Eliezer Melamed

Last updated
Rabbi Eliezer Melamed Rabbi Eliezer Melamed.JPG
Rabbi Eliezer Melamed

Eliezer Melamed (Hebrew : אליעזר מלמד, born 28 June 1961) is an Israeli Orthodox rabbi and the rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Har Bracha, rabbi of the community Har Bracha, and author of the book series Peninei Halachah.



Eliezer Melamed is the son of Rabbi Zalman Baruch Melamed, a student of Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook. Melamed's first name is the result of a dream Kook had on the occasion of his birth. Melamed attended classes given by Kook from age fifteen to twenty, and, like his father, considers Kook to be his most significant rabbi. Melamed is married to Inbal, daughter of the artist Tuvia Katz, and has thirteen children.[ citation needed ]

Rabbinic and teaching career

Melamed taught Talmud and Halakha in the Kollel of Rabbi Deutsch in Mea Shearim for half a year. The Kollel was headed by Rabbi Yitzchak Ginsburg, which gave Melamed the chance of learning as a Chevruta with Ginsburg and hearing many of his classes. Later on, he taught Talmud, and Emuna (Jewish philosophy) in particular, in the Yeshiva of Bet El for approximately twenty years, and four years in the Yeshiva of Kedumim. Melamed edited a new edition of the book Shnei Luchot HaBrit (the Shelah), and the first two volumes of the new edition of Rabbi Zadok HaKohen from Lublin's books. In addition, he took part in the completion of the entire series.[ citation needed ]

In August 1988, Melamed was appointed to serve as the rabbi of the community of the settlement Har Bracha.[ citation needed ]

In September 1992, Melamed established Yeshivat Har Bracha, which he leads. In the Yeshiva, Melamed teaches a daily class in Halakhah, gives classes in Emuna, and guidance in public and private matters.[ citation needed ]

In July 2013, he received "The Jewish Creation Award" for his series of books Peninei Halachah. [1]

Published works

Peninei Halachah is a series of books on halakhic subjects, authored by Melamed, that cover such subjects as the laws of shabbat and the Jewish perspective on organ donations. In addition to posing the practical law on the matter, these books discuss the spiritual foundations of the Halakhot, and also reflect the various customs of different communities. Written in Hebrew, the book series has sold over 500,000 copies. [2] Fifteen books have been published in Hebrew, [3] of which five have been translated into English, [4] two into French, [5] five into Spanish, [6] and six into Russian. [7] The books are rapidly gaining widespread popularity among the Religious Zionist community in Israel. [8]

Public activities

Views and opinions

In 2005, Melamed told his followers to deduct the days they spent in prison protesting the disengagement from the days they serve on Israeli Defense Force (IDF) reserve duty, suggesting even that they might multiply the days in prison two- or three-fold. [10] In 2009, he expressed support for soldiers disobeying IDF orders if they came in conflict with the soldier's political or religious beliefs. [11] This position gained some support from fellow rabbis. [12] Melamed was threatened with consequences for his stance, [13] and eventually, then-Defense Minister, Ehud Barak, cancelled the Hesder program at Melamed's Yeshiva. In July 2013, Barak's successor, Moshe Ya'alon, resumed the program. [14] In 2012, concerned that IDF members were being forced to listen to women singing (in conflict with a religious prohibition on doing so), he called for followers to delay enlisting until that policy was changed. [15]

Related Research Articles

Ovadia Yosef

Ovadia Yosef was an Iraqi-born Talmudic scholar, a posek, the Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1973 to 1983, and a founder and long-time spiritual leader of Israel's ultra-Orthodox Shas party. Yosef's responsa were highly regarded within Haredi circles, particularly among Mizrahi communities, among whom he was regarded as "the most important living halakhic authority".

Religious Zionism Ideology that combines Zionism and Orthodox Judaism

Religious Zionism is an ideology that combines Zionism and Orthodox Judaism. Adherents are also referred to as Dati Leumi. The community is sometimes called כִּפָּה סְרוּגָה Kippah seruga, literally, "knitted skullcap", the typical head-covering worn by the men.

Rosh yeshiva is the title given to the dean of a yeshiva, a Jewish educational institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud and the Torah, and halakha. It is a compound word of the Hebrew words rosh ("head") and yeshiva. The rosh yeshiva is required to have a comprehensive knowledge of the Talmud and the ability to analyse and present new perspectives, called chidushim (novellae) verbally and often in print.


A ta'anit is a fast in Judaism in which one abstains from all food and drink, including water.

Eliezer Waldenberg

Eliezer Yehuda Waldenberg, December 10, 1915 – November 21, 2006) was a rabbi, posek, and dayan in Jerusalem. He is known as a leading authority on medicine and Jewish law and referred to as the Tzitz Eliezer after his 21-volume halachic treatise covering a wide breadth of halacha, including Jewish medical ethics, and daily ritual issues from Shabbat to kashrut.

Mercaz HaRav

Mercaz HaRav is a national-religious yeshiva in Jerusalem, founded in 1924 by Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook. Located in the city's Kiryat Moshe neighborhood, it has become the most prominent religious-Zionist yeshiva in the world and synonymous with Rabbi Kook's teachings. Many Religious Zionist educators and leaders have studied at Mercaz HaRav.

