Else Højgaard performs in Stravinsky's Firebird
at the Royal Danish Theatre in 1928.
18 April 1906
|Died|| 11 July 1979 73) (aged|
Else Højgaard (18 April 1906–11 July 1979) was a Danish ballerina and an actress of stage and screen. Noted for a fiery temperament and edgy intensity, Højgaard premiered as a solo ballerina for George Balanchine in 1931 and was the primary dancer for Harald Lander until 1942. Højgaard later went on to a long career as a dramatic actress, performing and teaching at the Royal Danish Theatre. She performed in radio and television, and played supporting roles in several films including the dark drama Café Paradis (1950). Højgaard was awarded a knighthood in the Order of the Dannebrog in 1961 and promoted to Knight 1st Class in 1971.
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.
George Balanchine was one of the most influential 20th century choreographers. Styled as the father of American ballet, he co-founded the New York City Ballet and remained its Artistic Director for more than 35 years.
Harald Alfred Bernhardt Stevnsborg Lander was a Danish dancer, choreographer and artistic director of the Royal Danish Ballet.
Else Højgaard (née Andreasen) was born on 18 April 1906 on Bornholm, Denmark, the daughter of a civil attorney. At the age of 12, Højgaard became a student at the Royal Danish Theatre ballet school in Copenhagen and graduated in 1929. She debuted in the role of Amelie in the 1928 production of Drømmebilleder and was chosen to perform the solo of Terpsichore in George Balanchine's 1931 staging of Apollon Musagete . Following that performance, Højgaard was a solo ballerina for the Royal Danish Ballet until her retirement from ballet performance in 1942. She was the primary dancer for Harald Lander's revival of the August Bournonville ballets. Known for a fiery temperament, she was noted for her highly dramatic and lyrical performances, lending a modern, anti-romantic presentation to her roles.
Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of the westernmost part of Poland. Occupying an area of 588.36 square kilometres (227.17 sq mi), the island had a total population on 1 January 2019 of 39,572.
The Royal Danish Theatre is both the national Danish performing arts institution and a name used to refer to its old purpose-built venue from 1874 located on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen. The theatre was founded in 1748, first serving as the theatre of the king, and then as the theatre of the country. The theatre presents opera, the Royal Danish Ballet, classical music concerts, and drama in several locations.
Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218. It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen and the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.
While employed as a ballerina, Højgaard also attended the Royal Danish Theatre's drama school from 1932 to 1934 and made her stage debut in Anker Larsen's Son of Zeus (1935). She later performed as the dancer Arabella in the 1938 film musical Champagnegaloppen . However, it wasn't until she left the ballet in 1942 that Højgaard dedicated herself to acting and demonstrated a dramatic stage presence that was "independent", "indestructible", and "almost defiant."Noted performances included the Karen Blixen-like character of Julia in T.S. Eliot's The Cocktail Party and the emotional sister Irene in Søskende (1952). Højgaard performed in both radio and television, and she was an instructor for 16 years at the Royal Danish Theatre until 1967. In 1971, at the age of 65, Højgaard returned to ballet to perform the role of Old Woman in Dødens triumf (The Triumph of Death). In 1961, Højgaard was awarded knighthood in the Order of the Dannebrog and in 1972, she was promoted to Knight of the First Degree.
Champagnegaloppen is a 1938 Danish musical film directed by George Schnéevoigt. The film based on a musical by Hans Christian Lumbye and play by Paul Holck-Hofmann and stars Svend Methling and Valdemar Møller. It is named after the light classical piece composed by Hans Christian Lumbye, who is a character in the film.
The Cocktail Party is a play by T. S. Eliot. Elements of the play are based on Alcestis, by the Ancient Greek playwright Euripides. The play was the most popular of Eliot's seven plays in his lifetime, although his 1935 play, Murder in the Cathedral, is better remembered today. It was written while Eliot was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in 1948.
