Eight Hungarian Folksongs

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Eight Hungarian Folksongs
by Béla Bartók
Bartok Bela 1903 (cropped).jpg
Béla Bartók in 1903
Native nameNyolc magyar népdal
Catalogue
Composed1907–1917
Published1922 (1922): Vienna
ScoringHigh voice and piano

Eight Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 64, BB 47 (Hungarian : Nyolc magyar népdal) is a song cycle for high voice and piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1907 and 1917.

Contents

Composition

The Eight Hungarian Folksongs were composed in two different periods. The first five songs were written in 1907. On this occasion, Bartók spent time traveling around Csík County in Transylvania and collecting folk music. The first song was collected in 1906, and the other four were collected in 1907. [1] They were initially known as 5 Székely songs or Five Old Hungarian Folk Songs from Csík County and were premiered on 27 November 1911, in Budapest, with opera singer Dezső Róna and Bartók himself at the piano. However, the last three were completed in 1917, after a trip around Hungary in 1916 and 1917 where he gathered music from Hungarian soldiers for some other song cycles also finished in 1917 and afterwards. [1]

These three songs were initially known as Székely Soldiers Songs and premiered on 12 January 1918, in Vienna, with Ferenc Székelyhidy and Bartók. [1] [2] This was the first time Bartók decided to depart from his earlier primitive compositional style, as Bartók's desire to educate the public was so evident that the melody in his folksongs was doubled by the right hand of the pianist (in which case, if there was an amateur singer or no singer at all, the melody could still be heard). These eight songs, despite being composed ten years apart, were the first example of Bartók not doubling the melodies, and he also followed that style in future collections of folk music. [3]

Since Bartók's collections of songs were not meant to be played as cycles, but that the performer should rather mix and match them as Bartók also did at the time, [4] Eight Hungarian Folksongs is not very well-known as a song cycle. The set was first published by Universal Edition in 1922. However, the copyright was reassigned to Hawkes and Son in 1939, with catalog number B. & H. 18065. [5]

Structure

The set consists of eight untitled folksongs, although the title is generally taken from the incipit of each song. There are some conflicting publications about the scoring: while some publications call for voice and piano, the latest editions call for a high voice and a piano. The movement list is as follows:

Structure of Eight Hungarian Folksongs
Song No.IncipitEnglish translation [lower-alpha 1] BarsTempo markingApprox. duration [lower-alpha 2]
IFekete főd, fehér az én zsebkendőmSnow-white kerchief, dark both field and furrow show17Adagio70 s
IIIstenem, istenem, áraszd meg a vizetColdly runs the river, reedy banks o'erflowing29Andante74 s
IIIAszszonyok, aszszonyok, had’ legyek társatokWomen, women, listen, let me share your labour37Allegretto (Tempo giusto)60 s
IVAnynyi bánat az szűvemenSkies above are heavy with rain24Sostenuto, rubato65 s
VHa kimegyek arr’ a magos tetőreIf I climb the rocky mountains all day through34Allegro60 s
VITöltik a nagy erdő útjátAll the lads to war they've taken30Sostenuto80 s
VIIEddig való dolgom a tavaszi szántásSpring begins with labour; then's the time for sowing39Sostenuto75 s
VIIIOlvad a hó, csárdás kis angyalomSnow is melting, oh, my dear, my darling27Allegro moderato (Tempo giusto)55 s

Recordings

Even though there is virtually no information on early performances of this cycle (and Bartók most likely handpicked some songs for separate performances in recitals), he did record the entire set, except for song 4, on 7 December 1928, in Budapest; Maria Basilides  [ hu ] sang movements 1, 2, 3, and 5, and Ferenc Székelyhidy  [ hu ] performed movements 6 to 8. The recording was released decades later on CD by EMI Classics. [6]

Footnotes

  1. The official translation of this cycle's text was provided by Nancy Bush. [5]
  2. These duration indications were provided by Bartók himself. He wrote durations for most of his solo piano output. [5]

Related Research Articles

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<i>Three Rondos on Slovak Folk Tunes</i> Hungarian piano composition

Three Rondos on Slovak Folk Tunes, Sz. 84, BB 92, also referred to as Three Rondos on Folk Tunes, is a collection of three small pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Hungarian Folksongs (8) (Nyolc…". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  2. "Hungarian folksongs from the village to the concert hall Béla Bartók's folksong arrangements (1904–1929)". Sydney Conservatorium of Music. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  3. Bayley, Amanda (2001). The Cambridge Companion to Bartók. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   978-1-139-82609-9 . Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  4. "Béla Bartók – Eight Hungarian Folksongs". www.boosey.com. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  5. Bartók, Béla (1955). Eight Hungarian folksongs (1907–17), voice and piano: Acht ungarische Volkslieder, Gesang und Klavier (in Russian). Hawkes & Son; sole selling agents.
  6. "Composers in Person: Bartók & Dohnányi – | User Reviews". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 April 2020.