Elizabeth Cooper (historian)

Last updated

Elizabeth Cooper (fl. 1865–1874) was an English historian and biographer of the mid-Victorian period, known for three publications on the history of America, on Lady Arbella Stuart, and on Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford.

Floruit, abbreviated fl., Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active. In English, the word may also be used as a noun indicating the time when someone flourished.

Lady Arbella Stuart British noble

Lady Arbella Stuart was an English noblewoman who was considered a possible successor to Queen Elizabeth I of England.

Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford English earl and politician

Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford was an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War. He served in Parliament and was a supporter of King Charles I. From 1632–40 he was Lord Deputy of Ireland, where he established a strong authoritarian rule. Recalled to England, he became a leading advisor to the King, attempting to strengthen the royal position against Parliament. When Parliament condemned Wentworth to death, Charles reluctantly signed the death warrant and Wentworth was executed.



Little appears to be known of Cooper apart from her publications, and a few reviews and commentaries relating to them; she appears to have been unmarried, at least during the period in which she was published. [1]

In 1865 she published A Popular History of America, subtitled From the Discovery by Columbus to the Establishment of the Federal Republic of the United States In Three Periods: I. The Discovery and Conquest of the West Indies and South America II. The Colonization of the United States III. The War of Independence and the Establishment of the Federal Government. The history, covering both the north and south of the continent, runs to 527 pages and includes two fold-out maps. [1] [2]

In the following year, 1866, she published a two-volume The Life and Letters of Lady Arabella Stuart, based on her studies of Stuart-related papers held by Thomas Phillipps, Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton, George Digby Wingfield Digby and others. [1] [3] The Westminster and Foreign Quarterly Review described the work as a carefully painted portrait, built on 'numerous original and hitherto unpublished documents', and written with 'quiet taste and sober treatment'. [4]

Thomas Phillipps British antiquarian and book collector

Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1st Baronet was an English antiquary and book collector who amassed the largest collection of manuscript material in the 19th century. He was an illegitimate son of a textile manufacturer and inherited a substantial estate, which he spent almost entirely on vellum manuscripts and, when out of funds, borrowed heavily to buy manuscripts, thereby putting his family deep into debt. Phillipps recorded in an early catalogue that his collection was instigated by reading various accounts of the destruction of valuable manuscripts. Such was his devotion that he acquired some 40,000 printed books and 60,000 manuscripts, arguably the largest collection a single individual has created, and coined the term "vello-maniac" to describe his obsession, which is more commonly termed bibliomania.

Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton British politician and poet

Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton, FRS, was an English poet, patron of literature and politician.

She next published The Life of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Stafford in 1874; the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography speculates that the gap between this and the Arabella Stuart might arise out of illness; her dedication in Stafford is to Edward Lane, a medical doctor and hydrotherapist who ran establishments at Moor Park, Farnham and Sudbrook Park, Petersham; Cooper evidently believed he had rescued her from certain death. [5] The two-volume Stafford was the first scholarly treatise on Wentworth, and was received with generally good reviews. [1]


Hydrotherapy, formerly called hydropathy and also called water cure, is a part of alternative medicine, occupational therapy, and physiotherapy, that involves the use of water for pain relief and treatment. The term encompasses a broad range of approaches and therapeutic methods that take advantage of the physical properties of water, such as temperature and pressure, for therapeutic purposes, to stimulate blood circulation and treat the symptoms of certain diseases.

Moor Park, Farnham

Moor Park and Ivy Cottage, Farnham, Surrey, England are listed, conjoined homes in 60 acres (0.24 km2) of riverside grounds, in the former chapelry of Compton. The grounds formerly extended to Mother Ludlam's Cave, a cave entrenched in local folklore which faces across the Wey to the ruins of Waverley Abbey.

Sudbrook Park, Petersham House and Park in Petersham, London

Sudbrook Park in Petersham was developed by John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll in the early 18th century. Sudbrook House, designed for Argyll by James Gibbs, is considered a fine example of Palladian architecture, and for over a century both house and park have been the home of the Richmond Golf Club.


