Emerald, Victoria

Last updated

Melbourne,  Victoria
Lake emerald.jpg
Emerald Lake
Australia Victoria metropolitan Melbourne location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Emerald, Victoria
Coordinates 37°55′59″S145°26′13″E / 37.93306°S 145.43694°E / -37.93306; 145.43694 Coordinates: 37°55′59″S145°26′13″E / 37.93306°S 145.43694°E / -37.93306; 145.43694
Population5,890 (2021 census) [1]
 • Density290.1/km2 (751.5/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3782
Area20.3 km2 (7.8 sq mi)
State electorate(s) Monbulk
Federal division(s) La Trobe
Suburbs around Emerald:
Kallista Monbulk Macclesfield Avonsleigh
Menzies Creek Emerald Cockatoo
Clematis Dewhurst Mount Burnett

Emerald is a town in the Greater Melbourne area of Victoria, Australia, 44 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Shires of Cardinia and Yarra Ranges local government areas. Emerald recorded a population of 5,890 at the 2021 census. [1]


Emerald also includes Cardinia Reservoir, Melbourne's second largest reservoir.


The Emerald Post Office opened on 22 December 1899. [2]


Puffing Billy and Emerald Lake

Emerald is known for the Emerald Lake (Lake Treganowan). The lake offers barbecue facilities, children's playgrounds, a pool, paddle boats, walking tracks, fishing, Environment Centre, model railway, café, and a railway station on the Puffing Billy Railway.

The Puffing Billy Railway is a heritage steam-operated railway, opened in 1900, which runs between Belgrave and Gembrook, recreating the 1920s heyday of this narrow-gauge line. It has three stations within Emerald: at Emerald itself, Nobelius and Lakeside, with Nobelius being a "stops-if-required" station. There is also Nobelius Siding, located at the former Nobelius Nurseries Packing Shed, between Emerald and Nobelius stations. It is only used for functions, or the regular "Dinner Train".

Other attractions

The areas around Emerald are excellent for finding chanterelles and other edible mushrooms, and are a popular destination for mushroom hunters each autumn. There is also an Emerald and District museum set in the Nobelius Heritage Park. It adjoins Emerald Lake Park.


Emerald FunFest

FunFest is a day-long family street party event which kicks off the PAVE Festival which runs annually for 7–10 days in April. On FunFest day there are road closures on the northern part of Kilvington Drive, all of Puffing Billy Place and the western part of Heroes Avenue, to prevent motor vehicle traffic entering, allowing many stalls to be established and enjoyed by the thousands of local residents and visitors that attend the event. FunFest has a great community feel with stalls, music, dance and plenty of free entertainment for all ages. The FunFest was preceded for many years by the Emerald WinterFest which was held annually in July.

Great Train Race

The Great Train Race (GTR) was an annual fun run from Belgrave to Emerald Lake in which participants attempt to beat Puffing Billy to the finish line and is organised by volunteers of the Puffing Billy Preservation Society.

The route from Belgrave to Emerald Lake which participants run is 13.2 km long, and in 2006 had 2,403 participants in the 25th Great Train Race. Participants of the GTR may win prizes; The first Male and Female runners of the 2007 GTR held on 6 May received a return flight to Antarctica as well as a unique Great Train Race trophy. For details on the Great Train Race, visit Great Train Race.

PAVE Arts Festival

The PAVE Festival is the largest festival in the Dandenong Ranges and Cardinia Shire, running over 7–10 days and incorporating all forms of the Arts. PAVE stands for "Performing And Visual arts in Emerald", which is an Annual Festival which takes place every year in mid April, having started in 2006. [3] The festival includes a number of activities taking place at different locations around Emerald over a number of days. Such activities include the Emerald Arts Society art exhibition at the Environment Centre at Emerald Lake, a burlesque dance and circus performance, the popular "Women in Song" featuring 4 female singer songwriters, live Comedy, a photography exhibition, an exhibition and demonstration of local art courses and lessons, The Emerald FunFest, Literary events such as Poet's Breakfast, Yarn Event and Golden Cow Literary night, Voice concert, classical performance by Dandenong Ranges Orchestra, Storytelling, Open Gardens, a historic tour of Emerald and top quality live music. The 2011 festival featured Joe Camilleri and the Black Sorrows, The Ska Vendors and Kerri Simpson, Lloyd Spiegel, Lily and King. [4]

Other events

For many years, Emerald had an annual Carols by Candlelight at Worrell Reserve. However, it ceased to run in 2009 due to insurance issues. It moved instead to a smaller version at St. Mark's Church.

Cardinia Reservoir

Cardinia Reservoir is situated entirely in Emerald, Victoria. It is south of the main township and the southern border of the suburb follows the Reservoir Boundary. [5] It is the second largest reservoir in Melbourne's water supply.

