Eduardo Martínez Somalo
|Prefect Emeritus, Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life|
|Appointed||21 January 1992|
|Term ended||11 February 2004|
|Predecessor||Jean Jérôme Hamer, OP|
|Successor||Franc Rode CM|
|Ordination||19 March 1950|
by Luigi Traglia
|Consecration||13 December 1975|
by Jean-Marie Villot
|Created cardinal||28 June 1988|
|Birth name||Eduardo Martínez Somalo|
|Born||31 March 1927|
Baños de Río Tobía, Kingdom of Spain
|Alma mater||Pontifical Gregorian University|
|Coat of arms|
Eduardo Martínez Somalo
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Thagora (titular see)|
Eduardo Martínez Somalo (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈðwaɾ.ðo maɾˈtineθ soˈmalo] ; born 31 March 1927) is a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
On 5 April 1993 Martínez was named Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, an office of special importance when the papacy is vacant. He served in that position until his 80th birthday. He was the acting sovereign of Vatican City from the death of Pope John Paul II to the election of Pope Benedict XVI. Martínez retired as Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life on 11 February 2004. He participated as a Cardinal elector in the 2005 Papal conclave, but he lost the right to participate in future conclaves on his 80th birthday. On his 80th birthday he also ceased to be Camerlengo, and was succeeded in that post by Tarcisio Bertone, who also served as Secretary of State.
A cardinal is a leading bishop and prince of the College of Cardinals in the Catholic Church. Their duties include participating in papal consistories, and conclaves when the Holy See is vacant. Most have additional missions, such as leading a diocese or a dicastery of the Roman Curia, the equivalent of a government of the Holy See. During the sede vacante, the day-to-day governance of the Holy See is in the hands of the College of Cardinals. The right to enter the Papal conclave of cardinals where the pope is elected is limited to those who have not reached the age of 80 years by the day the vacancy occurs.
The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church. Its current membership is 223, as of 30 December 2019. Cardinals are appointed by the Pope for life. Changes in life expectancy partly account for the increases in the size of the College.
The Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church is an office of the papal household that administers the property and revenues of the Holy See. Formerly, his responsibilities included the fiscal administration of the Patrimony of Saint Peter. As regulated in the apostolic constitution Pastor bonus of 1988, the camerlengo is always a cardinal, though this was not the case prior to the 15th century. His heraldic arms are ornamented with two keys – one gold, one silver – in saltire, surmounted by an ombrellino, a canopy or umbrella of alternating red and yellow stripes. These also form part of the coat of arms of the Holy See during a papal interregnum. The camerlengo has been Kevin Farrell since his appointment by Pope Francis on 14 February 2019. The vice camerlengo has been Archbishop Giampiero Gloder since 20 December 2014.
Giovanni Battista Re is an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church whose service has been primarily in the Roman Curia. He was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2001. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops from 2000 to 2010. As the senior Cardinal-Bishop in attendance, he chaired the March 2013 conclave to elect Pope Benedict XVI's successor. Pope Francis approved his election as Dean of the College of Cardinals on 18 January 2020.
The funeral of Pope John Paul II was held on 8 April 2005, six days after his death on 2 April. The funeral was followed by the novemdiales devotional in which the Catholic Church observes nine days of mourning.
Lubomyr Husar MSU was the major archbishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Church, a minority church in Ukraine but the largest sui juris Eastern church in full communion with the Holy See. He was also a Cardinal of the Catholic Church. After the transfer of the see of Lviv to Kiev in 2005, he was the Ukrainian Catholic Major Archbishop of Kiev-Galicia. In February 2011 he became Major Archeparch Emeritus after he resigned due to ill health.
Zenon Grocholewski is a Polish-born Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, who was elevated to the cardinalate in 2001. He served from 1999 until 2015 as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.
Francisco Álvarez Martínez is the former archbishop of the Spanish see of Toledo and a Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.
Jorge Arturo Agustín Medina Estévez is a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Cardinal Protodeacon until 23 February 2007. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 1996 to 2002.
Carlos Amigo Vallejo, O.F.M. is a Cardinal Priest and Archbishop Emeritus of Seville in the Roman Catholic Church.
Franc Rode is a Slovenian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, having served as prefect from 2004 to 2011. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2006.
Leonardo Sandri is an Argentine Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He has been the Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches since June 2007 and a cardinal since November of that year. He served in the diplomatic service of the Holy See from 1974 to 1991, in several overseas assignments including as permanent observer of the Holy See before the Organization of American States from 1989 to 1991, and in Rome as Substitute for General Affairs in the Secretariat of State from 1977 to 1989. On 24 January 2020, Pope Francis approved his election as Vice Dean of the College of Cardinals.
Antonio Cañizares Llovera is a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who is the Archbishop of Valencia. He is the former Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 2008 to 2014, and former Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain from 2002 to 2008. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2006. He was appointed Archbishop of Valencia in August 2014, a move which removed him from the Congregation.
Francesco Marco Nicola Monterisi is an Italian cardinal of the Catholic Church, who worked in the diplomatic service of the Holy See from 1964 to 1998 and then held senior positions in the Roman Curia until he retired in 2014.
Raffaele Monaco La Valletta S.T.D. J.U.D. was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office.
Lluís Martínez Sistach is a Spanish prelate of the Catholic Church. He is Archbishop emeritus of Barcelona, having served as archbishop there from 2004 to 2015. He has been a cardinal since 2007.
The papal conclave of 1342 – the papal conclave convened after the death of Pope Benedict XII, it elected Cardinal Pierre Roger, who became the fourth Pope of the period of Avignon Papacy under the name Clement VI.
Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga is the Archbishop Emeritus of Quito. He served as archbishop of Quito, the capital of Ecuador from 2003 to 2010, when Fausto Trávez Trávez was appointed as his successor.
Santos Abril y Castelló is a Spanish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. After a career in the diplomatic corps of the Holy See, he held a number of positions in the Roman Curia and from 2011 to 2016 was Archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore.
Ingravescentem aetatem is a document issued by Pope Paul VI, dated 21 November 1970. It is divided into 8 chapters. The Latin title is taken from the incipit, and translates to "advancing age". It established a rule that only cardinals who have not reached the age of 80 can participate in a conclave.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Substitute for General Affairs |
5 May 1979 – 23 March 1988
Edward Idris Cassidy
| Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments |
Antonio María Javierre Ortas
Jean Jerome Cardinal Hamer, OP
| Prefect of Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life |
21 January 1992 – 11 February 2004)
Franc Cardinal Rode, CM
Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy
| Cardinal Protodeacon |
29 January 1996 – 9 January 1999
| Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church |
|This article about a Roman Catholic cardinal from Spain is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|