Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester

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Edward Somerset
Earl of Worcester
Gilbert Jackson Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester.jpg
Portrait by Gilbert Jackson
Lord Privy Seal
Tenure1616 - 1625
Predecessor Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset
Successor Sir John Coke
Borncirca 1550
Died3 March 1628
Noble family House of Beaufort
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Hastings, Countess of Worcester
Issue Henry Somerset, 5th Earl of Worcester
Thomas Somerset, 1st Viscount Somerset
Catherine Somerset
Blanche Somerset
Frances Somerset
Father William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester
MotherChristiana North
Quartered arms of Sir Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, KG Quartered arms of Sir Edward Somerset, 4th Ear of Worcester, KG.png
Quartered arms of Sir Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, KG

Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, KG, Earl Marshal (c. 1550 – 3 March 1628) was an English aristocrat. [1] He was an important advisor to King James I (James VI of Scots), serving as Lord Privy Seal.

Contents

He was the only son of three children born to the 3rd Earl of Worcester and Christiana North. On 21 February 1589, he succeeded his father as Earl of Worcester.

In June 1590 Worcester travelled to Edinburgh to congratulate James VI of Scotland on his safe return from Denmark and marriage to Anne of Denmark, and gave notice that the king was to join the Order of the Garter. [2] He discussed with James rumours that English ships had lain in wait for his return. At first, he was not able to see Anne of Denmark who had toothache, and he joked that in England this would be interpreted as a sign she was pregnant. Worcester had an audience with Anne, and took her letter to Elizabeth. He was accompanied by Lord Compton who watched 'pastimes' or hunting on the sands of Leith. [3]

In 1593 he was made a Knight of the Garter. In a letter of September 1602 he mentions that Queen Elizabeth was entertained in the Privy Chamber with country dances and Irish tunes. [4]

In 1606 he was appointed Keeper of the Great Park, a park created for hunting by Henry VIII around Nonsuch Palace, of which Worcester Park was a part. The residence Worcester Park House was built in 1607.

Family

He married Lady Elizabeth Hastings on 16 December 1571 at Whitehall Palace in a triple wedding with Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford and bride, Anne Cecil, and Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley and bride, Mary Howard. [5] She was a daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon and Catherine Pole. Catherine was a daughter of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu and Jane Neville. Jane was in turn a daughter of George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny and his wife Margaret, daughter of Hugh Fenn. They had fifteen children among whom were:

Four of his daughters danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire in the court masque Tethys' Festival on 5 June 1610; Lady Catherine Windsor as the "Nymph of Usk"; Lady Katherine Petre as the "Nymph of Olwy"; Lady Elizabeth Guildford as the "Nymph of Dulesse"; and Lady Mary Wintour as the "Nymph of Wye". [8]

Somerset is buried in the family chapel in the Church of St Cadoc, Raglan, Monmouthshire [9]

Ancestry

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References

  1. "Somerset, Edward, fourth earl of Worcester". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  2. Joseph Bain, Hamilton Papers, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1892), p. 710.
  3. Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 10 (Edinburgh, 1936), pp. 324-5, 331.
  4. Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History, vol. 3 (London, 1791), p. 148.
  5. Colethorpe, Marion E. "The Elizabethan Court Day by Day - 1571" (PDF). folgerpedia.folger.edu. Folger Shakespeare Library. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  6. 1 2 "Somerset, Sir Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  7. John Burke and John Bernard Burke., Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies, pp. 369–370
  8. Edmund Sawyer, Memorials of Affairs of State from the papers of Ralph Winwood, vol. 3 (London, 1725), p. 181: John Nichols, The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First, vol. 2 (London, 1828), p. 349.
  9. Newman, John (2002). Gwent/Monmouthshire. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 305. ISBN   978-0-300-09630-9.
Political offices
Preceded by Master of the Horse
1601–1616
Succeeded by
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Monmouthshire
1601–1628
Succeeded by
Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire
jointly with Henry Somerset 1626–1628

1602–1628
Succeeded by
Preceded by
In Commission
Earl Marshal
1603
Succeeded by
In Commission
Preceded by Lord Privy Seal
1616–1625
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl of Worcester
1589–1628
Succeeded by
Baron Herbert
(descended by acceleration)

1589–1604