Edomoji

Last updated

Edomoji(江戸文字 : えどもじ) are Japanese lettering styles, which were invented for advertising in the Edo period. The main styles of Edomoji include Kanteiryū, Yosemoji, Kagomoji, Higemoji, Chōchinmoji and Kakuji.

Japan Country in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Edo period period of Japanese history

The Edo period or Tokugawa period (徳川時代) is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō. The period was characterized by economic growth, strict social order, isolationist foreign policies, a stable population, "no more wars", and popular enjoyment of arts and culture. The shogunate was officially established in Edo on March 24, 1603, by Tokugawa Ieyasu. The period came to an end with the Meiji Restoration on May 3, 1868, after the fall of Edo.

Contents

Kanteiryū (勘亭(かんてい)(りゅう))

Kanteiryu sample.png

This style is used for publicity and programmes for arts like kabuki and rakugo. Invented by Okazakiya Kanroku (岡崎屋 勘六), the name derives from Okazaki's nickname, kantei(勘亭).

<i>Kabuki</i> Classical Japanese dance-drama

Kabuki (歌舞伎) is a classical Japanese dance-drama. Kabuki theatre is known for the stylization of its drama and for the elaborate make-up worn by some of its performers.

<i>Rakugo</i> traditional form of Japanese verbal entertainment

Rakugo is a form of Japanese verbal entertainment. The lone storyteller sits on stage, called kōza (高座). Using only a paper fan and a small cloth as props, and without standing up from the seiza sitting position, the rakugo artist depicts a long and complicated comical story. The story always involves the dialogue of two or more characters. The difference between the characters is depicted only through change in pitch, tone, and a slight turn of the head.

Yosemoji (寄席文字(よせもじ))

Yosemoji sample.png

The name yosemoji literally means "letters for yose (Japanese theater)". A combination of kanteiryū and chōchinmoji, it was used for posters and flyers.

Kagomoji ((かご)文字(もじ))

Kagomoji sample.png

This name literally means "cage letters". The characters are thick and square in shape. It is usually used in inverted form or sometimes as an outline.

Higemoji ((ひげ)文字(もじ))

Higemoji sample.png

These characters have little "whiskers" on them. This style is used for kakigōri and ramune signs as well as being a common style for sake labels.

Ramune carbonated soft drink

Ramune (ラムネ) is a type of carbonated soft drink originally created and sold in Japan which was introduced in Kobe by Alexander Cameron Sim. The brand name comes from a wasei-eigo of the word lemonade.

<i>Sake</i> alcoholic beverage of Japanese origin

Sake, also spelled saké, also referred to as Japanese rice wine, is an alcoholic beverage made by fermenting rice that has been polished to remove the bran. Despite the name, unlike wine, in which alcohol is produced by fermenting sugar that is naturally present in fruit, sake is produced by a brewing process more akin to that of beer, where starch is converted into sugars, which ferment into alcohol.

Sumōmoji (相撲(すもう)文字(もじ))

Sumomoji sample.png

Style of lettering used for sumo wrestling advertisements and programmes.

Sumo full-contact wrestling sport

Sumo is a form of competitive full-contact wrestling where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force his opponent out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with any body part other than the soles of his feet.

Chōchinmoji (提灯(ちょちん)文字(もじ))

Chochinmoji sample.png

These characters are the ones used on chōchin (hanging paper lanterns), such as the ones commonly seen outside a yakitori stand in Japan.

Paper lantern

A paper lantern is a lantern made of thin, brightly colored paper. Paper lanterns come in various shapes and sizes, as well as various methods of construction. In their simplest form, they are simply a paper bag with a candle placed inside, although more complicated lanterns consist of a collapsible bamboo or metal frame of hoops covered with tough paper. Sometimes, other lanterns can be made out of colored silk or vinyl. Silk lanterns are also collapsible with a metal expander and are decorated with Chinese characters and/or designs. The vinyl lanterns are more durable; they can resist rain, sunlight, and wind. Paper lanterns do not last very long, they soon break, and silk lanterns last longer. The gold paper on them will soon fade away to a pale white, and the red silk will become a mix between pink and red.

<i>Yakitori</i> Japanese type of skewered chicken

Yakitori is a Japanese type of skewered chicken. Its preparation involves skewering the meat with kushi(), a type of skewer typically made of steel, bamboo, or similar materials. Afterwards, they are grilled over a charcoal fire. During or after cooking, the meat is typically seasoned with tare sauce or salt.

Kakuji ((かく)())

Kakuji sample.png

This very heavy, rectangular style is used for making seals.

Related Research Articles

Hiragana is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji. It is a phonetic lettering system. The word hiragana literally means "ordinary" or "simple" kana.

Shiritori word game

Shiritori (しりとり) is a Japanese word game in which the players are required to say a word which begins with the final kana of the previous word. No distinction is made between hiragana, katakana or kanji. "Shiritori" literally means "taking the end" or "taking the rear".

Calligraphy visual art related to writing

Calligraphy is a visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument, brush, or other writing instruments. A contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner".

Penmanship technique of writing with the hand using a writing instrument

Penmanship is the technique of writing with the hand using a writing instrument. Today, this is most commonly done with a pen, or pencil, but throughout history has included many different implements. The various generic and formal historical styles of writing are called "hands" while an individual's style of penmanship is referred to as "handwriting".

