Edwin Sandys (bishop)

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Edwin Sandys
Archbishop of York
Edwin Sandys from NPG.jpg
Installed1576
Term ended1588
Predecessor Edmund Grindal
Successor John Piers
Other post(s) Bishop of Worcester
(1559–1570)
Bishop of London
(1570–1576)
Personal details
Bornc.1519
Esthwaite Hall
Died(1588-07-10)10 July 1588
Buried Southwell Minster
Spouse(1) Mary Sandys
(2) Cecily Wilford
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge

Edwin Sandys ( /ˈsændz/ ; 1519 – 10 July 1588) was an English prelate. He was Anglican Bishop of Worcester (1559–1570), London (1570–1576) and Archbishop of York (1576–1588) during the reign of Elizabeth I of England. He was one of the translators of the Bishops' Bible.

Contents

Early years and education

Edwin was born in 1519 at Esthwaite Hall, which is 1 mile south of Hawkshead, Cumbria, on the road to Newby Bridge. The Hall nestles in the valley and overlooks Esthwaite Water. Today it is still a family home, although the Sandys family now reside in the grander Graythwaite Hall, a few miles further south. He was the son of William Sandys and Margaret Dixon.

Whilst there is a theory that young Edwin received his early education at Furness Abbey, it is believed by Collinson [1] that both Edmund Grindal and Edwin Sandys shared a childhood, quite probably in St Bees, and were educated together. A branch of the Sandys family lived at Rottington Hall near St Bees. The heralds in 1563 knew the family as"...of St Bees in the County of Cumberland", and Sandys himself recalled that he and Grindal had lived "familiarly" and "as brothers" and were only separated between Sandys's 13th and 18th Years. The St Bees registers are full of Sandys, and it thought likely that Sandys grew up at Rottington. However, his place of education is not recorded, though it is known that the Marian martyr John Bland was the schoolmaster of Sandys. [1] Edwin Sandys kept one step behind Edmund Grindal in his subsequent career, succeeding him as bishop of London, and then archbishop of York. [1]

He went up to St John's College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1539 and then a Doctor of Divinity ten years later. [2] In 1547 he was elected master of Catharine Hall and by the death of Edward VI in 1553 he was Vice Chancellor of the University.

Exile

On the death of King Edward, the Duke of Northumberland sought to avoid a Roman Catholic monarchy by placing Lady Jane Grey on the throne. He and his followers arrived in Cambridge to raise an army in East Anglia and demanded that Edwin Sandys preach a sermon. When the rebellion failed and Mary Tudor took the throne, Edwin was arrested and taken to the Tower of London. For this he is mentioned in Foxe's Book of Martyrs . [3] Later he was moved to more comfortable conditions in Marshalsea prison where he made friends with the prison keeper who connived at his escape.

He went first to Antwerp and then Augsburg and Strasbourg where his wife joined him. His wife and infant son died there of a plague. He then lived in Zurich until the accession of Elizabeth I made it safe for him to return to England; on the day of Elizabeth's coronation. On 19 February 1559 he married Cicely Wilford, sister of James Wilford.

Archbishop of York

On his return he became successively Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London and Archbishop of York. He helped in the translation of a new version of the Bishops' Bible. Sandys's own personal copy may be seen in the Hawkshead Grammar School Museum in Cumbria.

Memorial in Southwell Minster Archbishop Edwyn Sandys - geograph.org.uk - 1428646.jpg
Memorial in Southwell Minster

Along with other Marian exiles, who returned to positions of wealth and importance, Archbishop Sandys was concerned that true religion and sound learning would forever flourish in the land. They saw the necessity of education for religion's sake and the need for the Church of England to hold their own in discussion with Roman Catholics. To these ends Edwin Sandys founded Hawkshead Grammar School in 1585 and endowed it with sufficient land and property for it to offer a free education.

Sandys died on 10 July 1588, and was buried in Southwell Minster in Nottinghamshire.

Family

Edwin Sandys and his second wife, Cicely Wilford Edwin Sandys; Cicely Sandys (nee Wilford) from NPG.jpg
Edwin Sandys and his second wife, Cicely Wilford

Sandys was twice married. His first wife, Mary Sandys, died in 1558 at Strasbourg. They had one son: [4]

On 19 February 1559, Sandys married Cicely Wilford, daughter of Thomas Wilford and sister of James Wilford. They had the following children: [4]

In 1604 Cicely Sandys enlisted the support of Anne of Denmark in an unsuccessful attempt to found a university at Ripon in Yorkshire. [5]

Family tree of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York
William Sandys
Edwin Sandys
(1519–1588)
Archbishop of York
Miles Sandys MP
(c.1520–1601)
Baronet, 1611
Sir Samuel Sandys MP
(1560–1623)
Sir Edwin Sandys MP
(1561–1629)
also James, William,
Margaret (Aucher),
Thomas, Henry
Sir Miles Sandys Bt MP
(1563–1645)
Anne Sandys
(1570–c.1629)
m. Sir William Barne
George Sandys
(1578–1644)
poet
Sir Edwin Sandys MP
(c.1564–1608)
m. Elizabeth, dau. of
William, 3rd Baron Sandys
Sir William Sandys
(1565–1641)
Sir Edwin Sandys MP
(1591–1623)
Henry Sandys MP
(c.1607–1640)
Edwin Sandys
(d. 1642)
killed in Civil War
Sir Miles Sandys Bt
(d. 1654)
Anne Barne
(1587–1633)
m(1) Sir William Lovelace
m(2) Jonathan Browne
Henry Sandys,
5th Baron Sandys

(d. 1644)
killed in Civil War
m. Jane, dau. of
Sir William Sandys
Sir Miles Sandys MP
(c.1601–1636)
William Sandys MP
(c.1607–1669)
"Waterworks"
Sir Samuel Sandys MP
(1615–1685)
Sir Richard Sandys
(d. 1669)
Richard Lovelace
(1617–1657)
poet
Francis Lovelace
(c.1621–1675)
Govr. of New York
William, 6th Baron
Henry, 7th Baron
Edwin, 8th Baron
Baronet, 1684
Samuel Sandys MP
(c.1637–1701)
Sir Richard Sandys Bt
(1670–1726)
James Madison
U.S. President
Edwin Sandys MP
(1659–1699)
Baron Sandys, 1743
Samuel Sandys,
1st Baron Sandys

(1695–1770)
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Edwin Sandys,
2nd Baron Sandys

(1726–1797)
Martin Sandys
(1729–1768)
Baron Sandys, 1802
Mary Sandys,
1st Baroness Sandys

(1764–1836)
m. Arthur Hill, 2nd
Marquess of Downshire
Marquesses of Downshire
Barons Sandys

Disambiguation pages: Edwin Sandys · Henry Sandys · Miles Sandys · Samuel Sandys
See also: Marquesses of Downshire family tree

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Patrick Collinson – "Archbishop Grindal 1519–1583 The struggle for a reformed church" 1979 ISBN   0-224-01703-9
  2. "Sandys, Edwin (SNDS519E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. Foxe J, Actes and Monuments of these Latter and Perillous Days, Touching Matters of the Church' (Foxe's Book of Martyrs)
  4. 1 2 "Edwin Sandys (Archbishop of York)". Tudor Place. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  5. Francis Peck, Desiderata Curiosa, vol. 1 (London, 1779), p. 290.
Academic offices
Preceded by Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge
1547–1554
Succeeded by
Preceded by Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University
1552–1553
Succeeded by
Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Worcester
1559–1570
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of London
1570–1576
Succeeded by
Archbishop of York
1577–1588
Succeeded by