|Japanese Eleventh Army|
Japanese troops enter Wuhan
|Active||July 4, 1938 – August 15, 1945|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Garrison/HQ||Wuhan, Japanese-occupied China|
|Nickname(s)||Ro (呂, Backbone)|
|Engagements||Battle of Wuhan|
The Japanese 11th Army (第11軍, Dai-jyū-ichi gun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Japanese 11th Army was formed on July 4, 1938 under the Japanese Central China Area Army for the task of conquering and occupying the central provinces of China between the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The 11th Army played a major role in the Battle of Wuhan. From September 1939, it came under the newly formed China Expeditionary Army and was transferred to the control of the Japanese Sixth Area Army in September 1944. It was disbanded at Quanzhou County (Guilin) in Guangxi province at the surrender of Japan.
|1||Lieutenant General Yasuji Okamura||23 June 1938||9 March 1940|
|2||Lieutenant General Waichiro Sonobe||9 March 1940||4 April 1941|
|3||Lieutenant General Korechika Anami||4 April 1941||1 July 1942|
|4||Lieutenant General Osamu Tsukada||1 July 1942||22 December 1942|
|5||Lieutenant General Isamu Yokoyama||22 December 1942||22 November 1944|
|6||Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki||22 November 1944||7 April 1945|
|7||Lieutenant General Yukio Kasahara||7 April 1945||15 August 1945|
|1||General Teiichi Yoshimoto||20 June 1938||31 January 1939|
|2||Lieutenant General Takazo Numata||31 January 1939||1 August 1939|
|3||Lieutenant General Junsei Aoki||4 August 1939||1 March 1941|
|4||Major General Isami Kinoshita||1 March 1941||1 December 1942|
|5||Major General Kunio Osonoe||1 December 1942||7 February 1944|
|6||Major General Sadatake Nakayama||7 February 1944||23 April 1945|
|7||Major General Banzo Fukutomi||23 April 1945||15 August 1945|
The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) was a military conflict that was primarily waged between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. In China, the war is known as the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, or as the oriental theatre of the World Anti-Fascist War, the latter term originating from Mao Zedong's wartime alliance with Stalin. The beginning of the war is conventionally dated to the Marco Polo Bridge Incident 7 July 1937, when a dispute between Japanese and Chinese troops in Peking escalated into a full-scale invasion. In 2017 the Ministry of Education in the People's Republic of China decreed that the term "eight-year war" in all textbooks should be replaced by “fourteen-year war", with a revised starting date of 18 September 1931 provided by the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. According to historian Rana Mitter, historians in China are unhappy with the blanket revision, and the Republic of China did not consider itself to be continuously at war with Japan over these six years.
The Battle of Shanghai was the first of the twenty-two major engagements fought between the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Republic of China (ROC) and the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) of the Empire of Japan at the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War. It lasted from August 13, 1937, to November 26, 1937, and was one of the largest and bloodiest battles of the entire war, later described as "Stalingrad on the Yangtze", and is often regarded as the battle where World War II started. After over three months of extensive fighting on land, in the air and at sea, the battle concluded with a victory for Japan.
The Battle of Changsha was Japan's second attempt at taking the city of Changsha, China, the capital of Hunan Province, as part of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The China Expeditionary Army was an army group of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1939 to 1945.
The Battle of Xuzhou was a military conflict between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China forces in May 1938 during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Battle of Nanchang was a military campaign fought around Nanchang, Jiangxi between the Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the Japanese Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War. It was the first major conflict to occur following the Battle of Wuhan.
The Battle of Wuhan (武漢之戰), popularly known to the Chinese as the Defense of Wuhan, and to the Japanese as the Capture of Wuhan, was a large-scale battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War. Engagements took place across vast areas of Anhui, Henan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Hubei provinces over a period of four and a half months. This battle was the longest, largest and arguably the most significant battle in the early stages of the Second Sino-Japanese War. More than one million National Revolutionary Army troops from the Fifth and Ninth War Zone were put under the direct command of Chiang Kai-shek, defending Wuhan from the Central China Area Army of the Imperial Japanese Army led by Shunroku Hata. Chinese forces were also supported by Soviet Volunteer Group, a group of volunteer pilots from Soviet Air Forces.
The Battle of Beiping–Tianjin, also known as the Battle of Beijing and the Peiking-Tientsin Operation or by the Japanese as the North China Incident was a series of battles of the Second Sino-Japanese War fought in the proximity of Beiping and Tianjin. It resulted in a Japanese victory.
The Canton Operation was part of a campaign by Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War to blockade China to prevent it from communicating with the outside world and importing needed arms and materials. Control of Guangzhou (Canton) and the Pearl River Delta would provide a base to make the blockade of Guangdong province more effective by seizing southern China's major port and isolate the British port of British Hong Kong.
The Japanese South China Area Army was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during Second Sino-Japanese War.
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The 106th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. It has no call sign, similar to 101st division. It was formed 15 May 1938 in Kumamoto as a C-class square division. The nucleus for the formation was the 6th division headquarters. The division was originally subordinated to the Central China Expeditionary Army. Its first division commander was Lieutenant General Matsuura Junrokuro, a graduate from Japanese Army War College.
The '5th Division' was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Koi (Carp) Division. The 5th Division was formed in Hiroshima in January 1871 as the Hiroshima Garrison, one of six regional commands created in the fledgling Imperial Japanese Army. Its personnel were drafted from Hiroshima, Yamaguchi and Shimane.
The Japanese North China Area Army was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The 10th Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its tsūshōgō code name was the Iron Division. The 10th Division was one of six new infantry divisions raised by the Imperial Japanese Army in the aftermath of the First Sino-Japanese War, 1 October 1898. Its troops were recruited primarily from communities in the three prefectures of Hyōgo, Okayama and Tottori, plus a portion of Shimane. It was originally headquartered in the city of Himeji, and its first commander was Lieutenant General Prince Fushimi Sadanaru.
The Japanese 13th Army was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
The Japanese Sixth Area Army was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during both the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
The Japanese 10th Army was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Japanese 20th Army was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Marco Polo Bridge Incident, also known as the Lugou Bridge Incident or the Double-Seven Incident, was a July 1937 battle between China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army. It is widely considered to have been the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, and by extension, sometimes given as an alternative starting date for World War II.