Edgar Froese

Last updated

Edgar Froese
Tangerine-dream-ebw-2.jpg
Froese (left) and Thorsten Quaeschning performing as Tangerine Dream in the marketplace at Eberswalde, Germany in 2007
Background information
Birth nameEdgar Willmar Froese
Born(1944-06-06)6 June 1944
Tilsit, East Prussia
Died20 January 2015(2015-01-20) (aged 70)
Vienna, Austria
Genres Electronic music
Occupation(s)Musician, songwriter
InstrumentsPiano, synthesizer, guitar, bass guitar, harmonica, mellotron, organ, horn, mellophonium
Years active1964–2015
Labels Virgin/EMI Records
Associated acts Tangerine Dream
Thorsten Quaeschning
Hoshiko Yamane

Edgar Willmar Froese (6 June 1944 – 20 January 2015) was a German artist and electronic music pioneer, best known for founding the electronic music group Tangerine Dream. Although his solo and group recordings prior to 2003 name him as "Edgar Froese", his solo albums from 2003 onwards bear the name "Edgar W. Froese".

Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology. In general, a distinction can be made between sound produced using electromechanical means, and that produced using electronics only. Electromechanical instruments include mechanical elements, such as strings, hammers, and so on, and electric elements, such as magnetic pickups, power amplifiers and loudspeakers. Examples of electromechanical sound producing devices include the telharmonium, Hammond organ, and the electric guitar, which are typically made loud enough for performers and audiences to hear with an instrument amplifier and speaker cabinet. Pure electronic instruments do not have vibrating strings, hammers, or other sound-producing mechanisms. Devices such as the theremin, synthesizer, and computer can produce electronic sounds.

Tangerine Dream German electronic music group

Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music band founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. The group has seen many personnel changes over the years, with Froese having been the only continuous member until his death in January 2015. The best-known lineup of the group was its mid-70s trio of Froese, Christopher Franke, and Peter Baumann. In the late 1970s, Johannes Schmoelling replaced Baumann. Since Froese's death in 2015, the group has been under the leadership of Thorsten Quaeschning.

Contents

Biography

Froese was born in Tilsit, East Prussia, on D-Day during World War II; members of his family, including his father, had been killed by the Nazis and his mother and surviving family settled in West Berlin after the war. [1] He took piano lessons from the age of 12, and started playing guitar at 15. [2] After showing an early aptitude for art, Froese enrolled at the Academy of the Arts in West Berlin to study painting and sculpture.

Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast Town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia

Sovetsk, before 1946 known as Tilsit in East Prussia, is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the south bank of the Neman River. Population: 41,705 (2010 Census); 43,224 (2002 Census); 41,881 (1989 Census).

East Prussia province of Prussia

East Prussia was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and again from 1878 ; following World War I it formed part of the Weimar Republic's Free State of Prussia, until 1945. Its capital city was Königsberg. East Prussia was the main part of the region of Prussia along the southeastern Baltic Coast.

Normandy landings D-Day: First day of the invasion of Nazi-held Europe in World War II

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. Codenamed Operation Neptune and often referred to as D-Day, it was the largest seaborne invasion in history. The operation began the liberation of German-occupied France from Nazi control, and laid the foundations of the Allied victory on the Western Front.

In 1965, he formed a band called The Ones, who played psychedelic rock, and some rock and R&B standards. While playing in Spain, The Ones were invited to perform at Salvador Dalí's villa in Cadaqués. Froese's encounter with Dalí was highly influential, inspiring him to pursue more experimental directions with his music. The Ones disbanded in 1967, having released only one single ("Lady Greengrass" / "Love of Mine"). After returning to Berlin, Froese began recruiting musicians for the free-rock band that would become Tangerine Dream.

Psychedelic rock style of rock music

Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs. The music is intended to replicate and enhance the mind-altering experiences of psychedelic drugs, most notably LSD. Many psychedelic groups differ in style, and the label is often applied spuriously.

Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, one or more saxophones, and sometimes background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes often encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy, as well as triumphs and failures in terms of relationships, economics, and aspirations.

Salvador Dalí Spanish artist

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquis of Dalí de Púbol, known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.