The Order of the Dannebrog is a Danish order of chivalry instituted in 1671 by Christian V. Until 1808, membership in the order was limited to fifty members of noble or royal rank who formed a single class known as White Knights to distinguish them from the Blue Knights who were members of the Order of the Elephant. In 1808, the Order was reformed and divided into four classes. The Grand Commander class is reserved to persons of princely origin. It is only awarded to royalty with close family ties with the Danish Royal House. The statute of the Order was amended in 1951 by a Royal Ordinance so that both men and women could be members of the Order.
During a career that spanned four decades, Højgaard performed supporting roles in several films. According to cinema historian Morten Piils, the edgy nervousness and intensity of Højgaard's appearance prevented her from being offered lead roles in films.However, her few roles were often memorable performances, such as that of the judgmental Agnes in the darkly dramatic Danish masterpiece Café Paradis . Her final performance was in the 1972 children's film Mig og Charley . Højgaard died on 11 July 1979 at the age of 73 during a fire at her summer house on Bornholm.
Café Paradis is a 1950 Danish film, directed by Bodil Ipsen and Lau Lauritzen Jr., and written by Johannes Allen. The film received the Bodil Award for Best Danish Film, and Ib Schønberg, for what is regarded his finest performance, received the Bodil Award for Best Supporting Actor.
Højgaard married the businessman Anders Christian Emil Højgaard on 14 December 1926, however they divorced less than two years later. She married a second time in 1939 with shoe manufacturer Willy Johannes Madsen. Later, she married the violinist and choir director Henrik Reinholdt Sachsenskjold, but that marriage also ended in divorce. Højgaard was the half-sister to Danish stage director Søren Melson and sister-in-law of Gull-Maj Norin.
Gull-Maj Norin was a Danish actress of stage and film who performed in Denmark and Sweden during the 1930s and 40's. She is best known for her leading role as the suspected serial murderer in the 1944 film noir thriller Melody of Murder.
|1938||Champagnegaloppen||Arabella the Dancer||In her first screen role, Højgaard was typecast to play a dancer in a musical about the Danish composer H.C. Lumbye.|
|1950||Café Paradis||Agnes||In this dark film about alcoholism, Højgaard played the harshly judgmental sister. |
The film won the Bodil Award for Best Danish Film of 1950.
|1956||Ung leg||Helle's Mother||Højgaard plays the mother of the lead actress (Ghita Norby in her debut), in a story that blames irresponsible parents |
for the wild, delinquency of teenagers.
|1967||The Red Mantle||Højgaard's performance was uncredited in this medieval drama. The film was nominated for the Palme D'Or at Cannes.|
|1967||Resan||Woman in Copenhagen|
|1968||A Sparrow Doing a Crane Dance||Queen Gunnhild||A television production of Jens Christian Hostrup's satire in which the ghost of Queen Gunnhild gives a magical ring |
to a scheming tailor and makes everyone blind to his actions.
|1970||The Performance Will Be Followed by a Dance||Hertha|
|1975||Nothing But the Truth||Mikkelsen|
|1978||Did Somebody Laugh?||Ella|
|1978||Charly and Me||Majbritt's Grandmother||This children's film received the Bodil Award for the Best Danish Film of 1978.|
Violette Verdy was a French ballerina, choreographer, teacher, and writer who worked as a dance company director with the Paris Opera Ballet in France and the Boston Ballet in the United States. From 1958 to 1977 she was a principal dancer with the New York City Ballet where she performed in the world premieres of several works created specifically for her by choreographers George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins. She was Distinguished Professor of Music (Ballet) at the Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University, in Bloomington, and the recipient of two medals from the French government.
Bodil Ipsen was a Danish actress and film director, and is considered one of the great stars of Danish cinematic history. Her acting career, which began in theater and silent films, was marked by leading roles in large folk comedies and melodramas. However, it was as a director that she was most influential: directing the first Danish film noir and making several dark psychological thrillers during the 1940s and 1950s. Ipsen's name along with that of Bodil Kjer is given to Denmark's most celebrated film prize, the Bodil Award.
Inger Stender (1912–1989) was a Danish actress of stage, film and television whose sophisticated elegance and classic beauty earned her the description of Denmark's version of Marlene Dietrich.
