El Fuerte, Sinaloa

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El Fuerte
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El Fuerte
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 26°25′17″N108°37′12″W / 26.42139°N 108.62000°W / 26.42139; -108.62000 Coordinates: 26°25′17″N108°37′12″W / 26.42139°N 108.62000°W / 26.42139; -108.62000
Country Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sinaloa
MunicipalityEl Fuerte
Government
   Mayor Eleazar Rubio Ayala (PRI)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
(2010)
  Total12,566
  [1]
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)
Website Government page

El Fuerte (Spanish Loudspeaker.svg [el 'fwerte]  ) is a city and El Fuerte Municipality its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city population reported in the 2010 census were 12,566 people.

El Fuerte Municipality Municipality in Sinaloa, Mexico

Municipality of El Fuerte is a municipality in Sinaloa in northwestern Mexico. Its seat is El Fuerte city.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Contents

El Fuerte, meaning "The Fort", was named a Pueblo Mágico ("Magical Town") in 2009, for it has many attractions and a special, pretty-small-town aura.

The Programa Pueblos Mágicos was an initiative led by Mexico's Secretariat of Tourism, with the support from other federal agencies, to promote a series of towns around the country that offer visitors a "magical" experience – by reason of their natural beauty, cultural richness, traditions, folklore, historical relevance, cuisine, art crafts and great hospitality.

History

The city was founded in 1563 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Ibarra, the first explorer of the lofty Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. In 1610 a fort was built to ward off the fierce Zuaque and Tehueco Native Americans, who constantly harassed the Spaniards. For years, El Fuerte served as the gateway to the vast frontiers of the northern territories of Sonora, Arizona and California, all of which were sparsely populated by unyielding tribes of native amerindians.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

<i>Conquistador</i> soldiers, explorers, and adventurers primarly at the service of the Spanish Empire, and also to the Portuguese Empire

Conquistador is a term widely used to refer to the knights, soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire. During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes. They colonized much of the world for Spain and Portugal in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.

Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range

The Sierra Madre Occidental is a major mountain range system of the North American Cordillera, that runs northwest–southeast through northwestern and western Mexico, and along the Gulf of California. The Sierra Madre is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western 'backbone' of North America, Central America, South America and West Antarctica.

For nearly three centuries it was the most important commercial and agricultural center of the vast northwestern region of Mexico. El Fuerte was a chief trading post for silver miners and gold seekers from the Urique and Batopilas mines in the nearby mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental and its branches.

Urique Town in Chihuahua, Mexico

Urique is a town and seat of the municipality of Urique, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2010, the town of Urique had a population of 1,102, up from 984 as of 2005. Located in the southwest corner of the state in the region of the cliffs, the town is at the bottom of the valley Barranca de Urique, formed by the river of the same name, due to its relatively low elevation above sea level the climate of Urique is close to tropical. It's the principal village of the Municipality of Urique.

Batopilas, Chihuahua Town in Chihuahua, Mexico

Batopilas is a small town, and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, located along the Río Batopilas at the bottom of the Batopilas canyon, part of the Copper Canyon. As of 2010, the town of Batopilas had a population of 1,220. Its elevation above sea level is 578 metres (1,896 ft). The town is situated in a narrow valley, bordered by steep canyon walls. The government of Mexico declared it a Pueblo Mágico on October 19, 2012.

In 1824, El Fuerte became the capital city of the newly created Mexican state of Sonora y Sinaloa (reaching up deep into modern-day Arizona). It remained the capital for several years until the split of this state into the states of Sinaloa and Sonora.

Sinaloa State of Mexico

Sinaloa, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa, is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Tourism

Tourism remains a major industry in town, although it has been diminished in recent years by tourists being wary of Mexican drug cartel violence in other parts of Sinaloa; however, violence declined by 2013 from a high in 2011. [2] El Fuerte has several holidays and local "Fiestas" which are celebrated with pageants, "Ferias" and the like. Several hotels cater to hunters and fishermen, who hunt (deer, boar, wild hog, wild goat, rabbit, armadillo, a variety of snakes) in the foothills or fish in the nearby Rio Fuerte river which runs on the northwest part of the town's commercial district. There are also local petroglyphs a short distance from the downtown. The city also serves as a gateway to the popular Barranca de Cobre (Copper Canyon) situated in the nearby state of Chihuahua. There are no easily travelled roads to the Copper Canyon from west of the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Copper Canyon mountain range

Copper Canyon is a group of six distinct canyons in the Sierra Madre Occidental in the southwestern part of the state of Chihuahua in northwestern Mexico. The canyons were formed by six rivers that drain the western side of the Sierra Tarahumara. All six rivers merge into the Rio Fuerte and empty into the Gulf of California. The walls of the canyon are a copper/green color, which is the origin of the name.

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

Transport

Passenger trains

Visitors usually take the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico railway, whose local station is a few miles south of town. The route is on the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad, or ChePe, which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon, from Chihuahua, Chihuahua to the northeast, to Los Mochis, Sinaloa, near the Gulf of California, to the southwest. [3]

The town is also served by El Fuerte Airport.

Climate

Climate data for El Fuerte (1951–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)38.5
(101.3)
39.5
(103.1)
42.0
(107.6)
44.0
(111.2)
46.0
(114.8)
45.5
(113.9)
45.5
(113.9)
46.0
(114.8)
44.5
(112.1)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F)27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
31.6
(88.9)
34.8
(94.6)
37.8
(100.0)
39.6
(103.3)
37.7
(99.9)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
35.8
(96.4)
32.0
(89.6)
28.3
(82.9)
34.0
(93.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.0
(86.0)
29.6
(85.3)
26.9
(80.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.2
(64.8)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
21.9
(71.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
18.1
(64.6)
11.5
(52.7)
8.1
(46.6)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F)−3.5
(25.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.0
(35.6)
6.0
(42.8)
10.5
(50.9)
13.0
(55.4)
10.0
(50.0)
15.0
(59.0)
8.0
(46.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.0
(23.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)28.2
(1.11)
14.7
(0.58)
6.7
(0.26)
2.8
(0.11)
2.6
(0.10)
33.0
(1.30)
169.5
(6.67)
176.2
(6.94)
103.6
(4.08)
32.3
(1.27)
17.8
(0.70)
26.6
(1.05)
614.0
(24.17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.81.90.90.60.43.013.712.97.52.91.72.851.1
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional [4] [5]

Sister Cities

  1. "Principales resultados por localidad 2010 (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010.
  2. http://isitsafetotraveltomexico.com/
  3. Mexlist, "PASSENGER TRAIN INFORMATION" http://www.mexlist.com/pass.htm
  4. "Estado de Sinaloa-Estacion: El Fuerte". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  5. "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for El Fuerte 1955–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  6. "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International.

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