Eklingji

Last updated

Eklingji, Harihara temple
Meera temple
Meera temple Eklingji.jpg
Religion
Affiliation Hinduism
District Udaipur district
Deity Shri Ekling Ji
FestivalsEklingji Patotsav, Maha Shivaratri
Location
LocationKailash Puri
State Rajasthan
Country India
Architecture
Completed8th Century[ citation needed ]
Temple(s)108

Eklingji (IAST: Ekaliṅga jī) is a Hindu temple complex in Udaipur District of Rajasthan in western India. It is situated in Kailashpuri village (at Girwa Tehsil, Udaipur), near the former capital of Mewar, i.e., Nagda. [1] Eklingji is believed to be the ruling god of Mewar Princely State and the Maharana rules as his Dewan.

Contents

History

According to the 15th century text Ekalinga Mahatmya, the original temple at Eklingji was constructed by the 8th century ruler Bappa Rawal. [2] The original temple and Vigraha (idol) were destroyed during invasions by the Delhi Sultanate rulers. The earliest extant idol was installed by Hamir Singh (14th century), who also carried out extensive renovations to the main temple. Rana Kumbha (15th century) rebuilt the temple, in addition to constructing a Vishnu temple. His 1460 inscription describes him as "the personal servant of Ekling". [3]

In the late 15th century, Ghiyath Shah of Malwa Sultanate attacked Mewar, and devastated Eklingji. Kumbha's son Rana Raimal (r. 1473–1509) defeated and captured him, and obtained a ransom for his release. With this ransom, Raimal patronized the last major rebuilding of the temple complex, and installed the present murti at the main temple. [3]

Originally, the temple likely belonged to the Pashupata sect, and was subsequently in the custody of the Nath sect. In the 16th century, it came under the control of the Ramanandis. [4]

Related Research Articles

Rana Sanga Maharana of Mewar from 1508–1528

Sangram Singh I, popularly known as Rana Sanga, was an Indian ruler from the Sisodia dynasty. He ruled Mewar, the traditional territory of Guhilas (Sisodias) in present-day north-western India. However, through his capable rule his kingdom turned into one of the greatest power of Northern India in early sixteenth century. He controlled parts of present-day Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. His capital was located at Chittor.

Sisodia Royal Rajput dynasty of Rajasthan

The Sisodia is an Indian Rajput dynasty belonging to the clan ruled over the kingdom of Mewar in Rajasthan.The name of the clan is also transliterated as Sesodia, Shishodia, Sishodia, Shishodya, Sisodya, Sisodiya, Sisodia.

Nagaur (Nāgaur) is a city in the state of Rajasthan in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Nagaur District. The Nagaur city lies about midway between Jodhpur and Bikaner.

Chittorgarh City in Rajasthan, India

Chittorgarhpronunciation  is a major city in Rajasthan state of western India. It lies on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is the administrative headquarters of Chittorgarh District. It was capital of Rajput State of Medapata during 8th to 16th Century. The city of Chittorgarh is located on the banks of river Gambhiri and Berach.

Kumbhalgarh Fort at Rajsamand District of Rajasthan

Kumbhalgarh also known as the Great Wall of India is a Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur of Rajasthan state in western India. It is a World Heritage Site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. It was built during the 15th century by Rana Kumbha.

Bappa Rawal Founder and Rawal of Mewar from 728-753

Bappa Rawal was a ruler of the Mewar (Medapata) kingdom in Rajasthan, India. The bardic chronicles describe him as a member of the Guhila Rajput Clan, and some of them consider him to be the founder of the Guhila dynasty. He is credited with repelling the Arab invasion of Chittor. Different historians have identified him with various rulers of the Guhila dynasty, including Kalabhoja, Shiladitya, and Khumana.

Mandore Town in Rajasthan, India

Mandore is a suburb Historical town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Kumbha of Mewar Maharana of Mewar from 1433–1468

Kumbhakarna Singh, popularly known as Maharana Kumbha, was the Maharana of Mewar kingdom in India. He belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. Rana Kumbha is known for his illustrious military career against various sultanates and patronization of art and music and architecture.

Chittorgarh Fort Historic fort in Rajasthan, India

The Chittorgarh Fort also known as Chittorgarh or Chittor Fort is one of the largest forts in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort was the capital of Mewar and is located in the present-day town of Chittorgarh. It sprawls over a hill 180 m (590.6 ft) in height spread over an area of 280 ha above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort covers 65 historic structures, which include four palaces, 19 large temples, 20 large water bodies, 4 memorials and a few victory towers.

