Edward C. Meyer

Last updated
Edward Charles Meyer
GEN Meyer, Edward C USA.JPEG
General Edward C. Meyer in 1983
Nickname(s)Shy
Born(1928-12-11)December 11, 1928
St. Marys, Pennsylvania
DiedOctober 13, 2020(2020-10-13) (aged 91)
Arlington County, Virginia
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1951–1983
Rank General
Commands held Chief of Staff of the United States Army
3rd Infantry Division
2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division
2nd Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit (3)
Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star Medal (3)

Edward Charles "Shy" Meyer (December 11, 1928 – October 13, 2020) was a United States Army general who served as the 29th Chief of Staff of the United States Army.

Contents

Early life

Meyer was born in St. Marys, Pennsylvania, on December 11, 1928. Upon graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1951 he was commissioned a second lieutenant and attended the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning.

Military career

Meyer's first assignment was as a platoon leader in Company C, 25th Armored Infantry Battalion in the Korean War from 1951 to 1952. After promotion to first lieutenant in July 1952 he served as a platoon leader, company commander, and battalion staff officer with the 2nd Battalion, 24th Infantry Regiment, also in Korea, until 1953. He next served in the 1st Officer Candidate Regiment, Infantry School from 1953 to 1954, afterwards serving as aide to the assistant commandant of the Infantry School, and then as an instructor in operations until 1957. During his time there he was promoted to temporary captain, in July 1956. He next graduated from the infantry officers advanced and basic airborne courses in 1957, continuing on to command Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Airborne Battle Group, 501st Infantry, from 1957 to 1958, followed by promotion to permanent captain in February, 1958 and command of the battle group's Company D from 1958 to 1959. After company command he attended the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, graduating in 1960, and being promoted to temporary major in October of that year. He was next manpower control officer in the Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G–1, United States Army, Europe (Rear) from 1960 to 1961, and assistant executive and aide to the chief of staff at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe from 1961 to 1963. He graduated from the Armed Forces Staff College in 1964, receiving a promotion to temporary lieutenant colonel in May 1964 and permanent major in June 1965. After graduation he served in the Coordination Division of the Office of the Chief of Staff until 1965.

Vietnam War

Portrait of General Edward C. Meyer Edward C Meyer.jpg
Portrait of General Edward C. Meyer

Again Meyer returned to combat as deputy commander of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) in Vietnam, later taking command of the 2nd Battalion, 5th Cavalry from 1965 to 1966. Returning stateside, he graduated from the National War College in 1967, then served in the Plans and Operations Division, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff until 1969, promoted to temporary colonel in November 1968. He returned to Vietnam to command the 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), and then served as division chief of staff, leaving Vietnam in 1970.

Post-war

Meyer was chosen as a federal executive fellow at the Brookings Institution from 1970 to 1971. He was promoted to temporary brigadier general in August 1971 and permanent lieutenant colonel in June 1972. After promotion to flag rank he served as assistant division commander (support) of the 82nd Airborne Division from 1971 to 1972, followed by assignment as deputy commandant of the Army War College from 1972 to 1973. He was next deputy chief of staff for operations, United States Army, Europe, and Seventh Army until 1974, being promoted to temporary major general in August 1973. He was chosen as commanding general of the 3rd Infantry Division, United States Army, Europe from 1974 to 1975.

Senior commands and Chief of Staff

He moved to the Pentagon in 1975 as assistant deputy chief and deputy chief of staff for operations and plans, United States Army, and remained in that position until 1979. He was promoted to permanent colonel in March 1976, and temporary lieutenant general in October 1976.

Meyer was promoted to the rank of general in June 1979, whereupon he was selected as Chief of Staff of the United States Army, a post he filled from June 22, 1979 to June 21, 1983. [1] During his tenure he prosecuted an Army-wide modernization program with emphasis on quality over quantity, stressed the need for a long-term investment in land force materiel, and launched a unit-manning system to reduce personnel turbulence and to enhance readiness. Meyer was responsible for many improvements which transformed the US Army from having poor morale and discipline in the 1970s to a far more professional and capable force in the 1980s. Meyer retired from active service in June 1983.

Personal life

Meyer married Carol McCunniff in 1954. Together they had five children; three sons, Tom, Tim, and Doug; and two daughters, Nancy and Stuart. His daughter, Nancy, is an actress who is married to Michael Cartellone, the drummer for the band Lynrd Skynyrd. His son, Tom, is a political cartoonist who is married to Gretchen Nash and has a daughter named Mia. Tim is married to Lindsay with three children named Thomas, Christy, and Lauren. His son Doug is married to Barbara with two children named Caroline and Ethan. His daughter Stuart has a son named Josh Konz. Konz is married to Becky Keenan, and together they have Meyer’s great-grandson, named Kieran.

Meyer died from pneumonia on October 13, 2020, in Arlington, Virginia, at the age of 91. [2]

Promotion dates

RankTemporaryPermanent
2nd lieutenant June 1951
First lieutenant July 1952
Captain July 1956February 1958
Major October 1960June 1965
Lieutenant colonel May 1964June 1972
Colonel November 1968March 1976
Brigadier general August 1971 ?
Major general August 1973 ?
Lieutenant general October 1976 ?
General  ?June 1979

Awards and decorations

Blank.JPG CIB2.png
Defense Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Silver Star ribbon.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg
Valor device.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze Star ribbon.svg
Air Medal ribbon.svg Award numeral 3.png Award numeral 4.png
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg
Purple Heart ribbon.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
United States Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg
Valorous Unit Award ribbon.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg
Korean Service Medal - Ribbon.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Vietnam Service Medal ribbon.svg
Noribbon.svg ArmyDSMribbon.png Vietnamese Gallantry Cross, with palm.svg
Korean Presidential Unit Citation.png Gallantry Cross Unit Citation.png Civil Action Unit Citation.png
United Nations Service Medal Korea ribbon.svg Noribbon.svg Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon with 60- clasp.svg
Blank.JPG ViPaBa.jpg US Army Airborne master parachutist badge.gif
Blank.JPG United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Blank.JPG 1st Cavalry Division SSI (full color).svg
Combat Infantryman Badge w/ Star
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star w/ Oak Leaf Cluster Legion of Merit w/ 2 Oak Leaf Clusters Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star w/ V device and 2 Oak Leaf Clusters Air Medal w/ numeral 34 Army Commendation Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster
Purple Heart Army Presidential Unit Citation Valorous Unit Award
National Defense Service Medal with one service star Korean Service Medal Vietnam Service Medal with one service star
Unidentified Vietnam Distinguished Service Order Army, 1st Class Gallantry Cross (Vietnam) with bronze palm
Korea Presidential Unit Citation Gallantry Cross (Vietnam) Unit Citation Vietnam Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation
United Nations Medal for KoreaUnidentified Vietnam Campaign Medal
Vietnam Parachutist Badge Master Parachtist Badge
Army Staff Identification Badge Worn on right breast pocket Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge Worn on left breast pocket
1st Cavalry Division Combat Service Identification Badge

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References

  1. Davis, Robert T. (2010). U.S. Foreign Policy and National Security: Chronology and Index for the 20th Century. ABC-CLIO. p. 645. ISBN   978-0-313-38385-4 . Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  2. "Edward C. Meyer, general who revamped post-Vietnam 'hollow Army,' dies at 91". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2020-10-14.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document: "Edward Charles Meyer".

Military offices
Preceded by
Bernard W. Rogers
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1979–1983
Succeeded by
John A. Wickham Jr.