Of the 2,977 victims killed in the September 11 attacks, 412 were emergency workers in New York City who responded to the World Trade Center. This included:
The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 2,977 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least $10 billion in infrastructure and property damage. Additional people have died of 9/11-related cancer and respiratory diseases in the months and years following the attacks.
Emergency services and rescue services are organizations which ensure public safety and health by addressing different emergencies. Some of these agencies exist solely for addressing certain types of emergencies whilst others deal with ad hoc emergencies as part of their normal responsibilities. Many of these agencies engage in community awareness and prevention programs to help the public avoid, detect, and report emergencies effectively.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten life, property and the environment as well as to rescue people and animals from dangerous situations.
A chaplain is, traditionally, a cleric, or a lay representative of a religious tradition, attached to a secular institution such as a hospital, prison, military unit, school, labor union, business, police department, fire department, university, or private chapel.
The New York City Fire Department, officially the Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY), is a department of the government of New York City that provides fire protection, technical rescue, primary response to biological, chemical, and radioactive hazards, and emergency medical services to the five boroughs of New York City.
This article lists those emergency workers listed above who died while fulfilling their duties at the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
There were 75 firehouses in which at least one member was killed. The FDNY also lost its department chief, first deputy commissioner, one of its marshals, one of its chaplains, as well as other administrative or specialty personnel.
A fire station is a structure or other area for storing firefighting apparatus such as fire engines and related vehicles, personal protective equipment, fire hoses and other specialized equipment. Fire stations frequently contain working and living space for the firefighters and support staff.
A fire chief is a top executive rank or commanding officer in a fire department.
The New York City Fire Commissioner is the civilian administrator of the New York City Fire Department (FDNY), appointed by the Mayor of the City of New York. There have been 32 commissioners excluding Acting Fire Commissioners, and 38 commissioners including Acting Fire Commissioners. This is since Manhattan and the Bronx consolidated with Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island to form The City of New York in 1898. The current Fire Commissioner is Daniel A. Nigro, who has held the office since June 7, 2014. The term of office is January 1 to December 31 unless the commissioner is removed from office by the mayor, dies in office, or resigns.
Operationally and geographically, the department is nominally organized into five borough commands for the five traditional boroughs of New York. Within those borough commands exist nine divisions, each headed by a deputy chief. Within each division operate four to seven battalions, led by a battalion chief and typically consisting of 180–200 firefighters and officers. Each battalion consists of four to eight companies, with a company being led by a captain. He commands three lieutenants and 16–42 firefighters. Last is the unit consisting of the members of the company on call during a given tour, consisting of a lieutenant or a captain plus a number of firefighters depending on the type of unit: three to four on an engine company, five on a ladder company (also known as a truck company), five for a rescue company, five for a squad company, four in a marine company, and six for the hazardous materials company.
On September 11, the battalion chief of Battalion 1 witnessed American Airlines Flight 11 crash into the North Tower of the World Trade Center and immediately radioed a multiple alarm incident. Over the course of the next three hours, 121 engine companies, 62 ladder companies and 27 fire officers were deployed to the scene. All off-duty firefighters were recalled — the first time the FDNY had issued a total recall in over 30 years.In addition to the regular fire apparatus and personnel assigned to the incident, the FDNY also deployed its only Haz-Mat unit, its mobile command center, its field communications unit, all its five rescue units, both of its high-rise units, six of its seven squad units, and one of its two tactical support units.
American Airlines Flight 11 was a domestic passenger flight that was hijacked by five al-Qaeda members on September 11, 2001, as part of the September 11 attacks. Mohamed Atta deliberately crashed the plane into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing all 92 people aboard and an unknown number in the building's impact zone. The aircraft involved, a Boeing 767-223ER, registration N334AA, was flying American Airlines' daily scheduled morning transcontinental service from Logan International Airport in Boston to Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles.
One-alarm, two-alarm, three-alarm fires, etc., are categories of fires indicating the level of response by local authorities. The term multiple-alarm is a quick way of indicating that a fire is severe and is difficult to contain. This system of classification is common in the United States and in Canada among both fire departments and news agencies.
Dangerous goods, abbreviated DG, are items or substances that when transported are a risk to health, safety, property or the environment. Hazardous materials are substances, solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment, more specifically.
