Egbert Valentin Brieskorn (7 July 1936, in Rostock – 11 July 2013, in Bonn) was a German mathematician who introduced Brieskorn spheres and the Brieskorn–Grothendieck resolution.
Brieskorn was born in 1936 as the son of a mill construction engineer in East Prussia. He grew up in Freudenberg (Siegerland) and studied mathematics and physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn. In 1963 he received his doctorate at Bonn under Friedrich Hirzebruch with thesis Zur differentialtopologischen und analytischen Klassifizierung gewisser algebraischer Mannigfaltigkeiten,followed by his habilitation in 1968.
From 1969 until 1973 he was professor ordinarius at Georg-August-Universität Göttingen and from 1973 to 1975 at the Sonderforschungsbereich Theoretische Mathematik in Bonn (since 1980 called the Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik). From 1975 until his retirement as professor emeritus in 2001 he was a professor ordinarius at Bonn. He held temporary academic positions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (where in 1965 he was Moore Instructor), the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (IHES), the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH Zürich), the University of Leiden, the University of Oxford, the University of Warwick, the University of Liverpool, and the University of Nice.
Brieskorn was one of the editors of the collected works of Felix Hausdorff. In 1970 he was an invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Nice (Singular elements of semi-simple algebraic groups). His doctoral students include Horst Knörrer, Peter Slodowy, Kyoji Saito, and Erhard Scholz.
Singular is a computer algebra system for polynomial computations with special emphasis on the needs of commutative and non-commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, and singularity theory. Singular has been released under the terms of GNU General Public License. Problems in non-commutative algebra can be tackled with the Singular offspring Plural. Singular is developed under the direction of Wolfram Decker, Gert-Martin Greuel, Gerhard Pfister, and Hans Schönemann, who head Singular's core development team within the Department of Mathematics of the Technische Universität Kaiserslautern. In the DFG Priority Program 1489, interfaces to GAP, Polymake and Gfan are being developed in order to cover recently established areas of mathematics involving convex and algebraic geometry, such as toric and tropical geometry.
Friedrich Ernst Peter Hirzebruch ForMemRS was a German mathematician, working in the fields of topology, complex manifolds and algebraic geometry, and a leading figure in his generation. He has been described as "the most important mathematician in Germany of the postwar period."
Hélène Esnault is a French and German mathematician, specializing in algebraic geometry. She received her PhD in 1976 under Professor Lê Dũng Tráng, writing her dissertation on Singularites rationnelles et groupes algebriques.
Wilfried Brauer was a German computer scientist and professor emeritus at Technical University of Munich.
Werner Müller is a German mathematician. His research focuses on global analysis and automorphic forms.
Joachim von zur Gathen is a German mathematician and computer scientist. His research spans several areas in mathematics and computer science, including computational complexity, cryptography, finite fields, and computer algebra.
Matthias Kreck is a German mathematician who works in the areas of Algebraic Topology and Differential topology. From 1994 to 2002 he was director of the Mathematical Research Institute of Oberwolfach and from October 2006 to September 2011 he was the director of the Hausdorff Center for Mathematics at the University of Bonn, where he is currently a professor.
Peter Slodowy was a German mathematician who worked on singularity theory and algebraic geometry.
Horst Knörrer is a German mathematician, who studies algebraic geometry and mathematical physics.
Friedrich Karl Schmidt was a German mathematician, who made notable contributions to algebra and number theory.
Peter Scholze is a German mathematician known for his work in algebraic geometry. He has been a professor at the University of Bonn since 2012, and director at the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics since 2018. He has been called one of the leading mathematicians in the world. He won the Fields Medal in 2018, which is regarded as the highest professional honor in mathematics.
Günter Harder is a German mathematician, specializing in arithmetic geometry and number theory.
Frédéric Pham is a Vietnamese-French mathematician and mathematical physicist. He is known for the Brieskorn-Pham manifolds.
Reinhardt Kiehl is a German mathematician.
Eberhard Freitag is a German mathematician, specializing in complex analysis and especially modular forms.
Hans Jörg Stetter is a German mathematician, specializing in numerical analysis.
Carl Friedrich Geiser was a Swiss mathematician, specializing in algebraic geometry. He is known for the Geiser involution and Geiser's minimal surface.
Joseph Henri Maria Steenbrink is a Dutch mathematician, specializing in algebraic geometry.
Peter Bürgisser is a German mathematician and theoretical computer scientist who deals with algorithmic algebra and algebraic complexity theory.
Erhard Scholz is a German historian of mathematics with interests in the history of mathematics in the 19th and 20th centuries, historical perspective on the philosophy of mathematics and science, and Hermann Weyl's geometrical methods applied to gravitational theory.