Elizabeth Ryan

Last updated
Elizabeth Ryan
Elizabeth Ryan (tennis player).jpg
Full nameElizabeth Montague Ryan
Country (sports)Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Born(1892-02-05)February 5, 1892
Anaheim, CA, USA
DiedJuly 6, 1979(1979-07-06) (aged 87)
Wimbledon, England
Int. Tennis HoF 1972 (member page)
Singles
Highest rankingNo. 3 (1927)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open QF (1926, 1930, 1931)
Wimbledon F (1921, 1930)
US Open F (1926)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1930, 1932, 1933, 1934)
Wimbledon W (1914, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1930, 1933, 1934)
US Open W (1926)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open F (1934)
Wimbledon W (1919, 1921, 1923, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1932)
US Open W (1926, 1933)

Elizabeth Montague Ryan (February 5, 1892 – July 6, 1979) was an American tennis player who was born in Anaheim, California but lived most of her life in the United Kingdom. Ryan won 26 Grand Slam titles. Nineteen of those titles were in women's doubles and mixed doubles at Wimbledon, an all-time record for those two events. Twelve of her Wimbledon titles were in women's doubles and seven were in mixed doubles. Ryan also won four women's doubles titles at the French Championships, as well as one women's doubles title and two mixed doubles titles at the U.S. Championships.

Tennis ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

Anaheim, California City in California, United States

Anaheim is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County and the 10th-most populous city in California. Anaheim is the second-largest city in Orange County in terms of land area, and is known for being the home of the Disneyland Resort, the Anaheim Convention Center, and two major sports teams: the Anaheim Ducks ice hockey club and the Los Angeles Angels baseball team.

Grand Slam (tennis) the four most important tennis tournaments

The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982.

Contents

Career

Although she reached the Wimbledon singles finals twice, Ryan never won the title. Eight of her losses at Wimbledon were to players generally considered to be among the best ever. Ryan had to play Dorothea Lambert Chambers in the all-comers final of 1920; Suzanne Lenglen in the 1919 semifinals (losing 6–4, 7–5), 1921 final, 1922 quarterfinals, 1924 quarterfinals (losing 6–2, 6–8, 6–4), and 1925 second round; and Helen Wills Moody in the 1928 semifinals and 1930 final.

Suzanne Lenglen French tennis player

Suzanne Rachel Flore Lenglen was a French tennis player who won 31 Championship titles between 1914 and 1926. She dominated women's tennis from 1914 until 1926 when she turned professional. A flamboyant, trendsetting athlete, she was the first female tennis celebrity and one of the first international female sport stars, named La Divine by the French press. Lenglen's 241 titles, 181 match winning streak and 341-7 (98%) match record are hard to imagine happening in today's tennis atmosphere. Lenglen is regarded by some to be the greatest female tennis player in history.

In the 1926 singles final at the U.S. Championships, the 34-year-old Ryan led 42-year-old Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 4–6, 6–4, 4–0 and had a match point at 7–6 in the third set before losing the final three games of the match. [1]

Ryan and her longtime partner Lenglen never lost a women's doubles match at Wimbledon, going 31–0. [1] Only Billie Jean King (224 match wins) and Martina Navratilova won more matches at Wimbledon than Ryan (190 match wins): 47–15 in singles, 73–4 in women's doubles, and 70–9 in mixed doubles. [1]

Billie Jean King American tennis player

Billie Jean King is an American former World No. 1 professional tennis player. King won 39 Grand Slam titles: 12 in singles, 16 in women's doubles, and 11 in mixed doubles. She won the singles title at the inaugural WTA Tour Championships. She often represented the United States in the Federation Cup and the Wightman Cup. She was a member of the victorious United States team in seven Federation Cups and nine Wightman Cups. For three years, she was the United States' captain in the Federation Cup.

Martina Navratilova American-Czech tennis player

Martina Navratilova is a Czechoslovak-born American former professional tennis player and coach. In 2005, Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1975 through 2005 and she is considered one of the best female tennis players of all time.

