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|Eizan Electric Railway|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||600 V DC|
|Type||public kabushiki gaisha|
|Founded||Kyoto, Japan (July 6, 1985 by Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd.)|
|Headquarters||25-3, Tanaka-Kamiyanagicho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan|
|Services||rail transit service, etc.|
|Parent||Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd.|
Eizan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (叡山電鉄株式会社, Eizan Dentetsu) is a Japanese private railway company whose two lines run entirely in Sakyō-ku in the city of Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture.
The name of this small railway network is abbreviated as Eiden (叡電), and is derived from the name of its predecessor, the Eizan Electric Railway Division (叡山電鉄部, Eizan Dentetsu-bu) of the Keifuku Electric Railroad. The present company was founded in 1985 as a subsidiary of Keifuku. The purpose of reorganization was to reduce the huge deficit of the Eiden lines, which had been completely isolated from the main Keifuku network since the abandonment of the Kyoto City Tramways in 1978. The split-off was considered to be an urgent matter, awaiting the completion of a long-awaited rail connection between the two networks of Eiden and Keihan. The Keihan Electric Railway was at that time constructing the Ōtō Line to the Eiden terminal at Demachiyanagi. The opening of the Ōtō Line significantly reduced the deficit of Eiden. Later on, in 2002, all shares of Keifuku were transferred from Keifuku to Keihan, of which Eiden became a wholly owned subsidiary. This railway accepts the Surutto Kansai card for payment, but not the PiTaPa card.
The line is featured in the Japanese Rail Sim 3D: Journey to Kyoto train simulation game for the Nintendo 3DSand Nintendo Switch.
The Kyoto Electricity (京都電燈, Kyoto Dentō) Co. opened the Demachiyanagi - present-day Yase-Hieizan-guchi Eizen Main Line in 1925, dual track 1435mm gauge electrified at 600 VDC. Its purpose was primarily to serve as a tourist line to Mount Hiei. The Takarakaike - Yase-Hieizan-guchi section was reduced to single track in 1944 and the rails recycled for the Japanese war effort. The section was re-duplicated in 1951.
The Kurama Line was built by the jointly owned company Kurama Electric Railway (鞍馬電気鉄道, Kurama Denki Tetsudō) in order to provide access to Kurama temple and Kibune shrine in the hills north of Kyoto, from present-day Takaragaike (up into the mountain) to Kurama. The first section, present-day Takaragaike to Ichihara was opened in 1928, with the extension to Kurama the following year, 1435mm gauge electrified at 600 VDC and dual track to Nikenchaya. The dual track section was reduced to single track in 1939, and reduplicated in 1958.
Hankyu Corporation is a Japanese private railway operator that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region and is one of major businesses operated by Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Inc., in turn part of the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group. The railway's main terminal is at Umeda Station in Osaka. The signature color of Hankyu cars is maroon.
Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車).
The Keihan Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by Keihan Electric Railway. The line runs between Sanjō Station in Kyoto and Yodoyabashi Station in Osaka. There are through services to the Keihan Ōtō Line and the Keihan Nakanoshima Line. Trains from Kyoto to Osaka are treated as "down" trains, and from Osaka to Kyoto as "up" trains.
The Enoshima Electric Railway or Enoden is a private railway in Japan which connects Kamakura Station in Kamakura with Fujisawa Station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa. Stations en route include Hase, the stop closest to Kōtoku-in, the temple with the colossal outdoor statue of Amida Buddha. The railway is fully owned by the Odakyu Group of companies.
The Hankyu Arashiyama Line is a railway line in Kyoto, Japan, operated by private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Katsura and Arashiyama on the west side of the city, linking the area along the line to the Hankyu Kyoto Main Line that extends east to central Kyoto and south to Osaka. The line is 4.1 km long.
Sakyō-ku is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd. is a railroad company based in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan in operation since March 2, 1942. It is a parent company of Keifuku Bus and Kyoto Bus, and an affiliated company of Keihan Electric Railway, which owns 42.89% of the company stock. The company's stock is traded on the second section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
The Kurama-dera Cable is a funicular line operated by Kurama-dera, a famous Buddhist temple in Mount Kurama, Sakyō, Kyoto, Japan. The line is officially called Mount Kurama Cable Railway.
Hieizan Sakamoto Station is a railway station in Ōtsu, Shiga, Japan. The station was previously named Eizan Station until September 4, 1994, when the station's name was changed to its current name. Hieizan and Eizan means Mount Hiei, about 4 km west of the station.
The Eizan Cable, officially the Cable Line, is Japanese funicular line in Sakyō, Kyōto, Kyōto, operated by Keifuku Electric Railroad. The line opened in 1925, as a western route to Enryaku-ji, a famous temple on Mount Hiei. The line has 561 m vertical interval, the largest in the country.
The Sakamoto Cable, officially the Hieizan Railway Line, is a Japanese funicular line in Ōtsu, Shiga. It is the only line Hieizan Railway operates. The line opened in 1927, as an eastern route to Enryaku-ji, a famous temple on Mount Hiei. This is the longest funicular line in Japan.
Demachiyanagi Station is a railway station located in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Tambabashi Station is a railway station located in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. It is connected by footbridge to nearby Kintetsu Tambabashi Station.
Takaragaike Station is a train station in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Yase-Hieizan-guchi Station is a train station located in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Iwakura Station is a train station located on the Eizan Electric Railway (Eiden) Kurama Line in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Kyoto Seikadai-mae Station is a train station located in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Kurama Station is the terminal station located on the Eizan Electric Railway (Eiden) Kurama Line in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Arashiyama Station is a tram stop in Ukyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, and the western terminus of the Randen Arashiyama Line that begins at Shijō-Ōmiya. The station includes a small shopping arcade, outdoor eating areas, a foot bath, a garden featuring cherry and maple trees, as well as the "Kimono Forest," a collection of 600 kimono gowns wrapped around poles with LED lighting inside developed by the interior designer Yasumichi Morita.