Edward Reynolds

Last updated


Edward Reynolds
Bishop of Norwich
Edward Reynolds Merton.jpg
Church Church of England
See Norwich
In office1660–1676
Personal details
BornNovember 1599
Southampton
Died28 July 1676
Previous postBishop
Arms of Edward Reynolds, Bishop of Norwich: See of Norwich (Azure, three mitres labelled or) impaling Reynolds (Argent, a chevron chequy gules and azure between three cross-crosslets sable). Lincoln's Inn Chapel, where he served as Preacher Lincoln's inn chapel 1 (14136012311).jpg
Arms of Edward Reynolds, Bishop of Norwich: See of Norwich (Azure, three mitres labelled or) impaling Reynolds (Argent, a chevron chequy gules and azure between three cross-crosslets sable). Lincoln's Inn Chapel, where he served as Preacher

Edward Reynolds (November 1599 – 28 July 1676) was a bishop of Norwich in the Church of England and an author. [1] He was born in Holyrood parish in Southampton, the son of Augustine (Austin) Reynolds, one of the customers of the city, and his wife, Bridget.

Contents

Career

In 1615, Reynolds became postmaster of Merton College and in 1620, probationer fellow. In 1622 he was appointed Preacher at Lincoln's Inn (where he is memorialised by his arms sculpted on a corbel supporting the roof of a Hall) from 1627 to 1628 served as the thirty-seventh vicar of All Saints' Church, Northampton, and in 1631 rector of Braunston, also in Northamptonshire; but with the outbreak of the English Civil War in 1642, he sided with the Presbyterians. [1] In 1643 he was one of the Westminster Assembly divines, and took the covenant in 1644. In 1648 he became dean of Christ Church, Oxford and vice-chancellor of the University of Oxford. He refused the engagement (1651) and despite his promise of obedience to the law, but not subscription to the oath in Humble Proposals of Sundry Learned and Pious Divines (1649), this was insufficient to save him; he lost the vice-chancellorship in September 1650. He was ejected from his deanery the following March, despite a last minute pledge to subscribe in a limited sense. [2] He preached before parliament in January 1657, and the same year he became vicar of St Lawrence Jewry, London, but was restored to his deanery in 1659. [1]

After the death of Oliver Cromwell, he and other presbyterians sought an accommodation with Richard Cromwell, and on 11 October 1658, on behalf of himself and other London presbyterian ministers, Reynolds delivered an oral address to the new protector. In 1659 he preached at the opening session of parliament, and his sermons to parliament and London notables throughout 1659 and 1660 became increasingly pointed about the need for peace, unity, and moderation, codes for the restoration of the monarchy and a moderate episcopacy. [2]

After the Restoration

At the Restoration in 1660, he was made chaplain to Charles II. In the same year he was elected warden of Merton College, Oxford, and made bishop of Norwich. His contribution to the Book of Common Prayer is The General Thanksgiving prayer which is part of the office of Morning Prayer. [1] His collected works were published in 1658, again in 1679 and, with a memoir of his life by Alexander Chambers, in 1826. [2]

Later years and death

In his later years Reynolds was severely afflicted by the stone and strangury, and he died on 28 July 1676 at his bishop's palace. He was buried on 9 August in the bishop's chapel he had newly built at Norwich. He was survived by his wife Mary. [2] Their daughter Elizabeth married John Conant.

Works

Related Research Articles

Lancelot Andrewes English bishop and scholar

Lancelot Andrewes was an English bishop and scholar, who held high positions in the Church of England during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. During the latter's reign, Andrewes served successively as Bishop of Chichester, of Ely, and of Winchester and oversaw the translation of the King James Version of the Bible. In the Church of England he is commemorated on 25 September with a Lesser Festival.

John Taylor (dissenting preacher) English dissenting preacher, Hebrew scholar, and theologian

John Taylor (1694–1761) was an English dissenting preacher, Hebrew scholar, and theologian.

John Cosin English churchman

John Cosin was an English churchman.

Thomas Manton English minister

Thomas Manton (1620–1677) was an English Puritan clergyman. He was a clerk to the Westminster Assembly and a chaplain to Oliver Cromwell.

Jeremiah Burroughs English minister

Jeremiah Burroughs was an English Congregationalist and a well-known Puritan preacher.

William Bridge English priest

William Bridge was a leading English Independent minister, preacher, and religious and political writer.

Charles Herle (1598–1659) was a prominent English theologian, of moderate Presbyterian views.

Anthony Burges or Burgess was a Nonconformist English clergyman, a prolific preacher and writer.

Samuel Miller (theologian) American theologian

Samuel Miller was a Presbyterian theologian who taught at Princeton Theological Seminary.

Herbert Palmer (Puritan) British priest

Herbert Palmer (1601–1647) was an English Puritan clergyman, member of the Westminster Assembly, and President of Queens' College, Cambridge. He is now remembered for his work on the Westminster Shorter Catechism, and as a leading opponent of John Milton's divorce tracts.

Oliver Heywood (minister) English minister

Oliver Heywood (1630–1702) was a British nonconformist minister, ejected for his beliefs.

John Collinges English minister

John Collinges (1623–1690) was an English Presbyterian theologian, and prolific writer. He lived and worked in Norwich for more than forty years where he played a major role in reviving and administering the City Library. He was one of the representatives of the Presbyterians in the Savoy Conference, but was later forced to resign his livings.

Nathaniel Hardy (1618–1670) was an English churchman, Dean of Rochester from 1660.

William Guild Scottish minister

Rev Dr William Guild DD (1586–1657) was a Scottish minister, academic and theological writer.

Reverend Thomas Risley was an English Presbyterian minister, founder of the Thomas Risley Chapel.

Edward Atkyns Bray (1778–1857) was a British poet, vicar, and miscellaneous writer.

John Rogers Pitman was an English clergyman and author.

Charles Girdlestone (1797–1881) was an English clergyman and biblical commentator.

Thomas Jacomb English ejected minister

Thomas Jacomb (1622–1687) was an English ejected minister.

Samuel Cradock, B.D. (1621?–1706) was a nonconformist tutor, who was born about 1621. He was an elder brother of Zachary Cradock.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. Prepared by the Rev. John M'Clintock, D.D., and James Strong, S.T.D. 1891. Vol. VIII:1078.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Reynolds, Edward"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Samuel Fell
Dean of Christ Church, Oxford
16511660
Succeeded by
John Owen
Preceded by
John Owen
Dean of Christ Church, Oxford
1660
Succeeded by
George Morley
Preceded by
Jonathan Goddard
Warden of Merton College, Oxford
16601661
Succeeded by
Thomas Clayton
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Joseph Hall
Bishop of Norwich
1660–1676
Succeeded by
Antony Sparrow