El Fuerte, Sinaloa

Last updated
El Fuerte
El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Plaza de Armas.JPG
Constitution Square kiosk
Seal of El Fuerte.png
Seal
El Fuerte, Sinaloa.svg
Location in Sinaloa
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
El Fuerte
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 26°25′17″N108°37′12″W / 26.42139°N 108.62000°W / 26.42139; -108.62000 Coordinates: 26°25′17″N108°37′12″W / 26.42139°N 108.62000°W / 26.42139; -108.62000
Country Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sinaloa
MunicipalityEl Fuerte
Government
   Mayor Nubia Ramos Carbajal (PRI)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2010)
  Total12,566
  [1]
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)
Website Government page

El Fuerte (Spanish:  [el ˈfweɾte] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and El Fuerte Municipality its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city population reported in the 2010 census were 12,566 people.

Contents

El Fuerte, meaning "The Fort", was named a Pueblo Mágico ("Magical Town") in 2009, for it has many attractions and a special, pretty-small-town aura.

History

Church of Sacred Heart of Jesus Iglesia del Sagrado Corazon de Jesus, El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Mexico.jpg
Church of Sacred Heart of Jesus
Spanish era fort El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Fort, seen from the river.JPG
Spanish era fort

The city was founded in 1563 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Ibarra, the first explorer of the lofty Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. In 1610 a fort was built to ward off the fierce Zuaque and Tehueco Native Americans, who constantly harassed the Spaniards. For years, El Fuerte served as the gateway to the vast frontiers of the northern territories of Sonora, Arizona and California, all of which were sparsely populated by unyielding tribes of native amerindians.

For nearly three centuries it was the most important commercial and agricultural center of the vast northwestern region of Mexico. El Fuerte was a chief trading post for silver miners and gold seekers from the Urique and Batopilas mines in the nearby mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental and its branches.

In 1824, El Fuerte became the capital city of the newly created Mexican state of Sonora y Sinaloa (reaching up deep into modern-day Arizona). It remained the capital for several years until the split of this state into the states of Sinaloa and Sonora.

Tourism

Tourism remains a major industry in town, although it has been diminished in recent years by tourists being wary of Mexican drug cartel violence in other parts of Sinaloa; however, violence declined by 2013 from a high in 2011. [2] El Fuerte has several holidays and local "Fiestas" which are celebrated with pageants, "Ferias" and the like. Several hotels cater to hunters and fishermen, who hunt (deer, boar, wild hog, wild goat, rabbit, armadillo, a variety of snakes) in the foothills or fish in the nearby Rio Fuerte river which runs on the northwest part of the town's commercial district. There are also local petroglyphs a short distance from the downtown. The city also serves as a gateway to the popular Barranca de Cobre (Copper Canyon) situated in the nearby state of Chihuahua. There are no easily travelled roads to the Copper Canyon from west of the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Transport

Passenger trains

Visitors usually take the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico railway, whose local station is a few miles south of town. The route is on the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad, or ChePe, which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon, from Chihuahua, Chihuahua to the northeast, to Los Mochis, Sinaloa, near the Gulf of California, to the southwest. [3]

The town is also served by El Fuerte Airport.

Climate

Climate data for El Fuerte (1951–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)38.5
(101.3)
39.5
(103.1)
42.0
(107.6)
44.0
(111.2)
46.0
(114.8)
45.5
(113.9)
45.5
(113.9)
46.0
(114.8)
44.5
(112.1)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F)27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
31.6
(88.9)
34.8
(94.6)
37.8
(100.0)
39.6
(103.3)
37.7
(99.9)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
35.8
(96.4)
32.0
(89.6)
28.3
(82.9)
34.0
(93.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.0
(86.0)
29.6
(85.3)
26.9
(80.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.2
(64.8)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
21.9
(71.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
18.1
(64.6)
11.5
(52.7)
8.1
(46.6)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F)−3.5
(25.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.0
(35.6)
6.0
(42.8)
10.5
(50.9)
13.0
(55.4)
10.0
(50.0)
15.0
(59.0)
8.0
(46.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.0
(23.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)28.2
(1.11)
14.7
(0.58)
6.7
(0.26)
2.8
(0.11)
2.6
(0.10)
33.0
(1.30)
169.5
(6.67)
176.2
(6.94)
103.6
(4.08)
32.3
(1.27)
17.8
(0.70)
26.6
(1.05)
614.0
(24.17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.81.90.90.60.43.013.712.97.52.91.72.851.1
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional [4] [5]
Railway across El Fuerte Puente Rio Fuerte - panoramio (2).jpg
Railway across El Fuerte
City Hall during El Grito El Fuerte (Fiestas Patrias) (18238040195).jpg
City Hall during El Grito

Sister cities

  1. "Principales resultados por localidad 2010 (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010.
  2. http://isitsafetotraveltomexico.com/
  3. Mexlist, "PASSENGER TRAIN INFORMATION" http://www.mexlist.com/pass.htm
  4. "Estado de Sinaloa-Estacion: El Fuerte". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  5. "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for El Fuerte 1955–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  6. "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18. Retrieved 2016-02-20.

Related Research Articles

Copper Canyon mountain range in Mexico

Copper Canyon is a group of six distinct canyons in the Sierra Madre Occidental in the southwestern part of the state of Chihuahua in northwestern Mexico. The canyons were formed by six rivers that drain the western side of the Sierra Tarahumara. All six rivers merge into the Rio Fuerte and empty into the Gulf of California. The walls of the canyon are a copper/green color, which is the origin of the name.

Álamos Place in Sonora, Mexico

Álamos is a town in Álamos Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico.

Cosalá Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Cosalá is a small city and the seat of its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It stands at 24°24′45″N106°41′30″W. The city reported 6,577 inhabitants in the 2010 census.

