Edward North, 1st Baron North

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Edward North
Edward North, 1st Baron North.jpg
Lord North.
Clerk of the Parliaments
In office
1531–1540
Spouse(s)Alice Squire
Margaret Butler
Children Roger
Thomas
Christiana
Mary

Edward North, 1st Baron North (c. 1504 – 1564) [1] was an English peer and politician. He was the Clerk of the Parliaments 1531–1540 and Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire 1557–1564. [2] A successful lawyer, he was created the first Baron North, giving him a seat in the House of Lords. [2]

Contents

Family

Born about 1504, [1] North was the only son of Roger North of Nottinghamshire, a merchant and haberdasher, and Christiana, the daughter of Richard Warcup of Sinnington, Yorkshire. After the death of Roger North in 1509, Christiana married, as her second husband, Sir Ralph Warren, Lord Mayor of London.

Edward North had a sister, Joan, who married William Wilkinson (d. 1543), a mercer in the city of London, and sheriff in 1538–9, by whom she had three daughters. [3] After her husband's death she was silkwoman to Anne Boleyn. [3] She died as a Marian exile in 1556 at Frankfurt. [3]

Career

Edward North studied at St Paul's School under William Lyly, [4] and later entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, but seems never to have proceeded to a degree. He then entered one of the Inns of Court, was called to the bar, and became counsel for the City of London, probably through the influence of Alderman Wilkinson, who had married his sister Joan.

In 1531 North was appointed clerk of the parliament and was associated in that office with Sir Brian Tuke. In 1536 he appears as one of the king's serjeants. In 1541 he resigned his office as clerk of the parliament, on being appointed treasurer of the court of augmentations, a court created by the king for dealing with the estates which had been confiscated by the dissolution of the monasteries. In 1541 he was knighted, and he served as High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire for 1543. [2] He was one of the knights of the shire for Cambridgeshire in the English parliaments of 1542, 1547, and 1553.

On the resignation of the chancellorship by Sir Thomas Audley in 1544, North was deputed, together with Sir Thomas Pope, to receive the great seal and to deliver it into the hands of the king. In 1545 he was one of a commission of inquiry as to the distribution of the revenues of certain cathedrals and collegiate churches, and about the same time, he was promoted, with Sir Richard Rich, chancellor of the court of augmentations. On the resignation of his colleague, he became sole chancellor of the court. In 1546 he was made a member of the Privy Council of England, received some extensive grants of former abbey lands, and managed by prudence to retain the favour of his sovereign, although on one occasion towards the end of his reign Henry VIII was induced to distrust him, and even to accuse him of peculation, a charge of which he cleared himself. North was named as one of the executors of King Henry's will, and a legacy of £300 was bequeathed to him.

On the accession of King Edward VI, North was induced, under pressure, to resign his office as chancellor of augmentations. He continued as a Privy Councillor during the young king's reign, and was one of those who attested his will, but his name does not appear among the signatories of the deed of settlement disinheriting the Princesses Mary and Elizabeth. North was among the supporters of Lady Jane Gray.

North was not only pardoned by Mary, but was again sworn of the privy council, and on 5 April 1554, he was summoned to parliament as a baron of the realm by the title of Lord North of Kirtling. He was chosen among other lords to receive Philip II of Spain at Southampton on 19 July 1554 and was present at the marriage of Queen Mary. In the following November, he attended the reception of Cardinal Pole at St. James's, and he was in the commission for the suppression of heresy in 1557.

On the accession of Elizabeth she kept her court for six days (23 to 29 November 1558) at Lord North's mansion in the London Charterhouse, and some time afterwards he was appointed lord-lieutenant of the county of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. He was not, however, admitted as a privy councillor, though his name appears as still taking part in public affairs. In the summer of 1560, he lost his first wife, who died at the Charterhouse, but was carried with great pomp to Kirtling to be buried. Lord North entertained the queen a second time at the Charterhouse for four days, from 10 to 13 July 1561. Soon after this he retired from court, and spent most of his time at Kirtling in retirement. He died at the Charterhouse on 31 December 1564, and was buried at Kirtling, beside his first wife, in the family vault. His monumental inscription may still be seen in the chancel of Kirtling Church.

Marriages and issue

Lord North was twice married. In around 1528 (his thirty-third year) he married Alice (d. 1560) [5] , the daughter of Oliver Squier of Southby, Hampshire. Alice was the widow of Edward Murfyn, a wealthy London merchant, the son of Thomas Murfyn (d. 1523), a former Lord Mayor of London [1] and of John Brigandine of Southampton, Hampshire. [6] By this marriage he acquired a fortune large enough to enable him to purchase the estate of Kirtling, near Newmarket, which remained in the possession of his descendants until 1941. By Alice he had two sons: [1]

and two daughters:

In 1534 he became a kinsman of Thomas Cromwell's nephew, Richard, who married Frances, daughter of Thomas Murfyn by his second wife, Elizabeth Donne, and stepdaughter of Sir Thomas Denys. [7] [8] [9]

His second wife was Margaret (d. 1575), daughter of Richard Butler of London, and widow of, first, Andrew Francis; secondly, of Robert Chartsey, alderman of London.; [2] and, thirdly, of Sir David Brooke, chief baron of the exchequer. She survived till 2 June 1575. This lady, like his first wife, brought her husband a large fortune, which he left to her absolutely by his will.

Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Jessopp, Augustus (1895). "North, Edward". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . Vol. 41. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 154–155.

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Carter 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Hawkyard 1982.
  3. 1 2 3 Litzenberger 2004.
  4. Carley 2006.
  5. "Notes to the diary: 1560 Pages 378-383 The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563". British History Online. Camden Society, 1848. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  6. Alice's children by John Brigandine: Alice, Agnes and John, are listed in Edward Murfyn's will (dated 3 March 1527, proved 11 May 1528). See Drake 1873 , pp.  viii–ix
  7. Hofmann 1982.
  8. Kirk & Hawkyard 1982.
  9. MacCulloch 2018, p. 114.

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References

Political offices
Preceded by Clerk of the Parliaments
1531–1540
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
New creation Baron North
1554–1564
Succeeded by