Personal life

Froese declared himself to be vegetarian, teetotal, and a non-smoker; he also did not take drugs. [3] Froese was married to artist and photographer Monique Froese from 1974 until her death in 2000. Their son Jerome Froese was a member of Tangerine Dream from 1990 through 2006. In 2002 Edgar Froese married artist and musician Bianca Froese-Acquaye. [4]

Teetotalism Practice or promotion of complete personal abstinence from alcoholic beverages

Teetotalism is the practice or promotion of complete personal abstinence from alcoholic beverages. A person who practices teetotalism is called a teetotaler or is simply said to be teetotal. The teetotalism movement was first started in Preston, England, in the early 19th century. The Preston Temperance Society was founded in 1833 by Joseph Livesey, who was to become a leader of the temperance movement and the author of The Pledge: "We agree to abstain from all liquors of an intoxicating quality whether ale, porter, wine or ardent spirits, except as medicine."

Jerome Froese is a German musician who, in 1990, officially joined his father Edgar Froese in the band Tangerine Dream. He remained a member until 2006. Prior to his direct involvement in Tangerine Dream, Froese often appeared on the covers of the band's albums as a child, beginning with the 1973 release of Atem, when he was two years four months old at the time the album was released.

Bianca Froese-Acquaye is an artist, author and painter. She is the manager of the band Tangerine Dream.

Froese died suddenly in Vienna on 20 January 2015 from a pulmonary embolism. [5] [6] He was posthumously awarded the Schallwelle Honorary Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2015. [7] He was quoted by the BBC as having once said: "there is no death, there is just a change of our cosmic address". [1]

Vienna Capital city and state in Austria

Vienna is the federal capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million, and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.

Pulmonary embolism blockage of the main artery of the lung or one of its branches by a substance that has travelled from elsewhere in the body

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism). Symptoms of a PE may include shortness of breath, chest pain particularly upon breathing in, and coughing up blood. Symptoms of a blood clot in the leg may also be present such as a red, warm, swollen, and painful leg. Signs of a PE include low blood oxygen levels, rapid breathing, rapid heart rate, and sometimes a mild fever. Severe cases can lead to passing out, abnormally low blood pressure, and sudden death.

Froese was a friend of such artists as David Bowie, Brian Eno, Iggy Pop, George Moorse and Friedrich Gulda. [8] Pop and Bowie lived with Froese and his family at their home in Schöneberg before moving to their apartment on Hauptstraße. Froese also helped Bowie with his recovery and introduced him to the Berlin underground scene. [9] [10] Bowie named Froese's solo album Epsilon in Malaysian Pale as a big influence and a soundtrack to his life in Berlin. [11]

David Bowie British musician, actor, record producer and arranger

David Robert Jones, known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer, songwriter and actor. He was a leading figure in the music industry and is considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, acclaimed by critics and musicians, particularly for his innovative work during the 1970s. His career was marked by reinvention and visual presentation, with his music and stagecraft having a significant impact on popular music. During his lifetime, his record sales, estimated at 140 million albums worldwide, made him one of the world's best-selling music artists. In the UK, he was awarded ten platinum album certifications, eleven gold and eight silver, and released eleven number-one albums. In the US, he received five platinum and nine gold certifications. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.

Brian Eno English musician, composer, record producer and visual artist

Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno, RDI is an English musician, record producer, and visual artist. He is best known for his pioneering work in ambient music and contributions to rock, pop, electronic, and generative music. A self-described "non-musician", Eno has helped introduce a variety of conceptual approaches and recording techniques to contemporary music, advocating a methodology of "theory over practice, serendipity over forethought, and texture over craft" according to AllMusic. He has been described as one of popular music's most influential and innovative figures.

Iggy Pop American rock singer-songwriter, musician, and actor

James Newell Osterberg Jr., known professionally by his stage name Iggy Pop and designated the "Godfather of Punk", is an American singer, songwriter, musician, producer and actor. He was the vocalist of influential proto-punk band the Stooges, who reunited in 2003, and is well known for his outrageous and unpredictable stage antics.

Solo discography

Solo albums

(2005 albums are ordered by catalogue number)

Lone tracks

Edgar Froese solo material as Tangerine Dream

Tangents was a Tangerine Dream compilation album box set of five CDs issued in 1994, compiling music from their years with Virgin Records, 1973 to 1983. Disc five consists entirely of "previously unreleased material": ten tracks, seven of which are credited only to Froese as the composer. No information is given as to where or when these tracks were recorded, or by which line-up of Tangerine Dream. Most Tangerine Dream tracks credit the line-up that recorded it as the composers, therefore these appear to be Froese solo tracks, released under the Tangerine Dream name, and may have been recorded for this album. Furthermore, five tracks on disc three are described as "re-recordings by Edgar Froese", while the remaining tracks on discs three and four are described as "re-mixed plus additional recordings by Edgar Froese". The tracks on discs one and two are also remixed and contain new overdubs, and Froese is credited as producer for the entire album.

