Eleanor of Navarre

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Eleanor
Queen of Navarre
Reign28 January 1479 – 12 February 1479
Coronation 28 January 1479
Predecessor John II
Successor Francis
Born2 February 1426
Olite, Navarre
Died12 February 1479(1479-02-12) (aged 53)
Tudela, Navarre
Spouse Gaston IV, Count of Foix
Issue Gaston, Prince of Viana
Peter, Bishop of Arles
John, Viscount of Narbonne
Marie, Marchioness of Montferrat
Margaret, Duchess of Brittany
Joan, Countess of Armagnac
James, Count of Cortes
Catherine, Countess of Candale
House Trastamara
Father John II of Aragon
Mother Blanche I of Navarre
Religion Roman Catholicism

Eleanor of Navarre (Basque : Leonor and Spanish : Leonor) (2 February 1426 12 February 1479), [1] was the regent of Navarre from 1455 to 1479, then briefly the queen regnant of Navarre in 1479. She was crowned on 28 January 1479 in Tudela. [1]

Basque language Language of the Basque people

Basque (; euskara[eus̺ˈkaɾa]) is a language spoken in the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and is a language isolate relative to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% (751,500) of Basques in all territories. Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Spain and the Americas. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

A regent is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated. The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. Regent is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as queen regent.

Contents

Life

Coat of arms of Queen Eleanor Royal Lesser Coat of Arms of Navarre (1479-1483).svg
Coat of arms of Queen Eleanor

She was born in Olite, Navarre (now Spain), the third and youngest child of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre and the younger sister of Blanche II of Navarre. [2] She was born 2 February 1426, and was acclaimed by the Cortes in Pamplona, 9 August 1427, as the legitimate heir of Charles IV and Blanche II in succession to their mother. After their mother's death, however, their father occupied Navarre.

Olite Municipality in Navarre, Spain

Olite is a town and municipality located in the Comarca de Tafalla comarca, Merindad de Olite merindad, in Navarre, Spain.

Kingdom of Navarre Medieval Basque kingdom that occupied the lands around the western Pyrenees

The Kingdom of Navarre, originally the Kingdom of Pamplona, was a Basque-based kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean between present-day Spain and France.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

She married Gaston IV, Count of Foix, in 1441. [3] In 1442, Eleanor moved with her spouse to Bearn. In 1455, her father deposed her brother and her sister as heirs of Navarre and proclaimed Eleanor as the heir and the regent and general governor of Navarre, and she moved to Sangüesa. She continued as regent after the death of her brother in 1461. In 1462, she signed the treaty of Olite, where she recognized her father as the monarch of Navarre and accepted to have her sister Blanche imprisoned under her care.

Sangüesa municipality and city in Navarre, Spain

Sangüesa is a city in Navarre, Spain, 44.5 kilometers from Pamplona. It lies close to the River Aragon and in 2007 had a population of 5,128. It is located on the Way of Saint James. It has been an important stopping point for pilgrims since the Middle Ages and has preserved its medieval character.

In 1464, Blanche died in her care, suspected to have been poisoned. By the treaty, she was recognized by her father as the heir of Navarre and his regent (governor) in Navarre. In 1468, her father killed her advisor Nicolas de Etchabarri, and deposed her as governor. In 1471, however, her father recognized her as the governor of Navarre until his death. At her father's death in 1479, she gave her oath as the monarch of Navarre, and died two weeks later at Tudela, Navarre, aged 53.

Tudela, Navarre Municipality in Navarra, Spain

Tudela is a municipality in Spain, the second largest city of the autonomous community of Navarre and twice a former Latin bishopric. Its population is around 35,000. The city is sited in the Ebro valley. Fast trains running on two-track electrified railways serve the city and two freeways join close to it. Tudela is the capital of the Ribera Navarra, the agricultural region of lower Navarre and also the seat of the courts of its judicial district.

Marriage and children

In 1441, she married Gaston IV, Count of Foix, and had the following children with him: [1]

Gaston IV, Count of Foix Count of Foix

Gaston IV was the sovereign Viscount of Béarn and the Count of Foix and Bigorre in France from 1436 to 1472. He also held the viscounties of Marsan, Castelbon, Nébouzan, Villemeur and Lautrec and was, by virtue of the county of Foix, co-prince of Andorra. From 1447 he was also Viscount of Narbonne. Through his marriage to Eleonor, heiress of the Kingdom of Navarre, he also held the title of Prince of Navarre.

Blanche of Montferrat duchess of Savoy

Blanche of Montferrat or Bianca di Montferrato, was the Duchess of Savoy and titular Queen consort of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia as the wife of Charles I of Savoy. She acted as regent for her only son Charles from 1490 until his accidental death in 1496.

Charles I, Duke of Savoy King of Jerusalem

Charles I, surnamed the Warrior, was the Duke of Savoy from 1482 to 1490 and titular king of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia from 1485 to 1490.

Gaston, Prince of Viana, also called Gaston de Foix, was the son of Gaston IV of Foix and Eleanor of Navarre, and was the heir of both. As a Prince of Navarre, he was called Prince of Viana.

Ancestry

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Anthony 1931, p. 10.
  2. Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. 80.
  3. Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. 84.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Woodacre 2013, p. Chart 4.
  5. Krochalis 1996, p. 96.
  6. 1 2 Ferdinand I, King of Aragon at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  7. 1 2 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "John II of Aragon"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Bibliography

Eleanor of Navarre
Born: 2 February 1426 Died: 12 February 1479
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John II
Queen of Navarre
1479
Succeeded by
Francis