Cardinia Reservoir Park

On the southern side of the reservoir there is a large park run by Parks Victoria. Facilities include barbecues and toilets and is open every day of the year. The park is home to many species of wildlife including Kangaroos, Wombats and Possums. It is even possible to walk across one of the dam walls at the park. [6] Despite being predominately located in the suburb of Emerald, the entrance to the park is approximately 10 minutes drive out of Emerald in Narre Warren East.

Cardina Reservoir is the designated place to hold water when the Desalination plant is operating. There is a pipe running between Wongthaggi and Cardina Reservoir to make this possible.


Emerald has a Kindergarten and a Pre School, [7] Emerald Primary School (with roughly 400 students) which serves the local area [8] and a secondary school, Emerald Secondary College which serves the Southern Dandenong Ranges region. [9] Emerald has its own library at Worrell Reserve as part of the Casey Cardinia Library Corporation.

The Emerald Community House runs adult education, pre-accredited ACFE training courses and hobby courses. There are also childcare programs, out of school hours care and children's extension programs and disability services. The University of the Third Age (U3A) is located in U3A House, 402 Main Street.

Emergency services

Emerald has a part-time Police Station, a full-time Ambulance Station as well as a volunteer CFA Brigade and SES Unit. The Emerald Fire Brigade is located on Emerald-Monbulk Road near the roundabout of Belgrave-Gembrook Road, and attends approximately 190 Emergency Incidents per year. The Brigade trains on Wednesday evenings and Sunday mornings and new members are always welcome.

The Emerald Volunteer State Emergency Service Unit is located at 277 - 287 Belgrave-Gembrook Rd. It attends several hundred storm and wind damage incidents every year and also attends 20–30 road accidents a year for rescue purposes using such tools as the jaws of life. The Unit trains on Monday evenings and new members are very welcome to join.


Emerald's population as of the 2006 Census was 6,135 (a decrease of 9 from the 2001 census), (3,050 male, 3,085 female), 4,662 people were aged 15 years and over (2,280 male, 2,382 female) and 460 were aged 65 years and over (200 male, 260 female).

According to the 2001 Census, 17 people identified themselves as indigenous persons (comprises Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander).

5,461 are Australian Citizens, while 4,770 people were identified as having been born in Australia. 1,365 were born overseas. 5,608 people speak English alone.

Sport and recreation

The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Yarra Valley Mountain District Football League [10] and a basketball team competing in the Knox Amateur Basketball Association. [11] Emerald also consists of a tennis club and a netball club.

Emerald is also home to Kreationz Cheerleading and Dance School where the local children and young adults compete statewide and nationally. Kreationz also perform for the locals at local fates, markets and events.

'Emerald City School of Dance' have dance classes for children and adults. Classes are held at the Emerald Community House.

Emerald Cricket Club celebrated its 125-year anniversary in 2018.

Retailers in Emerald

Emerald has many retailers consisting of small specialty shops such as Gingers Hairdressing, Tinkars Corner, Wild Things Florists and Resale Therapy as well as a Ritchies IGA supermarket and Woolworths supermarket and local take-aways such as The Chookery, Captains of Emerald Fish and Chips and Emerald Thai.


Local media

Emerald receives standard Melbourne Television and radio broadcasts. However Emerald also has its own local radio station 3MDR, located in the Emerald Hall. [12] 3MDR broadcasts are aimed at the Dandenong Ranges region with Volunteer staff and announcers.

The two local newspapers are the Ranges Trader Mail [13] and the Free Press Leader. [14] However neither paper is actually published in Emerald.

The monthly Signpost magazine [15] is also published in Emerald.

Television dramas set in Emerald

Solo One is a TV series screened in 1976 set in Emerald, about a local (fictional) policeman dealing with crime in Emerald.

Filming of A Country Practice in the fictional town of Wandin Valley was moved to Emerald when the show moved to Network Ten for one series in 1994.

Filming for the ABC children's drama Come Midnight Monday was effected in and around Emerald, Belgrave & Cockatoo, depicting the fictional country town of Widgery.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dandenong Ranges</span> Mountain range in Victoria, Australia

The Dandenong Ranges are a set of low mountain ranges in Victoria, Australia, approximately 35 km (22 mi) east of the state capital Melbourne. A minor branch of the Great Dividing Range, the Dandenongs consist mostly of rolling hills, rising to 633 m (2,077 ft) at Mount Dandenong, as well as steeply weathered valleys and gullies covered in thick temperate rainforest, predominantly of tall mountain ash trees and dense ferny undergrowth. The namesaked Dandenong Creek and most of its left-bank tributaries originate from headwaters in these mountain ranges. Two of Melbourne's most important storage reservoirs, the Cardinia and Silvan Reservoir, are also located within the Dandenongs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shire of Cardinia</span> Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The Shire of Cardinia is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, in the south-east of Melbourne between Western Port and the Yarra Ranges on the outskirts of Melbourne. It has an area of 1,283 square kilometres, and had a population of 107,120 in June 2018.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Puffing Billy Railway</span> Narrow-gauge heritage railway in Melbourne, Australia