Har Brakha Israeli settlement in the West Bank

Har Brakha is an Israeli settlement located on the southern ridge of Mount Gerizim at an elevation of 870 metres above sea level, in the West Bank's Samarian mountains near Nablus. Har Brakha is named after one of the two mountains that are mentioned in Deuteronomy on which half of the twelve tribes of Israel ascended in order to pronounce blessings, and shares the Mount Gerizim ridge with Kiryat Luza, the main Samaritan village. It is organised as a community settlement and falls under the jurisdiction of Shomron Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 2,757.

Hardal usually refers to the portion of the Religious Zionist Jewish community in Israel which inclines significantly toward Haredi ideology.

Zalman Baruch Melamed

Zalman Baruch Melamed is an Israeli Orthodox rabbi and the rosh yeshiva of the Beit El yeshiva in Beit El. He founded the Arutz Sheva radio station, and served as neighborhood rabbi in Beit El until 2013.

Yeshivat HaHesder Yerucham

Yeshiva Yerucham

Yeshivat Har Etzion

Yeshivat Har Etzion, commonly known in English as "The Gush" and in Hebrew as "Yeshivat HaGush", is an elite hesder yeshiva located in Alon Shvut, an Israeli settlement in Gush Etzion in the West Bank, near Jerusalem. With a student body of roughly 480, it is one of the largest hesder yeshivot in Israel.

David Samson is an Orthodox rabbi and one of the leading English-speaking Torah scholars in the Religious Zionist movement in Israel, and an educational entrepreneur. Rabbi Samson has written five books, most of which are on the teachings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook and Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook.

Posek is the term in Jewish law for a "decisor" — a legal scholar who determines the position of Halakha – the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah – in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Moshe-Zvi Neria

Rabbi Moshe-Zvi Neria was an Israeli educator, writer, and rosh yeshiva who served as a member of the Knesset for the National Religious Party between 1969 and 1974. Neria established and headed the Bnei Akiva yeshiva in Kfar Haroeh, and was one of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook's most influential disciples. Due to his far-reaching influence on Religious Zionism, he is known as "the father of the knit kippah generation."

Yuval Cherlow

Yuval Cherlow is a Modern Orthodox rabbi and posek. He is Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Hesder Amit Orot Shaul in Tel Avi, Israel. Cherlow was one of the founders of Tzohar, an organization of religious Zionist Orthodox rabbis in Israel.

Reem HaCohen

Rabbi Re'em HaCohen is an Israeli Religious Zionist rabbi. HaCohen is the Rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Otniel and the rabbi of the Israeli settlement of Otniel.

Yeshiva.co is an Jewish English website, which is part of the institutions of the Beit El Yeshiva. The site has hundreds of Torah lessons for reading, viewing and listening. The site was founded by Ezra Cohen and partners in Adar 5760 (2000), with the encouragement and support of the Rosh Yeshiva, Rabbi Zalman Baruch Melamed.

Eliezer was the name of at least three biblical personalities.

Yeshivat Har Bracha

Yeshivat Har Bracha,, is a national-religious yeshiva in Bracha, an Israeli settlement in Samaria near Nablus. The yeshiva was founded in 1991 by Rabbi Eliezer Melamed.

Esther Farbstein Israeli historian of the Holocaust

Esther Farbstein is an Israeli historian, researcher, author, and lecturer. Considered the leading Haredi scholar of the Holocaust, she focuses on the spiritual responses of Jews to Nazi persecution. She has introduced new sources for academic research on the Holocaust, and has also shepherded the incorporation of Holocaust education in Haredi girls schools. In 1994, she founded and became head of the Center for Holocaust Studies at Michlalah–Jerusalem College in Bayit Vegan, Jerusalem. She is the author of numerous books, articles, and monographs in Hebrew and English.


  1. "הרב מלמד: יש לחצים על מי שעוסק בכתיבת הלכה - חינוך - חדשות - ערוץ 7". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  2. ""Peninei Halakha" in Yeshiva Har Bracha website". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  3. "פניני הלכה – הרב אליעזר מלמד" . Retrieved Jul 15, 2020.
  4. "Peninei Halakha | HaRav Eliezer Melamed" . Retrieved Jul 15, 2020.
  5. "Pniné Halakha | Rav Eliézer Melamed" . Retrieved Jul 15, 2020.
  6. "Pninei Halajá | Rabino Eliezer Melamed" . Retrieved Jul 15, 2020.
  7. . "Жемчужины Ѓалахи".
  8. "Book Review Roundup III". Torahmusings.com. 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  9. ""רביבים" - הטור הכי פופולארי - בארץ - חדשות - ערוץ 7". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  10. "Hesder rabbi: 'Cut down on reserve duty' - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  11. Pfeffer, Anshel (2009-12-21). "Melamed reverses stance on soldiers refusing to obey orders Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  12. "Petition Supports Rabbi Melamed - Jewish World - News". Israel National News. 2009-12-17. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  13. "Rabbi Eliezer Melamed Gets Ultimatum » Matzav.com - The Online Voice of Torah Jewry". Matzav.com. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  14. "ישיבת הר ברכה - חוזרת למסלול ההסדר - חדשות - ערוץ 7". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  15. "Rabbi Melamed: Stop IDF draft - Israel Jewish Scene, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. Retrieved 2013-11-13.