Another compilation box set, the 6-CD I-Box (2001) contains further bonus tracks credited only to Froese: "Ivory Town", "Storm Seekers", "Cool Shibuya" and "Akash Deep". Several of Froese's tracks from Tangents are included as well.

Phaedra 2005 (2005 re-recording of Phaedra , 1974), Tangram 2008 (2008 re-recording of Tangram , 1980), and Hyperborea 2008 (2008 re-recording of Hyperborea , 1983) are Edgar Froese solo albums released under the Tangerine Dream name.

The Tangerine Dream album Views from a Red Train (2008) was originally announced as an Edgar Froese solo album. It was eventually expanded with other band members performing, but the album remains composed entirely by Froese.

Other later Tangerine Dream albums have been composed and performed entirely by Froese, including Summer in Nagasaki (2007), Winter in Hiroshima (2009) and Chandra (2009).

Books

See also

Related Research Articles

Klaus Schulze German musician

Klaus Schulze is a German electronic music pioneer, composer and musician. He also used the alias Richard Wahnfried. He was briefly a member of the bands Tangerine Dream, Ash Ra Tempel, and The Cosmic Jokers before launching a solo career consisting of more than 60 albums released across five decades.

<i>Phaedra</i> (album) studio album by Tangerine Dream

Phaedra is the fifth studio album by German electronic music group Tangerine Dream. It was recorded during November 1973 at The Manor in Shipton-on-Cherwell, England and released on 20 February 1974 through Virgin Records. This is the first Tangerine Dream album to feature their now classic sequencer-driven sound, which launched the Berlin School genre.

<i>Ricochet</i> (Tangerine Dream album) live album by Tangerine Dream

Ricochet is the first live album and seventh album overall by German electronic music group Tangerine Dream, released in 1975. It consists of two side-long compositions mixed from recordings of the UK and France portions of their August–October 1975 European Tour. The sound of the album is similar to that of the group's other "Virgin Years" releases, relying heavily on synthesizers and sequencers to produce a dense, ambient soundscape, but is much more energetic than their previous works. Ricochet uses more percussion and electronic guitar than its predecessors Phaedra and Rubycon, and borders on electronic rock. The main innovation on the album is the use of complex, multi-layered rhythms, foreshadowing the band's own direction in the 1980s and trance music and similar genres of electronic dance music.

<i>Macula Transfer</i> album by Edgar Froese

Macula Transfer is the third solo album released by Tangerine Dream leader Edgar Froese, in 1976.

<i>Exit</i> (Tangerine Dream album) studio album by Tangerine Dream

Exit is the sixteenth album by the German group Tangerine Dream. The first track features an uncredited Berlin actress chanting, in Russian, the names of the continents of the world and pleading to end the threat of "limited" nuclear war, which was a potential danger facing the world during the late Cold War era in which the album was released. Exit reached No.43 in the UK, spending five weeks on the chart.

Berlin Trilogy

The Berlin Trilogy, or Berlin Triptych, consists of three consecutively released studio albums by English singer and songwriter David Bowie: Low (1977), "Heroes" (1977) and Lodger (1979). The albums were recorded after Bowie took up residence in West Berlin in late 1976, and saw him experiment with elements of electronic, krautrock, ambient, and world music in collaboration with American producer Tony Visconti and English musician Brian Eno.

Moonage Daydream original song written and composed by David Bowie

"Moonage Daydream" is a song written by David Bowie in 1971, first released as a single with the band Arnold Corns. A re-recorded version, featuring Bowie and his band The Spiders from Mars, was released in 1972 on TheRise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars.

Tangerine Dream discography

The electronic music group Tangerine Dream has released more than one hundred albums, singles, EPs and compilations since the group was formed in 1967.

<i>Pergamon</i> (album) 1981 live album by Tangerine Dream

Pergamon (1986), originally simply released as Tangerine Dream (1980) with two parts "Quichotte" - Part one and two, is the third live album and fourteenth overall by Tangerine Dream. It is a selection from the two live concerts held on 31 January 1980 at the Palast der Republik in East Berlin. The second of the two original concerts is available as Tangerine Tree Volume 17: East Berlin 1980. The original title Quichotte is a reference to Don Quixote, a film version of which was being screened in a nearby cinema as one of the concerts was performed, while the retitle is a reference to the Pergamon Museum located in East Berlin near the Palast der Republik.