The Puffing Billy Railway is a 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge heritage railway in the southern foothills of the Dandenong Ranges in Melbourne, Australia. The railway was one of the five narrow gauge lines of the Victorian Railways which opened around the beginning of the 20th century. It is close to the city of Melbourne and is one of the most popular steam heritage railways in the world, attracting tourists from Australia and overseas. The railway aims to preserve and restore the line as near as possible to how it was in the first three decades of its existence, but with particular emphasis on the early 1920s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ferntree Gully, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Ferntree Gully is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, at the foothills of the Dandenong Ranges, 30 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Knox local government area. Ferntree Gully recorded a population of 27,398 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belgrave, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Belgrave is a town and outer suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 36 km east of Melbourne's central business district, located within the Shire of Yarra Ranges local government area. Belgrave recorded a population of 3,894 at the 2021 census.

Selby is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 37 km east from Melbourne's central business district, located within the Shire of Yarra Ranges local government area. Selby recorded a population of 1,626 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tecoma railway station</span> Railway station in Melbourne, Australia

Tecoma railway station is located on the Belgrave line in Victoria, Australia. It serves the eastern Melbourne suburb of Tecoma, and opened on 1 February 1924.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cockatoo, Victoria</span> Town in Victoria, Australia

Cockatoo is a town in Victoria, Australia, 48 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district, located within the Shire of Cardinia local government area. Cockatoo recorded a population of 4,408 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">3MDR</span> Radio station

3MDR is one of many community radio stations broadcasting in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. covering the Shire of Yarra Ranges and Shire of Cardinia from a studio located in Upwey.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gembrook, Victoria</span> Town in Victoria, Australia

Gembrook is a town in Victoria, Australia, 54 kilometres (34 mi) south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Shire of Cardinia local government area. Gembrook recorded a population of 2,559 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burwood Highway</span>

Burwood Highway is a major transportation link with Melbourne's eastern suburbs. It begins in the suburb of Kooyong, Melbourne at the junction of the Monash Freeway as Toorak Road between Monash Freeway and Warrigal Road, and finishes in Belgrave, Victoria in the Dandenong Ranges. The highway is considered a major link for people who live in the Dandenong Ranges, as it is the only major feeder roadway in the general area other than Canterbury Road, Ferntree Gully Road, EastLink and Wellington Road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Narrow-gauge lines of the Victorian Railways</span>

The former Victorian Railways, the state railway authority in Victoria, Australia, built a number of experimental 2 ft 6 in narrow-gauge lines around the beginning of the 20th century. Although all were closed by the early 1960s, parts of two have been reopened as heritage railways.

Clematis is a town in Victoria, Australia, 42 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district, located within the Shire of Cardinia local government area. Clematis recorded a population of 352 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cardinia Reservoir</span> Dam in Greater Melbourne, Victoria

Cardinia Reservoir is an Australian man-made water supply saddle dam reservoir. The 287,000 ML water store is located in Emerald–Clematis–Dewhurst in south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Victoria. Construction started in May 1970 and was completed in 1973 at a cost of more than A$11.4 million. The dam that creates the impoundment is called the Cardinia Dam.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shire of Pakenham</span> Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The Shire of Pakenham was a local government area about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The shire covered an area of 874 square kilometres (337.5 sq mi), and existed from 1862 until 1994.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nobelius Siding</span> Railway station in Victoria, Australia

Nobelius Siding is situated on the Puffing Billy Railway in Emerald. The siding was built in 1904 to service the adjacent packing shed, built the same year, from which nursery seedlings and plants were shipped throughout Australia by C.A. Nobelius' Gembrook Nurseries. The Nobelius nursery was once the largest plant nursery in the Southern Hemisphere with 200,000 trees grown on 180 hectares.

Dewhurst is a bounded locality in Victoria, Australia, 48 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Shire of Cardinia local government area. Dewhurst recorded a population of 151 at the 2021 census.


  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Emerald (Vic.) (Suburbs and Localities)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 July 2022. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Phoenix Auctions History. "Post Office List" . Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  3. BCL Guide to What's on in Melbourne. Retrieved 9 January 2009
  4. PAVE Website. Retrieved 9 January 2009
  5. Melway Street Directory, Edition 35, Page 126-127-210-211-311-313
  6. "Cardinia Reservoir Park, Parks Victoria. Retrieved 9 January 2009". Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
  7. "Cardinia Shire Council - Kindergartens". Archived from the original on 28 July 2008. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  8. "Emerald Primary School" . Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  9. "Emerald Secondary College" . Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  10. Full Points Footy. "Emerald". Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  11. "Emerald Lakers" . Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  12. "About 3MDR. Retrieved 29 November 2008". Archived from the original on 17 February 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
  13. "Ranges Trader Mail. Retrieved 29 November 2008". Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
  14. "Leader Newspapers Victoria. Retrieved 29 November 2008". Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
  15. Cardinia Shire Directory. 25 June 2009 [ permanent dead link ]