Rikhabdeo is a census town in Udaipur district in the state of Rajasthan, in north-west India.

Sanwariaji Temple Hindu temple in Bhadsora, India

The Sanwalia ji temples of the Dark Krishna are situated on the Chittorgarh–Udaipur Highway, Rajasthan, India, at the town of Bhadsora, Mandaphiya and Chapar, about 40 kilometres from Chittorgarh. The deity also known as Shri Sanwaria Seth which is very renowned in Hinduism.

Devi Garh Palace is a heritage hotel and resort, housed in the 18th-century Devi Garh palace in the village of Delwara. It was the royal residence of the rulers of Delwara principality, from mid-18th century till mid-20th century. Situated amidst in the Aravalli hills, 28 km northeast of Udaipur, Rajasthan, Devigarh forms one of the three main passes into the valley of Udaipur.

Raimal Singh Sisodia, also known as Rana Raimal, was a Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar. Maharana Raimal was the son of Rana Kumbha. He came to power by defeating his patricide predecessor, Udai Singh I in battles at Jawar, Darimpur and Pangarh. Early in Raimal's reign, Ghiyas Shah of Malwa attacked Chittor unsuccessfully. Soon after, Ghiyas Shah's general, Zafar Khan attacked Mewar and was defeated at Mandalgarh and Khairabad. By marrying Sringardevi, Raimal ended the conflict with the Rathores. During Raimal's reign, Godwar, Toda and Ajmer were captured by his son Prithviraj. Raimal also strengthened the state of Mewar and repaired the temple of Eklingji in Chittor.

Ranakpur Jain temple Jain temple in Rajasthan, India

Ranakpur Jain temple or Chaturmukha Dharana Vihara is a Śvētāmbara Jain temple at Ranakpur dedicated to Tirthankara Rishabhanatha. The temple is located in a village of Ranakpur near Sadri town in the Pali district of Rajasthan.

Rajput resistance to Muslim conquests Rajput military resistance against Muslim invasions of India

Rajput resistance to Muslim conquests or Rajput opposition to Islamic invasions was a series of military resistance by several ruling Rajput houses of northern and western India against Islamic invaders of Central Asia in Medieval India. Before the Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, much of northern and western India was being ruled by Rajput dynasties, who were a collection of martial Hindu families. The Rajput kingdoms contended with the rising and expansionist empires of the Muslim world, be they Arabs, Turks, Pashtuns, or Mughals. The Rajputs held out against the Caliphates and Central Asian empires for several centuries.

Mokal Singh Maharana of Mewar from 1421–1433

Mokal or Mokal Singh, was the Maharana of Mewar Kingdom.

History of Udaipur

Udaipur, India was founded in 1553, by Maharana Udai Singh II in the fertile circular Girwa Valley to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas River. The city was established as the new capital of the Mewar kingdom.

The Guhilas of Medapata colloquially known as Guhilas of Mewar were a Rajput dynasty that ruled the Medapata region in present-day Rajasthan state of India. The Guhila kings initially ruled as Gurjara-Pratihara feudatories between end of 8th and 9th centuries and later were independent in period of the early 10th century and allied themselves with the Rashtrakutas. Their capitals included Nagahrada (Nagda) and Aghata (Ahar). For this reason, they are also known as the Nagda-Ahar branch of the Guhilas.

Sisodias of Mewar Mewar dynasty

The Sisodia clan of Mewar, also called the "House of Mewar", is one of the many Rajput clans that ruled the Kingdom of Mewar, later called the Udaipur State under the British Raj. The dynasty traces its ancestry back to Rahapa, a son of the Guhila king Ranasimha. Hammir Singh, a scion of this branch family of the Guhilas, re-established the Kingdom of Mewar after defeating the Tughluq sultans of Delhi.

References

  1. Bhattacharya, A. N. (2000). Human Geography of Mewar. Himanshu Publications. ISBN   978-81-86231-90-6.
  2. David Gordon White 2012, p. 120.
  3. 1 2 Melia Belli Bose 2015, p. 261.
  4. David Gordon White 2012, p. 121.

Bibliography

Coordinates: 24°44′45″N73°43′20″E / 24.7459558°N 73.7222375°E / 24.7459558; 73.7222375