Elsa Beskow in 1901
February 11, 1874
|Died||June 30, 1953 79) (aged|
|Education||Anna Whitlock's school|
|Notable works||Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender|
|Relatives||Elisabeth Beskow husband's cousin|
Elsa Beskow (néeMaartman) (11 February 1874 –30 June 1953) was a Swedish author and illustrator of children's books. Among her better known books are Tale of the Little Little Old Woman and Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender.
Swedes are a North Germanic ethnic group native to Sweden. They mostly inhabit Sweden and the other Nordic countries, in particular Finland, with a substantial diaspora in other countries, especially the United States. Swedes are an officially recognized minority in Finland and Estonia.
Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children. Modern children's literature is classified in two different ways: genre or the intended age of the reader.
Born in Stockholm her parents were businessman Bernt Maartman (1841–1889), whose family came from Bergen, Norway, and Augusta Fahlstedt (1850–1915). Beskow studied Art Education at Konstfack, University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, then called Tekniska skolan, or the Technical school, in Stockholm.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries; 965,232 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County.
Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway. At the end of the first quarter of 2018, the municipality's population was 280,216, and the Bergen metropolitan region has about 420,000 inhabitants. Bergen is the second-largest city in Norway. The municipality covers 465 square kilometres (180 sq mi) and is on the peninsula of Bergenshalvøyen. The city centre and northern neighbourhoods are on Byfjorden, 'the city fjord', and the city is surrounded by mountains; Bergen is known as the 'city of seven mountains'. Many of the extra-municipal suburbs are on islands. Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland, and consists of eight boroughs: Arna, Bergenhus, Fana, Fyllingsdalen, Laksevåg, Ytrebygda, Årstad, and Åsane.
Konstfack, or University of Arts, Crafts and Design, is a university college for higher education in the area of art, crafts and design in Stockholm, Sweden.
She married former minister and social worker, doctor of theology Natanael Beskow in 1897. Elsa Beskow met her future husband at Djursholms samskola while serving as a teacher where he served as head master. From 1900 they lived in Villa Ekeliden in Djursholm which had initially been built for the author Viktor Rydberg. They had six sons, including the artist Bo Beskow (1906–1989) and geologist Gunnar Beskow (1901–1991).
Fredrik Natanael Beskow was a Swedish theologian and school headmaster. He was also active as a preacher, writer, artist, pacifist and social activist. Beskow published a number of collections of sermons. He also made substantial contributions as a hymn writer.
Djursholms Samskola is the traditional name of a middle school in Djursholm, Sweden. The official name of the school today is Viktor Rydbergs Samskola.
Abraham Viktor Rydberg was a Swedish writer and a member of the Swedish Academy, 1877–1895. "Primarily a classical idealist", Viktor Rydberg has been described as "Sweden's last Romantic" and by 1859 was "generally regarded in the first rank of Swedish novelists."
In 1894 Beskow started to contribute to the children's magazine Jultomten. Overall, she would publish some forty books with her own text and images. Beskow frequently combined reality with elements from the fairy tale world. Children meet elves or goblins, and farm animals talk with people. Central themes were the relationships between children and adults and children's independent initiative.
Beskow became one of the most well known of all Swedish children's book artists. Many of her books became classics and are continually reprinted.Beskow also illustrated ABC books and songbooks for Swedish schools. Her book pages are often framed by decorative framework of the Art Nouveau style.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, known in different languages by different names: Jugendstil in German, Stile Liberty in Italian, Modernisme in Catalan, etc. In English it is also known as the Modern Style. The style was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It was a reaction against the academic art, eclecticism and historicism of 19th century architecture and decoration. It was often inspired by natural forms such as the sinuous curves of plants and flowers. Other characteristics of Art Nouveau were a sense of dynamism and movement, often given by asymmetry or "whiplash" curves, and the use of modern materials, particularly iron, glass, ceramics and later concrete, to create unusual forms and larger open spaces.
Beskow has accomplished many goals during her years such as "[receiving]international recognition for simple, cheerful stories and outstanding ILLUSTRATIONS. Her work combined realism and FANTASY in both her stories and pictures, which depicted a happy home atmosphere in the Swedish countryside of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries."
Sof du lilla vide ung,
än så är det vinter.
Än så sofva björk och ljung
ros och hyacinter.
Än så är det långt till vår,
innan rönn i blomning står.
Sof du lilla vide,
än så är det vinter.
