Edward Akufo-Addo

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Edward Akufo-Addo
Akufo Addo.jpg
Edward Akufo-Addo
2nd President of Ghana*
(5th Head of State of Ghana)
(Second Republic)
In office
31 August 1970 13 January 1972
Prime Minister Kofi Busia (1969–1972)
Preceded by Nii Amaa Ollennu
Succeeded by Gen. I.K. Acheampong
3rd  Chief Justice of Ghana
(15th including Gold Coast)
In office
1966–1970
Preceded by J. Sarkodee-Addo
Succeeded by Edmund A.L. Bannerman
Personal details
Born(1906-06-26)26 June 1906
Dodowa, Gold Coast
Died17 July 1979(1979-07-17) (aged 73)
Accra, Ghana
NationalityGhanaian
Political partyNon-partisan
Spouse(s) Adeline Y. Akufo-Addo (née Nana Yeboakua Ofori-Atta) (d. 2004)
Children Nana Akufo-Addo
ProfessionJudge, Lawyer
ReligionChristian
*Ceremonial President with executive powers vested in Prime Minister

Edward Akufo-Addo (26 June 1906 – 17 July 1979) was a Ghanaian politician and lawyer. He was a member of the "Big Six" leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), and one of the founding fathers of Ghana who engaged in the fight for Ghana's independence. He became the Chief Justice and later President of the Republic of Ghana. [1]

Ghana Republic in West Africa

Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi), Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means "Warrior King" in the Soninke language.

The Big Six were six leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the leading political party in the British colony of the Gold Coast. They were detained by the colonial authorities in 1948 following disturbances that led to the killing of three World War II veterans. They are pictured on the front of the Ghana cedi notes.

The United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) was a political party whose aim was to bring about Ghanaian independence from their British colonial masters after the Second World War.

Contents

Early life and education

Akufo-Addo was born on 26 June 1906 at Dodowa in the Greater Accra Region to William Martin Addo-Danquah and Theodora Amuafi. Both of his parents were from the southern Ghanaian town of Akropong. [2] He had his basic education at Presbyterian Primary and Middle Schools at Akropong. In 1929, he entered Achimota College, where he won a scholarship to St Peter's College, Oxford, where he studied Mathematics, Politics and Philosophy. [1] He went on to graduate with honors in philosophy and politics in 1933.

Dodowa District Capital in Greater Accra Region, Ghana

Dodowa is a town located in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, it is the district capital of Dangme West district, now Shai Osudoku District.

Akropong Town in Eastern Region, Ghana

Akropong is a town in South Ghana and is the capital of the Akuapim North District, a district in the Eastern Region of South Ghana. This town is known for producing snails and palm oil. Akropong has a 2013 settlement population of 13,785 people.

St Peters College, Oxford college of the University of Oxford

St Peter's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford and is located in New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, United Kingdom. It occupies the site of two of the university's medieval halls, dating back to at least the 14th century. The modern college was founded by Francis James Chavasse, former Bishop of Liverpool, opened as St Peter's Hall in 1929, and achieved full collegiate status as St Peter's College in 1961. Founded as a men's college, it has been coeducational since 1979.

Pre-political career

Akufo-Addo was called to the Middle Temple Bar, London, UK, in 1940 [3] and returned to what was then the Gold Coast to start a private legal practice a year later in Accra. [1]

Middle Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn. It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

Gold Coast (British colony) former British colony from 1867 until 1957, now Ghana

The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957.

Early political career

In 1947, he became a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and was one of the "Big Six" (the others being Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Joseph Boakye Danquah, Kwame Nkrumah, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey and William Ofori Atta) detained after disturbances in Accra in 1948. [3] From 1949 to 1950, he was a member of the Gold Coast Legislative Council and the Coussey Constitutional Commission. [1]

Ebenezer Ako-Adjei Ghanaian politician

Dr. Ebenezer Ako-Adjei was a nationalist politician from Ghana and one of the founding fathers of Ghana alongside J. B. Danquah, Edward Akufo-Addo and others. Ako-Adjei is considered to be one of the "Big Six", who were arguably some of the most famous people in Ghana's fight for independence from British rule. He was also a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention, the political party that initially spearheaded the surge for independence.

Kwame Nkrumah Pan Africanist and First Prime Minister and President of Ghana

Kwame Nkrumah PC was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957. An influential advocate of pan-Africanism, Nkrumah was a founding member of the Organisation of African Unity and winner of the Lenin Peace Prize in 1962.

Emmanuel Odarkwei Obetsebi-Lamptey was a politician in the British colony of the Gold Coast. He was one of the founding fathers of Ghana and one of the founders and leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) known as "The Big Six". He was the father of NPP politician Jake Obetsebi-Lamptey.

Post-independence career

After independence (1962–64), Akufo-Addo was a Supreme Court Judge (One of three Judges who sat on Treason trial involving Tawia Adamafio, Ako Adjei and three others after the Kulungugu bomb attack on President Kwame Nkrumah and for doing so was dismissed with fellow judges for finding some of the accused not guilty. [4]

Supreme Court of Ghana supreme court

The Supreme Court of Ghana is the highest judicial body in Ghana. Ghana's 1992 constitution guarantees the independence and separation of the Judiciary from the Legislative and the Executive arms of government.

Tawia Adamafio was a Ghanaian minister in the Nkrumah government during the first republic of Ghana.

From 1966 to 1970, he was appointed Chief Justice by the National Liberation Council (NLC) regime, as well as Chairman of the Constitutional Commission (which drafted the 1969 Second Republican Constitution). [3] He was also head of the NLC Political Commission during this same time period. [1]

National Liberation Council

The National Liberation Council (NLC) led the Ghanaian government from 24 February 1966 to 1 October 1969. The body emerged from a CIA-planned coup d'état against the civilian government led by Kwame Nkrumah. The Ghana Police Service and Ghana Armed Forces carried out the coup jointly, with collaboration from the Ghana Civil Service. It is alleged that the plotters were well connected with the governments of Britain and the United States, who some believe approved of the coup because Nkrumah challenged their political and economic ambitions in Africa.

From 31 August 1970 until his deposition by coup d'état on 13 January 1972, Akufo-Addo was President of Ghana in the Second Republic. Real power rested with the prime minister, Dr. Kofi Abrefa Busia. On 17 July 1979, Akufo-Addo died of natural causes. [5]

Awards and Honours

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Edward Akufo-Addo". Ghana Web. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  2. Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. 2 February 2012. p. 154. ISBN   978-0-195-38207-5.
  3. 1 2 3 "Akora Justice Edward Akufo-Addo", Old Achimotan Association.
  4. "August 28, 1970: Edward Akuffo-Addo is named President of the 2nd Republic". Edward A. Ulzen Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  5. "Edward Akufo-Addo", Ghana Nation.

Legal offices
Preceded by
J. Sarkodee-Addo
Chief Justice of Ghana
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Edmund A.L. Bannerman
Political offices
Preceded by
Nii Amaa Ollennu
President of Ghana
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Gen. I. K. Acheampong