<i>Thief</i> (soundtrack) 1981 soundtrack

Thief (1981) is the second soundtrack album by the German band Tangerine Dream and their fifteenth album overall. It is the soundtrack for the film Thief, directed by Michael Mann. It reached No. 43 on the UK Albums Chart in a 3-week run.

Ralf Wadephul, born 1958 in Berlin, is a German keyboardist/composer who collaborated with Tangerine Dream in the late 1980s on their first "Melrose Years" album Optical Race (1988). While all the material on this album was composed by Froese and Haslinger prior to him joining the band, Wadephul did contribute the track "Sun Gate", a romantic ballad type number that features an Edgar Froese guitar solo. He also performed with the band on their North American tour later that year. Ralf left the band shortly afterwards following the birth of his son Julian Wadephul. The 2006 Tangerine Dream release Blue Dawn consists of material composed by Froese and Wadephul during that same tour in 1988, albeit of a studio nature. Ralf continues to keep busy as a musician and sound engineer to this day.

Johannes Schmoelling born 9 November 1950 is an electronic musician

Johannes Schmoelling is a German musician and keyboard artist. He was a member of the prolific electronic music group Tangerine Dream from 1979 to 1985. A classically trained musician, he began playing piano at the age of eight. By twelve he had begun playing the pipe organ and successfully mastered the instrument so well that he began to play professionally at various churches. By 1978 Johannes had graduated from college with a degree in sound engineering and secured a job working on live theater performances at the prestigious Schaubühne am Halleschen Ufer in Berlin. He ended his stint with Tangerine Dream at the end of 1985 to pursue a solo career and has produced several solo albums as well as soundtrack music for numerous German television programs. In 2000 he created his own record label Viktoriapark records.

<i>Canyon Dreams</i> album by Tangerine Dream

Canyon Dreams is the thirtieth album, and the fourteenth soundtrack, by German band Tangerine Dream. It was recorded in 1986 and released in 1991 on compact disc and compact cassette formats. The music was written as a sound accompaniment for an eponymous scenic video film about the Grand Canyon by Jan Nickman, released by the record label Miramar. The album's tracks are divided into various episodes and related to the titles of the cuts.

<i>Turn of the Tides</i> studio album by Tangerine Dream

Turn of the Tides is the forty-ninth album by the band Tangerine Dream. It is the first album featuring saxophone player Linda Spa performing as a full time member despite joining in 1990. It was nominated for Best New Age Album at the 1995 Grammys.

Tangerine Dream bootleg recordings are performances by Tangerine Dream that have attained some level of public circulation without being available as a legal release. The term most often refers to audio recordings, but also includes video performances. Bootleg recordings arise from a multitude of sources, including covertly copied live concerts, studio outtakes, broadcast performances. Some bootlegs have included material from official releases.

<i>Ages</i> (album) album by Edgar Froese

Ages is Tangerine Dream leader Edgar Froese's fourth studio album, released in 1978.

Epsilon in Malaysian Pale, issued as Ypsilon in Malaysian Pale by Brain Records in Germany, is Edgar Froese's second studio album, released in 1975.

<i>Ambient Monkeys</i> album by Tangerine Dream

Ambient Monkeys subtitled is the fifty-ninth album by Tangerine Dream.

References

  1. 1 2 "BBC News - Tangerine Dream's Edgar Froese dies at 70". BBC News.
  2. "Features | A Quietus Interview | Our Band's Not Electric: Edgar Froese From Tangerine Dream Interviewed". The Quietus. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  3. "International Vegetarian Union – Edgar Froese". Ivu.org. 6 June 1944. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  4. III, Harris M. Lentz (31 March 2016). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2015. McFarland. ISBN   9780786476671 . Retrieved 8 November 2017 via Google Books.
  5. "Tangerine Dream founder Edgar Froese dies". The Guardian. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  6. "R.I.P. Tangerine Dream's Edgar Froese". Exclaim! . 23 January 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  7. "Schallwelle Preis - International Information". Schallwelle Preis. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015.
  8. Hugues, Pascale (August 1, 2017). "Tangerine Dream im Kiez: Als David Bowie bei Edgar Froese im Bayerischen Viertel wohnte". Tagesspiegel.de (in German).
  9. "ZEITGESCHICHTEN Tangerine Dream - Groove". Groove (in German). 2015-01-26. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  10. "Tangerine Dream", Oxford Music Online, Oxford University Press, 2001, doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.46639
  11. "Bowie's Berlin: the city that shaped a 1970s masterpiece". History Extra. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  12. "Announcing the Song Line Up for Bill Shatner's Upcoming Album Searching for Major Tom". WilliamShatner.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2011.