Eduardo Gomes International Airport

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Manaus International Airport – Eduardo Gomes

Aeroporto Internacional de Manaus – Eduardo Gomes
Logo Infraero.png
Manaus-Airport-2014.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Operator Infraero
Serves Manaus metropolitan area
Location Manaus, AM, Brazil
OpenedMarch 26, 1976 (1976-03-26)
Hub for
Focus city for Azul Brazilian Airlines
Time zone Time in Brazil (UTC−04:00)
Elevation  AMSL 80 m / 264 ft
Coordinates 03°02′28″S060°03′02″W / 3.04111°S 60.05056°W / -3.04111; -60.05056 Coordinates: 03°02′28″S060°03′02″W / 3.04111°S 60.05056°W / -3.04111; -60.05056
Website infraero.gov.br
Map
Brazil location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
MAO
Location in Brazil
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
mft
11/292,7008,858 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers2,645,205 Decrease2.svg 0.24%
Aircraft Operations37,030 Decrease2.svg 2.43%
Metric tonnes of cargo112,569 Decrease2.svg 1.27%
Statistics: Infraero [1]
Sources: Airport Website, [2] [3] ANAC [4]

Manaus International Airport – Eduardo Gomes( IATA : MAO, ICAO : SBEG) is the major international airport in Northern Brazil, located in the city of Manaus and the busiest in the number of international passengers in this region. In cargo transport, it is the third-busiest in Brazil, behind only the airports of Guarulhos and Viracopos.

An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.

ICAO airport code four-letter code designating many airports around the world

The ICAOairport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning.

International airport airport serving international destinations

An international airport is an airport with customs and border control facilities enabling passengers to travel between countries. International airports are usually larger than domestic airports and often feature longer runways and facilities to accommodate the heavier aircraft commonly used for international and intercontinental travel. International airports often also host domestic flights.

Contents

It is named after Brazilian politician and military figure Air Marshal Eduardo Gomes (1896–1981). It is located in the west of Manaus, 8 miles (13 km) from the historic center.

Eduardo Gomes Brazilian Air Force Marshal

Air Marshal Eduardo Gomes was a Brazilian politician and military figure. He was born in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

History

Manaus International Airport replaced Ponta Pelada Airport as the main public airport of Manaus in 1976. Ponta Pelada was then given the name Manaus Air Force Base and began handling exclusively military operations. [5]

Ponta Pelada Airport

Ponta Pelada Airport was the main airport of Manaus, Brazil until 1976. Between 1970 and 1976, the facilities were shared with Manaus Air Force Base of the Brazilian Air Force. On March 31, 1976, all civilian operations were transferred to the newer Eduardo Gomes International Airport. During this transition, Ponta Pelada Airport was renamed Manaus Air Force Base handling military operations exclusively under the control of the Brazilian Air Force.

Manaus Air Force Base

Manaus Air Force Base – BAMN is a base of the Brazilian Air Force located in Manaus, Brazil. It was created in 1970 and between 1970 and 1976 public facilities of Ponta Pelada Airport were shared with the military facilities of Manaus Air Force Base. In 1976, with the opening of Eduardo Gomes International Airport, all public operations were transferred to the new airport. Ponta Pelada Airport was then renamed Manaus Air Force Base and since then it handles exclusively military operations.

The construction of the airport began in 1972 and it was officially inaugurated on 31 March 1976 by a domestic flight operated by a Boeing 727-100 of Cruzeiro do Sul air services and the crew commanded by captain Netto, first officer Alves and second officer Rodrigues. It was then the most modern airport in Brazil and the first one to operate with jet bridges. Though originally planned to be named Supersonic Airport of Manaus, it had its official name changed to Eduardo Gomes by the law 5.967 of 11 December 1973. [6]

Jet bridge enclosed movable bridge which extends from an airport terminal gate to an airplane

A jet bridge is an enclosed, movable connector which most commonly extends from an airport terminal gate to an airplane, and in some instances from a port to a boat or ship, allowing passengers to board and disembark without going outside or being exposed to the elements. Depending on building design, sill heights, fueling positions, and operational requirements, a jet bridge may be fixed or movable, swinging radially, and/or extending in length. The jetway was invented by Frank Der Yuen.

