The Earl of Lichfield
|Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Abingdon|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Abingdon|
|Born||4 February 1663|
|Died||14 July 1716 53)(aged|
|Children|| Charlotte Lee,Lady Baltimore |
Charles Lee,Viscount Quarendon
Edward Lee,Viscount Quarendon
Captain Hon. James Lee
Hon. Francis Lee
Lady Anne Morgan
Hon. Charles Lee
George Lee,2nd Earl of Lichfield
Hon. Francis Henry Fitzroy Lee
Lady Elizabeth Young
Barbara Browne,Lady Browne
Lady Mary Lee
Hon. Fitzroy Lee
Hon. FitzRoy Henry Lee
Hon. William Lee
Hon. Thomas Lee
Hon. John Lee
Robert Lee,4th Earl of Lichfield
Edward Henry Lee,1st Earl of Lichfield (4 February 1663 –14 July 1716) was an English peer,the son of a baronet,who at 14 years of age married one of the illegitimate daughters of King Charles II,Charlotte Lee,prior to which he was made Earl of Lichfield. They had a large family;Lady Lichfield bore him 18 children. He was a staunch Tory and followed James II to Rochester,Kent after the king's escape from Whitehall in December 1688.  His subsidiary titles were Viscount Quarendon and Baron Spelsbury.
Edward Lee was the son of Sir Francis Henry Lee,4th Baronet of Quarendon and his wife Lady Elizabeth Pope,daughter of Thomas Pope,2nd Earl of Downe,who was later third wife of Robert Bertie,3rd Earl of Lindsey. His great grandfather,Henry Lee,was the cousin and heir of Henry Lee of Ditchley. His father's half-brother was the libertine-poet the Earl of Rochester
In his youth,he was considered to be kind,charming,strong,intelligent as well as arrogant because of his position in the peerage.
Lee was created Earl of Lichfield in 1674 at the age of eleven,a result of his betrothal to the daughter of King Charles II. The Lady Charlotte Fitzroy was the fourth of six children born to the king's mistress,the Duchess of Cleveland. Sweet-natured and strikingly beautiful,Charlotte was adored by her father the king. She was contracted at the age of nine to Lee,who was sixteen months older than his bride-to-be. Nearly three years later,having reached puberty,the thirteen- and fourteen-year-olds were married on 6 February 1677.
From 1687 to 1689,Lichfield served as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire. He commanded Lichfield's Regiment,an infantry regiment in the English Army until his dismissal for Jacobite sympathies following the Glorious Revolution. It later played prominent part in the Williamite War in Ireland (1689–1691),going through a succession of new Colonels including Henry Wharton and Richard Brewer.
Lady Lichfield bore him at least eighteen children:
Lichfield died two years before his wife,on 14 July 1716,aged 53.
|Edward Henry Lee,1st Earl of Lichfield||Father:|
Sir Francis Henry Lee of Ditchley,4th Baronet of Quarendon
Sir Francis Henry Lee of Ditchley and of Quarendon
Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley,1st Baronet of Quarendon
Eleanor Wortley of Wortley
Anne St John,Countess of Rochester
Sir John St John,1st Baronet,of Lydiard Tregoze
Anne Leighton of Feckenham
Lady Elizabeth Pope
Thomas Pope,2nd Earl of Downe,Ireland
Sir William Pope,Knight (1596–1624)
Elizabeth Watson of Halstead
John Dutton of Sherborne
Elizabeth Baynton of Wilts
Earl of Lichfield is a title that has been created three times,twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom (1831). The third creation is extant and is held by a member of the Anson family.
Daniel Finch,2nd Earl of Nottingham,7th Earl of Winchilsea,PC was an English Tory statesman who supported the Hanoverian Succession in 1714.
Anne Lennard,Countess of Sussex,formerly Lady Anne FitzRoy,was the eldest daughter of Barbara Villiers,mistress to King Charles II. She became the wife of Thomas Lennard,1st Earl of Sussex.
Charlotte Lee,Countess of Lichfield,formerly Lady Charlotte Fitzroy,was the illegitimate daughter of King Charles II of England by one of his best known mistresses,Barbara Villiers,1st Duchess of Cleveland. Known for her beauty,Charlotte was married at age 12 to her husband,Edward Henry Lee,1st Earl of Lichfield,with whom she had a large family.
