Elswick, Tyne and Wear

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Elswick
Newcastle upon Tyne UK ward map highlighting Elswick.svg
Elswick highlighted within Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
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Elswick
Location within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ228633
  London 242 miles (389 km)
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
  • Northumberland
Post town NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode district NE4
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
Councillors
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°57′50″N1°38′42″W / 54.964°N 1.645°W / 54.964; -1.645 Coordinates: 54°57′50″N1°38′42″W / 54.964°N 1.645°W / 54.964; -1.645

Elswick ( /ˈɛlzɪk/ EL-zik [1] ) is an area and ward of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, 1.9 miles west of the city centre, [2] bordering the River Tyne. Historically in Northumberland, Elswick became part of Newcastle in 1835. In 2018 it had an estimated population of 15,869. [3] The usual resident population of the ward in 2011 was 13,198, 4.7% of the total population of Newcastle upon Tyne, comprising 5,116 households. [4] The ward profile shows Elswick is the ward with the highest percentage of children under 14 years in Newcastle and has a lower than average number of senior citizens (10%) than Newcastle as a whole. Elswick has a lower than average number of houses in owner-occupation (26.3% compared with 49.9% for Newcastle city). [4]

Contents

History

In Roman times the Vallum, a defensive barrier behind Hadrian's Wall, reached its easternmost limit in Elswick. The Wall itself carried on as far as Wallsend.

The township of Elswick had originally formed part of the Barony of Bolam and was owned by Tynemouth Priory from 1120-1539, with a fishery present on the site. [5] One of the earliest references to the coal mining industry of the north east occurs in 1330, when it was recorded that the Prior of Tynemouth let a colliery, called Heygrove, at "Elstewyke" for a rent of £5 per year. Elswick Colliery had 3 pits working from 1860 onwards. [6] Elswick was owned by the Crown from 1539 to 1628, until it was sold by Charles I.

The Priors held a mansion in the middle of Elswick which was later occupied by Elswick Hall. Having been rebuilt a number of times, the last rebuild took place in 1810. The grounds of Elswick Hall became Elswick Park in 1881. [7] Elswick changed significantly in the late 19th century with the extension of the railway from Carlisle to Newcastle in 1839 and the establishment of Armstrong's manufacturing works in 1847. [8] Population increased rapidly during this period, from about 300 in 1801 to 59,165 in 1901. [9] Tyneside flats were built in the area around Scotswood Road to accommodate the workforce.

The Elswick works was founded in 1847 by engineer William George Armstrong. [10] It manufactured hydraulic machinery, cranes and bridges and, later, artillery. In 1882 the company merged with the shipbuilding firm of Charles Mitchell to form Armstrong, Mitchell & Company. Armstrong Mitchell merged again with the engineering firm of Joseph Whitworth in 1897, forming Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. [11]

Elswick station was opened in 1889 to serve the area. It was located at the western end of the Elswick Works, whose workforce made up a significant proportion of travellers. The area suffered as a result of the inter-war and subsequent depressions, culminating in the demolition of the Elswick works. The station was closed and then demolished in 1967. [12]

Elswick was hit hard by the decline of Tyneside's shipbuilding industry during the second half of the 20th century, and by the 1990s was widely regarded as one of the worst parts of Tyneside, if not the whole of Britain. According to a report by The Independent newspaper, unemployment stood at nearly 30% and the area had a widespread problem with drug abuse and arson attacks. [13]

Elswick today

Present day Elswick consists of a number of distinct neighbourhoods including the Adelaide Terrace area, Bentinck Estate, Condercum and Denhill Park, Cruddas Park (part renamed Riverside Dene), Elswick Triangle, Gill Street and the Courts, Grainger Park, Jubilee Estate, North Benwell, and both from the St John's and St Paul's areas. The local authority ward also incorporates South Central Station, Newcastle Business Park, Newcastle College, and the Utilita Arena Newcastle. As of the 2011 census, Elswick had one of the lowest White populations in Newcastle at around 55% with a large Asian population of 33.4% (including 15.9% Bangladeshi, 8.3% Pakistani), and 5.6% Black or Black British. Elswick has a large Muslim population of 31.9% and a Christian population of 43.4%. [5] [3]

Elswick's Location

Located on a height of 53.1m, Elswick overlooks the River Tyne and is a suburban area in the West End of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Related Research Articles

William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong English inventor, scientist, engineer, industrialist

William George Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong was an English engineer and industrialist who founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing concern on Tyneside. He was also an eminent scientist, inventor and philanthropist. In collaboration with the architect Richard Norman Shaw, he built Cragside in Northumberland, the first house in the world to be lit by hydroelectricity. He is regarded as the inventor of modern artillery.