The airport has two passenger terminal buildings. Passenger Terminal 1 receives domestic and international flights and Passenger Terminal 2, opened on 12 March 1985, receives general aviation and some regional flights. Furthermore, the airport has three cargo terminals, opened in 1976, 1980 and 2004. They have a total area of 49,000 square metres (530,000 sq ft) and can process up to 12,000 t/month of cargo. Cargo Terminals 1 and 2 handle goods for export and Cargo Terminal 3 for import. [7]

The Brazilian Integrated Air Traffic Control and Air Defense Center section 4 (Cindacta IV) is located in the vicinity of the airport. [8]

CINDACTA

The air traffic control centers of Brazil are known by the acronym CINDACTA, or "Centro Integrado de Defesa Aérea e Controle de Tráfego Aéreo. Four CINDACTAs are in operation, located in four cities and each responsible for different regions of Brazil's airspace.

View of Eduardo Gomes International Airport's runway 10 (with TAM Airlines Airbus A330-200 holding short). Manaus city center is at the background. PistaaeroportodeManaus.jpg
View of Eduardo Gomes International Airport's runway 10 (with TAM Airlines Airbus A330-200 holding short). Manaus city center is at the background.

Developments

Terminal 1. Terminal1-Aeroporto-de-Manaus.jpg
Terminal 1.

On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL793.5 million (USD316.1 million; EUR292.2 million) investment plan to upgrade Eduardo Gomes International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which will be held in Brazil, Manaus being one of the venue cities. The investment was invested as follows: [9]

Even though the World Cup started in June 2014, the airport's refurbishment was not completed in time for the event; however, the works being held at the airport did not interfere in the airport's activities throughout the World Cup.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
American Airlines Miami
Azul Brazilian Airlines Belém, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Boa Vista, Campinas, Cuiabá, Fortaleza, São Paulo–Guarulhos (Begins 1 July 2019), Parintins, Porto Velho, Recife, Santarém, Tabatinga, Tefé
Avior Airlines Caracas
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Gol Transportes Aéreos Belém, Belo Horizonte, Boa Vista, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Brasília, Campo Grande, Cruzeiro do Sul, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Santarém, São Luís, São Paulo-Guarulhos
LATAM Brasil Belém, Boa Vista, Brasília, Fortaleza, Miami, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Guarulhos
MAP Linhas Aéreas Altamira, Belém, Carauari, Eirunepé, Lábrea, Parintins, Santarém, Tefé
RIMA-Rio Madeira Táxi Aéreo a Charter: Lábrea, Porto Velho
Total Linhas Aéreas a Charter: Carauari, Coari, Porto Urucu

a. ^ Air taxi company and airline operating regular charter flights.

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Cargolux Luxembourg
LATAM Cargo Colombia Campinas-Viracopos, Miami
LATAM Cargo Brasil Asunción, Belém, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Bogota, Brasília, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cabo Frio, Cali, Campinas, Caracas, Ciudad del Este, Curitiba, Guayaquil, Lima, Medellín-Córdova, Miami, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Valencia (VE)
LATAM Cargo Mexico Mexico City, Guadalajara, Merida, San Jose da Costa Rica, Panama City-Tocumen, Quito, Guayaquil

Accidents and incidents

Access

The airport is located 14 km (9 mi) north of downtown Manaus.

See also

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References

  1. "Estatísticas" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Archived from the original on 23 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  2. "Airport Official Website" (in Portuguese). Infraero.
  3. https://www.infraero.gov.br/cargo/index.php/2016-04-12-12-07-49/movimentacao-das-cargas
  4. "Lista de aeródromos públicos" (in Portuguese). ANAC.
  5. "Base Aérea de Manaus e 1°/9° GAv completam 39 anos de apoio à Amazônia" (in Portuguese). Força Aérea Brasileira. 14 April 2009. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  6. "Histórico" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  7. "Aeroporto Internacional Eduardo Gomes-Manaus" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  8. "Cindacta IV" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force: Departamento de Controle do Espaço Aéreo DECEA. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  9. Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (31 August 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4.
  10. Cooper, Tom (1 September 2003). "Central and Latin America Database: Nicaragua 1980–1988". Air Combat Information Group. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  11. "Incident description 6 March 1991". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  12. "Incident description 15 December 1994". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  13. "Accident description PT-WRO". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 July 2011.

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