The following list is a tally of the fatalities in each company which responded to the World Trade Center:
|Battalion 1||1||1||2||North Tower|
|Battalion 2||2||1||3||North Tower|
|Battalion 4||1||1||North Tower|
|Battalion 6||1||1||South Tower|
|Battalion 7||1||2||3||South Tower|
|Battalion 8||1||1||2||South Tower|
|Battalion 9||2||1||2||5||South Tower|
|Battalion 11||1||1||North Tower|
|Battalion 12||1||1||South Tower|
|Battalion 22||1||1||North Tower|
|Battalion 43||1||1||South Tower|
|Battalion 47||1||1||South Tower|
|Battalion 48||1||1||2||North Tower|
|Battalion 49||1||1||South Tower|
|Battalion 50||1||1||North Tower|
|Battalion 57||2||2||South Tower|
|Division 1||2||2||North Tower|
|Division 11||1||1||South Tower|
|Division 15||1||2||3||North Tower|
|Engine 1||1||1||2||North Tower|
|Engine 4||4||4||North Tower|
|Engine 5||1||1||North Tower|
|Engine 6||3||3||North Tower|
|Engine 8||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 10||1||2||3||North Tower|
|Engine 21||1||1||North Tower|
|Engine 22||4||4||South Tower|
|Engine 23||4||4||South Tower|
|Engine 26||1||1||2||North Tower|
|Engine 33||1||4||5||North Tower|
|Engine 37||1||1||North Tower|
|Engine 40||1||5||6||South Tower|
|Engine 50||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 54||4||4||South Tower|
|Engine 55||1||3||4||North Tower|
|Engine 58||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 74||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 201||1||3||4||South Tower|
|Engine 205||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 207||3||3||North Tower|
|Engine 214||1||3||4||South Tower|
|Engine 216||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 217||1||2||3||South Tower|
|Engine 219||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 226||3||3||South Tower|
|Engine 230||1||5||6||South Tower|
|Engine 235||1||4||5||South Tower|
|Engine 238||1||1||South Tower|
|Engine 279||3||3||South Tower|
|Engine 285||1||1||South Tower|
|Haz-Mat 1||1||6||7||South Tower|
|Ladder 2||1||6||7||South Tower|
|Ladder 3||1||1||9||11||North Tower|
|Ladder 4||1||1||7||9||South Tower|
|Ladder 5||2||6||8||North Tower|
|Ladder 7||1||5||6||South Tower|
|Ladder 8||1||1||North Tower|
|Ladder 9||3||3||North Tower|
|Ladder 10||1||1||North Tower|
|Ladder 11||1||6||7||South Tower|
|Ladder 12||2||2||South Tower|
|Ladder 13||1||4||5||North Tower|
|Ladder 15||1||7||8||South Tower|
|Ladder 16||1||1||2||South Tower|
|Ladder 20||1||6||7||North Tower|
|Ladder 21||6||6||South Tower|
|Ladder 24||1||1||2||South Tower|
|Ladder 25||1||6||7||South Tower|
|Ladder 27||1||1||South Tower|
|Ladder 35||1||4||5||South Tower|
|Ladder 38||1||1||South Tower|
|Ladder 42||1||1||North Tower|
|Ladder 101||1||6||7||North Tower|
|Ladder 105||1||4||5||South Tower|
|Ladder 111||1||1||North Tower|
|Ladder 118||1||5||6||South Tower|
|Ladder 131||1||1||South Tower|
|Ladder 132||5||5||South Tower|
|Ladder 136||1||1||South Tower|
|Rescue 1||1||1||9||11||North Tower|
|Rescue 2||1||6||7||North Tower|
|Rescue 3||6||6||South Tower|
|Rescue 4||1||1||4||6||South Tower|
|Rescue 5||1||2||8||11||North Tower|
|Special Operations||2||1||2||5||North Tower|
|Squad 1||1||3||8||12||South Tower|
|Squad 18||1||6||7||North Tower|
|Squad 41||1||5||6||North Tower|
|Squad 252||5||5||North Tower|
|Squad 288||1||5||6||South Tower|
The following list provides further details to the preceding list by categorizing the FDNY company with the rank, name, and age (if available) of each casualty. Names without ranks typically denote the rank of firefighter.
