Ehime Prefecture

Last updated
Ehime Prefecture

愛媛県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 愛媛県
   Rōmaji Ehime-ken
Flag of Ehime Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Ehime prefecture.svg
Emblem
Map of Japan with highlight on 38 Ehime prefecture.svg
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Matsuyama
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 20
Government
   Governor Tokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
  Total5,676.23 km2 (2,191.60 sq mi)
Area rank 26th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total1,342,011
  Rank 26th
  Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-38
Website www.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.html
Symbols
Mammal Japanese river otter ("Lutra lutra whiteleyi") [1] [2]
Bird Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige) [1]
Fish Red sea bream (Pagrus major) [1]
FlowerSatsuma mandarin ( Citrus unshiu ) [1]
Tree Pine (Pinus) [1]

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県, Ehime-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. [3] Ehime Prefecture has a population of 1,342,011 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,676 km2 (2,191 sq mi). Ehime Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the northeast, Tokushima Prefecture to the east, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southeast.

Contents

Matsuyama is the capital and largest city of Ehime Prefecture and the largest city on Shikoku, with other major cities including Imabari, Niihama, and Saijō. [4]

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province. [5] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shōgun gave the area to his allies, including Katō Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime, "lovely princess". [6]

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama. [7]

Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of 31 March 2020, 7 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and Hijikawa, Kinshako, Okudōgo Tamagawa, Sadamisaki Hantō-Uwakai, Saragamine Renpō, Sasayama, and Shikoku Karst Prefectural Natural Parks. [8]

Cities

Map of Ehime Prefecture.
City Town Map of Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Ehime Prefecture.
     City     Town
Matsuyama Views from Matsuyama Castle (Iyo) in 2010-9-6 No,3.JPG
Matsuyama
Uwajima Uwajima City view.JPG
Uwajima
The Ehime Prefectural Capitol Building Ehime agency.JPG
The Ehime Prefectural Capitol Building

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Imabari Ehime.svg Imabari 今治市419.56172,384 Imabari in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iyo Ehime.JPG Iyo 伊予市194.4437,982 Ehime-iyo-city.svg
Flag of Matsuyama, Ehime.svg Matsuyama (capital)松山市429.4509,835 Ehime-matsuyama-city.svg
Flag of Niihama, Ehime.svg Niihama 新居浜市234.3125,711 Niihama in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ozu, Ehime.svg Ōzu 大洲市432.2442,655 Ozu in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Saijo, Ehime.svg Saijō 西条市509.07113,786 Saijo in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Seiyo, Ehime.svg Seiyo 西予市514.7842,600 Seiyo in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shikokuchuo Ehime.JPG Shikokuchūō 四国中央市421.2483,918 Ehime-shikokuchuo-city.svg
Flag of Toon, Ehime.svg Tōon 東温市211.4533,540 Toon in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uwajima, Ehime.svg Uwajima 宇和島市469.4886,631 Uwajima in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yawatahama, Ehime.svg Yawatahama 八幡浜市133.0338,307 Yawatahama in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Ainan Ehime.JPG Ainan 愛南町239.5822,287 Minamiuwa District Ainan in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ikata Ehime.JPG Ikata 伊方町94.3710,637 Nishiuwa District Ikata in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamijima, Ehime.svg Kamijima 上島町30.387,189 Ochi District Kamijima in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kihoku, Ehime.svg Kihoku 鬼北町241.8710,772 Kitauwa District Kihoku in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumakogen, Ehime.svg Kumakōgen 久万高原町583.668,660 Kamiukena District Kumakogen in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Masaki, Ehime.svg Masaki 松前町20.4129,904 Iyo District Masaki in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Matsuno Ehime.JPG Matsuno 松野町98.54,165 Kitauwa District Matsuno in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tobe, Ehime.svg Tobe 砥部町101.5721,471 Iyo District Tobe in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uchiko Ehime.JPG Uchiko 内子町299.516,172 Kita District Uchiko in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Former districts:

Economy

The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding. Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan (mandarin orange), iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata Nuclear Power Plant produces a large portion of Shikoku Electric Power.[ citation needed ]

Education

Universities and colleges

National

Prefectural

Private

Senior high schools

Prefectural

Sports

Ningineer Stadium. EhimePreParkStadium130811-3.JPG
Ningineer Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Basketball

Culture

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

These are anime set in Ehime Prefecture.

There are festivals in Ehime Prefecture.

Hot Springs

There are Hot Springs in Ehime Prefecture.

Language

Iyo dialect is a Japanese dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture. Nanyo is influenced by the Kyushu dialect, and Chuyo and Toyo are influenced by the Kinki dialect.

Museums

Transport

Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaido Kurushimakaikyo Ohashi bridge from Mt.Kirosan.jpg
Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō

Railway

Road

Expressway

National highways

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kōchi)
  • Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kōchi)
  • Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima)
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi)
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airport

International sister cities / Economic exchange counterparts

Ehime Prefecture is making use of its long tradition of involvement with people overseas through international exchanges in areas such as the economy, culture, sports and education. [9]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. "Japanese River Otter Facts".
  3. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170 , p. 170, at Google Books.
  4. Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621 , p. 621, at Google Books.
  5. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V
  7. "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
  8. 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture](PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  9. "International exchange activated with globalization". Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 2018-10-27.

