Elizabeth Leyburne

Last updated

Elizabeth Leyburne, Duchess of Norfolk (1536 – 4 September 1567), was a member of the English nobility. She first married Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre; following his death in 1566, she secretly married Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. [1] She was his third wife.

Contents

Portrait of Elizabeth Leyburne attributed to Hans Eworth, c.1560 Elizabeth leyburne.jpg
Portrait of Elizabeth Leyburne attributed to Hans Eworth, c.1560

Family

Elizabeth was born in 1536, the daughter of Sir James Leyburn of Cunswick, Westmorland, and his wife Helen Preston. The latter was the child of Thomas Preston and Anne Thornburgh. She had one sister, Anne, who married William Stanley, 3rd Baron Monteagle, by whom there was a daughter, Elizabeth.

Several members of the Leyburne (also written as Leybourne and Leyburn) family were recusants, and James Leyburn, Elizabeth's great-nephew, was executed as "a catholic traitor" in 1583. [2]

Marriages and issue

Elizabeth married twice. She married her first husband, Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre of Gilsland in 1555. The marriage produced five children:

There was disagreement between Elizabeth and the Dacres as to her husband's will, which settled his lands on his son and brothers, limiting their inheritance to heirs male. Elizabeth allegedly felt aggrieved on behalf of her daughters, but according to her brother-in-law Leonard Dacre, Elizabeth herself received more "than ever anye the wyves of the auncestors of the said Lorde Dacre had."[ citation needed ]

Six months after her husband died on 25 July 1566, Elizabeth secretly married Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk on 29 January 1567, becoming his third wife. The marriage ceremony was conducted in secrecy in the London home of her mother.[ citation needed ]

Death and legacy

On 4 September 1567, just over seven months after her marriage, Elizabeth died in childbirth at Kenninghall, Norfolk; [3] the baby, whose sex is not known, also died. It seems that, although Elizabeth was devoutly Catholic, her husband, who was also a Catholic but had been raised as a Protestant would not allow her access to a Catholic priest to administer the sacraments as she lay dying in labour:

the Duchesse . . . desir'd to have been reconciled by a Priest, who for that end was conducted into the garden, yet could not have access unto her, either by reason of the Duke's vigilance to hinder it, or at least of his continual presence in the chamber at that time.

The Duke was granted wardship of her children two months after her death [4] Elizabeth's son, George, who had succeeded his father as 5th Baron Dacre, died at the age of nine in 1569. Norfolk later arranged the marriages of her three daughters to his own sons by his former wives. In 1571, Anne married her stepbrother Philip Howard (1557–1595), later 20th Earl of Arundel; before 9 May 1577, Mary had married Thomas Howard (1561–1626), later 1st Earl of Suffolk, her stepbrother; [5] and on 28 October 1577 Elizabeth married Lord William Howard (1563–1640), of Naworth Castle, Cumberland, and of Henderskelfe Castle, Yorkshire, the Duke's third son. [6]

Elizabeth's daughter Mary Howard died on 7 April 1578 at the age of fourteen, but her eldest child, Anne Howard, survived until 1630. The third daughter Elizabeth, gained the nickname "Bess of the Broad Apron", thanks to the size of the estates which came to her.

Elizabeth Leyburne was, according to her daughter Anne's biographer, ‘Daughter of Sir James Labourn a Knight much esteem'd and honour'd in Lancashire. For her Beauty, Person, Wit, and Discretion, she was qualify'd to wear a Crown.'

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk</span> English politician and nobleman (1536–1572)

Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, was an English nobleman and politician. He was a second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I through her maternal grandmother, and held many high offices during the earlier part of her reign.

Elizabeth de Mowbray, Duchess of Norfolk was an English noblewoman and the wife of Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baron Dacre</span> Title in the Peerage of England

Baron Dacre is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of England, every time by writ.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk</span> English sailor, politician, and courtier (1561–1626)

Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, of Audley End House in the parish of Saffron Walden in Essex, and of Suffolk House near Westminster, a member of the House of Howard, was the second son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk by his second wife Margaret Audley, the daughter and eventual sole heiress of Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, of Audley End.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners</span> English soldier, statesman and translator (1467–1533)

John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners was an English soldier, statesman and translator.

Lord William Howard was an English nobleman and antiquary, sometimes known as "Belted or Bauld (bold) Will".