|Citywide Tour Commanders|
|EMS Battalion 49|
|EMS Battalion 57|
Within minutes of Flight 11's impact, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department (PAPD) began deploying officers from the Port Authority Trans-Hudson, bridges, tunnels, and airport commands. The PAPD commanding officer on the scene ordered a full evacuation of the North Tower at 9 a.m., about three minutes before Flight 175 hit the South Tower. At the same time, the PAPD's two most senior officers, superintendent Ferdinand Morrone and Chief James Romito, both arrived separately at the World Trade Center.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department, or Port Authority Police Department (PAPD), is a law enforcement agency in New York and New Jersey, the duties of which are to protect and to enforce state and city laws at all the facilities, owned or operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ), the bi-state agency running airports, seaports, and many bridges and tunnels within the Port of New York and New Jersey. Additionally, the PAPD is responsible for other PANYNJ properties including three bus terminals, the World Trade Center in lower Manhattan, and the PATH train system. The PAPD is the largest transit-related police force in the United States.
Superintendent (Supt) is a rank in British police services and in most English-speaking Commonwealth nations. In many Commonwealth countries, the full version is superintendent of police (SP). The rank is also used in most British Overseas Territories and in many former British colonies. In some countries, such as Italy, the rank of superintendent is a low rank.
Some officers were ordered into the towers to assist with stairwell evacuations, while others helped with evacuations in the plaza and subway station. Superintendent Morrone was last seen helping evacuate tenants on the 45th floor of the North Tower before it collapsedwhile Chief Romito was in the 31st-floor region with four colleagues helping firefighters. The PAPD lost 37 officers, including Morrone and Romito:
One PAPD police dog, "Sirius", was also lost in the attacks.
Several New York City Police Department (NYPD) officers saw Flight 11's impact with the North Tower and immediately reported it to dispatchers. Ten minutes after Flight 11's impact and seven minutes before Flight 175's impact, the NYPD chief of department was en route to the scene and raised the police mobilization to level 4, thereby sending around 22 lieutenants, 100 sergeants, and 800 police officers to the World Trade Center. NYPD personnel were primarily responsible for assisting in evacuations and helping injured civilians.
Three police helicopters were also deployed to report on conditions and assess the feasibility of a rooftop landing or of special rescue operations. Once Flight 175 had struck the South Tower, another level 4 mobilization was ordered, bringing to almost 2,000 the number of NYPD personnel at the scene. Some were ordered to enter the World Trade Center to assist with the FDNY's evacuations.
The 23 NYPD officers, including four sergeants and two detectives, who died at the scene were:
Eight emergency medical technicians and paramedics from private emergency medical services lost their lives while responding to the World Trade Center. Of note is that many of these personnel were working "911 contract" (that's the 911 emergency response system) units, that is, ambulances that are routinely dispatched by FDNY. These names included:
The local, state, federal and global reaction to the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center was unprecedented. The equally unsurpassed events of that day elicited the largest response of local emergency and rescue personnel to assist in the evacuation of the two towers and also contributed to the largest loss of the same personnel when the towers collapsed. After the attacks, the media termed the World Trade Center site "Ground Zero", while rescue personnel referred to it as "the Pile".
Communication problems and successes played an important role in the September 11, 2001, attacks and their aftermath. Systems were variously destroyed or overwhelmed by loads greater than they were designed to carry, or failed to operate as intended or desired.
The September 11 attacks of 2001, in addition to being a unique act of terrorism, constituted a media event on a scale not seen since the advent of civilian global satellite links. Instant worldwide reaction and debate were made possible by round-the-clock television news organizations and by the internet. As a result, most of the events listed below were known by a large portion of the world's population as they occurred.
For the more current term, see Emergency medical responder
Third Watch is an American crime drama television series created by John Wells and Edward Allen Bernero that aired on NBC from September 23, 1999, to May 6, 2005, with a total of 132 episodes spanning over six seasons. It was produced by John Wells Productions, in association with Warner Bros. Television.
A PASS device also known as a distress signal unit (DSU) or ADSU, is a personal safety device used primarily by firefighters entering a hazardous (IDLH) environment such as a burning building. The PASS device sounds a loud (95 decibel) audible alert to notify others in the area that the firefighter is in distress. On a fireground, the sound of an activated PASS device indicates a true emergency and results in an immediate response to rescue the firefighter(s) in distress. In the United States, the National Fire Protection Association sets standards for PASS devices in NFPA 1982.
Jules Clément Naudet and Thomas Gédéon Naudet are French-born American filmmakers known for the documentary film 9/11.
Peter James Ganci Jr. was a career firefighter in the New York City Fire Department killed in the September 11 attacks. At the time of the attacks, he held the rank of Chief of Department, the highest ranking uniformed fire officer in the department.