The longtime tennis writer Ted Tinling has credited Ryan with inventing the volleying style later perfected by players such as Sarah Palfrey Cooke, Alice Marble, Louise Brough Clapp, Margaret Osborne duPont, Doris Hart, Darlene Hard, Margaret Court, Navratilova, and King. "Before World War I, women's tennis consisted primary of slogging duels from the baseline. There were a few volleying pioneers, notably ... Hazel [Hotchkiss] Wightman and Ethel [Thomson] Larcombe, but volleying as a fundamental, aggressive technique was first injected into the women's game by ... Ryan." [2] Tinling, however, also said about Ryan, "Elizabeth wasn't fast enough for singles. Too heavy." [3]

Ted Tinling British tennis official and fashion designer

Cuthbert Collingwood "Ted" Tinling, sometimes known as Teddy Tinling, was an English tennis player, fashion designer, spy and author. He was a firm fixture on the professional tennis tour for over sixty years and is considered the foremost designer of tennis dresses of the 20th Century.

Sarah Palfrey Cooke American tennis player

Sarah Hammond Palfrey Danzig was an American tennis player whose career spanned two decades from the late 1920s until the late 1940s. She won the singles title at the U.S. Championships in 1941 and 1945.

Alice Marble American tennis player

Alice Marble was an American tennis player who won 18 Grand Slam championships (1936–40): five in singles, six in women's doubles, and seven in mixed doubles.

According to Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Ryan was ranked in the world top ten from 1921 (when the rankings began) through 1928 and again in 1930, reaching a career high of World No. 3 in those rankings in 1927. [4] Ryan was ranked second behind Mallory in the year-end rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association for 1925 and 1926. [5]

<i>Daily Mail</i> British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper published in London

The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market newspaper published in London in a tabloid format. Founded in 1896, it is the United Kingdom's second-biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982, while Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. Content from the paper appears on the MailOnline website, although the website is managed separately and has its own editor.

United States Tennis Association organization

The United States Tennis Association (USTA) is the national governing body for tennis in the United States. A not-for-profit organization with more than 700,000 members, it invests 100% of its proceeds to promote and develop the growth of tennis, from the grass-roots to the professional levels. The association was created to standardize rules and regulations and to promote and develop the growth of tennis in the United States.

Ryan died on July 6, 1979, at age 87, on the grounds of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club at Wimbledon, following the ladies singes final and the day before King broke her record number of Wimbledon wins by winning her 20th title. [6] [7] [8] When tennis writer and television commentator Bud Collins tried to arrange for Ryan and King to film an interview together at Wimbledon in 1979, Ryan refused. [3] King said, "I always liked seeing Miss Ryan at Wimbledon, and I'd try to be friendly, but she didn't seem to want it. For me, it wasn't personal. Sure, I wanted the record, but I wasn't trying to steal a possession of hers." [9] King also said, "[T]here is no doubt in my mind that she just didn't want to be alive to see her record broken. She was [87], she had held it for a long, long time and she wanted it for herself. But records are there to be broken." [10]

Grand Slam finals

Singles: 3 runners-ups

ResultYearChampionshipSurfaceOpponentScore
Runner-up1921 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen 2–6, 0–6
Runner-up1926 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6–4, 4–6, 7–9
Runner-up1930WimbledonGrass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills Moody 2–6, 2–6

Women's doubles: 21 (17 titles, 4 runners-up)

ResultYearChampionshipSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Winner 1914 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Agnes Morton Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edith Hannam
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ethel Thomson Larcombe
6–1, 6–3
Winner 1919 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dorthea Lambert Chambers
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ethel Thomson Larcombe
4–6, 7–5, 6–3
Winner 1920 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dorthea Lambert Chambers
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ethel Thomson Larcombe
6–4, 6–0
Winner 1921 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Geraldine Beamish
Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg Irene Bowder Peacock
6–1, 6–2
Winner 1922 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Kathleen McKane Godfree
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Margaret McKane Stocks
6–0, 6–4
Winner 1923 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Joan Austin
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Evelyn Colyer
6–3, 6–1
Winner 1925 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Kathleen Lidderdale Bridge
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Mary McIlquham
6–2, 6–2
Runner-up 1925 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg May Sutton Bundy Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Mary Browne
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills
4–6, 3–6
Winner 1926 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Mary Browne Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Evelyn Colyer
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Kathleen McKane Godfree
6–1, 6–1
Winner 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Eleanor Goss Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Mary Browne
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Charlotte Chapin
3–6, 6–4, 12–10
Winner 1927 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg Bobbie Heine
Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg Irene Bowder Peacock
6–3, 6–2
Winner 1930 French Championships Clay Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills Moody Flag of France.svg Simone Barbier
Flag of France.svg Simonne Mathieu
6–3, 6–1
Winner 1930 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills Moody Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edith Cross
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sarah Palfrey
6–2, 9–7
Runner-up 1931 French Championships Clay Flag of Germany.svg Cilly Aussem Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Betty Nuthall
7–9, 2–6
Winner 1932 French Championships Clay Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills Moody Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Betty Nuthall
6–1, 6–3
Runner-up 1932 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Jacobs Flag of France.svg Doris Metaxa
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Josane Sigart
4–6, 3–6
Winner 1933 French Championships Clay Flag of France.svg Simonne Mathieu Flag of France.svg Sylvie Jung Henrotin
Flag of France.svg Colette Rosambert
6–1, 6–3
Winner 1933 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Simonne Mathieu Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Freda James
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Billie Yorke
6–2, 9–11, 6–4
Runner-up 1933 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Wills Moody Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Freda James
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Betty Nuthall
default
Winner 1934 French Championships Clay Flag of France.svg Simonne Mathieu Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Jacobs
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sarah Palfrey
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Winner 1934 Wimbledon Grass Flag of France.svg Simonne Mathieu Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dorothy Andrus
Flag of France.svg Sylvie Jung Henrotin
6–3, 6–3

Mixed Doubles: 14 (9 titles, 5 runners-up)

ResultYearChampionshipSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Winner 1919 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Randolph Lycett Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dorothea Chambers
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Albertem Prebble
6-0, 6-0
Runner-up 1920 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Randolph Lycett Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Gerald Patterson
5–7, 3–6
Winner 1921 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Randolph Lycett Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Phyllis Howkins
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Max Woosnam
6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 1922 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Randolph Lycett Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pat O'Hara Wood
4–6, 3–6
Winner 1923 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Randolph Lycett Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dorothy Shepherd Barron
British Raj Red Ensign.svg Lewis Deane
6–4, 7–5
Runner-up 1925 Wimbledon Grass Flag of Italy.svg Umberto de Morpurgo Flag of France.svg Suzanne Lenglen
Flag of France.svg Jean Borotra
3–6, 3–6
Winner 1926 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of France.svg Jean Borotra Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Flag of France.svg René Lacoste
6–4, 7–5
Winner 1927 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Frank Hunter Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Kathleen McKane Godfree
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Leslie Godfree
8–6, 6–0
Winner 1928 Wimbledon Grass Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Patrick Spence Flag of Australia (converted).svg Daphne Akhurst
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack Crawford
7–5, 6–4
Winner 1930 Wimbledon Grass Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack Crawford Flag of Germany.svg Hilde Krahwinkel
Flag of Germany.svg Daniel Prenn
6–1, 6–3
Winner 1932 Wimbledon Grass Flag of Spain (1931-1939).svg Enrique Maier Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Josane Sigart
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Harry Hopman
7–5, 6–2
Winner 1933 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ellsworth Vines Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sarah Palfrey
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Lott
11–9, 6–1
Runner-up 1934 French Championships Clay Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adrian Quist Flag of France.svg Colette Rosambert
Flag of France.svg Jean Borotra
2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1934 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lester Stoefen Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Helen Jacobs
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg George Lott
6–4, 11–13, 2–6