Related Research Articles

Shikoku Island and region of Japan

Shikoku is one of the five main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the second-smallest main island after Okinawa. It is 225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million. It is south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.

Hiroshima Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Hiroshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Hiroshima Prefecture has a population of 2,811,410 and has a geographic area of 8,479 km². Hiroshima Prefecture borders Okayama Prefecture to the east, Tottori Prefecture to the northeast, Shimane Prefecture to the north, and Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Tokushima Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Tokushima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Tokushima Prefecture has a population of 728,633 and has a geographic area of 4,146 km2. Tokushima Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the north, Ehime Prefecture to the west, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Kagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kagawa Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Kagawa Prefecture has a population of 949,358 and is the smallest prefecture by geographic area at 1,877 square kilometres (725 sq mi). Kagawa Prefecture borders Ehime Prefecture to the southwest and Tokushima Prefecture to the south.

Saijō, Ehime City in Shikoku, Japan

Saijō is a city in Ehime Prefecture, Japan.

Dōgo Onsen onsen in Matsuyama, Japan

Dōgo Onsen (道後温泉) is a hot spring in the city of Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, Japan.

Ainan, Ehime Town in Shikoku, Japan

Ainan is a large town made up of smaller village suburbs in southern Ehime Prefecture, on the island of Shikoku in Japan. As of May 1, 2017, the town had an estimated population of 22,287.

Japan National Route 11

National Route 11 is a Japanese highway on the island of Shikoku. The most important artery in Shikoku, it originates at the intersection with Routes 28, 55 and 195 in the prefectural capital of Tokushima and terminates at the intersection with Routes 33, 56, 317, 379, 440 and 494 in Matsuyama. Between the terminals, it passes through Naruto and Takamatsu, as well as other regional population centers. Route 11 measures 239.4 km in length.

Yosan Line Railway line in Japan

The Yosan Line is the principal railway line on the island of Shikoku in Japan, connecting the major cities of Shikoku, and via the Honshi-Bisan Line, with Honshu. It is operated by the Shikoku Railway Company, and is aligned approximately parallel with the Inland Sea coast, connecting the prefectural capitals of Takamatsu and Matsuyama and continuing on to Uwajima. The name of the line comes from Iyo () and Sanuki (), the old names of Ehime and Kagawa, respectively.

Matsuyama Core city in Shikoku, Japan

Matsuyama is the capital city of Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan and also Shikoku's largest city, with a population of 509,835 as of June 1, 2019. It is located on the northeastern portion of the Dōgo Plain. Its name means "pine mountain". The city was founded on December 15, 1889.

Niihama City in Shikoku, Japan

Niihama is a city located in the eastern part of Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It has the third largest population in Ehime, behind the prefectural capital of Matsuyama and the recently expanded city of Imabari. On August 31, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 121,758 and a population density of 519.67 persons per km2. The total area is 234.30 km2.

Iyotetsu

The Iyotetsu Co., Ltd. is the main transport provider in Matsuyama, Ehime, Shikoku, Japan. The company operates railway, tram, and bus lines, and also has many subsidiaries, which include a bank, department stores, travel agencies, and various other businesses.

Imabari Station Railway station in Imabari, Ehime Prefecture, Japan

Imabari Station is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Imabari, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y36".

Uchiko Line

The Uchiko Line is the name of a short section of railway line that was originally a branch line before a section of it was upgraded and became part of the Yosan Line. It connects Uchiko in Uchiko, Kita District to Niiya in Ōzu, entirely in Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, Japan, and operated by the Shikoku Railway Company. The line is operationally part of the Yosan Line, and retains it separate name due to the Japanese naming convention which requires a formal change of name, which has not occurred in this case.

Iyo Province Former province of Japan

Iyo Province was an old province of Japan in the area that is today Ehime Prefecture on Shikoku. Iyo bordered on Awa, Sanuki, and Tosa Provinces. It was sometimes called Yoshū (予州).

Yuzuki Castle

Yuzuki-jō (湯築城) is a former Japanese castle near Dōgo Onsen in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture. The Kōno clan ruled Iyo Province from Yuzuki from the fourteenth century. Fortified in the sixteenth century, the castle was destroyed by the army of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1585 during the Sengoku period. Its ruins, excavated in 1988, now form part of Dōgo Park. A samurai complex has been reconstructed and the area is popular for its hanami. The area has been designated an Historic Site.

Isaniwa Yukiya

Isaniwa Yukiya (1828–1907) was the first Mayor in Dogo Yunomachi (道後湯之町) which is famous for Dogo Onsen. He made today's Dogo Onsen while he was the Mayor. He thought the tourism era would come in the future, so he made a plan to make the city into a resort city.

Ehime Prefectural Matsuyama Central Senior High School Public high school in Japan

Ehime Prefectural Matsuyama Central Senior High School, abbreviated as Matsuyama Chuo or MCHS or MCH, is a public high school located in Ido-machi, Matsuyama, Ehime, Shikoku, Japan established in 1986 and opened in 1987 as the newest prefectural academic high school in Ehime Prefecture.

References

Coordinates: 33°50′N132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E / 33.833; 132.833