Mocorito Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Mocorito is a small city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It stands at 24°58′41″N107°31′25″W.

Navolato, Sinaloa Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

Navolato is a city in Navolato Municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. It is located on the central coast part of the state bordering the Gulf of California.

Rincón de Romos City in Aguascalientes, Mexico

Rincón de Romos is a municipality and city in the Mexican state of Aguascalientes. Located at 22°14′N102°19′W in the northern part of the state, the city serves as the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality Rincón de Romos.

Creel, Chihuahua City in Chihuahua, Mexico

Creel is a town in the Sierra Tarahumara of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It is the second-largest town in the municipality of Bocoyna. It is located some 175 kilometres (109 mi) to the southwest of the state capital, Chihuahua City. At the census of 2010, it had a population of 5,026, down from 5,338 as of 2005. It is notable for being inhabited mostly by native Americans of the Rarámuri ethnic group, and the use of their native language is widespread in the population in daily life and public events such as church masses.

Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range

The Sierra Madre Occidental is a major mountain range system of the North American Cordillera, that runs northwest–southeast through northwestern and western Mexico, and along the Gulf of California. The Sierra Madre is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western 'backbone' of North America, Central America, South America and West Antarctica.

Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Santa Rosalía is a town located in the Mulegé Municipality of northern Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is on the Gulf of California coast of the Baja California Peninsula. As of 2015, the town had a population of 14,160 inhabitants. It was once a company town.

Fuerte River river in Mexico

The Fuerte River is a river in the state of Sinaloa, in northwestern Mexico. It flows from headwaters in the Sierra Madre Occidental to the Pacific Ocean in the Gulf of California.

Nuevo Casas Grandes Place in Chihuahua, Mexico

Nuevo Casas Grandes is a city in, and the seat of, the Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipality in northern Mexico. It is located in the northwestern part of the state of Chihuahua, on the Casas Grandes or San Miguel river, situated in a wide, fertile valley on the 4,000-foot Mesa del Norte of the Plateau of Mexico. Nearby is the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Santiago Papasquiaro Municipal Seat and City in Durango, Mexico

Santiago Papasquiaro is a city located in a valley situated on the eastern slopes of the Sierra Madre Occidental in the state of Durango, Mexico. As of 2010, the city of Santiago Papasquiaro had a population of 26,121, while the municipality has a census population of 48,482 as of 2015. It is the fourth largest community in the state in terms of population, and is the municipal seat of the municipality of the same name. The municipality has an area of 7,238.4 km².

Mexican Federal Highway 15 highway in Mexico

Federal Highway 15 is Mexico 15 International Highway or Mexico-Nogales Highway, is a primary north-south highway, and is a free part of the federal highways corridors of Mexico. The highway begins in the north at the Mexico–United States border at the Nogales Port of Entry in Nogales, Sonora, and terminates to the south in Mexico City.

Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua Place in Chihuahua, Mexico

Cuauhtémoc is a city located in the west-central part of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It serves as the seat of the municipality of Cuauhtémoc. The city lies 103 km (64 mi) west of the state capital of Chihuahua. As of 2015, the city of Cuauhtémoc had a population of 168,482.

Bolsón de Mapimí

The Bolsón de Mapimí is an endorheic or internal drainage basin in which no rivers or streams drain to the sea but rather toward the center of the basin often terminating in swamps and ephemeral lakes. It is located in the center-north of the Mexican Plateau. The Basin is shared by the states of Durango, Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Zacatecas. It takes its name from Mapimí, a town in Durango.

Los Mochis Municipal seat in Sinaloa, Mexico

Los Mochis is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 362,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.

Federal Highway 24 is a free part of the federal highways corridors. Fed. 24 is intended to cross the Sierra Madre Occidental from the area of Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua, on the east, to the area of Culiacán, Sinaloa, on the west. A limited central section of about 40 to 50 km is not yet completed or graded. This section lies between the villages of Los Frailes, Durango, on the east, and Soyatita, Sinaloa, on the west. Travel is possible through this area, where the road is not yet completed, on unimproved roads using high clearance two-wheel drive vehicles. The two unconnected segments that extend through Los Frailes and Soyatita are graded, but each segment is unpaved for about the last 75 km. The central gap in the highway is in the rugged mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental. This uncompleted and unpaved portion of the road is not well signed, there are many intersections with other unimproved roads, and it is easy to get lost off the intended route of the highway. As noted later, getting lost may not be a safe proposition. Further, the unfinished segment on the west is at about 820 meters elevation at Soyatita. Just outside Los Frailes, the road coming from the east is at 2,750 meters elevation. The traveler crossing this gap will have to negotiate this dramatic change in elevation traveling a good deal of the way on unimproved dirt roads. Travel times in this central section can be quite slow.

Yepachic Place in Chihuahua, Mexico

Yepáchic, sometimes spelled Yepáchi, is a community in the western part of the Mexican State of Chihuahua, approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) east of the boundary with the State of Sonora. It is located in the Municipio de Temósachic at an altitude of 1,780 meters (5,840 ft) in the Sierra Madre Occidental. Many of the people of the region are members of the indigenous ethnic group called Mountain Pima or the Pima Bajo. They are related to the Pima and Papago of Arizona and northern Sonora, speaking a similar but distinct language.

The Chinipas is a large river of Mexico. The Chinipas arises deep in the Sierra Madre Occidental in the state of Chihuahua, and then flows through long rugged canyon systems into the state of Sinaloa until it finally joins the main trunk of the Fuerte River in the western foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental. The Fuerte River then flows westward over the western coastal plain of Sonora to the Pacific Ocean, emerging very near the port of Topolobampo.