Engraving of Lady Arbella Stuart, commissioned by Cooper and based on a miniature in the possession of George Digby Wingfield Digby Lady Arbella Stuart - miniature.png
Engraving of Lady Arbella Stuart, commissioned by Cooper and based on a miniature in the possession of George Digby Wingfield Digby

Related Research Articles

Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork Irish noble

Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, also known as the Great Earl of Cork, was an English-born politician who served as Lord Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland.

Earl of Strafford title

Earl of Strafford is a title that has been created three times in English and British history.

William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford English Earl

William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford was a member of England's House of Lords

Sir George Radcliffe was an English lawyer and politician. He spent much of his political career in Ireland, where he was a key member of the firm and ruthless Strafford administration. He lived out his last years in exile in the Netherlands.

Agnes Strickland English writer

Agnes Strickland was an English historical writer and poet.

John Digby, 1st Earl of Bristol English diplomat

John Digby, 1st Earl of Bristol, was an English diplomat and a moderate royalist during the English Civil War.

Alethea Howard, Countess of Arundel English noble

Alethea Howard, 14th Baroness Talbot, 17th Baroness Strange of Blackmere, 13th Baroness Furnivall, Countess of Arundel, née Lady Alethea Talbot, was the wife of Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel. She was the youngest daughter of Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury and his wife Mary Cavendish; and the sister of two other countesses: Mary Herbert, Countess of Pembroke and Elizabeth Grey, Countess of Kent.

John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare English politician and Earl

John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare was an English nobleman.

Margaret Howard, Countess of Nottingham British noble

Margaret Stuart, was an English court office holder. She served as lady-in-waiting to the queen consort of England, Anne of Denmark. She was the daughter of James Stewart, 2nd Earl of Moray, and Elizabeth Stuart, 2nd Countess of Moray. The sailor Sir Frances Stuart was her brother.


Arbella or Arabella was the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet on which Governor John Winthrop, other members of the Company, and Puritan emigrants transported themselves and the Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company from England to Salem between April 8 and June 12, 1630, thereby giving legal birth to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. John Winthrop is reputed to have given the famous "A Model of Christian Charity" sermon aboard the ship. Also on board was Anne Bradstreet, the first European female poet to be published from the New World, and her family.

George Byng, 3rd Earl of Strafford British politician

George Henry Charles Byng, 3rd Earl of Strafford, styled Viscount Enfield between 1860 and 1886, was a British Liberal politician.

Lewis Watson, 1st Earl of Rockingham was an English peer and politician.

William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1722–1791) English earl

William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford, styled Viscount Wentworth until 1739 was a peer and member of the House of Lords of Great Britain.

Lady Louisa Stuart Daughter of British Prime Minister

Lady Louisa Stuart was a British writer of the 18th and 19th centuries. Her long life spanned nearly ninety-four years.

Thomas Savile, 1st Earl of Sussex English politician

Thomas Savile, 1st Earl of Sussex was an English politician.

Nathaniel Hooke British historian

Nathaniel Hooke was an English historian.

Bridget Chaworth, later Bridget Carr, was a gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber to Elizabeth I and Queen Anne.

5, St Jamess Square house in the City of Westminster, London, UK

5, St James's Square is a Grade II* listed historic townhouse in London, England, built 1748–51 by William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1722–1791) to the design of Matthew Brettingham the Elder. It remained the London residence of the descendants of his sister until after 1968, and in 1984 was the site of the "Libyan Peoples' Bureau" from which shots were fired which caused the murder of Yvonne Fletcher.


  1. 1 2 3 4 Mitchell, Rosemary. "Cooper, Elizabeth (fl. 1865–1874), historian". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46555.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. "A Popular History of America Antique Book w/ Maps 1865". All Antique Books. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  3. Cooper, Elizabeth (1866). The Life and Letters of Lady Arbella Stuart. pp. vii–viii.
  4. "Contemporary Literature". Westminster and Foreign Quarterly Review. 30: 257–8. 1 July 1866.
  5. Cooper, Elizabeth (1874). The Life of Thomas Wentworth Earl of Strafford & Lord- Lieutenant ..., Volume 1. p. Dedication.