|Eight Hungarian Folksongs|
|by Béla Bartók|
Béla Bartók in 1903
|Native name||Nyolc magyar népdal|
|Scoring||High voice and piano|
Eight Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 64, BB 47 (Hungarian : Nyolc magyar népdal) is a song cycle for high voice and piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1907 and 1917.
The Eight Hungarian Folksongs were composed in two different periods. The first five songs were written in 1907. On this occasion, Bartók spent time traveling around Csík County in Transylvania and collecting folk music. The first song was collected in 1906, and the other four were collected in 1907.They were initially known as 5 Székely songs or Five Old Hungarian Folk Songs from Csík County and were premiered on 27 November 1911, in Budapest, with opera singer Dezső Róna and Bartók himself at the piano. However, the last three were completed in 1917, after a trip around Hungary in 1916 and 1917 where he gathered music from Hungarian soldiers for some other song cycles also finished in 1917 and afterwards.
These three songs were initially known as Székely Soldiers Songs and premiered on 12 January 1918, in Vienna, with Ferenc Székelyhidy and Bartók.This was the first time Bartók decided to depart from his earlier primitive compositional style, as Bartók's desire to educate the public was so evident that the melody in his folksongs was doubled by the right hand of the pianist (in which case, if there was an amateur singer or no singer at all, the melody could still be heard). These eight songs, despite being composed ten years apart, were the first example of Bartók not doubling the melodies, and he also followed that style in future collections of folk music.
Since Bartók's collections of songs were not meant to be played as cycles, but that the performer should rather mix and match them as Bartók also did at the time,Eight Hungarian Folksongs is not very well-known as a song cycle. The set was first published by Universal Edition in 1922. However, the copyright was reassigned to Hawkes and Son in 1939, with catalog number B. & H. 18065.
The set consists of eight untitled folksongs, although the title is generally taken from the incipit of each song. There are some conflicting publications about the scoring: while some publications call for voice and piano, the latest editions call for a high voice and a piano. The movement list is as follows:
|Song No.||Incipit||English translation||Bars||Tempo marking||Approx. duration|
|I||Fekete főd, fehér az én zsebkendőm||Snow-white kerchief, dark both field and furrow show||17||Adagio||70 s|
|II||Istenem, istenem, áraszd meg a vizet||Coldly runs the river, reedy banks o'erflowing||29||Andante||74 s|
|III||Aszszonyok, aszszonyok, had’ legyek társatok||Women, women, listen, let me share your labour||37||Allegretto (Tempo giusto)||60 s|
|IV||Anynyi bánat az szűvemen||Skies above are heavy with rain||24||Sostenuto, rubato||65 s|
|V||Ha kimegyek arr’ a magos tetőre||If I climb the rocky mountains all day through||34||Allegro||60 s|
|VI||Töltik a nagy erdő útját||All the lads to war they've taken||30||Sostenuto||80 s|
|VII||Eddig való dolgom a tavaszi szántás||Spring begins with labour; then's the time for sowing||39||Sostenuto||75 s|
|VIII||Olvad a hó, csárdás kis angyalom||Snow is melting, oh, my dear, my darling||27||Allegro moderato (Tempo giusto)||55 s|
Even though there is virtually no information on early performances of this cycle (and Bartók most likely handpicked some songs for separate performances in recitals), he did record the entire set, except for song 4, on 7 December 1928, in Budapest; Maria Basilidessang movements 1, 2, 3, and 5, and Ferenc Székelyhidy performed movements 6 to 8. The recording was released decades later on CD by EMI Classics.
Béla Viktor János Bartók was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.
The String Quartet No. 6, Sz. 114, BB 119, was the final string quartet that Béla Bartók wrote before his death.
Béla Bartók's Piano Concerto No. 3 in E major, Sz. 119, BB 127 is a musical composition for piano and orchestra. Bartók composed the piece in 1945 during the final months of his life, as a surprise birthday present for his second wife Ditta Pásztory-Bartók. It consists of three movements.
Hungarian folk music includes a broad array of Central European styles, including the recruitment dance verbunkos, the csárdás and nóta.
Ferenc Farkas was a Hungarian composer.
The Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music is a music university and a concert hall in Budapest, Hungary, founded on November 14, 1875. It is home to the Liszt Collection, which features several valuable books and manuscripts donated by Franz Liszt upon his death, and the AVISO studio, a collaboration between the governments of Hungary and Japan to provide sound recording equipment and training for students. The Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music was founded by Franz Liszt himself.
Zoltán Székely was a violinist and composer.
Romanian Folk Dances, , Sz. 56, BB 68 is a suite of six short piano pieces composed by Béla Bartók in 1915. He later orchestrated it for small ensemble in 1917 as Sz. 68, BB 76.
Out of Doors is a set of five piano solo pieces, Sz.. 81, BB 89, written by Béla Bartók in 1926. Out of Doors is among the very few instrumental compositions by Bartók with programmatic titles.
Rhapsody No. 2, Sz. 89 and 90, BB 96, is the second of two virtuoso works for violin and piano, subsequently arranged with orchestra accompaniment, written by Béla Bartók. It was composed in 1928 and orchestrated in 1929. The orchestral version was revised in 1935, and the version with piano in 1945. It is dedicated to Hungarian violinist Zoltán Székely, who later became the first violinist of the Hungarian String Quartet in 1937, two years after the founding of the ensemble.
Magyar népdalok énekhangra és zongorára is a collection of Hungarian folk song arrangements by Béla Bartók. Bartók's Hungarian Folksongs are now much better known outside Hungary in arrangements for violin and piano, or—without voice—for piano alone. One of the most famous songs "Elindultam szép hazámból" came to be applied to Bartók himself as he assumed the role of an exile.
Three Rondos on Slovak Folk Tunes, Sz. 84, BB 92, also referred to as Three Rondos on Folk Tunes, is a collection of three small pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.
Four Dirges, Op. 9a, Sz. 45, BB 58 is a short collection of dirges by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.
Ten Easy Pieces, Sz. 39, BB 51 is a collection of short pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed in 1908.
Three Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 66, BB 80b is a collection of folksongs for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1914 and 1918.
Hungarian Pictures, sometimes also referred to as Hungarian Sketches, Sz. 97, BB 103 is a suite for orchestra by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók finished in 1931. The suite consists of orchestrations of earlier short pieces for piano composed between 1908 and 1911.
Five Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 33, BB 97, is an arrangement by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók completed around 1928 of selected songs from a previous set entitled Ten Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 33, BB 42.
Twenty Hungarian Folksongs, Sz. 92, BB 98, is the last cycle of folksongs for voice and piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.
Five Songs, Op. 15, Sz. 61, BB 71 is an early song cycle for voice and piano written in 1916 by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.