Edward Stanley Kellogg

Last updated
Edward Stanley Kellogg
16th Governor of American Samoa
In office
September 4, 1923 March 17, 1925
Preceded by Edwin Taylor Pollock
Succeeded by Henry Francis Bryan
Personal details
BornAugust 20, 1870
Morrisania, Bronx, New York City, New York
DiedJanuary 8, 1948(1948-01-08) (aged 77)
National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland
Alma mater United States Naval Academy
OccupationNaval officer
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Branch/service United States Department of the Navy Seal.svg United States Navy
Years of service1892–1920, 1923–1925
Rank US-O6 insignia.svg Captain

Edward Stanley Kellogg (August 20, 1870 January 8, 1948) was a United States Navy Captain who served as the 16th Governor of American Samoa. Kellogg graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1892 and joined the Naval Engineer Corps. He served as an assistant engineer on numerous ships and participated in the Spanish–American War. He retired in 1920, and became governor three years later, making him only one of two Naval Governors of American Samoa to hold the office following retirement from the service. As Governor, Kellogg asserted the authority of the United States over the tribal chiefs of the islands. He removed the title of Tu'i Manu'a from Chris Young, claiming it implied king-like authority over the people of American Samoa. He also removed Chief Tui Manu'a from power, resulting in widespread protest among the islands' people. Kellogg died at the National Naval Medical Center in Maryland and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.

United States Naval Academy The U.S. Navys federal service academy

The United States Naval Academy is a four-year coeducational federal service academy adjacent to Annapolis, Maryland. Established on 10 October 1845, under Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft, it is the second oldest of the United States' five service academies, and educates officers for commissioning primarily into the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The 338-acre (137 ha) campus is located on the former grounds of Fort Severn at the confluence of the Severn River and Chesapeake Bay in Anne Arundel County, 33 miles (53 km) east of Washington, D.C. and 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Baltimore. The entire campus is a National Historic Landmark and home to many historic sites, buildings, and monuments. It replaced Philadelphia Naval Asylum, in Philadelphia, that served as the first United States Naval Academy from 1838 to 1845 when the Naval Academy formed in Annapolis.

Spanish–American War Conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States

The Spanish–American War was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led to emergence of U.S. predominance in the Caribbean region, and resulted in U.S. acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions. That led to U.S. involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately in the Philippine–American War.

Contents

Life

Kellogg was born on August 20, 1870, in Morrisania, Bronx. [1] He died on January 8, 1948, at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. [1] [2] He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery on January 12, 1948. [2]

Morrisania is a low-income residential neighborhood in the southwestern Bronx, New York City, New York. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are: the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the north, Crotona-Prospect Avenue to the east, East 161st Street to the south, and Webster Avenue to the west. Third Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Morrisania.

Bethesda, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland, United States

Bethesda is an unincorporated, census-designated place in southern Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, located just northwest of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C. It takes its name from a local church, the Bethesda Meeting House, which in turn took its name from Jerusalem's Pool of Bethesda. In Aramaic, beth ḥesda means "House of Mercy" and in Hebrew, beit ḥesed means "House of Kindness". The National Institutes of Health main campus and the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center are in Bethesda, as are a number of corporate and government headquarters.

Arlington National Cemetery Military cemetery in the United States

Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., in whose 624 acres (253 ha) the dead of the nation's conflicts have been buried, beginning with the Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars. The United States Department of the Army, a component of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), controls the cemetery.

Kellogg was appointed to the United States Naval Academy from New York on May 18, 1888, graduating on June 3, 1892. [1] In 1894, he became an assistant engineer in the Naval Engineer Corps. He served on USS San Francisco before being transferred to USS Yorktown on April 26, 1895. [1] As a lieutenant, he served on USS Hartford. [3] During the Spanish–American War, Kellogg was the assistant engineer aboard USS Hist. In 1920, he retired from the Navy with the rank of captain. [1]

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

USS <i>San Francisco</i> (C-5)

The first USS San Francisco (C-5) was a steel protected cruiser in the United States Navy. She was later named Tahoe and then Yosemite, becoming the third US Navy ship to bear the name Yosemite. She generally resembled her predecessor Newark, with a main armament of twelve 6-inch guns.

