|Born||28 September 1785|
|Died||9 June 1868|
|Resting place||Highgate Cemetery|
|Net worth||Wealth at death under £4000|
|Spouse(s)||Martha Hunt Maria James|
|Children||Henry Schütz Wilson|
Effingham William Wilson (28 September 1785 – 9 June 1868) was a 19th-century English radical publisher and bookseller. His main interests were in economics and politics, but he also published poetry.
Wilson was born at Ravensworth in the North Riding of Yorkshire, one of at least five sons to Joseph Wilson (born c.1734) and his wife Jane Hutchinson. Some of his relations had farmed under the Earl of Effingham, which resulted in Wilson's distinctive Christian name."His earliest years were most happily passed in the neighbourhood of the place of his birth" according to his biography.
When still a boy he was removed to Knaresborough, where he resided with his physician uncle, Dr. Thomas Hutchinson FSA (d. March 1797), to be trained in the medical profession.Dr Hutchinson was "a man of taste and literature" and a friend of William and Dorothy Wordsworth. Also a keen phrenologist, he owned the skull of the murderer Eugene Aram, having taken the head from the gibbet where the murderer hung, and was assisted in the task by Wilson.
A strong advocate of freedom of the press, Wilson published material which other publishers found too politically dangerous, including works by Jeremy Bentham, whose utilitarian tendencies he shared.Other publications included works by William Godwin, Benjamin Disraeli and Robert Owen. After having been a passenger on the first train into London he founded Railway Magazine , the first railway-themed trade journal.
Wilson also published poetry, and was the first publisher of both Alfred, Lord Tennyson and Robert Browning. He also published Thomas Campbell and was an original publisher of William Hazlitt. In 1830 Wilson published Tennyson's Poems Chiefly Lyrical which contained "Claribel", "The Kraken", "The Dying Swan" and "Mariana", which later took their place among Tennyson's most celebrated poems. The publication brought Tennyson to the notice of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, among others.
In 1848 Wilson wrote and published a pamphlet entitled A House for Shakespeare in which he proposed the creation of a national theatre company.This inspired the foundation of the Royal National Theatre. His proposal was supported by Henry Irving, Charles Dickens and Matthew Arnold among others.
General Lafayette sent Wilson a bust of himself and an autographed letter after he published one of his works in translation in London.
The obituary for Wilson in The Hornet said: "at the present time the firm of Effingham Wilson is known throughout the world as one of the foremost houses in the publishing trade."Walter Bagehot, a close personal friend wrote that Wilson "was full of amenity, kindness and cheerfulness. He enjoyed excellent health throughout his long life, and used often to remark that he had lived sixty years in London without a headache." He was a close personal friend of George Birkbeck. His correspondences included John Stuart Mill and Charles Dickens.
The firm was continued by his son Henry Schütz Wilson, before being taken over by Isaac Pitman in 1932 which was taken over in turn by Pearson plc.
William Wordsworth was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798).
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson was a British poet. He was the Poet Laureate during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets. In 1829, Tennyson was awarded the Chancellor's Gold Medal at Cambridge for one of his first pieces, "Timbuktu". He published his first solo collection of poems, Poems Chiefly Lyrical in 1830. "Claribel" and "Mariana", which remain some of Tennyson's most celebrated poems, were included in this volume. Although decried by some critics as overly sentimental, his verse soon proved popular and brought Tennyson to the attention of well-known writers of the day, including Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Tennyson's early poetry, with its medievalism and powerful visual imagery, was a major influence on the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1850.
This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1824.
Edward Moxon was a British poet and publisher, significant in Victorian literature.
Susanna Blamire (1747–1794) was an English Romantic poet, sometimes known as 'The Muse of Cumberland' because many of her poems represent rural life in the county and, therefore, provide a valuable contradistinction to those amongst the poems of William Wordsworth that regard the same subject, in addition to those of the other Lake Poets, especially those of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and in addition to those of Lord Byron, on whose The Prisoner of Chillon her works may have had an influence. Blamire composed much of her poetry outside, sat beside a stream in her garden at Thackwood. She also played the guitar and the flageolet, both of which she used in the process of the composition of her poetry.
Sir Henry Taylor was an English dramatist and poet, Colonial Office official, and man of letters.
Victorian literature refers to English literature during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). The 19th century is widely considered to be the Golden Age of English Literature, especially for British novels. It was in the Victorian era (1837–1901) that the novel became the leading literary genre in English. English writing from this era reflects the major transformations in most aspects of English life, from scientific, economic, and technological advances to changes in class structures and the role of religion in society. Famous novelists from this period include Charles Dickens, William Thackeray, the three Brontë sisters, George Eliot, and Thomas Hardy.
The Morning Chronicle was a newspaper founded in 1769 in London and published under various owners until 1862, when its publication was suspended, with two subsequent attempts at continued publication. From 28 June 1769 to March 1789 it was published under the name The Morning Chronicle, and London Advertiser. From 1789 to its final publication in 1865, it was published under the name The Morning Chronicle. It was notable for having been the first steady employer of essayist William Hazlitt as a political reporter, and the first steady employer of Charles Dickens as a journalist; the first newspaper to employ a salaried woman journalist Eliza Lynn Linton; for publishing the articles by Henry Mayhew that were collected and published in book format in 1851 as London Labour and the London Poor; and for publishing other major writers, such as John Stuart Mill.
James Grant Wilson was an American editor, author, bookseller and publisher, who founded the Chicago Record in 1857, the first literary paper in that region. During the American Civil War, he served as a colonel in the Union Army. In recognition of his service, in 1867, he was nominated and confirmed for appointment as a brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865. He settled in New York, where he edited biographies and histories, was a public speaker, and served as president of the Society of American Authors and the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature.
— From Cantos 27 and 56, In Memoriam A.H.H., by Alfred Tennyson, published this year
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature.
Events from the year 1843 in the United Kingdom.
Ticknor and Fields was an American publishing company based in Boston, Massachusetts.
Alfred D'Orsay Tennyson Dickens was an English lecturer. The sixth child and fourth son of English novelist Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine, Dickens made lecture tours in Australia, Europe and the United States on his father's life and work.
The Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom is an honorary position appointed by the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently on the advice of the prime minister. The role does not entail any specific duties, but there is an expectation that the holder will write verse for significant national occasions. The origins of the laureateship date back to 1616 when a pension was provided to Ben Jonson, but the first official holder of the position was John Dryden, appointed in 1668 by Charles II. On the death of Alfred Lord Tennyson, who held the post between November 1850 and October 1892, there was a break of four years as a mark of respect; Tennyson's laureate poems "Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington" and "The Charge of the Light Brigade" were particularly cherished by the Victorian public. Four poets, Philip Larkin, Thomas Gray, Samuel Rogers and Walter Scott, turned down the laureateship. The holder of the position as at 2021 is Simon Armitage who succeeded Carol Ann Duffy in May 2019.
James Nichols (1785–1861) was an English printer and theological writer.
Thomas Norton Longman (1771–1842) was an English publisher, who succeeded to the Longman’s publishing business in 1793.
George Robinson was an English bookseller and publisher working in London.