Edward Akufo-Addo

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Edward Akufo-Addo
Akufo Addo.jpg
Edward Akufo-Addo
2nd President of Ghana*
(5th Head of State of Ghana)
(Second Republic)
In office
31 August 1970 13 January 1972
Prime Minister Kofi Busia (1969–1972)
Preceded by Nii Amaa Ollennu
Succeeded by Gen. I. K. Acheampong
3rd  Chief Justice of Ghana
(15th including Gold Coast)
In office
1966–1970
Preceded by J. Sarkodee-Addo
Succeeded by Edmund A. L. Bannerman
 Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana
In office
1962–1964
President Kwame Nkrumah
Personal details
Born(1906-06-26)26 June 1906
Dodowa, Gold Coast
Died17 July 1979(1979-07-17) (aged 73)
Accra, Ghana
NationalityGhanaian
Political partyNon-partisan
Spouse(s) Adeline Y. Akufo-Addo (née Nana Yeboakua Ofori-Atta) (d. 2004)
Children4, including Nana Akufo-Addo
ProfessionJudge, lawyer
ReligionChristian
*Ceremonial President with executive powers vested in Prime Minister

Edward Akufo-Addo (26 June 1906 – 17 July 1979) [1] [2] was a Ghanaian politician and lawyer. He was a member of the "Big Six" leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and one of the founding fathers of Ghana who engaged in the fight for Ghana's independence. [3] He became the Chief Justice (1966–70) and later President (1970–72) of the Republic of Ghana. [4] He was the father of the current Ghanaian head of state, Nana Addo Akufo-Addo.

Contents

Early life and education

Akufo-Addo was born on 26 June 1906 at Dodowa in the Greater Accra Region to William Martin Addo-Danquah and Theodora Amuafi. Both of his parents were from the southern Ghanaian town of Akropong. [5] He had his basic education at Presbyterian Primary and Middle Schools at Akropong. He continued to Presbyterian Training College, Akropong and Abetifi Theological Training College. In 1929, he entered Achimota College, where he won a scholarship to St Peter's College, Oxford, where he studied Mathematics, Politics and Philosophy. [4] He went on to graduate with honours in philosophy and politics in 1933.

Pre-political career

Akufo-Addo was called to the Middle Temple Bar, London, UK, in 1940 [6] and returned to what was then the Gold Coast to start a private legal practice a year later in Accra. [4]

Early political career

In 1947, he became a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and was one of the "Big Six" (the others being Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Joseph Boakye Danquah, Kwame Nkrumah, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey and William Ofori Atta) detained after disturbances in Accra in 1948. [6] From 1949 to 1950, he was a member of the Gold Coast Legislative Council and the Coussey Constitutional Commission. [4]

Post-independence career

After independence (1962–64), Akufo-Addo was a Supreme Court Judge, one of three Judges who sat on Treason trial involving Tawia Adamafio, Ako Adjei and three others after the Kulungugu bomb attack on President Kwame Nkrumah and for doing so was dismissed with fellow judges for finding some of the accused not guilty. [7]

From 1966 to 1970, he was appointed Chief Justice by the National Liberation Council (NLC) regime, as well as Chairman of the Constitutional Commission (which drafted the 1969 Second Republican Constitution). [6] He was also head of the NLC Political Commission during this same time period. [4]

From 31 August 1970 until his deposition by coup d'état on 13 January 1972, Akufo-Addo was President of Ghana in the Second Republic. Real power rested with the prime minister, Dr. Kofi Abrefa Busia. On 17 July 1979, Akufo-Addo died of natural causes. [8]

Awards and honors

See also

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Akua Asabea Ayisi was a feminist, former High Court Judge and the first female Ghanaian journalist. During the rise of the Ghanaian independence movement, Akua Asabea Ayisi trained as a journalist with Mabel Dove-Danquah and Kwame Nkrumah, who would later become the country's first prime minister and president.

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Robert Samuel Blay, was a Ghanaian barrister and judge. He was a Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana during the First Republic. He is often referred to as the first Nzema lawyer. He was president of the Ghana Bar Association on two occasions and also a member of the first board of directors of the Bank of Ghana.

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References

  1. Goldsworthy, David (1973). "Ghana's Second Republic: A Post-Mortem". African Affairs. 72 (286): 8–25. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a096326. ISSN   0001-9909. JSTOR   720579.
  2. "August 28, 1970: Edward Akuffo-Addo is named President of the 2nd Republic". Edward A. Ulzen Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  3. "Ghana pays tribute to founders' - Graphic Online". www.graphic.com.gh. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "Edward Akufo-Addo". Ghana Web. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  5. Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. 2 February 2012. p. 154. ISBN   978-0-195-38207-5.
  6. 1 2 3 "Akora Justice Edward Akufo-Addo", Old Achimotan Association.
  7. "August 28, 1970: Edward Akuffo-Addo is named President of the 2nd Republic". Edward A. Ulzen Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  8. "Edward Akufo-Addo" Archived 11 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Ghana Nation.

Legal offices
Preceded by
J. Sarkodee-Addo
Chief Justice of Ghana
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Edmund A.L. Bannerman
Political offices
Preceded by
Nii Amaa Ollennu
President of Ghana
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Gen. I. K. Acheampong