Sans-serif letter form that does not have extending features called "serifs" at the end of strokes

In typography and lettering, a sans-serif, sans serif, gothic, or simply sans letterform is one that does not have extending features called "serifs" at the end of strokes. Sans-serif fonts tend to have less line width variation than serif fonts. In most print, they are often used for headings rather than for body text. They are often used to convey simplicity and modernity or minimalism.

Japanese martial arts Type of martial arts

Japanese martial arts refer to the variety of martial arts native to the country of Japan. At least three Japanese terms are used interchangeably with the English phrase Japanese martial arts.

Letter case Distinction between alphabetic letters in taller, "upper" case and shorter "lower" case

Letter case is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case and smaller lower case in the written representation of certain languages. The writing systems that distinguish between the upper and lower case have two parallel sets of letters, with each letter in one set usually having an equivalent in the other set. The two case variants are alternative representations of the same letter: they have the same name and pronunciation and are treated identically when sorting in alphabetical order.

Speech balloon Graphic convention in comics for representing speech

Speech balloons are a graphic convention used most commonly in comic books, comics and cartoons to allow words to be understood as representing the speech or thoughts of a given character in the comic. There is often a formal distinction between the balloon that indicates thoughts and the one that indicates words spoken aloud: the balloon that conveys thoughts is often referred to as a thought bubble.

Seal (East Asia) in an East Asian context, is a general name for printing stamps and impressions thereof which are used in lieu of signatures in personal documents

A seal, in an East and Southeast Asian context is a general name for printing stamps and impressions thereof which are used in lieu of signatures in personal documents, office paperwork, contracts, art, or any item requiring acknowledgement or authorship. The process started in China and soon spread across East Asia. China, Japan and Korea currently use a mixture of seals and hand signatures, and increasingly, electronic signatures.

The word Japan is an exonym, and is used by a large number of languages. The Japanese names for Japan are Nippon and Nihon. They are both written in Japanese using the kanji 日本.

Roman type style of typeface based on Carolginian miniscule combined with Roman square capitals

In Latin script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic. Roman type was modelled from a European scribal manuscript style of the 15th century, based on the pairing of inscriptional capitals used in ancient Rome with Carolingian minuscules developed in the Holy Roman Empire.

Cursive script (East Asia) Script style of Asian orthography

Cursive script, often mistranslated as grass script, is a script style used in Chinese and East Asian calligraphy. Cursive script is faster to write than other styles, but difficult to read for those unfamiliar with it. It functions primarily as a kind of shorthand script or calligraphic style. People who can read standard or printed forms of Chinese or related scripts may not be able to comprehend this script.

<i>Hata-jirushi</i>

Hata-jirushi (旗印) were the most common of war banners used on the medieval Japanese battlefield. The term can be translated to literally mean symbol flag, marker banner, or the like. Unlike the later nobori, which were stiffened, these banners were simple streamers attached to a shaft by a horizontal cross-piece. Later, some hata-jirushi were hemmed on the sides to create a sleeve for a pole on the side and top, or had pieces of fabric attaching their side and top to poles to make the banners visible from the front. There are two variants of the Hata-jirushi: One end of the cross-piece was attached to the shaft or the cross-piece was suspended from the shaft, similar to the Vexillum.

The Japanese radiotelephony alphabet is a radiotelephony spelling alphabet, similar in purpose to the NATO/ICAO radiotelephony alphabet, but designed to communicate the Japanese kana syllables rather than Latin letters. The alphabet was sponsored by the now-defunct Ministry for Posts and Telecommunications.

Manifesteange Metamorphose temps de fille

Manifesteange Metamorphose temps de fille is the name of a Japanese clothing boutique chain created in 1993 by the current president of Metamorphose and its designer, Kuniko Kato. Metamorphose specializes in the Lolita fashion and like Baby, The Stars Shine Bright, their main focus is the subcategory Sweet Lolita.

Senjafuda

Senjafuda are votive slips or placards posted on the gates or buildings of shrines and Buddhist temples in Japan. The stickers bear the name of the worshipper, and can be purchased pre-printed with common names at temples and shrines throughout Japan, as well as at stationery stores and video game centres. Senjafuda were originally made from wooden slats, but have been made of paper since the Edo period.

CCSID 930 is one of several Japanese EBCDIC code pages created by IBM for representation of Japanese text. It is commonly used on IBM z/OS and IBM System i operating system.

Chinese script styles Styles of writing Chinese characters

In Chinese calligraphy, Chinese characters can be written according to five major styles. These styles are intrinsically linked to the history of Chinese script.

Technical lettering is the process of forming letters, numerals, and other characters in technical drawing. It is used to describe, or provide detailed specifications for, an object. With the goals of legibility and uniformity, styles are standardized and lettering ability has little relationship to normal writing ability. Engineering drawings use a Gothic sans-serif script, formed by a series of short strokes. Lower case letters are rare in most drawings of machines.

The romanization of Japanese is the use of Latin script to write the Japanese language. This method of writing is sometimes referred to in Japanese as rōmaji(ローマ字, literally, "Roman letters") ([ɾoːmaꜜʑi]. There are several different romanization systems. The three main ones are Hepburn romanization, Kunrei-shiki romanization, and Nihon-shiki romanization. Variants of the Hepburn system are the most widely used.