Mary Elizabeth Hartman
December 23, 1943
Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||June 10, 1987 43) (aged|
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Cause of death||Suicide by self-defenestration|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.|
(m. 1968;div. 1984)
Mary Elizabeth Hartman (December 23, 1943 – June 10, 1987) was an American actress of the stage and screen. She debuted in the popular 1965 film A Patch of Blue , playing a blind girl named Selina D'Arcy, opposite Sidney Poitier, a role for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and a Golden Globe Award.
She appeared in Francis Ford Coppola's You're a Big Boy Now as Barbara Darling, for which she was nominated for a second Golden Globe Award.
Hartman also starred opposite Clint Eastwood and Geraldine Page in Don Siegel's The Beguiled , and the 1973 film Walking Tall.
On stage, Hartman is remembered for her interpretations of Laura Wingfield in The Glass Menagerie , for which she won Ohio's "Actress of the Year" award, and Emily Webb in the 1969 Broadway production of Our Town .Hartman retired from acting in 1982 after portraying Mrs. Brisby in Don Bluth's first animated feature, The Secret of NIMH (1982).
Mary Elizabeth Hartman was born December 23, 1943,in Youngstown, Ohio, the daughter of Claire (née Mullaly; 1918–1997) and B.C. Hartman (1914–1964). She had a sister, Janet, and a brother, William. She was a standout dramatic student at Boardman High School, where she graduated in 1961. She won a statewide award for best actress in a high school production for her performance as Laura in The Glass Menagerie . She performed in several productions at the Youngstown Playhouse during her youth, including A Clearing in the Woods by Arthur Laurents and Our Town. She attended Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where she met her future husband, Gill Dennis, and spent her summers acting with the Kenley Players.
Hartman also performed at the Cleveland Playhouse in several productions, including The Madwoman of Chaillot and Bus Stop . She was encouraged to move to New York City and begin auditioning for plays there. In 1964, Hartman was signed to play the ingénue lead in the comedy Everybody Out, the Castle is Sinking, which was not a success, however her performance was again positively received, and film producers took notice.
In 1964, Hartman was screen-tested by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Warner Brothers.In the early autumn of 1964, she was offered a leading role in A Patch of Blue , opposite Sidney Poitier and Shelley Winters. The role won widespread critical acclaim for Hartman, a fact proudly noted by the news media in her hometown. During this time, her father, who worked in construction, died. The role also won an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for Hartman. At the time of her nomination in 1966, Elizabeth Hartman (who was 23 years old) was the youngest nominee ever in the Best Actress category. That same year, she received an achievement award from the National Association of Theatre Owners. Hartman also won a Golden Globe for New Star of the Year for her performance. In 1966, she starred as Laura opposite Mercedes McCambridge as Amanda in a production of The Glass Menagerie in Pittsburgh.
In January 1967, columnist Dorothy Manners reported that Hartman had been cast in the role of Neely O'Hara in the movie version of Valley of the Dolls , beating out some more famous Hollywood actresses. She was said to have won over director Mark Robson, who had been enthralled with her performance in You're a Big Boy Now . However, the following month, it was announced that Oscar-winner Patty Duke had signed on to play Neely, albeit against her agent's advice.
Between the mid-1960s and early 1970s, Hartman appeared in three well-received films, two of which starred Broadway and Hollywood legend Geraldine Page, The Group (1966),You're a Big Boy Now (1966), and The Beguiled (1971). Portraying Pauline Mullins, the wife of former Sheriff Buford Pusser, she starred in the cult classic and major box office hit Walking Tall (1973). In 1975, Hartman starred in the premiere of Tom Rickman's play Balaam, a play about political intrigue in Washington, D.C. The production was mounted in Old Town Pasadena, California, by the Pasadena Repertory Theatre located in The Hotel Carver. It was directed by Hartman's husband, Gill Dennis. In 1981, she starred in a touring production of Morning's at Seven , but left the tour due to declining mental health. Her last on-screen performance was in 1981's horror-spoof, Full Moon High , where she appeared as Miss Montgomery. In 1982, she appeared in Don Bluth's The Secret of NIMH , where she portrayed the film's protagonist, Mrs. Brisby. She was highly praised for the performance; however, this proved to be her last Hollywood film role.
Throughout much of her life, Hartman suffered from depression.In 1978, she was treated at The Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut. In 1984, she divorced her husband, screenwriter Gill Dennis, after a five-year separation. In the last few years of her life, she gave up acting altogether and worked at a museum in Pittsburgh while receiving treatment for her condition at an outpatient clinic. In 1981, she returned to theater, portraying Myrtle Brown in a regional stage production of Morning's at Seven . Her sister and caretaker, Janet, told the Los Angeles Times:
She was very suicidal... As soon as I arrived, she took an overdose of sleeping pills and was rushed to intensive care. But, the next night, she appeared on stage and she was wonderful. I spent two weeks with her to try to get her to the theater every night. She was frightened of everyone and everything. We'd go to breakfast, and she'd get up and dash out as though somebody was after her.
On June 10, 1987, Hartman died after jumping from the window of her fifth floor apartment.Earlier that morning, she had reportedly called her psychiatrist saying that she felt despondent. Hartman was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in her hometown.
|1965||A Patch of Blue||Selina D'Arcey||Guy Green|
|1966||The Group||Priss||Sidney Lumet|
|You're a Big Boy Now||Barbara Darling||Francis Ford Coppola|
|1968||The Fixer||Zinaida||John Frankenheimer|
|1971||The Beguiled||Edwina Dabney||Don Siegel|
|1972||In Pursuit of Treasure||Stanton Kaye|
|1973||Walking Tall||Pauline Pusser||Phil Karlson|
|1980||Willow B: Women in Prison||Helen||Jeff Bleckner||Also known as: A Matter of Survival|
|1981||Full Moon High||Miss Montgomery||Larry Cohen|
|1982||The Secret of NIMH||Mrs. Brisby||Don Bluth||Voice|
|1971||Night Gallery||Judith Timm||Episode: "The Dark Boy"|
|1973||Love, American Style||Wilma More||Segment: "Love and the Locksmith"|
|1975||Wide World Mystery||Camilla||Episode: "A Little Bit Like Murder"|
|Doctors' Hospital||Bobbie Marks||Episode: "Come at Last to Love"|
|1969||Our Town||Emily Webb||ANTA Playhouse|
|Academy Awards||1965||Best Actress||A Patch of Blue||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Most Promising Newcomer – Female||Won|
|Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama||Nominated|
|1966||Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy||You're a Big Boy Now||Nominated|
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