The Elsa Beskow Award was created in 1958 to recognize the year's best Swedish picture book illustrator.
Maria Gripe, born Maja Stina Walter, was a Swedish author of books for children and young adults, which were often written in magical and mystical tone. She has written almost forty books, with many of her characters presented in short series of three or four books. For her lasting contribution to children's literature, she received the Hans Christian Andersen Medal for Writing in 1974.
Jan Lööf is a Swedish illustrator, author, comic creator, and jazz musician.
Barbro Lindgren is a Swedish writer of children's books and books for adult readers. For her lasting contribution as a children's writer, Lindgren was a finalist for the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Award in 2004. Ten years later she won the annual Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award. The biggest cash prize in children's and young-adult literature, it rewards a writer, illustrator, oral storyteller, or reading promoter for its entire body of work.
Among Gnomes and Trolls, is a popular Swedish folklore and fairy tales annual and children's fairy tale anthology published since 1907. One of the most noted of the early illustrators is artist John Bauer.
Alice Charlotta Tegnér was a Swedish music teacher, poet and composer. She is the foremost composer of Swedish children's songs during the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.
Inger Edelfeldt is a Swedish author, illustrator and translator.
Djursholm Castle is a castle in Sweden.
Pija Lindenbaum is a Swedish illustrator, author and designer. 1999–2007 she owned the 14th chair of the Swedish Academy for Children's Books. She has illustrated the Tsatsiki books written by Moni Nilsson-Brännström.
Sov du lilla vide ung, otherwise known as Videvisan or Solskenets visan is a poem by the author Zachris Topelius which was first published in the ninth issue of the children's magazine Trollsländan ("Dragonfly") on February 27, 1869.
Stina Wirsén Hedengren, Swedish author and illustrator, born 1968 in Älvsjö, a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden. Stina Wirsén, educated at Konstfack in Stockholm 1985–1992, was the in-house illustrator at Dagens Nyheter between 1990–2010. During this period she was the head of the papers illustration department for several years. After 2010 she’s been working as a freelance illustrator and author. Over the years she has received several awards for her illustrations. With her illustrations, Stina Wirsén often switches between different genres. That also applies to her children’s books; they vary in target group, genre, style and method. She’s been illustrating ABC-books for the youngest, anthologies, text- and picture books. She is married to Swedish graphic designer and art director Pompe Hedengren.
Brita Clara Alice Augusta Florence von Horn was a Swedish novelist, dramatist, director and theatre leader. She worked in the theatre scene in Stockholm and published several books.
Tryggare kan ingen vara is a Christian hymn with lyrics by Lina Sandell circa 1850, and published in 1855 Andeliga daggdroppar, where the writer was credited as anonymous. It was recorded by Carola Häggkvist in 1998 on the album "Blott en dag". It has also been used in the film soundtrack for the 1987 film "More About the Children of Noisy Village".
Nu ska vi sjunga was published in 1943 by the Almqvist & Wiksell publishing company, and is a songbook for Swedish primary schools. Songs marked with * are meant to be sung in the third grade. The book was published on the iniatiative of Alice Tegnér.
Eva Eriksson, born on 13 May 1949 in Halmstad, Sweden is a Swedish illustrator and writer. She has illustrated several children's books by writers like Barbro Lindgren and Viveca Lärn. Some of her illustrated books have also been translated into the English language.
Anna-Clara Beatrice Tidholm, born Tjerneld on 7 January 1946 in Stockholm, Sweden is a Swedish children's writer and illustrator. She grew up on Djurgården in Stockholm. Since 1970, she lives at a small farm in Arbrå.
Events from the year 1874 in Sweden
Emma Adbåge is a Swedish illustrator and children's writer. In addition to illustrating her own books, she contributes to works by other authors while also taking on commissions from educational publishers. In 2013, she was awarded the Elsa Beskow prize for her illustrated Lenis Olle and other works for children.
Inga Maria Borg was a Swedish artist and children's book author. She is best known for writing about the fantasy figure Plupp. She was awarded the Elsa Beskow Award for her books about Plupp in 1970.
Grethe Inga Rottböll Sund, née Grethe Inga Poulsen, is a Swedish singer and author. She lives and works in Sweden and writes books for adults and children under´the name Grethe Rottböll. During the 1990s she worked as a singer (mezzo-soprano) in operas and operettas. Since May 2018 she is the chairman of Sveriges Författarförbund.