Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland

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Edward Manners
3rd Earl of Rutland
Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland.jpg
Born 12 July 1549
Died 14 April 1587(1587-04-14) (aged 37)
London
Spouse(s) Isabel Holcroft
Issue
Father Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland
Mother Margaret Neville
Quartered arms of Sir Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland, KG Quartered arms of Sir Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland, KG.png
Quartered arms of Sir Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland, KG

Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland, 14th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, KG (12 July 1549 – 14 April 1587) was the son of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, whose titles he inherited in 1563.

Order of the Garter Order of chivalry in England

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Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland 16th-century English earl

Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, 13th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, KG was an English nobleman.

Contents

Life

He was the eldest son of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, and Margaret, fourth daughter of Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland. He seems to have been educated at Oxford, though he did not graduate there as a student. He bore the title of Lord Roos or Ros, the old title of his family, until 1563, when by the death of his father he became third Earl of Rutland. [1]

Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland English Earl

Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of WestmorlandKG, was an English peer and soldier. He was the grandson of Ralph Neville, 3rd Earl of Westmorland, and the father of Henry Neville, 5th Earl of Westmorland.

He was made one of the queen's wards, and was specially under the charge of Sir William Cecil, who was connected with him by marriage. He accompanied the queen on her visit to Cambridge in 1564, and was lodged in St. John's College, and created M.A. 10 August. In October 1566, he was made M.A. of Oxford. In 1569, he joined the Earl of Sussex, taking his tenants with him, and held a command in the army which suppressed the northern insurrection. In 1570, he passed into France, Cecil drawing up a paper of instructions for his guidance. He was in Paris in the February or the next year. At home, he received many offices, and displayed enthusiastic devotion to the queen. On 5 August 1570, he became constable of Nottingham Castle, and steward, keeper, warden, and chief justice of Sherwood Forest; in 1571 he was feodary of the duchy of Lancaster for the counties of Nottingham and Derby; in 1574 he was appointed lord-lieutenant of Nottinghamshire. [1]

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Earl of Sussex is a title that has been created several times in the Peerages of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. The early Earls of Arundel were often also called Earls of Sussex.

On 17 June 1577, Rutland was placed on the ecclesiastical commission for the province of York, and in 1579 on the council of the north. In the grand tilting match of 1580, Rutland and twelve others contended with a similar number, headed by Essex, before the queen at Westminster. His public offices probably now absorbed all his time, as in 1581 a relative, John Manners, seems to have been managing his estate. On 23 April 1584, he became K.G., and on 14 June 1585 lord-lieutenant of Lincolnshire. His style of living was very expensive; when he went with his countess to London about 1586 he had with him forty-one servants, including a chaplain, trumpeter, gardener, and apothecary. In June 1586, with Lord Eure and Randolph, he arranged a treaty of peace with the Scots at Berwick, and his brother Roger wrote that his conduct had been approved by the court. On 6 October, he was one of the commissioners to try Mary Queen of Scots. The queen promised to make him lord chancellor after the death of Sir Thomas Bromley, which took place 12 April 1587, and he was for a day or two so styled. He died, however, on 14 April 1587, at his house at Ivy Bridge in the Strand. [1]

Thomas Bromley English lawyer and politician

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Strand, London major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, London, England

Strand is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, Central London. It runs just over 34 mile (1,200 m) from Trafalgar Square eastwards to Temple Bar, where the road becomes Fleet Street inside the City of London, and is part of the A4, a main road running west from inner London.

Family

On 6 June 1573, he married Isabel Holcroft, and they had one child, Elizabeth, born in January 1575.

The Earl died on Good Friday at Puddle Wharf in London, but was brought home for burial. The Earldom of Rutland and Barony of Manners went to his brother John Manners, but the Barony of de Ros went to his daughter.

Good Friday Christian religious holiday, the Friday before Easter

Good Friday is a Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary. It is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, and Black Friday.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

John Manners, 4th Earl of Rutland English Earl

John Manners, 4th Earl of Rutland was the son of Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, and Lady Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland.

Legacy

Tomb in St Mary the Virgin's Church, Bottesford. Tomb of Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland, St Mary the Virgin's Church, Bottesford.JPG
Tomb in St Mary the Virgin's Church, Bottesford.

At Bottesford Church in Leicestershire is the tomb commemorating the third Earl and his wife. It was created by Gerard Johnson the elder of Southwark, a famous Flemish craftsman. Earl Edward lies on a mat, wearing full plate armour. Instead of a gorget protecting his throat he wears a ruff. He wears the Order of the Garter on his left leg. His coronet has disappeared and at his feet is a decorated bull crest. Countess Isabel, daughter of Sir Thomas Holcroft, KT, wears a ruff with the usual dress of the time under an ermine trimmed mantle, her head supported by a cushion. Her only daughter, Elizabeth, kneels at her feet. The inscription on the tomb lists the Earl's activities in the Scottish "troubles" of the time.

Notes

Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Archbold, William Arthur Jobson (1893). "Manners, Edward". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography . 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir John Byron, Sr.
Custos Rotulorum of Nottinghamshire
bef. 1573–1587
Succeeded by
The Earl of Rutland
Preceded by
Unknown
Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire
1574–1587
Preceded by
Unknown
Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
1582–1587
Succeeded by
The Lord Burghley
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Manners
Earl of Rutland
1563–1587
Succeeded by
John Manners
Baron de Ros
1563–1587
Succeeded by
Elizabeth Manners