Edward Akufo-Addo

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Edward Akufo-Addo

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Edward Akufo-Addo
2nd President of Ghana
(5th Head of State of Ghana)
(Second Republic)
In office
31 August 1970 13 January 1972
Prime Minister Kofi Busia (1969–1972)
Preceded by Nii Amaa Ollennu
Succeeded by Gen. I. K. Acheampong
3rd  Chief Justice of Ghana
(15th including Gold Coast)
In office
1966–1970
Preceded by J. Sarkodee-Addo
Succeeded by Edmund A. L. Bannerman
 Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana
In office
1962–1964
President Kwame Nkrumah
Personal details
Born(1906-06-26)26 June 1906
Dodowa, Gold Coast
Died17 July 1979(1979-07-17) (aged 73)
Accra, Ghana
NationalityGhanaian
Political partyNon-partisan
Spouse(s) Adeline Y. Akufo-Addo (née Nana Yeboakua Ofori-Atta) (d. 2004)
Children4, including Nana Akufo-Addo
Education Presbyterian Training College, Akropong
Achimota College
St Peter's College, Oxford
Middle Temple
Profession
  • Judge
  • Lawyer
Religion Presbyterian
  • Ceremonial President with executive powers vested in Prime Minister

Edward Akufo-Addo JSC (26 June 1906 – 17 July 1979) [1] [2] was a Ghanaian politician and lawyer. He was a member of the "Big Six" leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and one of the founding fathers of Ghana who engaged in the fight for Ghana's independence. [3] He became the Chief Justice (1966–70), and later President (1970–72), of the Republic of Ghana. [4] He was the father of the current Ghanaian head of state, Nana Addo Akufo-Addo. Edward Akufo-Addo being a trained lawyer help him play his role well in Ghana's Independence. He use his profession to contribute in building the nation. He use his profession to help maintain law and order in the country and help in establishment of rule of law. [5]

Contents

Early life and education

Akufo-Addo was born on 26 June 1906 at Dodowa in the Greater Accra Region to William Martin Addo-Danquah and Theodora Amuafi. Both of his parents were from the southern Ghanaian town of Akropong. [6] He had his primary education at Presbyterian Primary and Middle Schools at Akropong. He continued to Presbyterian Training College, Akropong and Abetifi Theological Training College. In 1929, he entered Achimota College, where he won a scholarship to St Peter's College, Oxford. He studied Mathematics, Politics and Philosophy and he went on to graduate with honours in philosophy and politics in 1933.

Pre-political career

Akufo-Addo was called to the Middle Temple Bar, London, UK, in 1940 [7] and returned to what was then the Gold Coast to start a private legal practice a year later in Accra. [4]

Early political career

In 1947, he became a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and was one of the "Big Six" (the others being Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Joseph Boakye Danquah, Kwame Nkrumah, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey and William Ofori Atta) detained after disturbances in Accra in 1948. [7] From 1949 to 1950, he was a member of the Gold Coast Legislative Council and the Coussey Constitutional Commission. [4]

Post-independence career

After independence (1962–64), Akufo-Addo was a Supreme Court Judge, one of three judges who sat on the treason trial involving Tawia Adamafio, Ako Adjei and three others after the Kulungugu bomb attack on President Kwame Nkrumah and for doing so was dismissed with fellow judges for finding some of the accused not guilty. [2]

From 1966 to 1970, Akufo-Addo was appointed Chief Justice by the National Liberation Council (NLC) regime, as well as Chairman of the Constitutional Commission (which drafted the 1969 Second Republican Constitution). [7] He was also head of the NLC Political Commission during this same time period. [4]

From 31 August 1970 until his deposition by coup d'état on 13 January 1972, Akufo-Addo was President of Ghana in the Second Republic. Real power rested with the prime minister, Dr Kofi Abrefa Busia. On 17 July 1979, Akufo-Addo died of natural causes. [8]

Awards and honors

See also

Related Research Articles

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Nicholas Yaw Boafo Adade (1927–2013) was a former supreme court judge and Attorney General of the Republic of Ghana. He was the Attorney General of Ghana between 14 April 1969 to 1970 in the Busia government. He has also served as a former Member of Parliament for the Asante Akim South constituency in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. He died on 14 May 2013. Nana Akufo-Addo, who was then leader of the main opposition party in Ghana, paid tribute to Adade's service to Ghana.

Akua Asabea Ayisi was a feminist, former High Court Judge and the first female Ghanaian journalist. During the rise of the Ghanaian independence movement, Akua Asabea Ayisi trained as a journalist with Mabel Dove-Danquah and Kwame Nkrumah, who would later become the country's first prime minister and president.

Adeline Sylvia Eugenia Ama Yeboakua Akufo-Addo was a First Lady in the second republic of Ghana as the wife of Edward Akufo-Addo and mother of Ghanaian president Nana Akufo-Addo.

Robert Samuel Blay, was a Ghanaian barrister and judge. He was a Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana during the First Republic. He is often referred to as the first Nzema lawyer. He was president of the Ghana Bar Association on two occasions and also a member of the first board of directors of the Bank of Ghana.

Kofi Adumoah Bossman was a Ghanaian barrister, a jurist and a politician. He was a prominent legal practitioner based in Accra in the 1940s and 1950s prior to being called to the bench. He was a Supreme Court Judge during the first republic. He was dismissed in 1964. In 1966 he was appointed as a member of the constitutional commission during the National Liberation Council (NLC) regime.

References

  1. Goldsworthy, David (1973). "Ghana's Second Republic: A Post-Mortem". African Affairs. 72 (286): 8–25. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a096326. ISSN   0001-9909. JSTOR   720579.
  2. 1 2 "August 28, 1970: Edward Akuffo-Addo is named President of the 2nd Republic". Ghana History Moments. Edward A. Ulzen Memorial Foundation. 28 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  3. Ngnenbe, Timothy (4 August 2020). "Ghana pays tribute to founders' - Graphic Online". www.graphic.com.gh. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Edward Akufo-Addo". Ghana Web. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  5. "Big Six Enduring Lessons From The Founding Fathers Of Ghana" . Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  6. Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. 2 February 2012. p. 154. ISBN   978-0-195-38207-5.
  7. 1 2 3 "Akora Justice Edward Akufo-Addo", Old Achimotan Association.
  8. "Edward Akufo-Addo" Archived 11 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Ghana Nation.

Legal offices
Preceded by
J. Sarkodee-Addo
Chief Justice of Ghana
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Edmund A.L. Bannerman
Political offices
Preceded by
Nii Amaa Ollennu
President of Ghana
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Gen. I. K. Acheampong