Grand Slam tournament timelines

Key
W F SFQF#RRRQ#ANH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

Singles

Tournament19121913191419151916191719181919192019211922192319241925192619271928192919301931193219331934Career SR
Australia NHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHAAAAAAAAAAAAA0 / 0
France [lower-alpha 1] AAANHNHNHNHNHAAAANHA QF AAA QF QF 1R 1R 1R 0 / 7
Wimbledon QF 1R ACF NHNHNHNH SF ACF F QF SF QF 2R 3R SF SF 3R F A 1R AA0 / 16
United States AAAAAAAAAAAAA QF F AAAAAAAQF0 / 3
SR0 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 20 / 10 / 10 / 20 / 30 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 20 / 10 / 20 / 10 / 20 / 26

ACF = All comers final, with the winner to play the defending champion.

Women's doubles

Tournament19121913191419151916191719181919192019211922192319241925192619271928192919301931193219331934Career SR
Australia NHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHAAAAAAAAAAAAA0 / 0
France [lower-alpha 1] ANHNHNHNHNHNHNHAANHANHASFAAAWFWWW4 / 6
Wimbledon NH? W NHNHNHNH W W W W W QF W W W SF SF W A F W W 12 / 16
United States AAAAAAAAAAAAAFWAAAAAAFSF1 / 4
SR0 / 00 / 01 / 10 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 01 / 11 / 11 / 11 / 11 / 10 / 11 / 22 / 31 / 10 / 10 / 12 / 20 / 11 / 22 / 32 / 317 / 26

Mixed doubles

Tournament19121913191419151916191719181919192019211922192319241925192619271928192919301931193219331934Career SR
Australia NHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHNHAAAAAAAAAAAAA0 / 0
France [lower-alpha 1] AAANHNHNHNHNH????NH?????????F0 / 1
Wimbledon NH??NHNHNHNHWFWFW2RFSFWWSFWAWQFQF7 / 15
United States ?AA???????????W??????WF2 / 3
SR0 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 00 / 01 / 10 / 11 / 10 / 11 / 10 / 10 / 11 / 21 / 11 / 10 / 11 / 10 / 01 / 11 / 20 / 39 / 19

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Through 1923, the French Championships were open only to French nationals. The World Hard Court Championships (WHCC), actually played on clay in Paris or Brussels, began in 1912 and were open to all nationalities. The results from that tournament are shown here from 1912 through 1914 and from 1920 through 1923. The Olympics replaced the WHCC in 1924, as the Olympics were held in Paris. Beginning in 1925, the French Championships were open to all nationalities, with the results shown here beginning with that year.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Bud Collins (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. p. 618. ISBN   0-942257-41-3.
  2. Ted Tinling (1980). John Gilchrist Barrett, ed. "World of Tennis 1980: A BP Yearbook - The King-Ryan Connection". London: Queen Ann Press: 56.
  3. 1 2 Bud Collins (1989). My Life With the Pros. New York Ciry: E.P. Dutton. p. 261. ISBN   0-525-24659-2.
  4. Bud Collins (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York City: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 701. ISBN   0-942257-41-3.
  5. United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. p. 260.
  6. Will Grimsley (July 8, 1979). "King's Rejoicing Subdued Following 20th Wimbledon Title". Ocala Star-Banner . Associated Press. p. 1C via Google News Archive.
  7. "Ryan Dies at Wimbledon". The Milwaukee Journal . Associated Press. July 7, 1979. p. 12 via Google News Archive.
  8. John Barrett, ed. (1980). World of Tennis 1980: a BP yearbook. London: Queen Anne Press. pp. 43, 376. ISBN   9780362020120. OCLC   237184610.
  9. Collins, Bud (1989). My Life With the Pros. New York: E.P. Dutton. pp. 259–60. ISBN   0-525-24659-2.
  10. Brace, Reginald; King, Billie Jean (1981). Play Better Tennis: With Billie Jean King and Reginald Brace. Octopus. p. 21. ISBN   0-7064-1223-0.