|Location|| Ely, East Cambridgeshire |
|Managed by||Greater Anglia|
|Classification||DfT category D|
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road
Ely railway station is on the Fen line in the east of England,serving the city of Ely,Cambridgeshire. It is 70 miles 30 chains (113.3 km) from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Waterbeach and Littleport stations on the Fen line to King's Lynn. It is an important junction for three other lines;the Ely to Peterborough Line,the Ipswich to Ely Line and the Norwich to Ely line.
Ely is a busy station with trains running to a variety of destinations including London,Cambridge,King's Lynn,Birmingham,Nottingham,Sheffield,Manchester and Liverpool. It is managed by Greater Anglia which is also one of four train operators that serve the station,the others being Great Northern,CrossCountry and East Midlands Railway.
The station was opened in 1845 by the Eastern Counties Railway at a cost of £81,500,the land on which it was built being a marshy swamp.  The station was modified substantially by British Rail in the early 1990s,at the time that electrification of the line was taking place.
The station building was designed by Francis Thompson (architect) although Sancton Wood as chief architect is often given credit. On opening the station building had two Italianate towers –one at the north end and the another above the booking office. There were two cubed pavilions either side of an arcade. When the station opened it had three platforms and these were linked by a footbridge to the south of the station buildings. This footbridge was later replaced (sometime before 1902) by a substantial brick footbridge located at the north end of the station but by 1925 a subway had been constructed and this is in use today (2020). 
In the 1920s there were carriage sidings to the east of the station which were used by stock for local all stations trains towards Newmarket,Peterborough,King's Lynn and Norwich. The engine shed and goods yard were located south of the station and a level crossing was located immediately north of the station.  The level crossing existed because the underbridge had limited clearance so taller lorries had to travel this way sometimes causing delays to the railway services.
The station was rebuilt in the 1929/1930 by the LNER in a similar style and it is suspected that the towers were removed at that time.  While the rest of the structures remained intact,during the remodelling in the 1990s the space for three tracks between the platforms (the third track had been removed some years earlier) was reduced to two and the lines through the station were electrified. On 1 November 2018 following the opening of the Ely bypass,the level crossing immediately north of the station was closed to road traffic. 
One and a half miles north of the station the line splits three ways with the lines towards March and Peterborough,King's Lynn and Norwich. There is also a loop that allows for traffic from the King's Lynn and Norwich lines a direct route to March and Peterborough that diverges here and joins the Peterborough line at Ely West Junction.
All services in 1922 were operated by the Great Eastern Railway. Ely was the origin point for some local stopping services to March,Newmarket,King's Lynn and Norwich as well as the branch line to St Ives. As a result,there were some carriage sidings on the east side of the station where stock for these was stabled overnight.
Longer distance services all called at Ely although one exception was the 11.20 London St Pancras –King's Lynn and Hunstanton. The GER had running rights into St. Pancras via the Tottenham and Hampstead and it was used by them when running royal trains to Sandringham which was located on the Hunstanton line. Most London trains originated at Liverpool Street station.
Some trains such as the 11.50 Liverpool Street service arrived at Ely at 13.34 and split into Hunstanton and Norwich portions. Pullman cars and restaurant cars worked would have been seen on the longer distance trains operating through the area at this time. A number of services to and from the Norwich line avoided the station completely,by being routed via the West Curve unlike 2020,where nearly all services call at Ely and reverse.
Ely was served by the Hook Continental service from Parkeston Quay to various destinations in the North and Midlands. By 2020 standards service levels were low and on Sunday there were few trains running. For example,on the King's Lynn line there was one departure to Hunstanton departing Ely at 12.00 and one to King's Lynn at 17.40.
The station is served by four operators:
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
| East Midlands Railway |
| Great Northern |
| Greater Anglia |
| Greater Anglia |
Liverpool Street-King's Lynn/Ely
|Cambridge|| East West Rail |
Line and station open
|Great Eastern Railway||Terminus|
Line open,station closed
|Great Eastern Railway||Terminus|
Line and station closed
|Great Eastern Railway||Terminus|
There are two branches of Locoespresso  on the station:one on platform 1,with the other on platforms 2 and 3. These serve hot and cold drinks,as well as snacks,magazines and newspapers. Platform 1 also has an L.A. Golden Bean kiosk,which sells hot &cold drinks and snacks.
Opened in 1847,the shed would have housed locomotives for some of the local all stations services operating around Ely. A shed was employed from opening but this was replaced by a second structure in 1867.
This was a single road engine shed located on the up side,south of the station. The shed was a corrugated iron affair and a timber coaling stage allowed coaling of trains by hand. There was a turntable which was provided from opening and replaced by a 45-foot turntable in 1879 and as loco designs got bigger this in turn was replaced by a 55-foot turntable in 1912. 
A short siding extended from the loco yard to a small dock on the river.
In July 1922 the allocation was:- . 
|Class (LNER classification)||Wheel Arrangement||Number allocated|
The D13/D14 class were employed on local passenger services with some of the J15 0-6-0s which would have also worked freight trains. The J69 tank engine was employed to shunt the goods yard and station area. It is unclear when the shed was demolished but steam locomotives continued to use the site until the end of 1962. After that,an outbased Cambridge diesel shunter took care of shunting duties in the area until the early 1990s. When not in use,this was stabled in a short siding adjacent to the station.
The list below shows the signal boxes operating in the Ely area when the area was controlled by manually operated by semaphore signals. The boxes are listed south to north. 
|Sutton Branch Junction||Junction for St Ives Line and opened in 1866 with that line. After closure this the junction was worked by Ely Dock Junction||17 July 1932|
|Ely Dock Junction||Junction for Newmarket Line. The first box (50 levers) was located west of the line and this was replaced in 1928 on the opposite side. By 1932 this had 82 levers||23–25 April 1992|
|Ely South||Controlled the south end of Ely station||29 June 1985|
|Ely North||Ely Station North was opened in 1880 and was a Great Eastern Railway Type 2 design built by Stevens &Sons. It opened fitted with a 37 lever Stevens &Sons Tappet frame which was extended to 41 levers (possibly in LNER days).||10 April 1992 - demolished on 27–29 April 1992.|
|Ely South Junction||This short-lived box controlled the south entrance to sidings that existed just south of Ely North Junction. These were used to reverse Norwich/King's Lynn line to March trains before the West Curve opened. The location also had a turntable for turning locomotives||1890|
|Ely North Junction||The two boxes located at Ely North Junction were the busiest of the Ely boxes,controlling the triple junction and,from 1890,both ends of the West Curve which allowed trains to run direct between Norwich and Peterborough instead of reversing at Ely station. the first box was opened in 1874 and was a Saxby &Farmer/Great Eastern type 1 design of wooden construction. By the mid-1920s the box was supported by a brace and with the decision to build a new sugar beet factory on land to the east of the line,the LNER replaced the box with a new brick built box,(LNER Type 11a) which also controlled the entry to the sugar factory beet sidings.||April 1992|
|Adelaide||15 levers - located on the King's Lynn line by the B1382 level crossing. Control passed to Ely North Junction.||3 November 1930|
|Ely West Junction||Opened 1890 to operate the connection from the March Line to the West Curve. Control passed to Ely North Junction.||3 November 1930|
The station area is currently (2020) controlled by Cambridge Power Signal Box.
Media related to Ely railway station at Wikimedia Commons
Coordinates: 52°23′25″N0°15′59″E / 52.39028°N 0.26639°E
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