|Born||June 12, 1935|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Died|| April 15, 2014 78) (aged|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Alma mater||Universidad de Buenos Aires|
|Awards||Guggenheim Fellowship (1970)|
|Fields|| Semiotics |
|Institutions||Universidad de San Andrés|
Eliseo Verón (June 12, 1935 – April 15, 2014) was an Argentine sociologist, anthropologist and semiotician, and professor of communication sciences at Universidad de San Andrés. His work is known mainly in Spanish and French-speaking countries.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture of everyday life. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change or social evolution. While some sociologists conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro-sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.
Anthropology is the scientific study of humans and human behavior and societies in the past and present. Social anthropology and cultural anthropology study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life. Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans.
Semiotics is the study of sign process (semiosis). It includes the study of signs and sign processes, indication, designation, likeness, analogy, allegory, metonymy, metaphor, symbolism, signification, and communication. It is not to be confused with the Saussurean tradition called semiology, which is a subset of semiotics.
He was born in Buenos Aires, where he studied at the university, and began teaching philosophy and sociology as a student from 1957. In 1960, he received a degree in philosophy at the University of Buenos Aires. After graduation, he obtained a scholarship from CONICET to study Social Anthropology Laboratory at the Collège de France with Claude Lévi-Strauss. Verón was in charge of the first translation into spanish of Structural Anthropology, an anthology of Lévi-Strauss's work on that subject, published by Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires (Eudeba) in 1961. He recognizes Lévi-Strauss as his main influence during this period. In 1962 he attended a seminar by Roland Barthes at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, where he discovered Saussurian semiotics, which became a point of departure for him in future work.
The University of Buenos Aires is the largest university in Argentina and the largest university by enrollment in Latin America. Founded on August 12, 1821 in the city of Buenos Aires, it consists of 13 departments, 6 hospitals, 10 museums and is linked to 4 high schools: Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, Escuela Superior de Comercio Carlos Pellegrini, Instituto Libre de Segunda Enseñanza and Escuela de Educación Técnica Profesional en Producción Agropecuaria y Agroalimentaria.
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real? Philosophers also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust? Do humans have free will?
The National Scientific and Technical Research Council is an Argentine government agency which directs and co-ordinates most of the scientific and technical research done in universities and institutes.
Upon returning to Argentina, Verón became a professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Buenos Aires. In 1967 and 1968, he directed the Center for Social Research at the Torcuato di Tella Institute. He was professor of Social Psychology at the Universidad Nacional del Litoral and Professor of Sociology at the University of Salvador. In 1970, he won the Guggenheim Fellowship.[ citation needed ] During the 1970s, he settled in France, where he lived until 1995. He taught at several universities in France (Paris, Bordeaux, Bayonne) and in 1985 received his degree of Doctor of State at the University of Paris VIII. He was professor at the Sorbonne between 1987 and 1992.
The Torcuato di Tella Institute is a non-profit foundation organized for the promotion of Argentine culture.
Guggenheim Fellowships are grants that have been awarded annually since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those "who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts". The roll of Fellows includes numerous Nobel Laureates, Pulitzer, and other prize winners.
In 1995 he returned to Argentina and directed the graduate program in communication sciences at the Universidad Hebrea Argentina Bar Illán. He also taught communication sciences this same discipline taught at the Universidad Nacional de Rosario, the Universidad Nacional del Sur, the University of Fribourg and the University of San Andrés. Between 2000 and 2006, he directed the Master of Journalism program at the University of San Andrés, a joint project with the Clarín Group and Columbia University.
The National University of South is the largest national university in southern Argentina. Its motto is Ardua Veritatem, which means "through the difficulties to the truth".
The University of Fribourg is a university in the city of Fribourg, Switzerland.
The Universidad de San Andrés is an Argentine university located in the town of Victoria, Buenos Aires on the shores of the Rio de la Plata, in the metropolitan area of Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is a small private institution, with approximately 900 undergraduate students and 500 graduate students. It is served by one of the largest private libraries in the country, Max von Buch. Maintaining over 70,000 volumes, the library was recognized by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation though their Program for Latin American Libraries and Archives. The university provides more than 70 study abroad programs with universities in Europe, North America, Latin America, and Australia.San Andrés is the first institution in Argentina to offer a double degree accredited by Grandes Ecoles ESCP-Europe.. The Universidad de San Andrés is one of the only two liberal arts colleges in Argentina, along with Universidad Torcuato Di Tella.
Verón has published books on sociology, social psychology, communication and semiotics since 1968. His early period was influenced by the structuralism of Claude Lévi-Strauss and the binary theory of the sign of Ferdinand de Saussure, and then the triadic sign theory of Charles Sanders Peirce, on whom he relied to develop his theory of social semiosis (1988).
Ferdinand de Saussure was a Swiss linguist and semiotician. His ideas laid a foundation for many significant developments in both linguistics and semiology in the 20th century. He is widely considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics and one of two major founders of semiotics/semiology.
Charles Sanders Peirce was an American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism". He was educated as a chemist and employed as a scientist for thirty years. Today he is appreciated largely for his contributions to logic, mathematics, philosophy, scientific methodology, and semiotics, and for his founding of pragmatism.
In 1974 he founded the journal LENGUAjes in Buenos Aires, along with Oscar Steinberg, Juan Carlos Indart, and Oscar Traversa. The publication of this journal was the effective introduction of semiotics in Argentina.
Between 1970 and 1978, Verón was president of the Argentine Association of Semiotics.
In December 2010, Verón made a speech contributing to the launch of Eduardo Duhalde, who ran for president of Argentina in 2011.
Eduardo Alberto Duhalde is an Argentine politician who served as President of Argentina from 2002 to 2003. Born in Lomas de Zamora, he was elected for the local legislature and appointed mayor in 1973. He was deposed during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, and elected again when democracy was restored in 1983 after the tyranny of soldiers raiding homes. He was elected vice-president of Argentina in 1989, under President Carlos Menem.
The President of Argentina, officially known as the President of the Argentine Republic, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina. Under the national Constitution, the President is also the chief executive of the federal government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.
Verón died of cancer on April 15, 2014 at his home in Buenos Aires.
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