen's home studio, 5150, in turn named after a California law enforcement term for a mentally disturbed person. The 5150 name has been used several times by Van Halen. The album hit number 1 on the Billboard 200 chart, surpassing the band's previous album, 1984, which had peaked at number 2 behind Michael Jackson's Thriller album, on which Eddie made a guest appearance.

<i>OU812</i> 1988 studio album by Van Halen

OU812 is the eighth studio album by American rock band Van Halen. It was released in 1988 and is the second to feature vocalist Sammy Hagar. Van Halen started work on the album in September 1987 and completed it in April 1988, just one month before its release.

<i>Van Halen III</i> 1998 studio album by Van Halen

Van Halen III is the eleventh studio album by American rock band Van Halen, released on March 17, 1998 by Warner Bros. Records. Produced by Mike Post and Eddie Van Halen, it was the band's first studio album in three years after Balance (1995), the band's only studio album to feature Extreme lead vocalist Gary Cherone, and the last to feature bassist Michael Anthony before he was replaced in the band by Eddie's son Wolfgang in 2006. However, Anthony only plays bass on three songs on the album, while the rest of the bass parts are played by Eddie Van Halen. Work on a follow-up album with Cherone commenced in 1999, but never advanced past a few demos.

<i>For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge</i> 1991 studio album by Van Halen

For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge is the ninth studio album by American rock band Van Halen. It was released on June 17, 1991, on Warner Bros. Records and is the third to feature vocalist Sammy Hagar. It debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200 album chart and maintained the position for three weeks.

<i>Balance</i> (Van Halen album) 1995 studio album by Van Halen

Balance is the tenth studio album by American rock band Van Halen, released on January 24, 1995, by Warner Bros. Records. The album is the last of the band's four studio releases to feature Sammy Hagar as the lead singer. Balance reached number 1 on the U.S. Billboard 200 in February 1995 and reached Triple Platinum status on May 12, 2004, by selling more than three million copies in the U.S. "The Seventh Seal" was nominated for a Grammy for Best Hard Rock Performance.

<i>1984</i> (Van Halen album) 1984 studio album by Van Halen

1984 is the sixth studio album by American rock band Van Halen, released on January 9, 1984. It was the last Van Halen studio album until A Different Kind of Truth (2012) to feature lead singer David Lee Roth, who left the band in 1985 following creative differences. This is the final full-length album to feature all four original members, although they reunited briefly in 2000 to start work on what would much later become 2012's A Different Kind of Truth. Roth returned in 2007, but Eddie's son Wolfgang replaced Anthony in 2006. 1984 and Van Halen's debut are Van Halen's bestselling albums, each having sold more than 10 million copies.

"Eruption" is an instrumental rock guitar solo performed by Eddie Van Halen. It is widely considered one of the greatest guitar solos of all time, having popularized tapping. It segues into "You Really Got Me" on the album Van Halen, and the two songs are usually played together by radio stations and in concert. The song was later included as the B-side to the group's second single, "Runnin' with the Devil".

Frankenstrat Electric guitar created by Eddie Van Halen

The Frankenstrat, also known as "Frankie", is a guitar created by Eddie Van Halen. Its name is a portmanteau of Frankenstein, the fictional doctor who created a monster by combining body parts of the recently deceased, and the Stratocaster, a model of electric guitar made by Fender. A copy of the Frankenstrat is housed in the National Museum of American History, part of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

Wolfgang Van Halen American musician

Wolfgang William Van Halen is an American musician. The son of guitarist Eddie Van Halen, he was the bassist for the rock band Van Halen from 2006 to 2020. He also performed with the heavy metal band Tremonti from 2012 to 2016. Following the death of his father in 2020, he began to focus on his solo project Mammoth WVH, where he performs all instruments and vocals.

Finish What Ya Started 1988 single by Van Halen

"Finish What Ya Started" is a song by Van Halen taken from their 1988 album OU812.

The 5150 Tour was a concert tour by rock band Van Halen.

<i>A Different Kind of Truth</i> 2012 album by Van Halen

A Different Kind of Truth is the twelfth and final studio album by American rock band Van Halen. Released on February 7, 2012 by Interscope Records, this is Van Halen's only studio album on Interscope and its first full-length album of studio material with lead singer David Lee Roth since 1984. Likewise, A Different Kind of Truth was Van Halen's first studio album since 1998's Van Halen III, as well as their only studio album recorded without bassist Michael Anthony, who had played bass on all of the band's previous albums. Eddie Van Halen's son Wolfgang replaces Anthony for the album. It would also be Van Halen's final studio album before disbanding in November 2020, following Eddie's death that October.

Shes the Woman 2012 single by Van Halen

"She's the Woman" is the second song and single from the album, A Different Kind of Truth, from American hard rock band Van Halen. The single was released online and to radio stations February 28, 2012. This is the band’s last official single as a result of guitarist Eddie Van Halen's death in October 2020.

EVH Wolfgang

The EVH Wolfgang is an Electric guitar manufactured by Eddie Van Halen's company, EVH, which is owned by Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. The Wolfgang is named after classical composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, as well as Van Halen's son Wolfgang Van Halen.

Mammoth WVH is an American rock band founded and fronted by Wolfgang Van Halen, initially as a solo-project while he was still a part of Van Halen prior to their disbandment.

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