Elizabeth Cobbold

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Elizabeth Cobbold
Mrs Elizabeth Cobbold attr to George Frost 1815ish.jpg
Portrait attributed to George Frost
Born
Elizabeth Knipe

1765
London
Died1824
Occupationwriter and poet

Elizabeth Cobbold or Carolina Petty Pasty born Elizabeth Knipe (1765–17 OCtober, 1824) was a British writer and poet.

Contents

Life

Cobbold was born Elizabeth Knipe in Watling Street, London in 1765 to Robert Knipe. Her mother's maiden name was Waller. [1] [2] She was baptised in the now lost church of St Olave Silver Street before living in Manchester. [3] [ citation needed ] Her first marriage was to William Clarke who worked for the customs at Ipswich. William was older than her and disabled and he died after less than a year. By this time she had published her first novel The Sword, or Father Bertrand's History of his own Times [1] which was influenced by her friend Clara Reeve. [3] The following year after becoming a widow she married the Ipswich brewer John Cobbold and she became the stepmother of fifteen children as well as, in time, giving birth to an additional seven. [1] In 1814 they moved to a house at Holywells Park in Ipswich from their previous house, The Cliff .

Watling Street ancient trackway

Watling Street is a route in England that began as an ancient trackway first used by the Britons, mainly between the areas of modern Canterbury and St Albans using a natural ford near Westminster. The Romans later paved the route, which then connected the Kentish ports of Dubris (Dover), Rutupiae (Richborough), Lemanis (Lympne), and Regulbium (Reculver) to their bridge over the Thames at Londinium (London). The route continued northwest through Verulamium (St Albans) on its way to Viroconium (Wroxeter). The Romans considered the continuation on to Blatobulgium (Birrens) beyond Hadrian's Wall to be part of the same route, leading some scholars to call this Watling Street as well, although others restrict it to the southern leg.

Ipswich Town and Borough in England

Ipswich is a historic county town in Suffolk, England, located in East Anglia about 66 miles (106 km) north-east of London. The town has been continuously occupied since the Saxon period, and its port has been one of England's most important for the whole of its history. The modern name is derived from the medieval name Gippeswic, likely taken either from an Old Saxon personal name or from an earlier name of the Orwell estuary. It has also been known as Gyppewicus and Yppswyche.

Despite this number of children she published under the pseudonym of Carolina Petty Pasty a poetical piece which included a portrait which was her work too. In 1803 she served as editor to a volume of poems by Ann Candler. She continued to do charitable work and in 1812 she started a clothing society for small children and in 1820 a charitable bazaar. [1]

Ann Candler (1740–1814) was a poet, known as 'The Suffolk Cottager', whose works appeared in the Ipswich Journal and a volume published toward the end of her life.

From 1806 Cobbold was known for Valentine Day cards which had verses written by herself and she published these in 1813 and 1814. [1] The verses were attached to cleverly cut paper and it has been said that the skill of the cutting exceeded the quality of the poetry.

There are extant oil paintings of Elizabeth and her husband John which are attributed to George Frost. [4] Her son Richard Cobbold was also a noted writer. [3]

George Frost (landscape painter) British artist

George Frost (1754–1821) was an English landscape painter who lived in Ipswich, Suffolk.

Richard Cobbold British cleric and writer

Richard Cobbold (1797–1877) was a British writer.

Elizabeth Cobbold as a Geologist

Acila cobboldiae [nl] was named for her. Acila cobboldiae.jpg
Acila cobboldiae  [ nl ] was named for her.

Elizabeth was also one of the first geologists. She collected fossils from the Red Crag Formation in the grounds of Holywells park. One of these, Nucula cobboldiae, was named after her by James Sowerby and included in Mineral Conchology of Great Britain . [5] [6] The sample is now located in the Museums Victoria Collections, Australia. [7] The Acila cobboldiae  [ nl ], a rare species of shellfish, was also named after her by George Sowerby. [1]

Red Crag Formation

The Red Crag Formation is a geological formation in England. It outcrops in south-eastern Suffolk and north-eastern Essex. The name derives from its iron-stained reddish colour and crag which is an East Anglian word for shells. It is part of the Crag Group, a series of notably marine strata which belong to a period when Britain was connected to continental Europe by the Weald–Artois Anticline, and the area in which the Crag Group was deposited was a tidally dominated marine bay. This bay would have been subjected to enlargement and contraction brought about by transgressions and regressions driven by the 40,000-year Milankovitch cycles.

James Sowerby British botanical illustrator

James Sowerby was an English naturalist, illustrator and mineralogist. Contributions to published works, such as A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland or English Botany, include his detailed and appealing plates. The use of vivid colour and accessible texts were intended to reach a widening audience in works of natural history.

Museums Victoria museum operator in Victoria, Australia

Museums Victoria is an organisation which operates three major state-owned museums in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, the Melbourne Museum, the Immigration Museum and Scienceworks. It also manages the Royal Exhibition Building and a storage facility in Melbourne's City of Moreland.

Literary works

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The Margaret Catchpole Public House is a public house in Cliff Lane, Ipswich. Built in 1936 by the local architect Harold Ridley Hooper for Tolly Cobbold brewery, it is a Grade II* listed building. Most of its interior features have remained unaltered since the 1930s, making it one of the finest examples of this period in England. Since 2003 it has been part of the Holywells Park Conservation Area.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Cobbold, Elizabeth"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  2. Sorene, Paul (19 January 2019). "Elizabeth Cobbold's Papercut Invitations to her Annual St Valentine's Day Ball - 18th Century". Flashbak. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 , Spenserians, retrieved 4 April 2018
  4. 8 paintings by or after George Frost at the Art UK site
  5. "Events - Suffolk Geocene". geosuffolk.co.uk. GeoSuffolk. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  6. "Sowerby's British Mineralogy and Martha Proby". www.gia.edu. Gemological Institute of America. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  7. "Nucula cobboldiae variabilis Sowerby, 1824". Museums Victoria Collections. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 19 October 2019.