Tchaikovsky Pas de Deux is a ballet choreographed by George Balanchine to a composition by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky originally intended for act 3 of Swan Lake. With costumes by Barbara Karinska and lighting by Jack Owen Brown, it was first presented by New York City Ballet at the City Center of Music and Drama, New York, on 29 March 1960. Robert Irving conducted the New York City Ballet Orchestra. The dancers were Violette Verdy and Conrad Ludlow.
Vibeke Hastrup is a Danish actress who has worked in theatre, television and film. She performed in the films Babette's Feast and Let the Polar Bears Dance, and has done numerous voice-overs for animated features such as Tarzan, Robots and Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit.
Tove Maës was a Danish actress of stage, television and film best known for her starring roles in the series of "Morten Korch" films, in particular The Red Horses. Maës was a three-time recipient of the Bodil Award for Best Actress, winning in 1954, 1971, and 1983.
Ingeborg Brams was a Danish film, radio, television and theatre actress. She was born in Hobro, Denmark and died in Denmark. She appeared in 11 films between 1941 and 1957 plus several TV and radio plays, perhaps best remembered as a revered theater actress with a long connection to the Royal Danish Theatre lasting 18 years and countless performances to her credit. In the early 1960s she would start to develop a growing severe stage fright then spent the last twenty years of her life mainly with public book readings, in churches and theatres as well as more radio work. Her step-granddaughter is the Danish recorder player Michala Petri.
Sidse Babett Knudsen is a Danish actress who works in theatre, television, and film. Knudsen made her screen debut in the 1997 improvisational comedy Let's Get Lost, for which she received both the Robert and Bodil awards for Best Actress.
Viviana Durante is a retired English-trained Italian ballet dancer, considered one of the greatest dramatic ballerinas of her generation. She was a principal dancer of The Royal Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, Teatro alla Scala and K-Ballet.
Amy Watson is an American ballet dancer. She joined the Royal Danish Ballet in 2000, becoming a principal dancer in 2007. In 2011, she was honoured with the prestigious Order of the Dannebrog.
Gudrun Bojesen is a Danish ballet dancer. Since 2001, she has been a principal dancer with the Royal Danish Ballet.
Ellen Juliette Collin Price de Plane, better known as Ellen Price, was a Danish ballerina and actress, and a model for the statue The Little Mermaid in Copenhagen.
Let's Get Lost is a 1997 Danish film written and directed by Jonas Elmer and produced by Per Holst. The film is a improvisational slice-of-life comedy shot in black and white. Elmer's script was only an outline which required the actors to improvise their roles and dialogue.
Dinna Bjørn is a Danish ballet dancer and choreographer. She has specialized dancing and directing the ballets of August Bournonville. Bjørn has also created five Hans Christian Andersen ballets for the Pantomime Theatre in Copenhagen's Tivoli.
Morten Edvard Fallesen was a Danish army officer, politician and theatre manager. He fought in the First and Second Schleswig War and served as a member of both the upper and lower houses of the Danish Parliament. From 1876 until his death at the age of 77, he was the General Director of the Royal Danish Theatre. Fallesen was appointed Chamberlain to King Christian IX in 1872 and awarded the Order of the Dannebrog in 1876.
Inge Mette Hønningen is a classical Danish ballerina who danced in the Royal Danish Ballet until 1992. She starred in Norman Campbell's film Ballerina in 1966. A number of choreographers have created works specially for her, in particular Alvin Ailey who dedicated Witness to her in 1986.
Silja Maria Wendrup Schandorff is a Danish ballerina who performed with the Royal Danish Ballet from 1985 to 2009. She has since served the Royal Theatre as ballet instructor and deputy ballet master.
Mette Bødtcher is a Danish ballet dancer. Trained at the Royal Danish Theatre's ballet school, she joined the Royal Danish Ballet in 1983. She performed Ophelia in John Neumeier's Amleth at the Hamburg Ballet in 1985, where she became a soloist in 1986. In Hamburg she danced the title role in La Sylphide before returning to Copenhagen where she performed in Balanchine's Serenade and Flemming Flindt's The Triumph of Death. She has also danced Alvin Ailey's dramatic solo sequence Witness.
Ida Praetorius is a Danish ballerina, and a principal dancer with the Royal Danish Ballet since 2016.