Elections in Chad

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Elections in Chad includes information on election and election results in Chad.


Chad holds elections on national level for a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 155 members, elected for a four-year term in 25 single-member constituencies and 34 multi-member constituencies. Chad is a one party dominant state with the Patriotic Salvation Movement in power, although according to the African Union, elections in Chad are generally free and fair. Human Rights Watch, however, has criticized the election process in Chad, arguing that they have problems such as electoral fraud, multiple voting, underage voting, and low voter turnout. [1]

History of elections

The current president, Idriss Déby, seized power in 1990 through a rebellion. The second election of Déby was reported by international observers to be fraudulent. [2] In 1997, parliamentary elections were held, with the MPS party of Déby winning 63 of the 125 seats existing at the time. International observers also claimed that these elections witnessed serious irregularities. In May 2001, Déby won the presidential election in the first round with 63% of the vote, but the election was considered to be fraudulent, and several opposition leaders were arrested after accusing the Chadian government of election fraud. [3] Because of prominent electoral irregularities in the previous elections in 2001 and 2006, the 2011 presidential election was boycotted by the major opposition parties, which resulted in Déby winning 89% of the vote in the first round. [4] Most recently, Déby was elected to his fifth term in 2016, after abolishing presidential term limits in 2004 by amending the Constitution of Chad. [5] [6] Most recently, Kodi Mahamat Bam, President of the Independent National Electoral Commission announced the postponement of legislative elections to April 2021. The stated reason was related to COVID-19. [7]

Latest elections

Presidential elections

Idriss Déby Patriotic Salvation Movement 2,219,35259.92
Saleh Kebzabo National Union for Democracy and Renewal 473,07412.77
Laoukein Kourayo MédardChadian Convention for Peace and Development392,98810.61
Djimrangar Dadnadji CAP–SUR186,8575.04
Delwa Kassiré Koumakoye 73,6361.99
Malloum Yoboide Djeraki67,0191.81
Mahamat Ahmad Alhabo58,5331.58
Abdoulaye Mbodou Mbami53,2041.44
Clément Djimet Bagaou48,4711.31
Gali Gatta Ngothé44,8991.21
Brice Mbaimon Guedmbaye36,6470.99
Beassoumda Julien24,1250.65
Djividi Boukar25,1070.68
Valid votes3,703,91289.82
Invalid/blank votes419,81810.18
Total votes4,123,730100.00
Registered voters/turnout6,252,54865.95
Source: Constitutional Court

Parliamentary elections

Patriotic Salvation Movement 83
National Union for Democracy and Renewal 10
Union for Renewal and Democracy 8
National Rally for Democracy in Chad 8
Federation, Action for the Republic 4
Democratic and Socialist Party for Alternation 2
Chadian Convention for Peace and Development 2
Union for Democracy and the Republic 2
Chadian Democratic Union 1
National Action for Development 1
New Breath for the Republic 1
Rally of People for Democratic Alternation 1
Movement of Patriotic Chadians for the Republic 1
Democratic Party of the Chadian People 1
Union of Democratic Forces/Republican Party 1
Union of Chadian Ecologists 1
African Party for Peace and Social Justice 1
Party for Unity and Reconstruction 1
Source: EISA

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1996 Chadian presidential election

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2006 Chadian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Chad on 3 May 2006. A referendum in 2005 had led to changes to the constitution that made it possible for President Idriss Déby to run for a third term; having come to power in December 1990, he had previously won elections in 1996 and 2001. Despite a serious rebellion based in the east of the country, the elections were held on schedule; Déby was re-elected with about 65% of the vote, according to official results. The main opposition parties boycotted the election.

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2011 Chadian parliamentary election

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Constitution of Chad

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2012 Burkinabé parliamentary election

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2016 Zambian general election

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2015 Burundian legislative election

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2016 Ugandan general election

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2016 Nigerien general election

General elections were held in Niger on 21 February 2016, with a presidential run-off held on 20 March. A total of 15 candidates ran for the presidency, with incumbent President Mahamadou Issoufou running for re-election for a second term. There were two main opposition candidates also vying for the top post, Seyni Oumarou of the MNSD, who lost to Issoufou in 2011, and Hama Amadou of MODEN/FA, who has been campaigning from prison since November 2015. Most of the opposition agreed to align for the second round to back the second-placed candidate against Issoufou.

2016 Chadian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Chad on 10 April 2016. Incumbent President Idriss Déby was re-elected for a fifth term.

2021 Chadian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in Chad on Sunday, 24 October 2021.

2021 Chadian presidential election Presidential elections in Chad

Presidential elections were held in Chad on 11 April 2021. Incumbent Idriss Déby, who has served five consecutive terms since seizing power in the 1990 coup d'état, is running for a sixth. Déby has been described as an authoritarian by several international media sources, and as "strongly entrenched". During previous elections, he has forbidden the citizens of Chad from making posts online, and while Chad's total ban on social media use was lifted in 2019, restrictions continue to exist.


  1. World Report Book 2008. Human Rights Watch. <https://www.hrw.org/wr2k8/pdfs/wr2k8_web.pdf> <
  2. Nohlen, D, Krennerich; M Thibaut, B (1999). Elections in Africa: A data handbook . p.  238. ISBN   0-19-829645-2.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Chad Country Report". Freedom House. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  4. "Chad's president Idriss Deby re-elected amid boycott". bbc.com. British Broadcasting Corporation. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 2016-11-26. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  5. Nako, Madjiasra (10 April 2016). "Chad holds presidential election as Deby vies to extend rule". reuters.com. Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 2016-11-26. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  6. "The World Factbook - Chad". cia.gov. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  7. https://north-africa.com/2020/06/sahel-chad-ruler-deby-delays-national-assembly-election-for-fifth-time-since-2015