The Arlington County Fire Department (ACFD) provides fire, emergency medical, and allied public safety services for Arlington County and the City of Falls Church in Virginia, USA. It is highly regarded within the profession as an innovator and leader in enhancing the industry. Among its many firsts are the hiring of the first female career firefighter in the world in 1974 and partnering with the United States Public Health Service to develop America's first Metropolitan Medical Strike Team to respond to the consequences of a chemical, biological or radiological terrorist attack.
World Trade Center is a 2006 American survival disaster drama film directed by Oliver Stone and based on the September 11, 2001 attacks at the World Trade Center. It stars Nicolas Cage, Maria Bello, Michael Peña, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Stephen Dorff and Michael Shannon. The film was shot between October 2005 and February 2006, and released on August 9, 2006.
The Emergency Service Unit, also known as E.S.U., is the multi-faceted and multi-talented element within municipal, county, or state authority law enforcement agency’s Special Operations Command.
Rudy Giuliani: Urban Legend is a video produced by the International Association of Firefighters (IAFF). On July 11, 2007, the IAFF released the 13-minute video in DVD format to fire departments across the U.S. The DVD outlines its complaints against Rudy Giuliani. It is critical of the 2008 Republican Party presidential candidate and former New York City mayor. As the video has been issued on a website, and not just DVD, it is classifiable as a viral video.
Emergency medical responders are people who are specially trained to provide out-of-hospital care in medical emergencies. There are many different types of emergency medical responders, each with different levels of training, ranging from first aid and basic life support. Emergency medical responders have a very limited scope of practice and have the least amount of comprehensive education, clinical experience or clinical skills of emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. The EMR program is not intended to replace the roles of emergency medical technicians or paramedics and their wide range of specialties. Emergency medical responders typically assist in rural regions providing basic life support where pre-hospital health professionals are not available due to limited resources or infrastructure.
During the September 11 attacks of 2001, 2,977 victims and 19 hijackers were killed and more than 6,000 others were injured. The immediate deaths included 265 on the four planes, 2,606 in the World Trade Center and in the surrounding area, and 125 at the Pentagon. The attacks were the deadliest terrorist act in world history, and the most devastating foreign attack on United States soil since the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
The Prince George's County Fire/EMS Department (PGFD) is a combination career/volunteer county-level agency that provides "..fire prevention, fire protection, emergency medical services, rescue services and community outreach programs" for residents of Prince George's County, Maryland. The department is composed of volunteers from 33 fire companies throughout the county, that are represented by the Prince George's County Volunteer Fire & Rescue Association, as well as career firefighters affiliated with the Prince George's County Professional Firefighters and Paramedics Association, IAFF Local 1619. According to the Firehouse Magazine 2010 Combination Fire Department Run Survey, the Prince George's County Fire/EMS Department covers a response area of approximately 580 miles, protects approximately 900,000 people, and has an annual operating budget of $132 million. Prince Georges County Fire/EMS Department responded to 148,506 calls in 2016 according to the 2016 National Run Survey. 29,702 of those calls were fire related and 118,804 that were EMS calls, making Prince Georges County Fire/EMS Department the busiest combination fire department in the United States to submit statistics.
Calvert County, Maryland is the only jurisdiction in the U.S. state of Maryland that still has a 100% all-volunteer Fire, Rescue, and EMS service. Currently none of the firefighters, EMTs, or paramedics in Calvert County are paid. They are all 100% volunteers, who provide countless hours for extensive training and provide emergency services 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. However, on January 20, 2018, the Calvert County Board of County Commissioners approved a phased-in approach of hiring paramedics, starting in FY 2019.
The New York City Fire Department Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, also known as the FDNY EMS Command, or FDNY EMS, was established on March 17, 1996, following the merger of the New York City Fire Department and New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation's EMS division. FDNY EMS covers all five boroughs of New York City with Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) and Paramedic staffed ambulances as well as various specialized response vehicles.
New York City Fire Department Rescue Company 1 was organized March 8, 1915, and is one of five specialized rescue companies of the New York City Fire Department (FDNY) that responds to fire and rescue incidents where there are rescue operations that require specialized equipment and training. Rescue companies have a broad mission that goes beyond firefighting and incidents that may be outside the capabilities of a normal Engine or Ladder Company. The main purpose of a rescue company is to rescue trapped or injured civilians and firefighters.
All 343 Firefighters Killed at the World Trade Center September 11, 2001