USS <i>Yorktown</i> (PG-1) PG-1, Yorktown-class gunboat

USS Yorktown was lead ship of her class of steel-hulled, twin-screw gunboats in the United States Navy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She was the second U.S. Navy ship named in honor of the American Revolutionary War's Battle of Yorktown.

Governorship

Kellogg took the office of Governor of American Samoa on September 4, 1923, and served until March 17, 1925. [2] As governor, he prohibited certain native death ceremonies, imposing a small fine and imprisonment on those who continued to practice the customs. [2] Along with John Martin Poyer, Kellogg is one of only two Naval Governors of American Samoa who served in the office following retirement from the Navy. [2] He came into some dispute with Chris Young, a man elected as Tu'i Manu'a, or king, of American Samoa by several chiefs. Kellogg argued that the idea was incompatible with the Constitution of the United States and denied Young the title. [4] Kellogg also dealt with the removal of Chief Tui Manu'a and his placement under house arrest, after other Samoan chiefs called him a "disturbing influence". [5] Inaccurate rumors were spread that Kellogg had banished him from the islands, causing widespread protest and declarations that he was ruling as a despot. [6]

John Martin Poyer (1861-1922) United States Navy officer and 12th Naval Governor of American Samoa

John Martin Poyer was the twelfth Naval Governor of American Samoa, from March 1, 1915 to June 10, 1919. He held the longest term of any American governor appointed over the territory by the United States Government. A Naval Academy graduate, Poyer served in numerous positions and retired in 1906 on account of failing health; however, the navy recalled him to service in 1915 to serve as governor. During the 1918 flu pandemic, Poyer quarantined the territory to stop the spread of the pandemic to American Samoa. Because of his actions, no deaths occurred in American Samoa, and he received the Navy Cross. Upon his final retirement, Poyer had reached the rank of commander.

Christopher "Chris" Taliutafa Young, also known as Chris Young or Kilisi Young was the last claimant to the traditional title Tui Manu'a of Manu'a, a group of islands in the eastern part of the Samoan Islands. He was deposed from this title and exiled by American Governor Edward Stanley Kellogg because the idea of monarchy was incompatible with the Constitution of the United States.

American Samoa US territory in the Pacific

American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa. Its location is centered around 14.2710° S, 170.1322° W. It is on the eastern border of the International Date Line, while independent Samoa is west of it.

Bibliography

The Journal of the United States Artillery was founded at Fort Monroe in 1892 by First Lieutenant John Wilson Ruckman and four other officers of the Artillery School. Ruckman served as the editor of the Journal for four years and published several articles therein afterward. One publication by West Point notes Ruckman's "guidance" and "first-rate quality" work were obvious as the Journal "rose to high rank among the service papers of the world". The Journal was renamed the Coast Artillery Journal in 1922 and the Antiaircraft Journal in 1948.

Related Research Articles

History of Samoa

The Samoan Islands were first settled some 3,500 years ago as part of the Austronesian expansion. Samoa's early and more current history is strongly connected with the histories of Tonga and Fiji, which are in the same region, and with whom it shares historical, genealogical, and cultural traditions.

Tui Manuʻa Elisala politician

Tui Manuʻa Elisala was the last Tui Manu'a titleholder in Manu'a, which is now part of the U.S. Territory of American Samoa. Elisala was the son of Tui Manuʻa Alalamua whose genealogy descended from the Sa Tagaloa.

History of American Samoa

Wikimedia Atlas of American Samoa

Edwin Taylor Pollock US Navy Captain, Naval Governor

Edwin Taylor Pollock was a career officer in the United States Navy, serving in the Spanish–American War and in World War I. He was later promoted to the rank of captain. Like many naval officers, his name was often abbreviated using initials: E. T. Pollock.