The Rising of the North of 1569, also called the Revolt of the Northern Earls or Northern Rebellion, was an unsuccessful attempt by Catholic nobles from Northern England to depose Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk</span>

Margaret Howard, Duchess of Norfolk was the sole surviving child of Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, and Lady Elizabeth Grey, herself the daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and his wife Margaret Wotton, therefore Margaret was a first cousin of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, father of Lady Jane Grey.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland</span> English noble

Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland was a member of the Clifford family, seated at Skipton Castle from 1310 to 1676. His wife was Lady Eleanor Brandon, a niece of King Henry VIII.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mary Fiennes, Baroness Dacre</span>

Mary Fiennes, Baroness Dacre was the daughter of George Neville, 5th Baron Bergavenny by his third wife, Lady Mary Stafford, youngest daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frances Howard, Countess of Surrey</span>

Frances Howard, Countess of Surrey was the daughter of John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford, and Elizabeth Trussell. She married firstly, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his wife Elizabeth Stafford, by whom she had two sons and three daughters:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anne Howard, Countess of Arundel</span>

Anne Howard, Countess of Arundel, was an English poetess, noblewoman, and religious conspirator. She lived a life devoted to her son, Thomas Howard, and religion, as she converted to the illegal and underground Catholic Church in England in 1582, in defiance of Queen Elizabeth I's policy of Caesaropapism. She was known to be a "woman of strong character, and of religious desposition…whose influence soon made itself felt upon her husband… the increasing seriousness of his thoughts led him in the direction of Romanism…". She was also known as an author of Christian poetry and for literary works written about her.

Magdalen Dacre, Viscountess Montagu was an English noblewoman. She was the daughter of William Dacre, 3rd Baron Dacre of Gilsland, and the second wife of Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu. Magdalen, a fervent Roman Catholic, was a Maid of Honour at the wedding of Mary I of England to Philip II of Spain in Winchester Cathedral. Dacre, despite being a Catholic, managed to remain in high regard with the Protestant Tudor Queen who succeeded Mary, Elizabeth I. Dacre was, according to biographer Lady Antonia Fraser in her historical biography, The Gunpowder Plot: Terror and Faith in 1605, a fine example of "how the most pious Catholic could survive if he did not challenge the accepted order".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland</span> English peer

Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of WestmorlandKG, was an English peer and soldier. He was the grandson of Ralph Neville, 3rd Earl of Westmorland, and the father of Henry Neville, 5th Earl of Westmorland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey</span>

Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey was an English heiress who became the first wife of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. She served successively as a lady-in-waiting to two Queen consorts, namely Elizabeth Woodville, wife of King Edward IV, and later as Lady of the Bedchamber to that Queen's daughter, Elizabeth of York, the wife of King Henry VII. She stood as joint godmother to Princess Margaret Tudor at her baptism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth Cheney (1422–1473)</span> English noblewoman (1422–1473)

Elizabeth Cheney was a member of the English gentry, who, by her two marriages, was the great-grandmother of Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Howard, three of the wives of King Henry VIII of England, thus making her great-great-grandmother to King Edward VI, the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, and Elizabeth I, the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Her first husband was Sir Frederick Tilney, and her second husband was Sir John Say, Speaker of the House of Commons. She bore a total of eight children from both marriages.

Anne Bourchier, Baroness Dacre was an English noblewoman, the wife of Sir Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacre. Her stepfather was Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, which made Queen consort Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII of England, her niece. Her son-in-law was Henry Norris, who was executed for treason in 1536, as one of the alleged lovers of her niece, Queen Anne.

Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre of Gilsland, 8th Baron Greystoke was an English Member of Parliament and after his father's death a peer and major landowner in the counties of Cumberland, Yorkshire and Northumberland.

George Dacre, 5th Baron Dacre of Gilsland, also Baron Greystoke was an English peer and landowner in the county of Cumberland.

Lady Margaret Sackville, formerly Lady Margaret Howard, was the wife of Robert Sackville, 2nd Earl of Dorset.

References

  1. Treharne, Elaine (5 August 2011). "Elaine Treharne, '"Tristis Amor": An unpublished love letter from Lady Elizabeth Dacre Howard to Sir Anthony Cooke', Renaissance Studies (2011), DOI 10.1111/j.1477-4658.2011.00765.x". Renaissance Studies. 26 (5): 673–690. doi:10.1111/j.1477-4658.2011.00765.x. S2CID   190695372.
  2. Sir James Leyburn MP in History of Parliament Online website
  3. Treharne
  4. "Howard, Thomas (1561-1626)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. "Howard, Lord William (HWRT577W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.