Tyne and Wear Metropolitan county in North East England

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in North East England, situated around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, North Tyneside, South Tyneside and the City of Sunderland. The county is bordered to the north by Northumberland, to the south by County Durham and to the east of the county lies the North Sea. It is the smallest county in North East England by area, but by far the largest in terms of population.

Armstrong Whitworth Former British heavy engineering company

Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd was a major British manufacturing company of the early years of the 20th century. With headquarters in Elswick, Newcastle upon Tyne, Armstrong Whitworth built armaments, ships, locomotives, automobiles and aircraft.

North Shields Human settlement in England

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Civil parishes in Tyne and Wear

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Wylam Human settlement in England

Wylam is a village and civil parish in the county of Northumberland. It is located about 10 miles (16 km) west of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Tyne Bridge (UK Parliament constituency)

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Paradise, Tyne and Wear Human settlement in England

Paradise is an area of Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England. It is centred on the area at the bottom of Atkinson Road, where it used to meet Scotswood Road.

Newburn Human settlement in England

Newburn is a semi rural parish, former electoral ward and former urban district in western Newcastle upon Tyne, North East England. Situated on the North bank of the River Tyne, it is built rising up the valley from the river. It is situated approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the city centre, 14 miles (23 km) east of Hexham and 13 miles (21 km) south south west of Morpeth. In the 2001 census, the population was given as 9,301, increasing to 9,536 at the 2011 Census. Newburn is in the Newcastle upon Tyne district of Tyne and Wear and is part of the parliamentary constituency of Newcastle upon Tyne North.

Newcastle City Council

Newcastle City Council is the local government authority for the city and metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne. The council consists of 78 councillors, three for each of the city's 26 wards. It is currently controlled by the Labour Party, led by Councillor Nick Forbes. Councillor David Cook serves as the Lord Mayor and Councillor Habib Rahman serves as Deputy Lord Mayor and Sheriff. The council is a member of the North of Tyne Combined Authority.

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Benwell and Scotswood Ward in England

Benwell and Scotswood is an electoral ward of Newcastle upon Tyne in North East England. The ward encompasses the Benwell and Scotswood housing areas, as well as the Newcastle Business Park, which is located on the banks of the River Tyne and houses offices of companies such as British Airways and the Automobile Association. The population of the ward is 13,759, which is 5.3% of the total population of Newcastle upon Tyne. Car ownership in the area is 45.1%, lower than the city average of 54.7%. The 2011 Census gave a population of 12,694.

Elswick railway station was a railway station in the Elswick area of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. It was located on the former route of the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway from Newcastle upon Tyne to Carlisle. The station opened in 1889 and closed in 1967.

Scotswood Works Halt railway station served the area of Scotswood, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England from 1915 to 1944 on the Tyne Valley Line.

Monument, Newcastle upon Tyne Ward in England

Monument is an electoral ward and area of Newcastle upon Tyne. It was established as an electoral ward in 2018. It takes its name from Grey's Monument. It replaced most of Westgate ward, parts of South Jesmond and some of Ouseburn.

1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election election

The 1973 Tyne and Wear County Council election was held on 12 April 1973 as part of the first elections to the new local authorities established by the Local Government Act 1972 in England and Wales. 104 councillors were elected from 95 electoral divisions across the region's five boroughs. Each division returned either one or two county councillors each by First-past-the-post voting for a four-year term of office. The election took place ahead of the elections to the area's metropolitan borough councils, which followed on 10 May 1973.

References

  1. "Elswick - 25 Years On" . Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  2. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elswick"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 300.
  3. 1 2 "Elswick (Ward, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  4. 1 2 Crosby, Louise. "Elswick Ward in Newcastle upon Tyne". Know Newcastle NFNA. Know Newcastle. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  5. 1 2 "Elswick 'Where I live'". Newcastle Ward website. Newcastle City Council. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  6. "Elswick Colliery - DMM".
  7. Archived 29 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Exhibitions". www.ncl.ac.uk.
  9. Morton, David (17 March 2017). "Charting the rise of Elswick in Newcastle over time". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  10. Morton, David (27 September 2017). "10 things to know about Benwell, Elswick and Scotswood". ChronicleLive. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  11. "Armstrong Mitchell Elswick Shipbuilder". Tynebuiltships.co.uk. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  12. "Elswick Station". Disused Stations. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  13. "No-Go Britain: Where, what, why". independent.co.uk.