Benedict Leonard Calvert,4th Baron Baltimore was an English nobleman and politician. He was the second son of Charles Calvert,3rd Baron Baltimore (1637–1715) by Jane Lowe,and became his father's heir upon the death of his elder brother Cecil in 1681. The 3rd Lord Baltimore was a devout Roman Catholic,and had lost his title to the Province of Maryland shortly after the events of the Glorious Revolution in 1688,when the Protestant monarchs William III and Mary II acceded to the British throne. Benedict Calvert made strenuous attempts to have his family's title to Maryland restored by renouncing Roman Catholicism and joining the Church of England.
Earl of Derwentwater was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1688 for Sir Francis Radclyffe,3rd Baronet. He was made Baron Tyndale,of Tyndale in the County of Northumberland,and Viscount Radclyffe and Langley at the same time,also in the Peerage of England. He was succeeded by his son,the second Earl,who married Lady Mary Tudor,daughter of Charles II by his mistress Moll Davis.
George Legge,3rd Earl of Dartmouth KG,PC,FRS,styled Viscount Lewisham until 1801,was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1778 to 1784.
Henry Tichborne,1st Baron Ferrard,known as Sir Henry Tichborne,Bt,between 1697 and 1715,was an Irish peer.
George Henry Lee II,3rd Earl of Lichfield PC (1718–1772) was a British politician and peer. He was made a Privy Councillor and Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms in 1762,holding both honours until death. Previously,he had served as member of parliament for Oxfordshire from 1740 until acceding to the peerage in 1743.
George Henry Lee I,2nd Earl of Lichfield (1690–1743) was a younger son of Edward Henry Lee,1st Earl of Lichfield and his wife Charlotte Fitzroy,an illegitimate daughter of Charles II by his mistress,the celebrated courtesan Barbara Villiers. On 14 July 1716 George Henry Lee succeeded his father as the 2nd Earl of Lichfield.
Charles Dillon-Lee,12th Viscount Dillon,KP,PC (Ire) (1745–1813) conformed to the established religion in 1767 and inherited Ditchley in England from his mother.
Henry Dillon,11th Viscount Dillon (1705–1787) was an Irish peer and a soldier in French service. He was the colonel proprietor of Dillon's Regiment,an Irish regiment of foot in French service,in 1741–1744 and again in 1747–1767. In the War of the Polish Succession (1733–1735),he fought at the sieges of Kehl and Philippsburg. In the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748),he was present at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743,on the French side,while King George II was present on the English side.
There have been four baronetcies created for people with the surname Lee,all extinct.
Robert Lee,4th Earl of Lichfield (1706–1776) was an English politician and peer,the last of the Earls of Lichfield.
Charlotte Lee,Lady Baltimore (23 March 1678,–1 February 1721,,was an English noblewoman,and granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers. She married in 1699,Benedict Leonard Calvert,4th Baron Baltimore,from whom she separated in 1705;she later married Christopher Crowe. She was the mother of Charles Calvert,5th Baron Baltimore,and of Benedict Leonard Calvert,who was Governor of Maryland from 1727–1731.
Francis Seymour-Conway,1st Baron Conway of Ragley,1st Baron Conway of Killultagh,MP,PC (Ire),was a British politician,born Francis Seymour.
Charles William Francis Noel,3rd Earl of Gainsborough DL was a British peer and soldier.
Villiers is an aristocratic family in the United Kingdom. Over time,various members of the Villiers family were made knights,baronets,and peers. Peerages held by the Villiers family include the dukedoms of Buckingham (1623–1687) and Cleveland (1670–1709),as well as the earldoms of Anglesey (1623–1661),Jersey,and Clarendon. Perhaps the most prominent members of the family were those who received the two dukedoms:George Villiers,1st Duke of Buckingham (1592–1628) rose to fame and influence as favourite of King James I of England,while Barbara Villiers,Duchess of Cleveland (1640–1709) became a mistress of King Charles II of England,by whom she had five children.
Anne Finch,Countess of Nottingham,formerly Anne Hatton,was the second wife of Daniel Finch,2nd Earl of Nottingham,and the mother of Daniel Finch,8th Earl of Winchilsea and 3rd Earl of Nottingham.
George William Stafford-Jerningham,8th Baron Stafford,known as Sir George William Jerningham,7th Baronet from 1809 to 1824,was a British peer who,in 1824,successfully obtained a reversal of the attainder of the barony of Stafford.