Benjamin Franklin Tilley US Navy Rear Admiral, Naval Acting-Governor

Benjamin Franklin Tilley, often known as B. F. Tilley, was a career officer in the United States Navy who served from the end of the American Civil War through the Spanish–American War. He is best remembered as the first acting governor of American Samoa as well as the territory's first naval governor.

Uriel Sebree United States Navy career officer

Uriel Sebree was a career officer in the United States Navy. He entered the Naval Academy during the Civil War and served until 1910, retiring as a rear admiral. He is best remembered for his two expeditions into the Arctic and for serving as acting governor of American Samoa. He was also commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet.

The title Tui Manuʻa is considered one of the oldest chiefly titles of the Samoa Islands. It was the title of the ruler or paramount chief of the Manu'a Islands Group in present-day American Samoa.

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William Michael Crose was a United States Navy Captain and the seventh Naval Governor of American Samoa, from November 10, 1910 to March 14, 1913. He was the first person designated "Governor of American Samoa", rather than the previous "Governor of Tutuila".

Henry Francis Bryan was a United States Navy Rear Admiral and the 17th Governor of American Samoa. He served as governor from March 17, 1925 to September 9, 1927. Bryan was one of only three naval governors of the territory who had retired from naval service before serving as governor, the others being John Martin Poyer and his immediate predecessor, Edward Stanley Kellogg. In the Navy, he had numerous commands, and served in the Spanish–American War. His largest command was the Special Service Squadron.

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Warren Jay Terhune was a United States Navy Commander, and the 13th Governor of American Samoa. Terhune was born in Midland, New Jersey, and lived in New Jersey most of his life when not posted elsewhere. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy in 1889 and graduated as a Lieutenant in 1899. He was stationed on numerous ships and held command of various ships and stations throughout his career. His most notable command posts include the Seventh Naval District of South Florida and the Naval Air Station Key West within his jurisdiction. His largest engagement came when President William Howard Taft ordered the United States Marine Corps to Nicaragua in an attempt to put down a rebellion there, primarily out of the city of Managua. Terhune commanded the USS Annapolis, which landed hundreds of troops to quell the violence and protect American civilians and property.

MacGillivray Milne Naval officer and Governor of American Samoa

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Thomas Darden United States admiral

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Nathan Woodworth Post was the 8th and 10th Governor of American Samoa. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1904, and commanded USS Detroit and the Naval Recruiting Station in Omaha, Nebraska. He served two terms as governor: from March 14 to July 14, 1913 and from October 2 to December 16, 1914. He is the first American Samoan governor to serve to two non-consecutive terms.

Alfred Walton Hinds was a United States Navy captain who served as the 17th Naval Governor of Guam. His early naval service included serving as Assistant Engineer aboard USS Texas, the United States Navy's first battleship, where he was reprimanded for an accident aboard in 1896. In 1911, Hinds joined the staff of the United States Naval Academy, heading the Department of Marine Engineering and Naval Construction, writing a textbook on the subject while there.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Captain Edward Stanley Kellogg, USN: An Inventory of His Collection in the Navy Department Library". Washington, D.C.: Naval History & Heritage Command. July 20, 2004. Archived from the original on 8 July 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Sorensen, Stan; Joseph Theroux. "The Samoan Historical Calendar, 1606-2007" (PDF). Government of American Samoa. pp. 3, 10, 68. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  3. Annual register of the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 60-64. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Academy. 1904. p. 25. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  4. "Deposed Island King Sues: American Asks Damages Because Samoan Title Was Taken Away". The New York Times . New York City. The New York Times Company. 4 April 1925. p. 5.
  5. "Article 3". The New York Times . New York City. The New York Times Company. 28 August 1924. p. 9.
  6. "Samoan Natives Demand Chief Back: Protest to Coolidge on Banishment, Which American Governor Denies". The New York Times . New York City. The New York Times Company. 28 August 1924. p. 9.