Elmano Cardim was a Brazilian journalist. He was born on December 24, 1891 in Valença. He was the fifth occupant of Chair 39 of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, to which he was elected on April 13, 1950, in succession to Rodolfo Garcia. He was received into the Academy by Levi Carneiro on September 29, 1950. He chaired the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1958.
Cardim died on February 19, 1979. His successor to Chair 39 was Otto Lara Resende.
José Martiniano de Alencar was a Brazilian lawyer, politician, orator, novelist and dramatist. He is considered to be one of the most famous and influential Brazilian Romantic novelists of the 19th century, and a major exponent of the literary tradition known as "Indianism". Sometimes he signed his works with the pen name Erasmo.
Father António Vieira was a Jesuit priest, Portuguese diplomat, orator, preacher, philosopher, writer, and member of the Royal Council to the King of Portugal.
Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.
Marco Antônio de Oliveira Maciel is a Brazilian politician, lawyer and law school professor who served as the 22nd Vice President of Brazil from 1 January 1995 to 31 December 2002, twice elected on the same ticket as President Fernando Henrique Cardoso in the 1994 and 1998 general elections. He was a founder of the conservative PFL party, former ARENA.
Cláudio Manuel da Costa was a Brazilian poet and musician, considered to be the introducer of Neoclassicism in Brazil. He wrote under the pen name Glauceste Satúrnio, and his most famous work is the epic poem Vila Rica, that tells the history of the homonymous city, nowadays called Ouro Preto.
Antônio Pereira de Sousa Caldas was a Colonial Brazilian poet, priest and orator, patron of the 34th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a French-born Brazilian poet, teacher and senator. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his grand-uncle, José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva, "the Elder" or "the Patriarch", a famous statesman who was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence.
Pedro Luís Pereira de Sousa was a Brazilian poet, politician, orator and lawyer, adept of the "Condorist" movement. He is the patron of the 31st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Laurindo José da Silva Rabelo was a Brazilian Ultra-Romantic poet, teacher and medician. Famous for his lundu lyrics and satires, he won the epithet of "the Brazilian Bocage", and, because of his physical appearance, the nickname "Poeta-Lagartixa" ("Gecko-Poet").
Adelino Fontoura Chaves was a Brazilian poet, actor and journalist. He is the patron of the 1st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Antônio Peregrino Maciel Monteiro, 2nd Baron of Itamaracá was a Brazilian poet, orator, diplomat, politician, physicianm and journalist. He is the patron of the 27th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, patron of the 7th chair of the Pernambucan Academy of Letters, and of the 23rd chair of the National Academy of Medicine.
Francisco Otaviano de Almeida Rosa was a Brazilian poet, lawyer, diplomat, journalist and politician. He is famous for translating into Portuguese works by famous writers such as Horace, Catullus, Lord Byron, William Shakespeare, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Victor Hugo and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, mostly of them for the first time.
Carlos Magalhães de Azeredo was a Brazilian poet, short story writer, diplomat and journalist. He founded and occupied the 9th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, from 1897 until his death in 1963, thus being the academic that occupied his chair for the longest time and the youngest founder of the Academy.
Otto Lara Resende was a Brazilian journalist and writer.
Miguel Couto was a Brazilian educationist, politician and a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born Miguel de Oliveira Couto in the city of Rio de Janeiro, on May 1, 1864. He was the son of Francisco de Oliveira Couto and Maria Rosa do Espírito Santo. He was trained in medicine, and went on to teach the subject, gaining a reputation as one of the most noted clinicians in contemporary Brazil.
Josué de Sousa Montello was a Brazilian writer and diplomat and a former president of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born in São Luís do Maranhão on August 21, 1917. He was the son of Antônio Bernardo Montello and Mância de Sousa Montello. He began his studies in São Luís do Maranhão, publishing his first literary works in A Mocidade, a journal at his school, the Liceu Maranhense.
Tarcísio Meirelles Padilha is a Brazilian philosopher and former chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born in Rio de Janeiro on April 17, 1928, the son of Raymundo Delmiriano Padilha and D. Mayard Meirelles Padilha. In 1951, he married Ruth Maria Fortuna Padilha, and the couple has six children.
José Murilo de Carvalho is a Brazilian historian. He obtained his PhD in political science from Stanford University, where he defended a thesis on the Brazilian Empire. He is professor emeritus at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He also taught at the Federal University of Minas Gerais. He was a visiting professor and researcher at the universities of Oxford, Leiden, Stanford, California (Irvine), London, Notre Dame, at the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton and at the Ortega y Gasset Foundation in Madrid.
Geraldo Holanda Cavalcanti is a Brazilian lawyer and diplomat. He was born in Recife, on February 6, 1929. He attended high school at Colégio Nóbrega. He studied law in Recife, graduating in 1951. He interned at the Academy of International Law in The Hague.
Arnaldo Niskier is a Brazilian scholar. He was born in Rio de Janeiro in April 1935. He is the seventh occupant of Chair nº 18 at the Academia Brasileira, to which he was elected on March 22, 1984, succeeding Peregrino Júnior. He was received on September 17, 1984 by academic Rachel de Queiroz. In turn, he received academics Murilo Melo Filho, Carlos Heitor Cony and Paulo Coelho. He chaired the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1998 and 1999.